× Didrangea (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ11790

ytiensis

Originally thought to be a Hydrangea species as described in the Flora of China, but after further investigation it has been recognised as a natural bi-generic hybrid. Forming a shrubs to only 1.5m tall where I found this unusual species in the wild in cleared forest where animals grazed, close to the border with China in northern Vietnam in the autumn of 2006. Immediately recognisable as different on account of the glossy elliptic leaves that were purple on both sides in the sun, a trait it has yet to perform in our garden, probably due to the lack of sun. In our garden the broad terminal cymes of all fertile blue to purple flowers are born all summer into autumn. Best grown in a drained fertile soil with some moisture retention in sun or light shade out of freezing winds. Syn. H. lingii.

A GIFT (Annonaceae)

VOUCHER

IGNORE THE CARRIAGE CHARGE AT CHECKOUT ( more information below ) Crûg Farm Plants Gift Vouchers may be purchased online in multiples of £5.00. Simply add the voucher to your wheelbarrow and fill in the multiples in the quantity required when in your wheel barrow, in the same way that you would do with multiple purchase of plants. We will then fill in the voucher and post it to the address on your check out. Simply ignore the carriage cost at the checkout (there is no additional charge for vouchers), we can adjust this manually. If you require more than one Gift Voucher, please fill in for the total value and state your requirements in a covering email, mailorder@crug-farm.co.uk including the recipients addresses if appropriate.

Acanthopanax (Araliaceae)

see Eleutherococcus

Useful and ornamental hardy woody spiny plants varying from small to large shrubs or small trees and climbers. Useful to gardeners as they are able to grow is such difficult dark shady and even dry places, while being highly valued for their medicinal uses particularly in Asia. While also being ornamental in a relatively subdued fashion, being ivy relatives the flowers are similarly muted, but succeeded by more ornamental fruit, while the foliage can be compound like its other relative of Schefflera.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ8421

aff. rufinerve

A species we collected seed of from Ch'õllip'o Arboretum in South Korea. Where it formed a small tree to 7m tall, with a wonderful green and white stripped 'snake-bark' trunk. Also grown for its colourful shallowly tri-lobed broad leaves which turn a butter-yellow in the Autumn. Any good moisture retentive soil in part shade to full sun and shelter from drying winds. *** *** *** *** *** *** *** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ11073

aff. shirasawanum v. tenuifolium

Forming a small bushy tree with asymmetrical sharply 9-11 lobed small leaves. An outstanding maple for its wonderful autumn colour of yellows through oranges to reds. From one of our collections gathered on the mountains of the Tottori area of Japan in the autumn of 2005. Easily grown in any type of moisture retentive fertile soil with good drainage, in part shade to sun with shelter from drying winds.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ11096

aff. shirasawanum v. tenuifolium

An outstanding maple for its wonderful autumn colour of yellows through oranges to reds. Forming a small bushy tree with asymmetrical sharply 11-lobed small leaves. Just imagine our frustration of being in the middle of a large colony without finding seed, but eventually we did. On the mountains of the Hiroshima area of Japan in the autumn of 2005. Easily grown in any type of moisture retentive fertile soil with good drainage, in part shade to sun with shelter from drying winds.

Acer (Aceraceae) NMWJ14486

albopurpurascens

From a collection we gathered from a 15m tall evergreen specimen of this rare Taiwanese species. Gathered on a joint expedition with Taiwan’s National Museum of Natural Science in 2015. From Wutai in the south of the island, where we encountered larger trees than those we had previously collected from. With small simple lanceolate-acuminate (long narrow to a tail-like tip) dark green chartaceous leaves 10 × 2cm bearing small green winged seed in pairs, at 1,100m. Only forming a small tree in gardens, best grown in a sheltered position in a sunny spot out of freezing winds in a relatively well drained soil that does not dry out when establishing.

Acer (Aceraceae) NMWJ14455

albopurpurascens

A small evergreen species originating from Taiwan, which is where we collected this seed. From Dasyueshan in the winter of 2015, from a tree 5m tall, with small simple lanceolate-acuminate (long narrow to a tail-like tip) dark green chartaceous leaves 10 × 2cm bearing small green winged seed in pairs, at 1430m. Only forming a small tree in gardens, best grown in a sheltered position in a sunny spot out of freezing winds in a relatively well drained soil that does not dry out when establishing. A collection gathered with The Taiwan National Museum of Natural Science.

Acer (Aceraceae) CWJ12361

albopurpurascens

A small evergreen species originating from Taiwan, which is where we collected this seed. From Dasyueshan in the winter of 2007, from a tree 10m tall, with small simple lanceolate-acuminate (long narrow to a tail-like tip) dark green chartaceus leaves 10 × 2cm bearing small green winged seed in pairs, at 1850m. Only forming a small tree in gardens, best grown in a sheltered position in a sunny spot out of freezing winds in a relatively well drained soil that does not dry out when establishing.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ10977

amoenum

One of our seed collections gathered from Mt. Matsuoyama western Honshu Japan, in the autumn of 2005. Where this classic looking species formed a small well branched elegant tree to only 4m high. Bearing deeply and finely lobed palmate serrated leaves to 7.5cm long, which were turning scarlet, with congested pendulous spikes of paired winged seed held at right angles. An easily grown small tree, but best sheltered from drying winds in a moisture retentive drained soil. **** **** **** **** **** **** *** *** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants when dormant during the winter months. The pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ10916

amoenum

A classic looking species where we found this small well branched elegant tree to only 4m tall, growing on the western side of Honshu the main island of the Japanese archipelago, in the autumn of 2005. Bearing deeply slenderly lobed palmate leaves which were turning scarlet-purple, with congested pendulous spikes of paired winged seed held at right angles. An easily grown small tree, but best sheltered from drying winds in a moisture retentive drained soil.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ12676

buergerianum

Memorable for being one of the brightest autumnal displays we encountered on our 2010 expeditions. Collected from small trees of less than 10m tall, with distinctly upright habits reminiscent of poplars, clothed in small tri-lobed leaves in various shades of reds from the bright reds through oranges and yellows. Luckily with ample u shaped small pairs of winged seed, on this hardy species growing in the cold interior of southern South Korea. A tough and easily grown species in almost any type of fertile soil, best grown in good light to form a densely branched small tree or large shrub.

Acer (Aceraceae) CWJ12477

buergerianum v. formosanum

Only forming an evergreen small shrubby-tree in gardens, with sturdy branches, bearing small shallowly tri-lobed forwardly inclined, leathery leaves. With pendant racemes of winged seed, held in the axils in 'U' shaped pairs. This variety is endemic to the cooler north of Taiwan, where it has become almost extinct due to the pressure of urbanisation. Plants have survived well for us in an open field without protection. Best grown in a moisture retentive but well draining soil in sun to part shade, protected from freezing winds.

Acer (Aceraceae) GWJ9360

campbellii v. campbellii

Maturing to one of the most stunning hardy specimens that we grow, with conspicuous snake-bark branches, purple-red and bloomy when young. With handsome seven-five sharply palmately lobed glossy leaves emerging in deep coppery tones, held on bright red petioles. The small flowers are held in upright panicles, followed by red winged seed. Collected in 2002 from a 10m tall tree growing in a remote corner of Sikkim in the Lachung Valley, a deep furrow across the Himalayas in the direction of the Chinese border. Easily grown in a fertile moisture retentive humusy soil in part shade to sun, sheltered from cold drying winds. Was listed as A. campbellii v. serratifolium. *** *** **** ***** ***** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, 30+ lt

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ8270

campbellii v. fansipanense see pectinatum ssp. pec

A striking species, to 10m tall, that we collected seed of on the highest mountain in Vietnam. Bearing handsome star-shaped leaves, which were in their brilliant red and orange autumnal hues when we collected them. Any moist soil in part shade to sun and shelter from drying winds. Our collection from Fansipan, North Vietnam. *** *** *** *** *** *** *** ** As we have sold out of all our containerised stock of this plant, these plants are supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only. Aprox 30 - 40 ltr

Acer (Aceraceae) GWJ9360

campbellii v. serratifolium see campbellii v. camp

Maturing to one of the most stunning hardy specimens that we grow, with conspicuous snake-bark branches, purple-red and bloomy when young. With handsome seven-five sharply palmately lobed glossy leaves emerging in deep coppery tones, held on bright red petioles. The small flowers are held in upright panicles, followed by red winged seed. Collected in 2002 from a 10m tall tree growing in a remote corner of Sikkim in the Lachung Valley, a deep furrow across the Himalayas in the direction of the Chinese border. Easily grown in a fertile moisture retentive humusy soil in part shade to sun, sheltered from cold drying winds. *** *** *** *** *** *** *** ** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ10955

carpinifolium

An invaluable and yet unusual maple, as it looks more similar to a hornbeam, but with opposite leaves. Mimicking Carpinus japonica with simple oblong pleated leaves which turn a rich yellow in autumn, with long pendant spikes of winged seed on the small tree we found in the mountainous area of Nagano western Japan. A tough and easily grown species in almost any type of fertile soil, best grown in good light to form a densely branched small tree or large shrub. *** *** *** *** *** ** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only. The price given is for the smallest size available at the time of writing.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ11034

carpinifolium

A great fun plant as rarely identifiable as a maple, in that it mimics Carpinus japonica, by simple oblong pleated leaves which turn a rich yellow in autumn, with small clusters of winged seed almost hidden by the larger leaves. A small tree we found in the mountainous area of Fukui of western Japan, in 2005. Easily grown in almost any type of fertile soil, best grown in good light to form a densely branched small tree or large shrub. *** *** *** *** *** *** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only. The price given is for the smallest size available at the time of writing.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ11124

carpinifolium

An invaluable and yet unusual maple, as it looks more similar to a hornbeam, but with opposite leaves. Mimicking Carpinus japonica with simple oblong pleated leaves which turn a rich yellow in autumn, with small clusters of winged seed almost hidden by the larger leaves on the small tree we found in the mountainous area of Fukuoka of southern Japan. Easily grown in almost any type of fertile soil, best grown in good light to form a densely branched small tree or large shrub. *** *** **** **** **** **** **** **** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only. The price given is for the smallest size available at the time of writing.

Acer (Aceraceae) CWJ12403

caudatifolium

From one of my collections gathered from the forest bordering the South Cross Highway in the high mountains of central Taiwan with Finlay and Dan in the autumn of 2007. A distinct and easily recognised snake-barked maple, eventually of medium proportions in the wild, but normally only forming a small tree in gardens to 7m. Also valued for its colourful shallowly trilobed elongated leaves turning crimson to rust in the autumn, contrasting with the long pendant strings of winged seed. Easily grown in any type of moisture retaining soil in part shade to sun, sheltered from drying winds. Syn. A. kawakamii. ***** **** **** **** **** **** **** These plants are supplied as open ground/bare rooted trees for containerised plants see A. kawakamii.

Acer (Aceraceae) GWJ9279

caudatum

A highly desirable species we collected seed of at a heady 3700m in Northern Sikkim in 2002. Where it had formed a small multi-stemmed tree to only 5m tall with a wonderful pinkish-grey peeling bark. Bearing handsome deeply five-lobed irregularly toothed leaves in a rich green, contrasting with the bright red petioles. The small flowers are held in upright panicles, followed by red winged seed, best grown in a chalk free soil. *** *** *** *** *** *** *** ** This plant is only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Acer (Aceraceae) HWJK2240

caudatum

A seed collection we made along with Dan Hinkley close to the Tibetan border with Eastern Nepal at Thudam at 3240m in 2002. Where this multi-stemmed small tree to 8m tall bore handsome five-lobed leaves in full autumnal colour of intense shades of red and orange. Easily grown in a chalk free fertile moisture retentive soil in part shade to sun, sheltered from cold drying winds. ******************************This plant is only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSW12583a

caudatum ssp. ukurunduense

An extremely tough and adaptable species we collected the small seed of from the T'aebaeksan area of the cold mountainous interior in the north of South Korea in 2010. More tree-like than the species for us in open conditions without shelter, where the new growth is a conspicuous orange in colour as one would expect in some dogwoods. This colouration being a strong feature both in the leaf-less winter months as well as the growing season. Bearing relatively large 5-7 lobed and coarsely serrated palmate leaves on red petioles. Easily grown in most types of fertile soils that retain some moisture while being drained, either in full sun (require more moisture) or in part to light shade. ******* This plant is only available as a bare rooted-open ground plant in the dormant season.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ12602

caudatum ssp. ukurunduense

From a seed collection we gathered from the mountainous area of Chirisan in South Korea in 2010, an area that normally plunges down to -20-30C during the winter. More tree-like than the species for us in open conditions without shelter, where the new growth is a conspicuous orange in colour as one would expect in some dogwoods. This colouration being a strong feature both in the leaf-less winter months as well as the growing season. Bearing relatively large 5-7 lobed and coarsely serrated palmate leaves on red petioles. Easily grown in most types of fertile soils that retain some moisture while being drained, either in full sun (require more moisture) or in part to light shade. ******* This plant is only available as a bare rooted-open ground plant in the dormant season.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ12729

caudatum ssp. ukurunduense

From a seed collection we gathered from the mountainous area of Chirisan in South Korea in 2010, an area that normally plunges down to -20-30C during the winter. More tree-like than the species for us in open conditions without shelter, where the new growth is a conspicuous orange in colour as one would expect in some dogwoods. This colouration being a strong feature both in the leaf-less winter months as well as the growing season. Bearing relatively large 5-7 lobed and coarsely serrated palmate leaves on red petioles. Easily grown in most types of fertile soils that retain some moisture while being drained, either in full sun (require more moisture) or in part to light shade. ******* This plant is only available as a bare rooted-open ground plant in the dormant season.

Acer (Aceraceae) FMWJ13439

cf. kiukiangense

A species rarely encountered in cultivation that we gathered the seed of in the north of Vietnam, from an area called Five Fingers, close to the hill town of Sapa. Where it had formed into a small-medium sized well branched evergreen tree 6-7m tall, draped in dark glossy green narrowly elliptical elongated remotely serrated leaves. Bearing short pendant clusters of very ripe (when we found them) wide angled winged seed. New growth a brilliant deep red. Best grown in shelter from cold drying winds and hard frosts in a drained fertile soil with a bit of moisture retention.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ9565

circinatum

Reputably a maple famous for its spectacular autumnal coloration, which in time forms a dense shrub to 5m tall. With purplish young stems, bearing rounded leaves to 15cm across, seven-nine lobed. This collection represents our gathering from the Olympic Mountains in the North West of Washington State USA. Easily grown in any kind of fertile moisture retentive soil in part shade to sun, sheltered from cold drying winds. *** **** ***** **** ***** ***** **** This plant can only be supplied as open ground/bare-rooted, for collection only as it is too tall for our carriers to handle.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ10801

cissifolium

An elegant small tree or even a large shrub, with Cissus-like foliage, which differs from most maples in being trifoliate with the leaflets deeply serrated, giving an airy appearance. Dressed in its autumnal oranges and yellow when we collected the seed in 2005 from Mt. Kannariyama in northern Honshu Japan. Easily grown if sheltered from strong winds in a moisture retentive soil.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ11036

crataegifolium

Only forming a large shrub where we found this seed in western Japan in 2005. With conspicuously striated bark and colourful ovate-elongated shallowly trilobed leaves, 6cm long, turning crimson in the autumn. Bearing pendant clusters of reddish winged seed. Easily grown in any moist fertile soil in part shade to sun with shelter from drying winds. ****************************** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the .

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ11036

crataegifolium

Only forming a large shrub where we found this seed in western Japan in 2005. With conspicuously striated bark and colourful ovate-elongated shallowly trilobed leaves, 6cm long, turning crimson in the autumn. Bearing pendant clusters of reddish winged seed. Easily grown in any moist fertile soil in part shade to sun with shelter from drying winds. ****************************** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the

Acer (Aceraceae) NMWJ14599

duplicatoserratum

Spectacular when seen in the wild as a large ancient tree, as we have in the mountains of Taiwan, in its full autumn glory. A rare Taiwanese endemic, a slow growing species more often seen as a small upright tree to 4-5m, with deeply bronzed young foliage overlaid with silvery-grey venation (the effect of the pubescents) ageing to rich scarlet deeply seven-lobed leaves by the autumn. Best grown in a moisture retentive soil which is freely drained, in part shade to sun with shelter from strong drying winds. From seed gathered for us by The Taiwan National Museum of Natural Science, before we arrived in late 2015, from Nanhushan NP, Taichung Co. at 1950m.

Acer (Aceraceae) FMWJ13157

erythranthum

A hitherto new species to cultivation closely resembling A. laevigatum. Gathered in the north of Vietnam in 2011, from a deep valley close to Fansipan the highest mountain there. Where it had only formed a small well branched evergreen tree, clothed in dark green broadly lanceolate leaves, apart from the conspicuously pink tinted juvenile growth which was serrated and acuminate tipped. Best grown in a fertile soil that is drained, but with some moisture retention, in sun or part shade, protect from freezing winds and severe frost when young.

Acer (Aceraceae) WWJ11614

fabri

A small well branched evergreen slender tree, clothed in glossy dark green lanceolate leaves with undulating margins, held on petioles 2-3 cm long. Contrasting from the juvenile growth which is conspicuously pink tinted and serrated with long acuminate tips. Bearing short pendant clusters of very ripe winged seed when we found it. From one of our collections gathered in the cool mountain Séo Mí Tý of northern Vietnam with Peter Wharton, in the autumn of 2006 at 1800m. Best grown in shelter from cold drying winds and hard frosts in a well drained soil with some moisture retention. Larger size also available.

Acer (Aceraceae) BWJ7515

forrestii

From one of my seed collections gathered from the mountain slopes surrounding Zhongdian, North Western Yunnan, China in 2000 with Dan Hinkley at 3550m. Where they formed conspicuous small trees with upright striated trunks bearing slender red arching branches of deeply trilobed acuminate leaves on bright red petioles, heavily laden with pink fruit. Easily grown in sun or part shade in an acid to neutral fertile soil. *** *** *** *** *** *** *** ** This plant can only be supplied as open ground/bare-rooted, for collection only as it is too tall for our carriers to handle. 50 lt

Acer (Aceraceae) FMWJ13369

heptaphlebium

Forming a colourful small tree in British gardens where it has proved to be hardier than expected. Being a seed collection gathered from only 2000m in northern most Vietnam, close to the Chinese border in 2011. Collected from a relatively small tree to only10 m tall, where we found this rarity, in severely disturbed ancient forest. Bearing broad palmate deeply 5-7 long and pointedly lobed thick-textured glossy leaves 15 cm across. As well as pendant racemes of red winged pairs of seed held almost horizontally. Best grown in shelter from the coldest weather in a fertile retentive, but drained soil.

Acer (Aceraceae) FMWJ13374

heptaphlebium

Forming a colourful small tree in British gardens where it has proved to be hardier than expected. Being a seed collection gathered from only 2000m in northern most Vietnam, close to the Chinese border in 2011. Collected from a relatively small tree to only10 m tall, where we found this rarity, in severely disturbed ancient forest. Bearing broad palmate deeply 5-7 long and pointedly lobed thick-textured glossy leaves 15 cm across. As well as pendant racemes of red winged pairs of seed held almost horizontally. Best grown in shelter from the coldest weather in a fertile retentive, but drained soil.

Acer (Aceraceae) CWJ12847

japonicum

A selection of this beautiful small tree or large shrub, which is capable eventually of attaining medium proportions in the wild. Selected for its larger more lobed soft green 7-9 lobed leaves which turn to shades of crimson in the autumn. The bumper crop of very small seed were in V shaped pairs, gathered on the frozen high mountains of Shikoku (island) Japan at 1,370m in the autumn of 2010 with Finlay Colley. Any type of moisture retentive fertile drained soil in part shade to sun, shelter from drying winds.

Acer (Aceraceae) CWJ12840

japonicum

A beautiful small tree or large shrub, eventually of medium proportions in the wild, where we gathered the seed of this collection on the frozen high mountains of Shikoku (island) Japan at 1,000m in the autumn of 2010. Grown for its soft green 7-9 lobed leaves which turn to shades of crimson in the autumn. This collection were noticeably long haired below the foliage, while the bumper crop of very small seed were in V shaped pairs. Any type of moisture retentive fertile drained soil in part shade to sun, shelter from drying winds.

Acer (Aceraceae) NMWJ14459

kawakamii

From our 2015 expedition to Taiwan working with The National Museum of Natural Science, from Taichung. A collection from the Dasyueshan mountains, where this distinct and easily recognised snake-barked maple, was only 10m tall, with smaller than normal with only the slightest hint of any lobbing. A tree valued for its colourful shallowly trilobed elongated leaves turning crimson to rust in the autumn, contrasting with the long pendant strings of winged seed. Easily grown in any type of moisture retaining soil in part shade to sun, sheltered from drying winds. Syn. A. caudatifolium.

Acer (Aceraceae) CWJ12403

kawakamii

From one of my collections gathered from the forest bordering the South Cross Highway in the high mountains of central Taiwan with Finlay and Dan in the autumn of 2007. A distinct and easily recognised snake-barked maple, eventually of medium proportions in the wild, but normally only forming a small tree in gardens to 7m. Also valued for its colourful shallowly trilobed elongated leaves turning crimson to rust in the autumn, contrasting with the long pendant strings of winged seed. Easily grown in any type of moisture retaining soil in part shade to sun, sheltered from drying winds. Syn. A. caudatifolium. Priced for 30 lt. We also have *** *** open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Acer (Aceraceae) FMWJ13378

laevigatum

An evergreen species that we have grown in our garden for some years that is rarely encountered in cultivation. It requires some shelter from extreme weather even more rewarding in a warm position. This collection represents our seed gathering from the extreme north of Vietnam, close to the Chinese border at Y Ty in 2011. Where it had formed into a small-medium sized well branched evergreen tree 5-6m tall, draped in dark glossy green narrowly elliptical elongated leaves only 8-10 cm long. Bearing short pendant clusters of very ripe (when we found them) winged seed. Best grown in a drained fertile soil with a bit of moisture retention.

Acer (Aceraceae) FMWJ13412

laurinum

A chance find in the depth of the forest close to where we had set up camp for the week, in the forest of Y Ty in the very north of Vietnam in 2011. A recently felled tree of medium size heavy in seed lay across our path. A handsome evergreen tree with 17cm long lance-shaped leaves, which emerge a coppery red ageing to thick-textured glossy-green above while conspicuously white/glaucous below. Usually only forming a large shrub or small trees in British gardens with persistent leaves. Best grown sheltered from freezing winds, ideally with a bit of overhead cover in good light in a drained humusy soil without too much nutrients. Previously offered as A. oblongum.

Acer (Aceraceae) CWJ12843

micranthum

From seed I collected with Finlay Colley in the autumn of 2010, from a small densely branched tree only 2m tall with palmately 5-lobed leaves turning yellow in the mountain frosts of the high mountain in Ehime, northern Shikoku island Japan. A distinct small species on account of the central leaf lobe being larger combined with exceptionally small seed. Best grown in some shelter from strong winds in a drained soil with some moisture retention.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ11473

morifolium

Virtually unknown species in cultivation, with conspicuously striated bark and large ovate-orbicular shallowly 5-lobed leaves to 20cm across. Bearing long pendant spikes of winged seed when we found this medium-sized tree growing at the edge of the forest on the island of Yakushima southern Japan in 2006. Easily grown in most fertile drained soils in full sun to part shade with shelter particularly from freezing winds.30 lt size **** ****** ******** ****** ****** Also larger plants available as open ground/bare-rooted plants during the dormant period (winter). These would be for collection only.

Acer (Aceraceae) CWJ12438

morrisonense

From one of my collections gathered close to Tayuling in the mountains of eastern Taiwan with Finlay and Dan in the autumn of 2007. Of this conspicuous snake-barked tree which draws comment year round, capable of forming sizeable trees in the wild, more restrained in gardens. Also grown for its colourful red stemmed shallowly 5-lobed leaves, which were almost orbicular in this collection, turning rusty orange in the Autumn. Easily grown in a moist soil in part shade to sun with shelter from drying winds. 30-40 lt size Syn. A. rubescens. **************** Larger multi-stemmed size available during dormant period (winter) as open ground/bare-rooted plants.

Acer (Aceraceae) NMWJ14525

morrisonense

A conspicuous snake-barked tree which draws comment year round, capable of forming sizeable trees in the wild, more restrained in gardens where it has formed medium-sized trees for us in almost 30 years. Also grown for its colourful red stemmed shallowly 5-lobed leaves, which were almost orbicular in this collection, turning rusty orange in the autumn. This collection represents our 2015 gathering close to Tayuling in the mountains of eastern Taiwan from a joint expedition with Taiwan's National Museum of Natural Science. Easily grown in a moist soil in part shade to sun with shelter from drying winds. Syn. A. rubescens.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ14060

negundo ssp. californicum

A form of this very popular and rather unusual maple that has pinnately arranged relatively large leaflets at 4-8cm long. That are downy shallowly lobed comprising of 3-7 leaflets to a leaf, with soft pubescent emerging shoots and young leaves. The inflorescences of the male trees of this subspecies are reputedly pink and showy, while the females bear large winged seed. From one of our seed collections from The Russian River area, which is north of San Francisco in western California on our 2014 trip there. Growing at the edge of dense low woodland close to the river. Best grown in some shelter from cold winds in a drained soil with some moisture retention.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ8542

okamotoanum

Syn. A. pictum ssp. okamotoanum. Our collection from the remote Korean island of Ullüngdõ where this species in endemic. We collected the seed from a small tree growing in a deep crater of the domineering extinct volcano. Forming a medium sized tree in time in the wild, with variable palmately sharply 5-7 lobed leaves which emerge (unscathed by cold) earlier than any other species we grow turning a bright yellow in autumn. Held on young branches and petioles which are reddish in colour. Easily grown in any moisture retentive soil in part shade to sun with shelter from drying winds. ******************************This plant can only be supplied as open ground/bare-rooted, for collection only as it is too tall for our carriers to handle.

Acer (Aceraceae) NMWJ14514

oliverianum ssp. formosanum

From one of our seed collections made in the Central Mountains of Taiwan, at Meifeng at 2225m. On our joint expedition with The Taiwan National Museum of Natural Science in 2015. A distinctly dainty slow-growing tree usually to 5m tall in gardens, but of much larger proportions in the wild. Bearing wonderfully colourful glossy narrowly five-lobed leaves turning crimson-bronze in the autumn, on dark slender stems. Best grown in a moist well drained soil in part shade to full sun, sheltered from strong cold winds. Also known as A. serrulatum.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ10916

palmatum v. amoenum See A. amoenum

A classic looking species where we found this small well branched elegant tree to only 4m tall, growing on the western side of Honshu the main island of the Japanese archipelago, in the autumn of 2005. Bearing deeply slenderly lobed palmate leaves which were turning scarlet-purple, with congested pendulous spikes of paired winged seed held at right angles. An easily grown small tree, but best sheltered from drying winds in a moisture retentive drained soil..

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ8606

palmatum v. coreanum

A wonderful form of this well known tree that we collected seed of from the mountainous area of Sobaeksan, South Korea. Only forming a small tree in the wild, with slender deeply lobed palmate leaves, which were dark green turning crimson, at the time we were collecting the seed in the Autumn. Any humusy moist soil, in part shade to sun and shelter from cold or drying winds. **** **** **** ***** **** *** **** ** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants when dormant during the winter months. The pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ11100

palmatum v. matsumurae

A decorative variety we collected seed of in the Hiroshima area of Japan. Where it was commonly encountered forming small shrubby multi-branched trees to 6m tall and wide. Clothed in deeply and narrowly lobed small palmate leaves, which were a glorious golden yellow and warm tints of orange when we encountered them in the autumn of 2005. Easily grown in any good fertile drained soil, best sheltered from strong cold winds. 2.5m tall plants **** **** **** **** **** **** *** *** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants when dormant during the winter months. The pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Acer (Aceraceae) GWJ9354

pectinatum

An exceptionally rare and highly ornamental shrubby tree, which has always been considered tender, until this collection proved to the contrary, flourishing in our exposed field from 2002 seedlings. Where they have formed conspicuously colourful multi stemmed shrubs with young wood emerging a bright red slowly ageing green with distinctive white striation (snakebark). The red emerging thick textured leaves are shallowly tri-lobed to inconspicuously 5-lobed, with the central lobe much longer, while the juvenile leaves have additional small basal lobes. From one of our seed collections from a remote corner of Sikkim at almost 3,000m, in the Lachung Valley. Easily grown in a fertile moisture retentive soil (usually chalk free) in part shade to sun, best sheltered from cold drying winds. ****

Acer (Aceraceae) HWJ944

pectinatum ssp. pectinatum

A striking species, to 10m tall, that we collected seed of on the highest mountain in Vietnam. Bearing handsome star-shaped leaves, which were in their brilliant red and orange autumnal hues when we collected them. Any moist soil in part shade to sun and shelter from drying winds. Our collection from Fansipan, North Vietnam. Previously offered as A. campbellii v. fansipanense. *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only. 30+ lt.

Acer (Aceraceae) HWJ569

pectinatum ssp. pectinatum

A star player in our garden where this striking species, thrives in the shade of large sycamore. Originating from seed we collected on the highest mountain in Vietnam, on Fansipan way to the north. Bearing handsome one sided star-shaped leaves, which were in their brilliant red and orange autumnal hues when we collected them. Although recorded to 10m tall, we can only see a fraction of this size in cultivation. Easily grown in any type of moisture retentive drained soil in part shade to sun and shelter from strong drying winds. Previously offered as A. campbellii v. fansipanense.*** *** **** ***** ***** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, 30+ lt

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ12623

pictum ssp. okamotoanum

Syn. A. okamotoanum. Our latest collection of this species that is endemic to the remote South Korean island of Ullüngdõ, 80 km east of the mainland. A relatively fast growing very hardy tree, forming a medium sized wide tree in the wild, with variable palmately sharply 5-7 lobed leaves which emerge bright glossy green, (unscathed by cold) earlier than any other species we grow turning a bright yellow in autumn. Held on young branches and petioles which are reddish in colour. Easily grown in any moisture retentive soil in part shade to sun with shelter from drying winds.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ12737

pictum v. mayrii

From seed we collected in the autumn of 2010, from a colony of trees growing atop of steep cliffs on the south coast of Kõjedo one of the many islands off the south coast of mainland Korea. Here they formed gray trunked stocky trees to 10m tall clothed in broad glossy shallowly 5-lobed 15cm wide leaves, with flat green seed. Easily grown in fertile drained soil with some moisture retention sheltered from the strongest of winds.**** **** **** **** **** **** *** *** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants when dormant during the winter months. The pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ8769

pseudosieboldianum

Our wild collection from the island of Cheju South Korea, of this highly desirable but rare small tree or shrub. Which is grown for its bloomy young shoots and colourful leaves, distinctly sharply 11-lobed, turning a bright butter yellow in the Autumn. Easily grown in any moist soil in part shade to sun and shelter from drying winds. Hardy to -25C. One of the very best for autumn colour. ****************************** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ8766

pseudosieboldianum v. microsieboldianum

An unusual form of this well known tree that we collected seed of from the island of Chejudõ, South Korea. Eventually of medium proportions in the wild, grown for its colourful deeply lobed leaves which remain quite small in this form, turning crimson in the Autumn. Any humusy moist soil in part shade to sun and shelter from cold or drying winds. ****************************** As we have sold out of all our containerised stock of this plant, these plants are supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ10924

rufinerve

From our seed collection from Yamagata north-western Japan. Where this species only formed a small tree, with ornamentally stripped snake-bark. With wonderfully coloured (red to orange) broad shallowly lobed leaves with long slender tips and long pendant spikes of winged seed. Easily grown in almost any type of fertile soil in part shade to full sun. Over 3m tall ****************************** This plant can only be supplied as open ground/bare-rooted, for collection only during the dormant winter months, as it is too tall for our carriers to handle.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ11571

rufinerve

From one of our 2006 collections gathered from the Kyôbashira Pass in the mountains of Shikoku Island Japan. An invaluable snake-bark maple, with green white striated branches bearing 3-5 shallowly lobed palmate leaves, which transform to wonderful autumnal hues. With pendant spikes of winged seed late summer-autumn, forming a medium sized tree, easily cultivated in most fertile soils, best in some shelter from strong winds. ****************************** Also larger plants available as open ground/bare-rooted plants during the dormant period (winter), the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Acer (Aceraceae) NMWJ14548

serrulatum

From seed we gathered in the Szuyan area of northern Taiwan in November 2015, from a large conspicuous tree. A distinctly dainty slow-growing tree usually to 5m tall in gardens. Bearing wonderfully colourful glossy narrowly five-lobed leaves turning crimson-bronze in the autumn, on dark slender stems. Best grown in a moist well drained soil in part shade to full sun, sheltered from strong cold winds. From our joint expedition with The Taiwan National Museum of Natural Science in 2015. Also known as A. oliverianum ssp. formosanum. *** *** *** *** *** *** ***Plants available as open ground/bare-rooted plants only during the dormant period (winter), the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Acer (Aceraceae) NMWJ14521

serrulatum

A distinctly dainty slow-growing tree usually to 5m tall in gardens, but of much larger proportions in the wild. Bearing wonderfully colourful glossy narrowly five-lobed leaves turning crimson-bronze in the autumn, on dark slender stems. Best grown in a moist well drained soil in part shade to full sun, sheltered from strong cold winds. From one of our seed collection made in the Central Mountains of Taiwan, between Lishan and Dayuling at 2360m. From our joint expedition with The Taiwan National Museum of Natural Science in 2015. Also known as A. oliverianum ssp. formosanum

Acer (Aceraceae) NMWJ14460

serrulatum

From a seed gathered on Dasyueshan, a different area for us in the west of Taiwan on a joint expedition with The Taiwan National Museum of Natural Science in 2015. Where this sizeable tree (the largest we have seen) grew in the lush forest. A distinctly dainty slow-growing tree usually to 5m tall in gardens. Bearing wonderfully colourful glossy narrowly five-lobed leaves turning crimson-bronze in the autumn, on dark slender stems. Best grown in a moisture retentive well drained soil in part shade to full sun, sheltered from strong cold winds. Also known as A. oliverianum ssp. formosanum. *** **** *** *** This plant is only available in the dormant season from plants growing in the ground. The pot size is only given for calculating carriage.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ11090

sieboldianum

Forming a classic shaped small Japanese maple in time, a small finely branched erect tree or large shrub. With small 7-9 lobed and serrated leaves, which were a coppery red contrasting with the pendant spikes of paired winged seed held horizontally. One of our seed collections we found growing on the mountains of Hiroshima, southern Honshu, Japan during out collecting trip in the autumn of 2005. A tough very hardy species, but best grown out of strong winds to protect the foliage, in most types of fertile drained soils. *** *** *** *** *** *** *** ** This plant is only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ11049

sieboldianum

One of our seed collections we found growing on Mt. Daisen, south-western Honshu, Japan during out collecting trip in the autumn of 2005. Forming a classic shaped small Japanese maple in time, a small finely branched erect tree or large shrub. With small 7-9 lobed and serrated leaves, which were a coppery red contrasting with the pendant spikes of paired winged seed held horizontally. A tough very hardy species, but best grown out of strong winds to protect the foliage, in most types of fertile drained soils. *** *** *** *** *** *** *** ** Also larger plants available as open ground/bare-rooted plants during the dormant period (winter), the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ10849

sieboldianum

Forming a classic shaped small Japanese maple in time, a small finely branched erect tree or large shrub. With small 7-9 lobed and serrated leaves, which colour up to a coppery red contrasting with the pendant spikes of paired winged seed held horizontally in autumn. A tough very hardy species, but best grown out of strong winds to protect the foliage. One of our seed collections we gathered in the Aomori district of northern Japan during out collecting trip in the autumn of 2005. Easily grown in most types of fertile drained soils. *** *** *** *** *** *** *** ** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ10962

sieboldianum v. tsushimense

Forming a classic shaped small Japanese maple in time, a small finely branched erect tree or large shrub. With small deeply 7-lobed and serrated leaves to 5cm across, which were a bright red contrasting with the pendant spikes of paired winged seed held horizontally. When we found the tree growing in Togakushi, western Honshu, Japan during out collecting trip in the autumn of 2005. A tough very hardy species, but best grown out of strong winds to protect the foliage, in most types of fertile drained soils.**** **** **** **** **** **** *** *** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants when dormant during the winter months. The pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Acer (Aceraceae) FMWJ13166

sikkimense

A highly ornamental, but confused species as previous collections into cultivation were from less favourable areas for hardiness. Forming medium-sized trees in the wild 7-10m tall clothed with 15cm long very shallowly lobed ovate-elliptic leathery leaves. Which slowly transform to a dark glossy-green, in cultivation turning crimson in autumn. Bearing long dense pendant racemes approximately 1.5 the length of the leaves, of small plump seed with 2cm long samaras held at a wide angle 130°, running in several parallel lines with the raceme rachis. From one of our collections on the Fansipu trail in northern Vietnam at almost 2,000m in 2011. Best grown in a fertile drained soil with shelter from freezing winds.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ11703

sikkimense

A wonderfully handsome semi-evergreen species which has semi-persistent thick-textured foliage in British gardens, where it only forms a large shrub or small tree, with young shoots emerging a coppery red. From one of our seed collections gathered in the most northerly area of Vietnam, where it formed sizeable trees with 15cm long shallowly lobed elliptic leaves, dark glossy-green above turning crimson in winter. Graced by long dense pendant racemes of small winged seed when we found it. Best grown in a sheltered warm situation.30-40lt **** **** **** **** **** **** *** *** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants when dormant during the winter months. The pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Acer (Aceraceae) WJC13706

sikkimense

Most likely originally described as a variety of A. hookeri, this form differing greatly from our Vietnamese collections, with more rounded and even less lobed decidedly deciduous leaves with long acuminate tips. An ornamental species long considered to be tender, but unlikely to be so as this collection from a cold valley in eastern Himalayas, gathered from an altitude of 2,855m. Where it only formed shrubby trees, bearing larger seed and samaras held in tight V shaped (less than 90°) pairs, in shorter clustered spikes approximately the same length as the leaves. Easily grown in a fertile moisture retentive soil in part shade to sun, best sheltered from freezing drying winds.**** **** **** **** **** **** *** *** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants when dormant

Acer (Aceraceae) WJC13674

sikkimense

A rare and ornamental shrubby tree, which has been considered to be tender, but unlikely to be so as this collection from the eastern Himalayas at an altitude of 3,000m will prove. Most likely described as a variety of A. hookeri originally, this form differs greatly to our Vietnamese forms, with more rounded and even less lobed leaves which are decidedly deciduous. Meanwhile the seed and samaras are larger held in tight V shaped (less than 90°) pairs, in shorter clustered spikes approximately the same length as the leaves. Easily grown in a fertile moisture retentive soil in part shade to sun, best sheltered from cold drying winds.

Acer (Aceraceae) WWJ11853

sikkimense

From a collection gathered on the cool mountain pass of Trum Tron northern Vietnam while awaiting Peter Wharton, in the autumn of 2007 at 1950m. Where it formed a 7m bushy tree with 15cm long shallowly lobed elliptic leaves, which slowly transform to a dark glossy-green above again turning crimson in autumn. Still very scarce in cultivation a semi-evergreen colourful species which has semi-persistent thick-textured foliage in British gardens, where it only forms a large shrub or small tree, with young shoots and leaves emerging a brilliant red. All this graced by long dense pendant racemes of small winged seed when we found it. Best grown in a situation sheltered from freezing winds.

Acer (Aceraceae) WWJ11613

sikkimense

Forming sizeable trees in the wild with 15cm long shallowly lobed elliptic leaves, which slowly transform to a dark glossy-green above again turning crimson in autumn. Still very scarce in cultivation a semi-evergreen colourful species which has semi-persistent thick-textured foliage in British gardens, where it only forms a large shrub or small tree, with young shoots and leaves emerging a brilliant red. All this graced by long dense pendant racemes of small winged seed when we found it, in the cool mountain Séo Mí Tý of northern Vietnam with Peter Wharton, in the autumn of 2006 at 1800m. Best grown in a situation sheltered from freezing winds.**** **** **** **** **** **** *** *** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants when dormant during the winter months. The p

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ11689

sikkimense v. serrulatum

Still very scarce in cultivation a semi-evergreen colourful species which has semi-persistent thick-textured foliage in British gardens, where it only forms a large shrub or small tree, with young shoots and leaves emerging a brilliant red. Forming sizeable trees in the wild with 15cm long shallowly lobed elliptic leaves, which slowly transform to a dark glossy-green above again turning crimson in autumn. All this graced by long dense pendant racemes of small winged seed when we found it, in the most northerly area of Vietnam close to the Chinese border. Best grown in a situation sheltered from freezing winds.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ8540

takesimense

Our particular favourite which we collected from the remote Korean island of Ullüngdõ, where we collected the seed from a small tree growing on the slopes of the domineering extinct volcano. A slow growing species exhibiting its outstanding autumnal coloration with sharply 11-13 lobed leaves. Easily grown in any good well drained soil in part shade to sun and shelter from drying winds. Hardy to -25C. **** ****** **** **** **** **** *** This plant is only supplied as an open ground/bare-rooted plant, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ8500

takesimense

How do you describe the best? It is only an opinion after all, although we have seen more than most. An endemic to a tiny island of Ullüngdõ, 80km off the eastern coast of Korea. Where it covered the summit of the domineering extinct volcano, with chest-high trees in this most exposed position. A slow growing species exhibiting its outstanding autumnal coloration with sharply 11-13 lobed leaves. Easily grown in any good well drained soil in part shade to sun with shelter from drying winds. Syn. A. pseudosieboldianum ssp. takesimense. Hardy to -25C. *** *** *** *** *** *** Only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants when dormant. The price given is for the smallest size.

Acer (Aceraceae) DJHV06173

tonkinense ssp. liquidambarifolium

One of Dan Hinkley's collections of this fantastic hitherto new species to general cultivation, gathered in the north of Vietnam in 2006. Where it had formed a medium sized evergreen tree to 15m tall, clothed in thick-textured distinctly tri-lobed evergreen leaves which were 'taking on good autumn tones'. As well as the juvenile growth which was conspicuously pink tinted. Best grown in shelter from cold drying winds virtually frost free. The identity looks as it is going to be changed to A. fenzelianum.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ8806

truncatum v. barbinerve

From seed we gathered from the island of Cheju-do South Korea on our collecting trip in the autumn of 2001. From a medium sized tree to 10m tall with sharply 7-lobed glossy leaves, sometimes purple tinted, growing in an open situation close to water. Easily grown in any type of moisture retentive fertile drained soil in part shade to sun. ****************************** This plant can only be supplied as open ground/bare-rooted when dormant, for collection only as it is too tall for our carriers to handle.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ12583

tschonoskii ssp. koreanum

A tough and easily grown species, which we collected seed from the exceptionally cold T'aebaeksan area of the mountainous interior in the north of South Korea in 2010, at around 1,000m. Only forming a small tree in time, with white striped bark and conspicuously dark red to green young branches. Bearing palmate deeply five to tri-lobed sharply serrated leaves on red petioles. With short pendant spikes of paired large winged seed held late summer autumn. Best grown out of strong winds to protect the foliage, in most types of fertile drained soils.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ12596

tschonoskii ssp. koreanum

From seed we collected from the exceptionally cold T'aebaeksan area of the mountainous interior in the north of South Korea in 2010, at over a 1,340m. Only forming a small tree in time, with white striped bark and conspicuously dark red to green young branches. Bearing palmate deeply five to tri-lobed sharply serrated leaves on red petioles. With short pendant spikes of paired large winged seed held late summer autumn. A tough and easily grown species, but best grown out of strong winds to protect the foliage, in most types of fertile drained soils.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ12603

tschonoskii ssp. koreanum

An extremely tough and adaptable species we collected seed of from the T'aebaeksan area of the mountainous interior in the north of South Korea in 2010, at over a 1,000m. Only forming a small tree in time, with white striped bark and conspicuously dark red to green young branches. Bearing palmate deeply five to tri-lobed sharply serrated leaves on red petioles. With the pendant spikes of paired large winged seed held late summer autumn. A tough and easily grown species, but best grown out of strong winds to protect the foliage, in most types of fertile drained soils.

Acer (Aceraceae) BSWJ10851

tschonoskii v. australe

A complete contrast to what we have become used to in Korea, with foliage that has broader lamina rounded or caudate at the base, while the lobbing is long-acuminate. Forming a far more shrub-like plant eventually forming a small tree. Turning a bright butter yellow in the autumn, contrasting with the silvery bark. Easily grown in any moist soil in part shade to sun and shelter from drying winds. Hardy to -25C. Our wild collection from Hirosaki area in Aomori in the north of Japan in 2005.

Achlys (Berberidaceae)

triphylla

North American woodland perennial with leaves having three shallow lobes, on slender stems, arising from scaly, creeping rhizomes. Flowers, white in spikes just above the foliage April-June. For moist leafy soil in part shade.

Aconitum (Ranunculaceae) BWJ8055

aff. vilmorinianum

A climbing perennial species I collected seed of from the slopes of E'meishan Sichuan in 2000. Where it twined up small trees and large shrubs to 3m tall, bearing large palmate lower leaves. With plentiful axillary inflorescences in the upper parts, of long stemmed pale-deep blue elongated flowers from late July on into autumn. Best grown into the sun while the roots are shaded, in the same way as Clematis, in a fertile drained soil with added humus to retain moisture.

Aconitum (Ranunculaceae) BWJ7902

austroyunnanense

A climbing perennial species I collected seed of from the Western Heights overlooking Kunming, Yunnan. Where it twined up scrub and over large rocks to 3m tall, bearing large three-parted palmate leaves. With generous axillary inflorescences of long stemmed deep blue tinged purple flowers 5cm long, primarily composed of a large upper helmet-shaped petal. Coming into flower in late July. Best growing into the sun any good soil.

Aconitum (Ranunculaceae) HWJK2120

bulbilliferum

An unusual and rare climbing monkshood with slender twining stems to 3m long, emerging from a tuberous root. Bearing small deeply divided foliage on dark petioles, which produce small clusters of bulbils in their axils when growing happily. The distinctly purple hood-shaped flowers are borne on axillary and terminal inflorescences in late summer. A plant for exacting conditions which we collected at around 3,000m altitude from cool moist shade close to a fast running stream, close to the Tibetan border in eastern Nepal in 2002 with Dan Hinkley et al.

Aconitum (Ranunculaceae) GWJ9393

chasmanthum

A species of monkshood we found growing on open, well drained mountain sides, at around 3,100m on the Singalila Ridge, the border between Eastern Nepal and Northern Indian. Seed collected from plants 1.3m tall, with long terminal racemes of blue helmet-shaped flowers, and divided foliage. Easily grown in sun or part shade in any kind of drained soil. Keep roots cool or the plant goes dormant prematurely.

Aconitum (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ4446

chiisanense

A tuberous rooted monkshood we found growing on wooded, well drained hill sides, on Cheju-Dõ, an island well to the south of South Korea. In cultivation the smooth, purple stems have attained 1m height, with terminal and axillary racemes of rounded deep-blue white stained flowers. Sun or shade in any drained soil.

Aconitum (Ranunculaceae)

episcopale

A flamboyant climbing monkshood emerging from tuberous roots with strongly twining stems to 3m long. Carrying slender branched stems of elegant deeply divided foliage, bearing from August-frost an abundance of deep blue hooded flowers in generous panicles. Easily grown with the roots in cool shade in a moisture retentive fertile soil allowing the top growth to bask in sun. Large plants.

Aconitum (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ8809

fischeri

A charming small species where we found this plant growing on the island of Chejudõ off the south coast of South Korea in 2001. Bearing deeply divided dark green leaves the lobes round-ended, with terminal and axillary short spikes of blue purple-tinged helmet flowers August-September. Easily grown in any type of fertile soil that is drained in winter and not too hot in summer, sun to part shade.

Aconitum (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ3057

formosanum

Perennial scandent monkshood we found climbing onto shrubs at the edge of a forest in Northern Taiwan. There it attained a height of 2-3mts. Flowers in terminal racemes, violet sometimes mixed with white. Best grown in drained soil, with the top of the plant in sun.

Aconitum (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ337

fukutomei

A monkshood we found growing on shaded, well drained mountain sides, at around 3,100m in Taiwan. In cultivation it has attained 1m, with a long terminal raceme of purple/blue helmets. Syn. A. bartlettii

Aconitum (Ranunculaceae)

hemsleyanum

A climbing monkshood, vigorous twining species, to 3-5m. Tuberous roots produce slender stems with ferny foliage, bearing from August-frost an abundance of blue-purple flowers. Best in sun any good soil. Strong plants.

Aconitum (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ8741

jaluense

Bearing the largest flowers we have yet seen, a species we found growing on the island of Kõjedõ, South Korea. Where it carpeted the ground as far as the eye could see, on wooded well drained hill sides. We collected seed from plants with 1m long lax arching stems, with large 5- foliate leaves bearing upright axially racemes of bright blue hooded flowers. Sun or shade in any drained soil.

Aconitum (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ6228

japonicum ssp. subcuneatum

A monkshood we found growing on wooded, well drained hill sides, on the high mountains of Shikoku, Japan. Seed collected from plants arching to 1m bearing large deeply divided leaves. In cultivation the smooth, purple stems have terminal and axillary racemes of large deep-blue flowers with rounded hoods. Sun or shade in any drained soil.

Aconitum (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ5507

japonicum var. montanum

A charming small species monkshood we found growing on densely wooded, well drained hill sides, on the high mountains of the Kii Peninsular, Japan in 1998. The seed was collected from plants arching to 80cm long bearing deeply divided tri-foliate leaves and short axillary spikes of sky-blue helmeted flowers all along the stems. Easily grown in any type of fertile soil that is drained in winter and not too hot in summer, sun to part shade.

Aconitum (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ11173

kitadakense

A small to medium sized species we found growing in a small colony at the edge of a large forested area of Ehime in the cold mountains of Shikoku (island), Japan in the autumn of 2005. Where they formed plants with arching stems to 60cm tall in the lightly shaded conditions, with deeply lobed palmate leaves and sizeable terminal inflorescences of seed capsules the result of the sizeable blue-purple hooded flowers carried July-September. Easily grown in sun or shade, in any type of fertile drained soil, best if the roots are kept cool.

Aconitum (Ranunculaceae) GWJ9324

laciniatum

A tall erect tuberous perennial that we collected at 3,500m in the Lachung Valley, Eastern Sikkim. With stems to 2m bearing deeply lobed and shallowly toothed leaves, topped by large branching spikes of white, yellow tinged and bright blue edged flowers which are roundish. Essential to grown in cool conditions in a drained fertile soil with some moisture retention.

Aconitum (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ943

napiforme

A very distinct species which is cited under this name in the Flora of Korea, as a compact clump-forming perennial only 30-50cm tall. Carrying the distinct congested terminal racemes of purple-blue helmet flowers August to September, above the small palmate deeply divided, but shallowly lobed leaves. Which we found growing on steep wooded damp hill sides, in the Odaesan area of South Korea in the autumn of 1993. Easily grown in light to deep shade in any type of drained fertile soil.

Aconitum (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ4107

proliferum

A monkshood we found growing on a shaded, well drained wooded hillside, at Ch'õllip'o, S. Korea. Seed collected from plants 1m tall, with congested terminal racemes of rounded purple-blue hooded flowers. Sun or shade in any drained soil.

Aconitum (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ11032

sennanense v. incisum

From below a stand of conifers in the mountains of western Japan. Where this relatively short upright species to 1m tall formed small colonies, with terminal inflorescences of bright blue helmets, above the deeply lobed leaves from July to October. Easily grown in any type of fertile soil that is drained in winter and not too hot in summer, sun to part shade.

Aconitum (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ10866

sennanense v. paludicola

A robust species we found growing in a large colony within a large forested area of Hakkodoshan in the cold north of Honshu, Japan in the autumn of 2005. Where they formed plants with long arching stems to 2m long in the shaded conditions, with large shallowly lobed leaves and large terminal panicles/or axillary racemes of short seed capsules the result of the sizeable blue-purple hooded flowers carried July-September. Easily grown in sun or shade, in any type of fertile drained soil, best if the roots are kept cool.

Aconitum (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ694

seoulense

A monkshood we found growing on a shaded, well drained hillside under a coniferous wood at Ch'õllip'o, S. Korea. Seed collected from plants 1m tall, but attaining almost double in our garden, with terminal racemes of long hooded blue flowers, held on bristly stems. Sun or shade in any drained soil.

Aconitum (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ1216

uchiyamai

A tuberous rooted monkshood we found growing on wooded, well drained hill sides, on Chejudõ, South Korea. In cultivation the smooth, purple stems have attained 1m, with terminal and axillary racemes of large deep-blue flowers with crumpled hoods. Sun or shade in any drained soil.

Aconitum (Ranunculaceae)

yamazaki

A slender clump forming perennial species from the mountainous areas of Japan, with sparsely branched stems. Bearing deeply divided palmate leaves on stems to 1m tall, with short terminal racemes of blue-purple flowers. Any good soil in sun to part shade.

Aconitum (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ8906

zigzag v. ryohakuense

Found growing in a small colony within the high altitudinal forest of Mt. Ohmineyama, in the Kinki District of Japan in the autumn of 2001. With arching stems to 1m tall bearing a panicle of blue-helmet shaped flowers held in small clusters. Easily grown in sun or shade, in any type of fertile drained soil, best if the roots are kept cool.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) WJC13720

aff. foetida

From one of our seed collections gathered from a deep wide valley in the eastern Himalayas at over 3,400m in 2013. A much smaller species at only around 1m tall, than the A. frigida we had seen lower, with short branched inflorescences of clustered white and yellow flowers held in racemes. These were maturing to purple carpels on this collection, splitting and being blown in the breeze. Best grown in cool conditions in a well drained soil with some moisture retention in part shade. Syn. Cimicifuga

Actaea (Ranunculaceae)

alba = pachypoda

See Actaea pachypoda

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ616

asiatica

Compact, clump forming, perennial with spikes of small, fluffy, white flowers in summer and clusters of glossy black berries, borne on stiff fleshy bright pink pedicells from summer into autumn. Height 40-70cm. Spread 50cm. Shade tolerant.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) DJHC787

asiatica

One of Dan Hinkley's seed collections from E'meishan Sichuan China, of a very distinct and robust form of this remarkable species. Where the plants grew in moist forest, with upright stems to a meter tall bearing large terminal spikes of glossy black berries, borne on stiff fleshy bright pink pedicells from summer into autumn. Easily grown in any kind of fertile drained moisture retentive soil in part to full shade.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BWJ8174

asiatica from China

From a very distinctly robust form of this remarkable species I collected seed of from the mountains to the north of Baoxing, Sichuan China. Where the plants were to be found growing in very moist forest, with upright stems to a meter tall bearing large terminal spikes of glossy black berries, borne on stiff fleshy bright pink pedicells from summer into autumn. Easily grown in any kind of fertile drained moisture retentive soil in part to full shade.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ11190

biternata

An impressive perennial, from shortly creeping rhizomes with 1.2m upright branching stems, bearing bi-ternate (twice divided into 3) green leaves which are 15cm across in this form. Topped with slender spikes of long bottle-brush like white flowers August-September. For a rich soil in cool full-partial shade. From one of our collection made on the slopes of Fuji-San, Japan. Syn. Cimicifuga

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ8573

dahurica

One of the most ornamental species we have collected, yet sadly absent in so many gardens. A dioecious (male or female plants) species which frequent Korean forests with their showy (males more so, sorry girls) terminal panicles of white flowers. Our collection from the Andong area. Best cultivated in a cool position in sun or part shade in a moist but drained soil.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ8426

dahurica

A species we collected seed of in the forests of the Soraksan area of eastern Korea. Where it formed sizeable plants to 2m tall with large ternate (split into 3 parts) basal leaves and bearing large diffuse terminal inflorescences, which in late summer into the autumn are full of small white bristly flowers. Best cultivated in a cool position in part shade in a moist but drained soil.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ12561

dahurica

One of the most ornamental species we have collected, yet sadly absent in so many gardens. A dioecious (male or female plants) species which frequent Korean forests with their showy (males more so, sorry girls) terminal panicles of white flowers. Our collection from the Andong area. Best cultivated in a cool position in sun or part shade in a moist but drained soil.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ11136

japonica

From a short perennial rhizome with 1.3m upright stems, bearing green ternate leaves with upright spikes of scented bottle-brush like white flowers August-September. For a well drained soil enriched with humus in full-part shade. A species, which we collected seed of from the western area of northern Kyushu, Japan in 2005. Syn. Cimicifuga japonica.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ11070

japonica

From a short perennial rhizome with 1.3m upright stems, bearing green ternate leaves with upright spikes of scented bottle-brush like white flowers August-September. From one of our seed collections gathered in the autumn of 2005 from the mountains of Hiroshima southern Honshu Japan. For a well drained soil enriched with humus in full-part shade. Syn. Cimicifuga

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ11526

japonica

From one of our seed collections gathered in the autumn of 2006 from the cold mountains of Ehime northern Shikoku Japan. Collected from small plants with upright stems to less than a meter tall, bearing green palmate leaves with upright spikes of scented bottle-brush like white flowers August-September. For a well drained soil enriched with humus in full-part shade. Syn. Cimicifuga.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ11059

japonica

From one of our seed collections gathered in the autumn of 2005 from the mountains of Hiroshima southern Honshu Japan. From a short perennial rhizome with 1.3m upright stems, bearing green ternate leaves with upright spikes of scented bottle-brush like white flowers August-September. For a well drained soil enriched with humus in full-part shade. Syn. Cimicifuga

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ8758a

japonica from Chejudõ

A diminutive form of this highly desirable perennial species that we collected seed from the isolated island of Chejudõ, South Korea. From plants that were only 10cm tall in flower, where they were growing in dense forest in a rocky dried up river-bed. Forming a short rhizome bearing upright stems of green ternate leaves with upright spikes of scented bottle-brush like white flowers Aug-Sept. For a well drained soil in full-part shade. Syn. A. japonica v. acerina/ Cimicifuga acerina.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ6257

japonica v. acutiloba

An unusual and rare variety of a perennial species, which we collected from the Mount Daisen area of Southern Honshu, Japan. Emerging from a short rhizome forming upright stems to 120cm tall bearing ternate acutely lobed leaves in this variety, which emerge distinctly grey with deep red venation in early spring, later producing upright spikes of scented bottle-brush like white flowers from July into September. For a cool well drained soil in full-part shade.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BWJ7947

mairei

From seed I collected from a short plant with a stem to only 1m tall bearing doubly pinnate leaves to .75m across and a terminal cylindrical panicle of distinctly creamy-yellow flowers, in late summer. Gathered from Suda Lake, an area close to Zhongdian in Western Yunnan, China in 2000, taking all of four years to germinate. Easily cultivated in sun or part shade in a well drained soil that can retain some moisture. Syn. Cimicifuga. ******************************This plant is only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BWJ7787

mairei

A seed collection I made in the Lijiang area of China in 2000, taking four years to germinate. A scarce spices in cultivation, which we first introduced from Nepal. Forming a tall perennial to 3m, with large divided basal leaves, the leaflets narrow and sharply toothed. Flowering in long arching yellowish inflorescences, late summer. Easily grown in any kind of fertile drained soil in part shade. ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** This plant is only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BWJ7635

mairei

From my seed collection made in the Birong Valley China in 2000, taking four years to germinate. A scarce spices in cultivation, which we first introduced from Nepal. Forming a tall perennial to 2m, with large divided basal leaves, the leaflets narrow and sharply toothed. Flowering in long arching yellowish branched inflorescences, late summer. Easily grown in any kind of fertile drained soil in part shade. ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** This plant is only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BWJ7952

mairei

One of my seed collections from a very steep sided Shika Shan, a mountain close to Zhongdian in Western Yunnan, China in 2000, taking all of four years to germinate. Where it formed a tall plant with a stem to 1.7m tall bearing large doubly pinnate leaves to 1m across and terminal cylindrically branched panicles of distinctly creamy-yellow flowers, in late summer. Easily cultivated in sun or part shade in a well drained soil that can retain some moisture. ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** This plant is only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BWJ7939

mairei

One of my seed collections from Suda Lake, an area close to Zhongdian in Western Yunnan, China in 2000, taking all of four years to germinate. Where it formed a short plant with a stem to only 1m tall bearing doubly pinnate leaves to .75m across and a terminal cylindrical panicle of distinctly creamy-yellow flowers, in late summer. Easily cultivated in sun or part shade in a well drained soil that can retain some moisture. ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** This plant is only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BWJ7649

mairei

From a seed collection I made in Western Sichuan, China in 2000, taking all of four years to germinate. Where it grew in a steep clearing within a dry pine mountain forest at 3670m. Forming a tall stem to 1.7m tall with large doubly pinnate leaves to 1m across. Bearing terminal cylindrically branched panicles of distinctly creamy-yellow flowers, in late summer. Easily cultivated in sun or part shade in a well drained soil that can retain some moisture.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ11528

matsumurae

A scarce species in the wild where we collected the seed of this imposing species, on the island of Shikoku Japan in the autumn of 2005, at 1000m in the cold mountains of Ehime. Where they formed plants with a basal clump of divided arching leaves with an erect rarely branched flowering stem to 1.5m tall. Bearing a mass of small white staminate flowers in a long terminal spike, later than most specie September to November. Easily grown in any type of drained fertile soil with some moisture retention in sun or part shade. Syn. Cimicifuga

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ11133

matsumurae

From one of our seed collections from Oita on the island of Kyushu Japan in 2005. A small form of this perennial species, with shortly creeping rhizomes from which a basal clump of arching divided leaves is formed, with 45 cm upright stems bearing spikes of long bottle-brush like white flowers September-November. Easily grown in any type of fertile drained soil in sun or shade. Syn. Cimicifuga

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ11187

matsumurae 'High Rise'

A tall form of this normally 1m tall late flowering species (1.7m in our garden), with upright few branched dark grey stems bearing long spikes of pink-budded scented bottle-brush like white flowers October-November. Arising from shortly creeping rhizomes, forming a basal clump of arching divided leaves. A collection, that we gathered from the forests of Shizuoka, in the shadow of Fuji-San (Mt. Fuji) Japan, in the autumn of 2005. A scarce species that is easily grown in any type of fertile drained soil in sun or shade. Syn. Cimicifuga.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae)

pachypoda

A conspicuous clump forming, woodland perennial with stems of divided leaves bearing spikes of small scented fluffy creamy-white flowers in late spring to early summer. Which mature by late summer into unusual plump white black spotted berries, earning it the vernacular name of Dolly’s Eyes, borne on contrasting red fleshy short stalks well into autumn. Height 1m. Spread 75cm. Easily grown in full to part shade in any type of moisture retentive well drained soil.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae)

podocarpa

Syn. Cimicifuga americana. A rarely encountered north-east American species growing from shortly creeping rhizomes. Found mainly in mountainous areas, with 1-1.6m tall upright branching stems, bearing bold foliage and slender upright spikes of snowy-white bottle-brush like flowers August-September. Easily grown in a rich soil in full-part shade.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ9555

rubra

Long cultivated and cherished by those who are familiar with the attributes this very shade tolerant clump forming perennial enriches our woodland gardens with. Bearing short creamy-white dumpy spikes of small fluffy flowers in early summer, followed by clusters of sealing wax red berries borne on stiff fleshy stalks held long into the autumn. From seed we collected from the Olympic Mountains of the Pacific North West United States in 2003. Height to1m, spread 50cm. Easily grown in light to dense shade in any kind of fertile drained soil.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae)

rubra

Compact, clump forming, perennial with spikes of small, fluffy, white flowers in summer and clusters of sealing wax red berries, borne on stiff fleshy stalks from summer into autumn. Height 1m. Spread 50cm. Shade tolerant.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae)

rubra f. neglecta

Compact, clump forming, perennial with spikes of small, fluffy, white flowers April to June. Followed by clusters of white berries, borne on stiff fleshy white stalks into the autumn. Height 80cm. Spread 50cm. Shade tolerant.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ8653

simplex

An impressive perennial, with shortly creeping rhizomes from which 2m upright branching stems, bare green leaves and buds with upright spikes of long bottle-brush like white flowers Aug-Sept. For a rich soil in full-part shade. From our seed collection from T'aebaeksan a cold mountainous area of South Korea.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ10964

simplex

A tall form of this species, which we collected the seed of from the forest edge from the snowy forests of Togakushi, Nagano Japan, in the autumn of 2005.Where this strongly perennial species emerges from sturdy shortly creeping rhizomes from which a basal clump of arching divided leaves is formed. With 2m upright branching stems bearing spikes of scented long bottle-brush like white flowers August-September. Easily grown in any type of fertile drained soil in sun or shade. Syn. Cimicifuga.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ8664

simplex

An impressive perennial, with shortly creeping rhizomes from which 2m upright branching stems, bare green leaves and buds with upright spikes of long bottle-brush like white flowers Aug-Sept. For a rich soil in full-part shade. From our seed collection from T'aebaeksan a cold mountainous area of South Korea.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ11015

simplex

An imposing perennial, from shortly creeping rhizomes from which a basal clump of arching divided leaves is formed, with upright stems arising bearing arching spikes of long bottle-brush like scented white flowers to 2m tall in this collection August to October. From one of our seed collections gathered in the cold Mt. Yotsudake area of Honshu, Japan in the autumn of 2005. Easily grown in any type of fertile drained soil in sun or shade. Syn. Cimicifuga.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ10957

simplex

The tallest form of this perennial species, which we have so far encountered in the wild. Emerging from sturdy shortly creeping rhizomes from which a basal clump of arching divided leaves is formed. With 2+ m upright branching stems bearing spikes of long bottle-brush like white flowers August-September, in this collection we gathered from the snowy forests of Togakushi, Nagano Japan, in the autumn of 2005. Easily grown in any type of fertile drained soil in sun or shade. Syn. Cimicifuga.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae)

spicata

Compact, clump forming, perennial with spikes of small, fluffy, white flowers in summer and clusters of red turning black berries, borne on stiff fleshy stalks from summer into autumn. Height 1m. Spread 50cm. Shade tolerant.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae)

spicata native form

A native form of this compact, clump forming, perennial with spikes of small, fluffy, white flowers in early summer and clusters of red ripening to black berries, borne on stiff fleshy stalks from summer into autumn. Height 1m. Spread 50cm. Easily grown in full to part shade in a well drained soil.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) RWJ9996

taiwanensis

A newly described perennial species, which we collected from the high mountains of Southern Taiwan. With creeping rhizomes from which 1.5m upright branching stems, bare green leaves and buds with upright spikes of scented bottle-brush like white flowers Aug-Sept. For a rich soil in full-part shade. Syn. Cimicifuga

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ6355

yesoensis

From our collection in the Mt. Daisen area of Honshu, Japan. An impressive perennial, with shortly creeping rhizomes from which 2m upright branching stems, bare green divided leaves and buds with undulating spikes of long bottle-brush like white flowers, which open from the apex down, July- August. For a rich soil in full-part shade.

Actaea (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ10860

yesoensis

From one of our seed collections gathered in the cold Hakkodoshan area of northern Honshu, Japan in the autumn of 2005. An impressive perennial, from shortly creeping rhizomes from which upright branching stems arose, with divided thin textured leaves and upright spikes of long bottle-brush like white flowers to 1.2m tall August-September in this collection. Easily grown in any type of fertile drained soil in sun or shade. Syn. Cimicifuga.

Actinidia (Actinidiaceae) FMWJ13137

aff. petelotii

From one of our 2011 seed collection, of this conspicuous species where we found it growing strongly with long new growth covered in red bristly hairs. Clothed in 10cm long lanceolate dark green glabrous leaves which were glaucous below. Bearing a huge quantity of small fruit 2cm across in large wide panicles. Best grown in a bit of shelter from the coldest weather, with the base in some shade while the top could grow into the sun, in a moisture retentive drained soil. Height 7m.

Actinidia (Actinidiaceae) BSWJ8529

arguta from Ullüngdõ

From one of our seed collections made on the remote island of Ullüngdõ South Korea in 2001. A very hardy deciduous woody stemmed twining climber with ovate leaves that are 10cm long on red stalks. Male plants bear masses of cup shaped, white fragrant flowers, while the flowers on female plants are followed by edible strawberry-flavoured yellow kiwi fruits, if pollinated. Best planted with the base in some shade with the top growth in sun, in any good soil. Unsexed plants.

Actinidia (Actinidiaceae) BSWJ569

arguta 'Shoko' (F)

A deciduous woody stemmed twining climber, which is very hardy. With ovate-orbicular leaves to10cm long on red-pink stalks. Bearing in summer generous quantities of cup-shaped white fragrant flowers in congested panicles, followed by edible strawberry-flavoured ageing to yellow kiwi fruits, if pollinated. Named for our friend Shoko who helped us in South Korea with her husband Unchae. Easily grown in any fertile soil, best with the roots shaded and the top in sun.

Actinidia (Actinidiaceae) BSWJ569

arguta 'Unchae' (M)

Named for our friend Unchae who helped us in South Korea with his wife Shoko in 2004. A deciduous woody stemmed twining climber, which is very hardy. With ovate-orbicular leaves to10cm long on red-pink stalks. Bearing in summer masses of small cup-shaped white scented flowers with contrasting black stamen in congested panicles. Easily grown in any fertile soil, best with the roots shaded and the top in sun.

Actinidia (Actinidiaceae) BSWJ4243

kolomikta

Deciduous, woody stemmed twining climber to 3-4m. One of the few temperate zone plants which has naturally variegated leaves, these occur when the leaves are exposed to direct sunlight for at least part of the day.

Actinidia (Actinidiaceae) BSWJ4243

kolomikta 'Tomoko' (F)

The female selection of our collection from Odaesan, South Korea, of this deciduous, woody twining stemmed climber to 3-4m tall. One of the few temperate zone plants which has naturally pink and white variegated leaves, these occur when the leaves are exposed to direct sunlight for at least part of the day. Female lightly scented white flowers are borne in the leaf axils, followed by top-shaped edible fruit by late August here. Easily grown in good light (will burn in too strong sunlight) in a fertile soil with added humus for a bit of moisture retention. Was introduced to British gardens as a hardy fruiting species (hardy to –40C) in mid 1800. Named for our Japanese friend who trained at Wisley in 1995.

Actinidia (Actinidiaceae) BSWJ4243

kolomikta 'Yazuaki' (M)

The male selection of our collection from Odaesan, South Korea, of this deciduous, woody twining stemmed climber to 3-4m. One of the few temperate zone plants which has naturally pink and white variegated leaves, these occur when the leaves are exposed to direct sunlight for at least part of the day. Male lightly scented white flowers are borne in the leaf axils in spring. Named for our Japanese friend from Yakushima.

Actinidia (Actinidiaceae)

pilosula

A species that has not long been introduced into cultivation from China under the wrong name, grown for its impressive foliage. Which emerges a dark green in spring, turning a silver-white from their tips down through the leaf as the sun warms even an overlay of pink by the end of the summer. Bearing clusters of bowl shaped male pink flowers in spring on long stalks. Best colour in some sun, but will grow in any type of fertile soil, sun or part shade. Only recently re-identified as: A. tetramera var. maloides.

Actinidia (Actinidiaceae) BSWJ8544

polygama from Korea

A rarely encountered and little known species, although it has many outstanding attributes. From one of our seed collections gathered from the remote island of Ullüngdõ, South Korea. Grown for its ornamental silver-white foliage, which develops as a reaction to sunlight as the season warms, hence not a true variegation. Bearing clusters of bowl shaped ice-white highly fragrant flowers in early summer, not too dissimilar to Philadelphus. June for us, followed by yellow top-shaped fruit when pollinated by a different clone. Best leaf colour in some sun, will grow in any type of fertile drained soil in sun or shade. Hardy to -30C

Actinidia (Actinidiaceae) BSWJ3111

rubricaulis

One of our collections from the Lishan area of Taiwan. Deciduous, woody stemmed twining climber to 8m. The shallowly toothed leaves are 10cm round on tan stems. In summer bears cup shaped, white fragrant flowers, followed by edible greenish rounded kiwi fruits, if pollinated.

Actinidia (Actinidiaceae) BSWJ3563

setosa

A deciduous twining woody stemmed climber, originating from seed we collected in the Taipingshan high altitude area of northern Taiwan in 1996. Where it had only formed a relatively small plant climbing over a couple of small trees and shrubs at the edge of the forest, but capable of 8m in ideal conditions. The reddish-brown stems were clothed in rounded-cordate prominently veined hairy leaves around 15cm across. With a few of the rounded fruit densely covered in gingery hairs still held in axils of the older leaves. The Taiwanese are concentrating a lot of effort in selecting fruiting forms because they reckon it will supersede A. deliciosa. Easily grown in any type of drained fertile soil in sun to light shade.

Actinidia (Actinidiaceae) BWJ8161

sp. from China

My own collection of this hardy deciduous, woody stemmed strongly twining climber, which I collected along with Dan Hinkley, just north of Baoxing Sichuan, China. Bearing heart shaped decoratively bristly leaves and small edible brown kiwi fruits, densely covered by ginger hairs. Which had been preceded by large cup shaped, white flowers that age creamy yellow. Best planted in sun with adequate moisture to grow.

Actinidia (Actinidiaceae)

tetramera v. maloides

A species that has not long been introduced into cultivation from China under the wrong name only recently re-identified, grown for its impressive foliage. Which emerges a dark green in spring, turning a silver-white from their tips down through the leaf as the sun warms even an overlay of pink by the end of the summer. Bearing clusters of bowl shaped male pink flowers in spring on long stalks. Best colour in some sun, but will grow in any type of fertile soil, sun or part shade. Syn. A. pilosula.

Adenophora (Campanulaceae) BSWJ10989

aff. remotiflora

A Clump-forming perennial, which is a member of the bellflower family, that we collected seed of in the mountains of Niigata, Japan in 2005. Where we found this species growing on steep banks in part shade at the edge of the forest. Forming clumps of broadly heart-shaped foliage with 70cm stems, bearing blue funnel shaped deeply lobed bellflowers June-August. Easily grown in most types of fertile drained soils in sun or part shade.

Adenophora (Campanulaceae) BWJ7986

capillaris v. leptosepala

A dainty-looking perennial species I collected at high altitude growing in a harsh environment on a steep scree at 3550m near Zhongdian in north-western China in 2000. Forming a clump of slender arching stems to 40cm (60cm in garden), bearing pale-blue curiously inflated bellflowers with long protruding stigmas June-August. Easily grown in any drained fertile soil in sun or light shade.

Adenophora (Campanulaceae) BSWJ8555

grandiflora

From one of our seed collections made on the remote South Korean offshore island of Ullüngdõ. A perennial member of the bellflower family, which had seeded into tiny cracks on vertical cliffs in a well hidden shady gorge, bearing 2cm long blue funnel shaped bellflowers July-August.

Adenophora (Campanulaceae) BSWJ8562

grandiflora

From one of our seed collections made on the remote South Korean offshore island of Ullüngdõ. A perennial member of the bellflower family, which had seeded into tiny cracks on vertical cliffs in a well hidden shady gorge, bearing 2cm long blue funnel shaped bellflowers July-August.

Adenophora (Campanulaceae) BSWJ11008

maximowicziana

Belonging to the bellflower family, a slender perennial species that we found growing in pine forests on the west coast of South Korea. With upright stems to 1.2m tall with narrow toothed leaves held in whirls of 4's, below the elongated and branched inflorescence of pale blue bell-flowers. July-September. Easily adaptable to any drained type of soil sun or shade.

Adenophora (Campanulaceae) RWJ10008

morrisonensis

A dainty sub-alpine perennial species of the bellflower family that has taken us many years to establish from our seed collections. Named after the highest mountain in Taiwan Yushan (was Mount Morrison), which is where we gathered this collection in 2002. Where it forms sizeable colonies on steep well drained slopes, of slender stems with long grassy foliage and sizeable funnel-shaped pendant mid-blue flowers in summer. Easily grown in any fertile drained soil in full sun or part shade.

Adenophora (Campanulaceae) BSWJ11201

nikoensis f. linearifolia

Arising from thick almost tuberous roots with short wiry stems only 20cm tall, where we found it growing in tight tussocks, at 2315m altitude, on the slopes of the iconic Fuji-San (Mt. Fuji) in the autumn of 2005. With narrow willowy leaves in this form only 3-5cm long by 5-10mm wide. While the stems bore terminal racemes of plump seed capsules subtended/surrounded by a calyx with long slender lobes, resulting from the long blue bell-flowers carried August to September. Best grown in good light in a freely drained soil with some moisture retention.

Adenophora (Campanulaceae) BSWJ11016

remotiflora

A perennial member of the bellflower family that we found close to Mt. Yotsudake in the south west of Japan. Forming neat clumps of narrow foliage and 60cm slender stems, bearing blue funnel shaped deeply lobed bellflowers July-August. Easily grown in most types of fertile soils in sun or part shade.

Adenophora (Campanulaceae) BSWJ8714

remotiflora

A delightful perennial species of the bellflower family that we found on a high altitude ridge on Mt. Chirisan in the south of South Korea. Forming neat clumps of narrow foliage and 80cm slender stems, bearing blue funnel shaped deeply lobed bellflowers July-August. Easily grown in most types of fertile soils in sun or part shade.

Adenophora (Campanulaceae) BSWJ10825

remotiflora from Japan

From one of our seed collections gathered near Mt. Shibamori, Aomori northern Japan in the autumn of 2005. Closely related to and looking quite similar to Campanula, forming neat clumps of narrow foliage on 60cm slender stems, bearing blue funnel shaped deeply lobed bell flowers June-August. Easily grown in most types of fertile soils in sun or part shade.

Adenophora (Campanulaceae) BSWJ11424

takedae

A seed collection from a superb mountain ridge we visited on our journey across Shikoku Island Japan in the autumn of 2006. Where the mountain top opened out after we had slowly made our way through rich pickings in the forests below. Here this relatively small species to only 50 cm tall on wiry stems with scattered lanceolate leaves, carried long campanulate pale blue flowers with excerpted stigmas, forming small colonies in the rocky crevices. Easily grown in any fertile drained soil in full sun or part shade.

Adenophora (Campanulaceae) BSWJ10936

triphylla

A tall growing perennial species with upright stems to 1m tall with narrow toothed leaves held in tight whirls of 4's, below the elongated and shortly branched inflorescences of pale blue bell-flowers with exserted stigmas. July-September. From seed we collected in Niigata on the west of Honshu, Japan in 2005. Easily adaptable to any drained type of soil sun or shade.

Adenophora (Campanulaceae) BSWJ10933

triphylla v. japonica

From seed we collected almost on the seashore in Niigata on the west of Honshu, Japan in 2005. A robust perennial species with upright stems to 80cm tall with narrow toothed leaves held in tight whirls of 4's, below the elongated and branched inflorescence of pale blue bell-flowers. July-September. Easily adaptable to any drained type of soil sun or shade.

Adenophora (Campanulaceae) BSWJ6729

uehatae

A perennial alpine member of the bellflower family. Found by ourselves growing on the highest slopes of Hohuanshan, Taiwan in the autumn of 1999. Only attaining a height of 15cm, there in a shaly scree, forming small colonies of suckering stems, bearing spikes of tubby pendant blue flowers.

Adenophora (Campanulaceae) BSWJ126

uehatae

A perennial alpine member of the bellflower family. Found by ourselves growing on the highest slopes of Hohuanshan, Taiwan. Only attaining a height of 15cm, there in a shaly scree, forming small colonies of suckering stems, bearing spikes of long pendant blue flowers.

Aesculus (Hippocastanaceae) WWJ11886

wangii

A rare and endangered species, forming sizeable trees in time with large compound palmate leaves comprised of 5-9 oblanceolate-obovate pointed leaflets on very short stalks. Bearing elongated panicles (to 45cm base) of scented white, yellow eyed flowers in spring followed by large encased seed to 10cm across. From the exceptionally large seed (conkers) Peter Wharton and I collected from a large tree 25-30m tall, situated in dense mountain forest in northern Vietnam in the autumn of 2007. As the seed is prone to drying it was immediately sown in the open ground on its arrival, where it started to germinate in January.

Agastache (Lamiaceae) BSWJ735

rugosa 'Korean Zest'

A strongly aromatic perennial with upright bristly purple stems, forming a drift of ovate toothed leaves which emerge with a purple tinge that is retained on the back of the leaves. Bearing erect terminal spikes of purple/blue flowers, June to September. Best grown in full sun-part shade in a well drained soil, associating well with gravelled areas where it can self-seed. From one of our 1993 seed collections from a cold mountainous area of South Korea.

Ailanthus (Simaroubaceae) NMWJ12452

altissima v. tanakae

A bold tree, grown primarily for its large pinnate leaves. Originating from seed we collected at Wuling Farm, a cool valley in the north of Taiwan, in 2015, where they form very large trees to 30m tall. Only forming much smaller trees when cultivated in British gardens, where we annually pollarded them to encourage young vigorous growth. Which bears large bold pinnate textured leaves to over 1m long on red-stems. Best grown in a warm fertile drained soil in a sunny to partly shaded sight. No sign of being invasive on this variety in the wild, but care should be taken if planted in a warmer climate than the UK. From a collection gathered with The Taiwan Natural Science Museum on our joint expedition in 2015.

Ailanthus (Simaroubaceae) RWJ9906

altissima v. tanakae

From seed we collected by dislodging the winged seed with sticks and scooping them from the ground. At Wuling Farm a cool valley in the north of Taiwan, in 2003, where they form very large trees. Much smaller plants when cultivated in British gardens, here they may be annually pollarded to encourage young vigorous growth, bearing red-stemmed large bold pinnate textured leaves to over 1m long. Best grown in a warm fertile drained soil in a sunny to partly shaded sight.

Akebia (Lardizabalaceae) BSWJ3606

longiracemosa

Woody-stemmed, twining climber with leaves having five semi-evergreen long leaflets. Vanilla-scented, brownish purple flowers appear on long racemes to 15cm long in spring followed by sausage shaped, purplish fruits. Requires full sun and a moist drained soil. Our own collection from Ilan, N. Taiwan..

Akebia (Lardizabalaceae) BSWJ4425

quinata

Woody-stemmed very hardy, twining climber with five ovate dainty semi-evergreen leafleted leaves, purple flushed in spring. Vanilla-scented, purple flowers appear in spring followed by sausage shaped, purplish fruits when pollinated. Full sun to part shade in moist drained soil. Our collection from Cheju-Dõ, S. Korea.

Akebia (Lardizabalaceae) BSWJ8415

quinata 'White Chocolate'

Woody-stemmed twining climber with five ovate leafleted semi-evergreen pale green leaves. Vanilla-scented, white to palest purple flowers appear in late spring followed by sausage shaped, dull white fruits. Requires full sun on the branches to flower well with a moist well drained soil.

Akebia (Lardizabalaceae)

quinata white flowered form

Woody-stemmed, twining climber with five ovate leafleted semi-evergreen pale green leaves. Vanilla-scented, creamy white flowers appear in late spring followed by sausage shaped, dull white fruits. Requires full sun on the branches to flower well with a moist well drained soil.

Akebia (Lardizabalaceae) BSWJ4102

trifoliata

From one of our collection from Ch'õllip'o, South Korea gathered in the autumn of 1997. A woody-stemmed, twining climber with leaves comprising of three leaflets, which are purple flushed in spring. Vanilla-chocolate scented, dark purple flowers appear in early spring (in March for us) followed by late summer with sausage shaped purplish fruits to 13cm long, if pollinated by another clone. Best grown in full sun to part shade in drained soil. For fruit you must have two clones (seedlings) i.e. not cuttings from the same plant as are normally offered in Western cultivation.

Akebia (Lardizabalaceae) BSWJ5063

trifoliata

Woody-stemmed, twining climber with leaves comprising of three leaflets, which are purple flushed in spring. Vanilla-chocolate scented, dark purple flowers appear in early spring (in March for us) followed by late summer with sausage shaped purplish fruits to 13cm long, if pollinated. Best grown in full sun to part shade in drained soil. Second generation seed raised from our original collection from the Fukuroi area of Honshu, Japan in 1997. For fruit you must have two clones (seedlings) i.e. not cuttings from the same plant as are normally offered in Western cultivation.

Akebia (Lardizabalaceae)

trifoliata 'Big Fruit'

Woody-stemmed, twining climber with leaves comprising of three leaflets, which are purple flushed in spring. Vanilla-chocolate scented, dark purple flowers appear in early spring (in March for us) followed by late summer with sausage shaped purplish fruits to 13cm long, if pollinated. Best grown in full sun to part shade in drained soil. Second generation seed raised grown from a cultivar we acquired in Japan grown for its large edible fruit. For fruit you must have two clones (seedlings) i.e. not cuttings from the same plant as are normally offered in Western cultivation.

Allium (Alliaceae) BSWJ15921

scorodoprasum

One of our collections from Croatia, when we found this onion growing in an extensive meadow in the cool upland area near Homolyac, at 800m. The so called sand leek, which has a wide distribution from as far east as Korea and Ireland in the west, where it was possibly introduced. Forming slender stems to as tall as 90cm in rich soils, but only around half of that where we found it. Where it was in full flower accompanied with plenty of its well known curious bulbils in late June. Easily grown in full sun to light shade in a drained soil, probably best avoiding too rich a soil.

Allium (Alliaceae) BSWJ8881

tuberosum

A wild collection of the Chinese Chives, which we found growing on Hirotani mountain in the north of Kyushu, Japan. Where it inhabited a very rocky exposed position in full sun. Forming clumps of grassy strong onion smelling leaves 15-20cm tall, with globular heads of white starry flowers June-September. Easily grown in any well drained fertile soil in sun.

Alniphyllum (Styracaceae) FMWJ13121

aff. eberhardtii

Forming medium sized trees 7-8m tall with relatively large elliptic leaves 20 × 10cm with terminal and axillary 10-30 flowered panicles of elongated seed-capsules which were the result of the showy white flows to 5cm across with contrasting pink styles, born March to April in the wild. From our seed collection gathered in a moist valley in the Hoàng Liên Son Mountain Range in northern Vietnam in 2011. Best grown in shelter from cold winds in a sunny sheltered position in a drained soil that retains some moisture.

Alniphyllum (Styracaceae) FMWJ13013

fortunei

From one of our collections gathered in 2011 on a moist hill side in the Hoàng Liên Son Mountain Range in northern Vietnam. Where we found small to medium sized deciduous trees with upright trunks and grey-brown sturdy branches bearing ovate-deltoid relatively thick textured leaves15cm long stellate-bristly below. With large terminal, but mostly axillary many-flowered (in seed) panicles to 20 cm long, which had born the white 3cm wide flowers from April to July in the wild. Best grown in shelter from cold winds in a sunny sheltered position in a drained soil that retains some moisture.

Alnus (Betulaceae)

maximowiczii aff.

Eventually forming a small tree, but most likely a well branched small to large shrub in gardens. Raised from seed gathered from an AM form, originating from a collection gathered by the late Kenneth Ashburner from the island of Ullüngdõ off the eastern coast of Korea. Described there as a large shrub with thick branches bearing orbicular to heat-shaped 10-12 paired ribbed leaves bearing, yellow-maroon catkins in June resulting in handsome rounded cones by the winter. Easily grown in any type of fertile soil that is not too dry in sun or part shade. ***** **** ***** **** **** **** **** These plants are 50 lt supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants during the dormant winter period, For collection only as too large for carrier.

Alnus (Betulaceae) BSWJ10895

pendula

Only forming a small multi-stemmed tree to 3m+ where we collected the seed of this most unusual alder in Aomori in the cold north of Japan. With dark green parallely-ribbed or corrugated ovate-lanceolate leaves and clusters of cone-like short catkins. Easily grown in any type of fertile soil in sun or shade.

Alnus (Betulaceae) BSWJ10895

pendula

Only forming a small multi-stemmed tree to 3m+ where we collected the seed of this most unusual alder in Aomori in the cold north of Japan. With dark green parallely-ribbed or corrugated ovate-lanceolate leaves and clusters of cone-like short catkins. Easily grown in any type of fertile soil in sun or shade. ***** **** ***** **** **** **** **** These plants are supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants during the dormant winter period, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only. Smaller containerised plants may be offered during the season.

Alnus (Betulaceae)

sieboldiana

While originating from Japan, this is one of the most appealing species of the genus. Valued for its ornamental broadly orbicular-ovate serrated leaves, conspicuously ribbed by 12-15 pairs of lateral nerves. Bearing pendant yellow catkins in early spring which mature into conspicuous ornamental ovoid cones by summer lasting long into the winter months. Forming a small tree in time but only a medium to large sized shrub in the garden. While being totally drought tolerant. Easily grown in sun or part shade in any type of fertile soil. A few larger sized plants also available. ***** **** ***** **** **** **** **** These plants are supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants during the dormant winter period, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Amomum (Zingiberaceae) FMWJ13461

species nova

From a collection I gathered on the Five Fingers trail near Sapa in northern Vietnam in 2011 at 2370m. Where this perennial ginger grew in moist forest conditions, typically on the banks of streams. From reddish rhizomes, only forming short plants 30-40cm tall, of upright slender stems of broad lance-shaped foliage in the wild, taller in cultivation. Bearing in late spring for us, dense cone-shaped inflorescences of white and bright pink orchid-like broad flowers at ground level, in fairly long succession. Best grown in a warm sheltered position in good fertile drained soil. A new unnamed species, which may be segregated to a new genus, with more study.

Ampelopsis (Vitaceae) BSWJ12982

aconitifolia

From seed liberated from The Lucca Botanic Gardens, who invite us to participate in their flower show every September. Where this small tendril climber from the grape family grows happily on a west facing wall. Here it is kept to just 2m tall, clothed in its distinct deeply lobed and incised palmate foliage, dark green all summer transforming to a contrasting autumnal yellow by October. A perfect foil to the turquoise fruit that mature through the summer months. Easily grown in good light heat will be required to produce the fruit. Best in a well drained gritty soil with a modicum of moisture retention.

Ancylostemon (Gesneriaceae) BSWJ6624

convexus

Our collection of this diminutive perennial, that we found growing terrestrially and on vertical mossy tree-trunks as an epiphyte. From a lofty altitude of 2280m almost at the summit of Doi Phohom-Pok, Northern Thailand. Evergreen perennial with softly hairy leaves forming tight rosettes, bearing long tubular bright yellow flowers on very long slender stems, July-Aug. Untried for hardiness, good in containers or a shady sheltered site.

Ancylostemon (Gesneriaceae) BSWJ7182

convexus

Our collection of this diminutive perennial, that we found growing terrestrially and on vertical mossy tree-trunks as an epiphyte. From a lofty altitude of 2100m almost at the summit of Doi Phohom-Pok, Northern Thailand in 1999. Evergreen perennial with softly hairy leaves forming tight rosettes, bearing long tubular bright yellow flowers on very long slender stems, July-Aug. Untried for hardiness, good in containers or a shady sheltered site.

Anemone (Ranunculaceae)

× lipsiensis

A pale sulphur-yellow flowered hybrid of A. nemorosa × ranunculoïdes. Growing from creeping rhizomes, a charming form of this slow growing perennial woodlander with deeply divided ternate leaves on short stalks, which is capable of forming good-sized colonies in time. Height 15cm. Spread 30cm. Easily grown in any kind of fertile soil that does not dry out, in part to full shade.

Anemone (Ranunculaceae)

apennina double blue

Spreading perennial form slowly running underground rhizomes with short stems to 15cm tall bearing deeply cut delicate foliage and fully double powder blue flowers for a long time in spring. A wonderful low growing addition to the woodland spring flowering garden. Easily grown in full to part shade of woodland or shrubs in a soil that does not dry out. It is not unusual for the flowers to be single after disturbance, i.e. after potting or planting.

Anemone (Ranunculaceae) BWJ16215

hupehensis

From my second visit to Ga Thanh, a minority hill-tribe village deep in the mountains of Cao Bang Province north-eastern Vietnam. Where the trail up to the peak we climbed was festooned with these bright pink flowered plants on slender upright branched stems to over a meter high, held well above the palmate rough-textured foliage. Enjoying growing in the well drained rocky ground in full sun. Luckily we were treated to lunch by the village chief on our return, who asked one of his eight wives to attend to us.

Anemone (Ranunculaceae) BWJ8190

hupehensis

From seed of a particularly choice form of this species I collected on my last day with Dan Hinkley well to the north of Baoxing Sichuan, China, growing on very steep ground at the edge of the forest. Where it had formed a sizeable colony from its stoloniferous roots with stiff upright branching stems to only 30-40cm tall, bearing trifoliate slightly hairy leaves and umbels of large upwardly facing white flowers. Easily grown in any free draining soil in full sun or light shade. Flowering August to October. ******************************As we have sold out of all our containerised stock of this plant, these plants are supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Anemone (Ranunculaceae) BWJ16191

hupehensis

A collection gathered from the cool mountains of Cao Bang, in the Thong Nong District, northern Vietnam, where the locals were busy harvesting the native forests. Which gave us access via one of their logging tracks, deep into the mountains, where I was surprised to see the cleared areas festooned with the bright pink flowered plants on slender upright branched stems to over a meter high, held well above the palmate rough-textured foliage. Enjoying growing in the well drained rocky ground in full sun. Luckily we were treated to lunch by the village chief on our return, who asked one of his eight wives to attend to us.

Anemone (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ4886

hupehensis v. japonica

This is the original wild form of the Japanese anemone. Bearing deep pink semi-double flowers, consisting of 20-30 narrow quilled or flattened and twisted petals/tepals, from mid-summer into autumn. Height 90cm. Any good drained soil in sun or shade. Our collection from Shikoku, Japan.

Anemone (Ranunculaceae) BWJ7919

leveillei

From seed I collected in Yunnan, an easily cultivated perennial with stiff, branching stems bearing delicate, slightly cup-shaped, white blue-backed flowers in summer above palmately divided, dark green leaves. Height 60cm. Spread 30cm. partial shade and 'woodsy' soil.

Anemone (Ranunculaceae)

leveillei

Perennial with stiff, branching stems bearing good sized, cup shaped, bright white flowers in June-July above deeply divided, dark green leaves. Height 60cm. Spread 30cm. Partial shade and 'woodsy' soil.

Anemone (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ7083

matsudai 'Taiwan's Tiny Treasure'

An alpine form of this rhizomatous hairy perennial, with trifoliate basal leaves which in this form only attains 25cm height where as the normal form that we see growing at a lower altitude is up to 1.2m tall. Bearing terminal cymes of cup-shaped white flowers with an enlarged boss of yellow stamen, from June to October. One of our seed collections from steep alpine scree close to Yushan the highest mountain in Taiwan

Anemone (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ7083

matsudai 'Taiwans Tiny Treasure'

An alpine form of this rhizomatous hairy perennial, with trifoliate basal leaves which in this form only attains 25cm height where as the normal form that we see growing at a lower altitude is up to 1.2m tall. Bearing terminal cymes of cup-shaped white flowers with an enlarged boss of yellow stamen, from June to October. One of our seed collections from steep alpine scree close to Yushan the highest mountain in Taiwan

Anemone (Ranunculaceae)

rivularis

Perennial with stiff, branching stems bearing delicate, cup shaped, white blue-centred flowers in summer above deeply divided, dark green leaves. Height 60cm. Spread 30cm. partial shade and 'woodsy' soil.

Anemone (Ranunculaceae) BWJ7611

rivularis

From seed I collected in Sichuan, an easily cultivated perennial with stiff, branching stems bearing delicate, slightly cup-shaped, white blue-centred flowers in summer above palmately divided, dark green leaves. Height 60cm. Spread 30cm. partial shade and 'woodsy' soil.

Anemone (Ranunculaceae) HWJ682

vitifolia

From the mountainous area around Sapa in Northern Vietnam and disjunct from the rest of the species. Where it forms a tufted rootstock, spreading by underground stolons, with leaves 5-9 lobed and silky-woolly beneath, flowers are white in umbels on stems to 150cm. Well drained soil essential.

Anemonopsis (Ranunculaceae)

macrophylla

A choice perennial from Japan with, nodding slate-blue waxy flowers of opalescent quality, borne on slender stems July-Sept., above divided ferny foliage. Height 80cm. Careful sighting out of drying winds, in peaty an acid moist but well drained soil, SHADE.

Angelica (Apiaceae) BSWJ14605

aff. decursiva

A rare species in cultivation, a dramatic stout purple tinged perennial Umbelliferae from one of our seed collections gathered on Mount Seburi overlooking Fukuoka on Kyushu Island Japan during the winter of 2015. Attaining a height of 80-150cm, having 3-5 clefted or parted leaves, below the purple compound umbels of flowers. Unusual in so much as it is long-lived forming offsets when happy, which flower after a year or two then depart, leaving its own offsets for the following years. Easily grown in part shade to lightly sunny position, in a drained organic soil.

Angelica (Apiaceae) BSWJ14109

aff. genuflexa

A collection from the edge of coniferous and mixed deciduous forest in the Mt. Hood area of Oregon in the Pacific North-West when we were there being hosted by Sean Hogan in 2014. Where this species formed clumps to almost a meter tall of divided fresh green foliage topped with a radiating umbel of flat seed in the autumn, which had succeeded the white summer flowers. Easily grown in a well drained soil with added humus in good light.

Angelica (Apiaceae) BSWJ11543

aff. gigas

Only forming a relatively small plant to around a meter tall for us to date, an unusual perennial species in so much as it is long-lived. Forming offsets when happy, which flower after a year or two then depart, leaving its own offsets for the following years. New into cultivation and little known or appreciated, with dramatic purple tinged branched stems topped by deep purple domed flowering umbels by mid-late summer above the 3-5 clefted or parted leaves. One of our collections gathered in the high mountains of Shikoku Island, Japan in 2006. Easily grown in any type of drained fertile soil in sun or light shade.

Angelica (Apiaceae) BSWJ15314

aff. sylvestris

A small elegant member of the Umbellifer family which we collected seed of from a wide valley close to Hamsikoy, an alpine type of village in eastern Turkey in the autumn of 2017. Which can grow as tall as 1.5m in favourable conditions, with stout stems bearing narrowly divided leaves to 60cm long. Bearing June to August broad fuzzy white umbels of white insect attracting flowers, followed by flat seed (for the birds). Best grown in sun to light shade in our cooler climate, in a reasonably drained soil with some moisture retention.

Angelica (Apiaceae) BSWJ10968

anomala

A wonderfully ornamental introduction that is a slender long lived perennial species (yes you read correctly) we collected seed of in the mountain forests of Nagano in the cool north-west of Japan in 2005. Capable of reaching 3m tall (only 1.7m in our fields) with very dark many branched stems bearing large complex flat umbels of white flowers, followed by flat winged seed. With large twice-divided lustrous leaves. Easily grown in any type of drained fertile soil in sun or part shade.

Angelica (Apiaceae) BSWJ14115

arguta

A collection from the edge of coniferous and mixed deciduous forest in the Mt. Hood area of Oregon in the Pacific North-West when we were there being hosted by Sean Hogan in 2014. Where this species formed clumps to overt a meter tall of divided well spaced fresh green foliage topped with a rounded umbel of flat seed in the autumn, which had succeeded the white summer flowers. Easily grown in a well drained soil with added humus in good light.

Angelica (Apiaceae) BSWJ14083

breweri

An elegant member of the Umbelliferae family which we collected seed of from the Green Pass just into southern Oregon in the autumn of 2014. Which can grow as tall as 1.7m in favorable conditions, with stout stems bearing narrowly divided leaves to 60cm long. Bearing June to August broad fuzzy white umbels of white insect attracting flowers, followed by flat seed (for the birds). Best grown in sun to light shade in our cooler climate, in a reasonably drained soil with some moisture retention.

Angelica (Apiaceae) BSWJ5746

decursiva

An unusual species in so much as it is long-lived forming offsets when happy, which flower after a year or two then depart, leaving its own offsets for the following years. Rare in cultivation, a dramatic stout purple tinged perennial Umbelliferae we collected on Shikoku Island, Japan. Attaining a height of 80-150cm, having 3-5 clefted or parted leaves, below the purple compound umbels of flowers which are borne in the summer.

Angelica (Apiaceae) BSWJ10886

edulis

Described as attaining gigantic proportions, a species we recently collected seed of in mountain forests of Aomori in the cold north of Japan in 2005. Capable of reaching 2m tall with reddish branched stems bearing large complex umbels of white flowers, followed by flat seed. With large 2-3 times divided glossy thick-textured leaves. Easily grown in any type of drained fertile soil in sun or part shade.

Angelica (Apiaceae) BSWJ4170

gigas

A dramatic stout perennial Umbelliferae we collected in South Korea. Attaining a height of 2m(6'), having rounded leaflets in 60cm wide leaves, below the large compound 20cm rounded umbels of purplish flowers. Best in sun well drained soil.

Angelica (Apiaceae) BSWJ11480

japonica

An imposing perennial species we introduced to cultivation, described as ''Gigantic perennial herb; stems stout, thick.....often dark purple''. Which we collected seed of off a sea shore on the mythical island of Yakushima southern Japan. Where the robust 2m grooved stems had dried and blown away in the exposure meanwhile those in the setback shrubbery still retained the broad heads of terminal umbels of flat winged seed which had succeeded the white flowers. Bearing large thick textured semi-evergreen once-twice pinnately divided leaves on striped stems in this form.

Angelica (Apiaceae) BSWJ5593

pubescens

Our collection from Honshu Island, Japan, of this dramatic purple tinged, stout slightly hairy perennial Umbelliferae, which is rare in cultivation. Attaining a height of 2m, having clefted or parted leaves, below the compound umbels of white flowers. Sun or part shade in any fertile drained soil.

Angelica (Apiaceae) BSWJ15332

sylvestris

A familiar species to British gardens, which we came across in the north west of Turkey in 2017. Which struck us as being a good form worthy of introduction, producing large orbicular umbels of white flowers with a blush of pink in the centres. Easily grown in most fertile soils in full sun to part shade. Flowering mid summer for us. Attaining around 1.2m here.

Angelica (Apiaceae) BSWJ12627

takeshimana

The correct name for this plant has been changed to Dystaenia takesimana. A long lived sturdy perennial originating from one of our seed collections gathered from the remote island of Ullüngdõ, 80km off the north-eastern coast of South Korea in the autumn of 2010. Where it grew under small trees and large shrubs on the steep banks close to the sea, forming plants to 2m tall where we saw them (Obtaining 2.7m in sun in our garden). With basal rosettes of twice ternately pinnately lobed leaves to 75cm long, the leaflets narrowly ovate. Flowering in a wide domed topped umbel of many small white flowers in June-August followed by rounded flat seed. Easily cultivated in either part shade or full sun, in a fertile soil that affords some good drainage. Syn. Dystaenia takesim

Angelica (Apiaceae) BSWJ15429

triquinata

From one of our collections gathered on the Blue Ridge Mountains in North Carolina in the autumn of 2017. From relatively open areas of woods and meadows in the higher areas that we visited. An herbaceous perennial that grows in full sun to part shade, availing an overall green appearance which can changes to purplish as it ages, capable of obtaining up to 2m tall. Flowering from August-September in the area we collected it from.

Angelica (Apiaceae)

ursina

Its not every day that you receive a welcomed gift from Siberia, alright it was via Ireland, but what a classic! Arriving here as a young seedling, which was immediately planted out in a fairly rough area of our garden. It slowly formed a wide basal clump of short purple stems with leaves composed of large ovate-oblong narrowly pointed leaflets thrice ternately pinnate (divided three times). Finally after a few years it thrust up an enormous sturdy bright red-purple slightly zigzagged stem, terminating in a large inflated bud of bracts, opening to an even larger wide terminal 60-100 rayed inflorescence each terminating in a round umbel of 30-40 white flowers. Easily grown in any type of drained fertile soil in sun or part shade. A perennial long-lived species, more so in not too rich condi

Anisodus (Solanaceae) BWJ7501

carniolicoides

From the heady altitude of the mountains surrounding Zhongdian North Yunnan China at 3400m, my collection from 2000. Where this lax perennial with numerous stout branches to 1m tall bore soft green broadly elliptic leaves and large axillary rounded capsules of black seed. Which had succeeded the greenish-yellow purple lipped tubular flowers carried May-June. Easily grown in any drained fertile soil in sun or shade.

Apios (Papilionaceae)

americana

A slender twining tuberous climber, from North America, to 1.5m. Once rivalling the potato as a root vegetable. Having soft pinnate foliage and bearing in late summer dense spikes of maroon/fawn curiously shaped pea-flowers. Any fertile soil growing into sun. *

Aquilegia (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ14053

eximia

From seed we gathered from a small plant that we found growing in a damp rocky crag, with glandular pubescent foliage, green above glaucous below. Capable of attaining 1m height under favourable conditions, bearing bright red flowers with short spurs, which are yellow at the mouth, with protruding conspicuous boss of stamen. The small stature being the result of the challenging conditions we encountered in a remarkable hidden serpentine canyon called The Cedars, in Sonoma County California, where we were taken by one of the owners, Roger Raiche in the autumn of 2014.

Aquilegia (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ13543

formosa

From one of our hikes with Dan Hinkley on Mount Townsend in the Pacific North-West in 2013. Where we found plants of this beautiful species in seed growing in an alpine meadow. With pendant long spurred red flowers consisting of five red, lance-shaped sepals pointing outwards or slightly recurved, with five slender conical petals red that are yellow at the open ends. Flowering from April to August. Easily grown in a drained fertile soil that does not dry out in good light to light shade.

Araiostegia (Davalliaceae) HWJ1007

pulchra

Forming an impressive species where we gathered this fern on the slopes of Fansipan the highest mountain in the north of Vietnam in 2003. Unfurling from creeping epiphytic rhizomes densely covered with ginger scales, with upright slender scaly stems (stipes) to 50cm long bearing fronds that were loosely triangular in outline to 50cm long and nearly as wide. Which are one of the most delicate looking finely divided species we grow, with the lamina 5 times pinnately divided. Best grown in moist leafmould in full to light shade where the rhizomes can creep along the surface.

Aralia (Araliaceae) RWJ10060

aff. armata

Usually seen in gardens growing as a shrub with densely prickly stems to 3m tall, with large bipinnate or tripinnate leaves made up of numerous ovate leaflets, bearing sharp spines along the mid-ribs. Inflorescence a large terminal panicle of creamy white flowers followed by dark purple globose fruit. This represents our latest seed collection made in 2003 in the low mountains in the north of Taiwan. Easily grown in any fertile soil in sun or light shade with shelter from cold winds.

Aralia (Araliaceae) BWJ8102

aff. chinensis

An imposing spiny large shrub or small tree, with huge bipinnately composed leaves to well over a meter long, held in a congested whirls atop of upright stout shortly spiny woody stems, which were dark on this collection I made on Emeishan in China. Where it competed with dense undergrowth on the steep slopes bearing a large branched paniculate inflorescence, of creamy white flowers followed by dark purple globose fruit.

Aralia (Araliaceae) BWJ8131

aff. chinensis

A small tree or multi stemmed shrub with short prickled stems with large bi-pinnately arranged softly hairy leaves composed of large leaflets to 22 cm long on mature plants, held on petioles to 1m long. Bearing large terminal inflorescences of small black fruit in the autumn-winter. From seed collected I collected to the south of Baoxing, China in 2000. **** ***** ***** ***** ***** These plants are rarely small enough for mail-order, please contact us for size and prices.

Aralia (Araliaceae) EDHCH9720

apioides

An herbaceous species with highly textured small leafleted doubly pinnate leaves to 1m long, with brilliant autumnal hues, held on conspicuous glossy BLACK upright stems. Which bears elongated panicles of white flowers held in orbicular clusters in early summer, followed by plump black fruit in late summer to autumn. Easily grown in part shade in a drained soil that does not dry out. This collection represents Erick Hammond's (of Heronswood) collections from Sichuan.

Aralia (Araliaceae) BSWJ3137

armata

Small tree or tall shrub normally only forming a single trunk with densely prickly stems to 3m tall. Bearing large bipinnate or tripinnate leaves made up of numerous ovate leaflets, with prickles along the mid-ribs. Inflorescence a large terminal panicle of creamy white flowers followed by dark purple globose fruit. From one of our seed collections gathered in the autumn of 1996 from Tayuling, high in the Central Mountains of eastern Taiwan. Easily grown in any type of drained soil best in full sun.

Aralia (Araliaceae) CWJ12407

bipinnata

From a large shrub 7-8m tall with sparsely prickly stems. With large unarmed bi-pinnate leaves dark green above glaucous below 1m long, comprising numerous glabrous ovate leaflets, with a pair of leaflets at each division of the rachis. Inflorescence a large upright panicle 90cm long with numerous long side branches of creamy white flowers followed by dark purple globose fruit. A seed collection from The South Cross Highway from the forest edge near Kuanshan on the eastern side of Taiwan, at 1850m during my 2007 expedition with Finlay Colley. Easily grown in any fertile soil in sun or light shade, shelter from the coldest winds.

Aralia (Araliaceae)

cachemirica

A statuesque clump-forming perennial, which is capable of strong growth in rich conditions where it can form upright stems to 3m tall. Bearing large bright green tri-pinnate leaves, topped in summer by 1m long elegant terminal sprays of white flowers. These soon ripen to globose purple-black fruit by late summer whereupon the foliage take on bronze to purple tints. Easily grown in any type of fertile soil which is not waterlogged in winter in full sun to part shade.

Aralia (Araliaceae)

californica

Known as Elk Clover in its native California, a strong growing bold clump-forming architectural perennial. With strong stems to 2m, bearing huge bright green pinnate leaves composed of large leaflets, that turn a buttery yellow in the autumn in its natural habitat. Topped in summer by 1m long elegant terminal sprays of starry white flowers, soon followed by globose purple-black seed filled fruit. From seed originally collected in the Bay area close to San Francisco, from a moist woodland area that floods seasonally, therefore best grown in a moderately moist soil in full sun to part shade. *** *** *** **** **** **** **** **** **** **** *** These are open ground plants, as we have sold out of containerised plants.

Aralia (Araliaceae) BSWJ11812

chapaense

Our seed collection made on our ascent to Fansipan the highest mountain in northern Vietnam in 2006. Where they formed a colony of single stemmed shrubs or small trees, with sparingly prickly fulvous-tomentose stems 2-4m. Bearing large leaves to 1m long double-pinnately compound made up of numerous smallish grey-green leaflets. With terminal branched inflorescences, of large panicles of creamy white flowers followed by dark purple globose fruit. Easily grown sun to part shade in any type of fertile drained soil. *** *** *** **** *** **** **** **** **** These plants are rarely small enough for mail-order, please contact us for size and prices.

Aralia (Araliaceae) HWJ723

chapaense

From our seed collection made with Dan Hinkley on our decent from Fansipan the highest mountain in northern Vietnam. A multi-stemmed shrub or small tree, with sparingly prickly fulvous-tomentose stems to 4m. Leaves large, to 1m doubly-pinnately compound made up of numerous smallish leaflets. Inflorescence, a large branched panicle of creamy white flowers followed by dark purple globose fruit.***** ********* ***** **** Large open ground/bare rooted plants also available, best in winter when dormant. From £50.00. Please state size/height required. Above 1.2m for collection only.

Aralia (Araliaceae) HWJ1013

chapaensis open ground

From our seed collection made with Dan Hinkley on our decent from Fansipan the highest mountain in northern Vietnam. A multi-stemmed shrub or small tree, with sparingly prickly fulvous-tomentose stems to 4m. Leaves large, to 1m doubly-pinnately compound made up of numerous small leaflets. Inflorescence, a large branched panicle of creamy white flowers followed by dark purple globose fruit. *** *** *** *** **** **** *** *** **** **** These plants are rarely small enough for mail-order, please contact us for size and prices. Guide price is for 1.5m tall open ground, hence can only supplied when dormant. 1.2m is max for mailorder.

Aralia (Araliaceae) BSWJ8437

continentalis

A most impressive and distinct large perennial species, which appears to be mis-identified in cultivation (usually described as having green-white flowers). With stout slightly hairy stems forming imposing architectural clumps to 2m tall, when established. Clothed in large alternate bipinnate leaves, topped in July-August by large terminal racemes to 50 cm long, of PINK flowers, succeeded by globose purple-black fruit. Originating from one of our seed collections from South Korea close to the eastern border with North Korea in 2001. Easily grown in sun or shade, forming a larger plant in a richer moisture retentive soils. Hardy to -30C.

Aralia (Araliaceae) BSWJ11588

cordata

Stout growing slightly hairy, clump-forming architectural perennial. With strong stems to 1.5m, bearing large alternate bipinnate leaves, topped in August by terminal racemes of green flowers soon followed by globose blue-black fruit. Our collection from the mountains of Honshu Japan, where they are also cultivated for their edible young shoots.

Aralia (Araliaceae) BSWJ5596

cordata

Stout growing slightly hairy, clump-forming architectural perennial. With strong stems to 2-3m or more in a rich soil, bearing large alternate bipinnate leaves, topped in August by terminal racemes of green flowers soon followed by globose purple-black fruit. Our collection from the mountains of the Kii Peninsular Honshu Japan, where they are also cultivated for their edible young shoots.

Aralia (Araliaceae) BSWJ8524

cordata from Ullüngdõ

One of the most impressive large perennial species, with stout slightly hairy stems forming imposing architectural clumps to 4m tall, when established. Clothed in large alternate bipinnate leaves, topped in July-August by large terminal racemes to 1.5m long, of cream-green flowers soon followed by globose purple-black fruit. Originating from one of our collection from South Korea gathered from the remote island of Ullüngdõ 80km off the north-eastern coast in 2001. Easily grown in sun or shade, forming a larger plant in a richer moisture retentive soils. Hardy to –30C.

Aralia (Araliaceae) BSWJ4773

cordata v. sachalinensis

Stout growing slightly hairy, clump-forming architectural perennial. With strong stems to 3-4m tall, bearing large alternate bipinnate leaves, topped in August by large terminal racemes to 1m or more of green pubescent flowers soon followed by globose blue-black fruit. Our collection from the mountains of northern Honshu Japan, where they are also cultivated for their edible young shoots.

Aralia (Araliaceae) NMWJ14531

decaisneana

From one of our collections made in the north of Taiwan in the winter of 2015, with the Natural Science Museum, Taichung. Forming a shrub or multi-stemmed small tree with sparingly prickly fulvous-tomentose stems to 4m tall in the wild. Bearing very large bipinnately composed leaves made up of numerous ovate golden haired leaflets. Inflorescence villous, a large terminal branched panicle of creamy white flowers followed by dark purple globose fruit. Easily grown in any fertile soil in sun or light shade, shelter from the coldest winds.

Aralia (Araliaceae) BSWJ5480

elata

Deciduous large shrub with sparsely prickly stems to 3.5m tall. Alternate leaves are large bipinnate made up of numerous ovate prickly leaflets. Inflorescence is a pubescent terminal compound raceme of creamy white flowers, followed by black globose fruit. Our collection from Japan. *** *** *** *** *** *** *** Large open ground/bare rooted plants also available, best in winter when dormant. Please state size height required, above 1.5m for collection only.

Aralia (Araliaceae) BSWJ8360

foliosa

From seed we collected in a remote area of Western Lao of this multi-stemmed shrub or small tree, with sparingly prickly stems to 3m. Leaves large, to 1m doubly-pinnately compound made up of numerous small leaflets. Inflorescence, a large branched panicle of creamy white flowers followed by dark purple globose fruit.

Aralia (Araliaceae) BWJ7650

kansuensis

From a seed collection I gathered on a high mountain pass to Little Snow Mountain in Yunnan in 2000. Of a relatively small herbaceous species with small leafleted doubly pinnate textured leaves to 1m long, with brilliant autumnal hues. Which bears elongated panicles of white flowers held in orbicular clusters in early summer, followed by plump black fruit by late summer to autumn. Easily grown in sun to part shade in a drained soil that does not dry out.

Aralia (Araliaceae) BSWJ9570

racemosa

A North American stout growing clump-forming architectural perennial. With strong stems to 2m tall, bearing large bright green 3-4 times pinnate leaves, topped in summer by 1m long elegant terminal panicles of white flowers soon followed by globose purple-black fruit. From seed originally collected in the Siskiyou's, where they can be found growing on river banks where they are liable to flooding, hence best grown in moderately moist soil in full sun to part shade. *** *** *** **** **** **** **** **** **** **** *** These are open ground plants, as we have sold out of containerised plants.

Aralia (Araliaceae) KWJ12349e

vietnamensis

After years of trying to collect this most impressive species we managed to persuade our guide Uoc to collect and send on some of this very late ripening seed to us. This most spectacular species of the genus has been recorded to 12 m tall, we would not expect half of that in our climate. The leaves are the largest I know of, to 2 m long while almost as wide, composed of leaflets that can also be to 25 cm. What has always impressed me is the texture of the leathery foliage covered in bristly golden hair. Best grown with caution as the hardiness is untested, so best kept out of very cold weather. Due to heavy winter losses of our seedlings (heater failed on the coldest night) the introduction of this collection will be delayed. Unfortunately the eventual price will reflect this. For collect

Aralia (Araliaceae)

woody non spiny climbing = see Pentapanax

Non spiny woody climbing Araliaceae are still listed under Pentapanax castanopsisicola CWJ12411, P. leschenaultii BSWJ9515, P. longepedunculatus BSWJ11789, P. subcordatus HWJK2385 & P. verticillatus BSWJ11797.

Ardisia (Myrsinaceae) BSWJ1032

japonica

A dwarf evergreen creeping shrub that is one of the most shade tolerant, yet never seen in British horticulture apart from its tender houseplant relatives. A seed collection from as long ago as 1993 which we have kept in a large container for most of that time, which we gathered from the forest of Kõjedõ an island off the south coast of South Korea. Where this small tightly suckering shrub covers the forest floors bearing small white flowers in clusters followed by bright red fruit on slender stems to 30 cm tall. Best grown in a humus rich drained soil in warm shade.

Ardisia (Myrsinaceae) BSWJ3809

japonica v. minor

Small evergreen creeping/carpeting shrublet, with whirls of lustrous oblong leaves smaller than the normal species in this variety, on sparingly branched stems 10-20cm tall. Producing small nodding white flowers in axially umbels, followed by globose bright red fruit July on. Well drained retentive soil in full to part shade, only moderately lime tolerant. Our collection from northern Taiwan.

Ardisia (Myrsinaceae) BSWJ1841

japonica v. minor

Small evergreen creeping shrublet, with whirls of lustrous oblong leaves smaller than the normal species in this variety, on sparingly branched stems 10-20cm tall. Producing small nodding white flowers in axially umbels, followed by globose bright red fruit July on. Well drained retentive soil in full to part shade, only moderately lime tolerant. Our collection from the forests of Taiwan.

Arisaema (Araceae) BSWJ8639

angustatum v. peninsulae

Originating from one of our 2001 seed collections, gathered from a colony growing on a steep wooded hillside at 485m on the cold mountain of Woraksan, part of the central mountains of South Korea. With upright purple mottled stems to 90cm tall, bearing up to two pedate leaves, divided into 7-13, leaflets. The spathe is dark purple striped white, arching over the cylindrical spadix. As with all arisaemas, make sure there is acute drainage below the tuber, as this rots and is replaced by a new tuber annually. Surround the tuber with a leafy airy moisture retentive soil, best in part shade.

Arisaema (Araceae) BSWJ071

consanguineum

Our collection from Taiwan. Found growing over a wide area, in nature from E. Himalayas to Taiwan. A single radiating leaf consisting of up to 20 narrow leaflets, tapering to long narrow filiform tips. Spathe (flower) variable, from plain green-dark purple striped, to 1.5mts.

Arisaema (Araceae) WJC13660

griffithii v. pradhanii

One of the most dramatic of the Himalayan species of these tuberous perennials. With a very broad spathe on a short stem, the spathe embossed with dark purple gill-like markings, adding to the drama. While the spadix is very long narrowing to thread-like and extending out 20-60cm. Meanwhile the foliage is large and trifoliate. As with all arisaemas, make sure there is acute drainage below the tuber, as this rots and is replaced by a new tuber annually. Surround the tuber with a leafy airy moisture retentive soil, best in part shade.

Arisaema (Araceae) BSWJ256

kelung-insulare

Our own introduction from the high Mountains of Taiwan. With tall marbled purplish stems bearing up to two, large radiating leaves with lanceolate radiating leaflets, ending in long filiform tips. Spathe can be green or dark purple-white striped, spadix cylindrical. To 1.7mts.

Arisaema (Araceae) BSWJ6776

kelung-insulare

Our own introduction from the high Mountains of Taiwan. With tall marbled purplish stems bearing up to two, large radiating leaves with lanceolate radiating leaflets, ending in long filiform tips. Spathe can be green or dark purple-white striped, spadix cylindrical. To 1.7mts.

Arisaema (Araceae)

negeshii

A slender species, with two pedate leaves, borne on a stem to 20cm. Spathe, pale green, with a darker recurved opening. Spadix purplish, long narrow and strongly erect. Requires good drainage below the tuber.

Arisaema (Araceae) BSWJ9706

petelotii

A flamboyant new rhizomatous species which we collected seed of on Mt. Bavi accompanied by one of Hanoi's botanical institutes. Where this species had formed clumps of upright pink mottled stems to 1m tall with trifoliate broadly leafleted leaves with long acuminate tips. With at that time short spikes of bright red berries which had succeeded the distinct inflorescence, consisting of a narrow pale green fluted funnel-shaped spathe and a protruding spadix adorned with long purple stained filaments. Will require frost protection.

Arisaema (Araceae) BSWJ551

ringens f. sieboldii

One of our collections from Taehüksan-Dõ, South Korea. A strange spathe, sets this species apart from the genus. The opening of the green spathe is black-deep purple and appears contorted into a helmet-shape, with a flared opening. Leaves, 1-2, are large trifoliate and glossy, with thin tapering tips. Surprisingly hardy in well drained shade.

Arisaema (Araceae) BSWJ14607

serratum

Its always good to meet up with old friends, which was the case with finding this species growing in the Seburi Mountains, near Fukuoka on the island of Kyushu Japan, in late autumn of 2015. Where it was frequently seen in bright red fruit on sturdy stems, resulting from the spring borne inflorescence composed of a dark purple-green spathe striped white, the upper limb held out at an angle, exposing the pale green cylindrical spadix, rounded at its apex. With two, pedate leaves divided into 7-13, leaflets. A species synonymous with A. japonicum, with stems purple mottled to plain green, 1m tall. Best grown with extreme drainage just below the tuber, but surrounded by humus rich drained soil.

Arisaema (Araceae) BSWJ3602

taiwanense f. cinereum

Our own introduction from the high mountains of Taiwan. Remarkably sturdy mottled stems, to 1.2m, topped by a whirl broad of grey radiating leaflets, with long filiform tips. The deep purple spathe is flecked having a wide mouth over which the limb with a long filiform tip overshadows. The creamy broad spadix in indented and spongy.

Arisaema (Araceae) NMWJ14530

taiwanense f. cinereum

From the same site as where we made our original collection of this superb form back in 1993. In Wuling Farm, in the northern part of the Central Mountain Range of Taiwan, we re-collected on a joint expedition with The Taiwan National Museum of Natural Science in 2015. A species with remarkably sturdy mottled stems, to 1.2m, topped by a whirl of broad radiating silvery leaflets, with long filiform tips. The deep purple spathe is flecked green, having a wide mouth over which the limb with a long filiform tip overshadows. The creamy broad spadix is indented and spongy. Best grown in a moisture retentive well drained soil in part to full shade. We normally plant the tuber on a deep layer of grit for the essential drainage required.

Arisaema (Araceae) BSWJ1859

taiwanense v. brevipedunculatum

Sturdy mottled stems, to 1.2m, topped by a broad whirl of radiating leaflets, with long filiform tips. On a short peduncle, deep purple spathe is flecked having a wide mouth over which the limb with a long filiform tip overshadows. The creamy broad spadix in indented and spongy. Our own introduction from the high mountains of Taiwan.

Aristea (Iridaceae) GWJ9469

ecklonii

From seed we collected in the highlands of Sri Lanka in 2002, from plants that had naturalised. Originating from grassland and scrub of South Africa's Eastern Cape to Tanzania. With basal leaves in a fan bearing mauve-blue starry flowers on upright stems, in the morning fading by afternoon, although capable of flowering off and on throughout the year. Best grown in a well drained but moisture retentive soil in full sun, protecting from damaging frosts.

Aristolochia (Aristolochiaceae) BSWJ15071

baetica

Only forming a small woody-based twining climber in our cooler climate, whereas the seed we collected on this occasion was from tall more slender growth clambering through large shrubs or small trees. Bearing heart shaped pointed glaucous leaves, to about 10-15 cm long, less silvery than in the drier parts we had encountered them previously. Producing an abundance of purple flowers, which are tubular funnel-shaped larger on one side, followed by longitudinally ribbed dumpy seed capsules. Our collection from Andalucia southern Spain. Best grown in full sun in a well drained soil, sheltered from hard frosts.

Aristolochia (Aristolochiaceae) BSWJ13511

californica

Too many favourites in this genus, this being just one of them, along with fond memories of our time with Sean Hogan in Oregon during the summer of 2013 and autumn 2014. Near Portland is where we collected the seed of this vigorous, yet suitably restrained twining climber to 3.5m, with heart shaped fealty leaves to about 10cm long. The foliage only appearing during the latter period of the flowering, in the form of tubby saxophones with large flared tawny-pink lips. Best sited to allow sunlight to backlight the plants in spring when the bare stems are crowded with translucent flowers, according to Dan Hinkley. Best grown in a leafy soil with good drainage in sun or light shade.

Aristolochia (Aristolochiaceae) BSWJ14674

kaempferi

Ironic to struggle for years to collect viable seed of this species, then suddenly find a heap of rotten capsules on the roadside, while taking a walk with a friend through the paddy fields in Chiba Japan. They germinated like mustard and cress! A twining climber that is woody-based growing in our garden for over 20 years, forming a clump of stems that climb up annually through tall shrubs. Relatively reserved in our climate with slender stems adorned by heart shaped leaves, pale green to yellow-green through the summer months. Producing yellow brown throated flowers, followed by longitudinally ribbed seed capsules. Best grown in a well drained soil with plenty of moisture retentive humus.

Aristolochia (Aristolochiaceae) BSWJ293

kaempferi

Woody-based, twining climber, with heart shaped, elongated leaves, greyish-white beneath. Producing yellow brown throated flowers, followed by longitudinally ribbed seed capsules. Our collection from Wuling Farm Taiwan.

Aristolochia (Aristolochiaceae) NMWJ14565

kaempferi

A twining climber that is woody-based we have grown in our garden for over 20 years. Where it can form a small clump of stems that climb up annually through tall shrubs with heart shaped leaves. Of relatively reserved vigour in our climate with only slender stems which are adorned by pale green to yellow-green heart shaped leaves through the summer months. Producing yellow brown throated flowers, followed by longitudinally ribbed seed capsules. Our collection from Maefeng, in The Central Mountains of Taiwan. Gathered on a joint expedition with The Taiwan National Museum of Natural Science in 2015, restrictions on commercialisation apply.

Aristolochia (Aristolochiaceae) BSWJ16071

manshuriensis

Initially we were surprised to see this very familiar climber growing happily in Moscow, but pleased as we did not have to go all the way back to South Korea to collect more seed. One of the most ornamental hardy forms of the Dutchman's Pipe, with strong growing corky woody twining-stems. Bearing large heart shaped leaves (that are butter-yellow in autumn), which only start to unfold as the flowers begin to age. Meanwhile the conspicuous sized yellow brown throated saxophone-shaped flowers are produced in abundance on the bare stems in spring, followed by large longitudinally ribbed seed capsules in the wild. Easily grown in a fertile drained soil, with its base in shade and full sun to bake the top. Hardy to -30C or lower.

Aristolochia (Aristolochiaceae) BSWJ12557

manshuriensis

One of the best of its kind. A twinning long-lived eventually woody stemmed climber bearing the unusually shaped saxophone or Dutchman’s pipe shaped yellow-green flowers with red flecking in its throat. Born well before its spectacular heart-shaped foliage which unroll a fresh green transforming to a butter yellow by the autumn, particularly when grown in good light. A very hardy easily grown climber of large proportions eventually, probably resenting being moved, thriving in a well drained moisture retentive soil in good light. Our seed collection from South Korea in 2010.

Aristolochia (Aristolochiaceae) BSWJ13600

sempervirens

A very amenable slender stemmed small twining climbing species arising from a woody base, with small glossy semi-evergreen heart shaped leaves of a parchment texture. Producing an abundance of bright yellow throated flowers with pinkie-purple saxophone shaped exteriors, from early spring through to early winter, followed by small plump sausage-shaped seed capsules into the winter. Easily grown in good light preferably south or west facing, in any type of drained fertile soil. A seed collection from William Waterfield's garden in Menton south of France

Artemisia (Asteraceae) NMWJ14559

somai v. batakensis

Finally managed to spot some seed on this species that we have seen many times during various expeditions to Taiwan since 1992. Forming very white-silvery deeply lobed aromatic foliage, to only 5-10 cm tall in the position we found it growing on vertical faces. Somewhat taller for us in cultivation at 40-50 cm, remaining evergreen to date. From our joint expedition with The Taiwan National Museum of Natural Science in 2015. Restrictions to commercialising apply.

Arum (Araceae) BSWJ15277

hygrophilum

A short tuberous perennial species that we were given seed of in Italy. The new foliage appears from globose vertical tubers in autumn, just before its flowering. The arrowhead-shaped foliage is thin textured, bright glossy green in this form. With pale greenish spathes to 14 cm long, surrounding the slender purple spadix. Followed by a spike of red fruit. Best grown in a moisture retentive soil in shade.

Aruncus (Rosaceae) BSWJ8624

asiaticus

The variety which we find in Korean of this imposing extremely hardy perennial, where it only attained a height of less than 1m. Where we found it growing in a hostile environment on Woraksan one of the mountain ranges of the cold interior. Here it formed clumps of 2-3 parted large basal leaves surrounding the upright stems bearing the large plumes of creamy-white flowers. The young shoots commonly used as a vegetable in Korea. Easily grown in any good soil in sun or shade.

Aruncus (Rosaceae) BSWJ4475

'Little Gem'

From one of our own collections, gathered from the forest on the lower slopes of the volcano Hallasan, which dominates the island of Cheju-Dõ. Located between the Korean Peninsular and Japan, growing on and amongst large boulders on a shady dried up riverbed. Forming neat clumps of finely fretted leaves, with branching spikes of white flowers to a mere 20cm tall in those nutrient starved conditions. Easily grown in any type of good fertile drained soil in sun or shade. Originally offered as A. aethusifolius, but now considered to be an undescribed species endemic to Cheju-Dõ.

Asarum (Aristolochiaceae)

aff. wulingense

A newly introduced evergreen species from China, with large bright green heart-shaped leaves decoratively and irregularly blotched pale green to white, held singularly on prostrate creeping stems. Bearing large (for Asarum) elongated flowers constricted where the black and white petals join. Best grown in a moisture retentive soil with good drainage either in a container or in sheltered woodland conditions, protected from severe frost and desiccating winds.

Asarum (Aristolochiaceae) BSWJ1726

albomaculatum

A low evergreen perennial species with creeping elongated rhizomatous roots. Bearing 2-3 leaves per stem, which are heart shaped decoratively white-maculate on their upper surfaces, somewhat reminiscent of Cyclamen foliage. The brownish flowers are three lobed borne near the ground with wrinkled centres. From one of our collections gathered from the dark damp forest of Taipingshan, a mountainous area in northern Taiwan in November 1993 at around 1885m. Best grown in a fully to partly shaded site, in a moisture retentive acidic to neutral soil which is drained.

Asarum (Aristolochiaceae) BSWJ3628

hypogynum

From the tall experimental mountain forest of Hsitou at mid elevation, where we were fortunate to be given permission to collect this in 1996. A low growing evergreen perennial species with creeping elongated rhizomatous roots. With large leaves that are heart shaped greenish-yellow maculate on their upper surfaces, somewhat reminiscent of Cyclamen. The brown-purple cream-centred sizeable (for Asarum) flowers are born in abundance near to the ground. Best grown in a very sheltered damp and warm environment in full to partly shaded site, in a moisture retentive, but drained neutral to acid humus rich soil. Slugs do not pollinate the flowers, only eat them.

Asarum (Aristolochiaceae) BSWJ1694

infrapurpureum

A low evergreen perennial species with creeping elongated rhizomatous roots. Bearing 2-3 leaves per stem, which are heart shaped decoratively white to pale green marked on their upper surfaces, purple below, somewhat reminiscent of Cyclamen foliage. The brownish flowers are three lobed borne near the ground with wrinkled centres. From one of our collections gathered from the dark damp forest of Taipingshan, a mountainous area in northern Taiwan in November 1993 at around 1885m. Best grown in a fully to partly shaded site, in a moisture retentive acidic to neutral soil which is drained.

Asarum (Aristolochiaceae) BSWJ1691

macranthum

A species name that covers a variable group of varieties, sometimes regarded as separate specie. Forming low evergreen perennials with creeping elongated rhizomatous roots. Bearing 2-3 leaves per stem, which are heart shaped decoratively white to pale green marked on their upper surfaces, purple below on some, somewhat reminiscent of Cyclamen foliage. The brownish-purple flowers are three lobed borne near the ground with wrinkled centres. From one of our collections gathered from the dark damp forest of Taipingshan, a mountainous area in northern Taiwan in November 1993 at around 1885m. Best grown in a fully to partly shaded site, in a moisture retentive acidic to neutral soil which is drained.

Asarum (Aristolochiaceae) BSWJ2839

nipponicum

A woodland species that we commonly see scattered around forming small clumps dotted on the forest floor in the mountainous forests on Honshu the main island of Japan. A low-growing evergreen perennial species emerging from very slender rhizomatous roots, with heart shaped to rounded uniformly green or sometimes blotched leaves. Bearing several axillary three lobed purple-brown flowers close to the ground October to February. Best grown in a shady sheltered moist site in a leafy but drained soil.

Asarum (Aristolochiaceae) BSWJ11755

petelotii

From one of our collections gathered in the mountains of northern most Vietnam, next to Yunnan at Y Ty, in the autumn of 2006. Where we find the plants dotted around moist shaded areas forming small congested clumps. With large bright green heart-shaped leaves sometimes decoratively and irregularly blotched pale green to white, held singularly on prostrate stems. Bearing large (for Asarum) tubular flowers constricted where the black and white corrugated petals join. Best grown in a moisture retentive soil with good drainage either in a container or in sheltered woodland conditions, protected from severe frost and desiccating winds.

Asarum (Aristolochiaceae)

splendens

A Chinese species found growing in Sichuan and surrounding provinces of south-western China. Which is a low growing perennial species with a creeping elongated rhizomatous root system. The heart shaped leaves are held 2-3 per stem and are white-maculate on their upper surfaces, somewhat reminiscent of Cyclamen foliage. The flowers have three undulating lobes while ruffled and whitish at the mouth, borne near the ground. Best grown in a fully to partly shaded site, in a moisture retentive acidic to neutral soil which is drained.

Asarum (Aristolochiaceae) BSWJ1688

taipingshanianum

Our collection from Taipingshan, northern Taiwan, gathered at 1885m in November 1993. Where this low growing perennial with creeping elongated rhizomatous roots grew in the dark forest. With leaves 2-3 per stem that are heart shaped white-maculate on their upper surfaces, somewhat reminiscent of Cyclamen. The purple to yellow flowers are three lobed borne near the ground. Best grown in a shady site in an acidic to neutral drained soil that has some moisture retention.

Asarum (Aristolochiaceae) BSWJ1746

taipingshanianum 'Elfin Yellow'

Is a selected plant we gathered in 1993 from the mountainous area in the north of Taiwan, that this species is named for. In this particular selection the three lobed flower colour differs from the norm in being distinctly yellow overlaid with some fine dark-red brown spotting. Low perennial with under-ground creeping elongated rhizomatous roots. Leaves 2-3 per stem are heart shaped white/yellow-maculate on their glossy upper surfaces, reminiscent of Cyclamen. Best grown in a fully to partly shaded site, in a moisture retentive acidic to neutral soil which is drained.

Asparagus (Asparagaceae) BSWJ8309

cf. meioclados

From our wild collected seed we found on Fansipan the highest mountain in northern Vietnam in the autumn of 2000. Where it grew in the dense shaded forest, forming a winter green sub-shrubby fern-like plant to 1m tall from tuberous roots. Much branched plants which were covered in tiny bristle-like green foliage (cladodes) and speckled with orange-yellow rounded small fruit, which are yellow when ripe in our heavily shaded garden, held through the winter. The plants are hermaphrodite, but may require two clones to pollinate. Easily grown in any type of fertile humus-rich drained soil in part to full shade. It is now considered to be an undescribed species.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae) BSWJ9703

aff. fasciaria 'Mystery Man'

A bit of a mystery from a collection we made with an officer of the Vietnamese Environment Agency at Bavi, a small mountainous area close to Hanoi in late 2003. Looking very similar to A. elatior in my mind with broadly ovate leathery leaves and bearing similar flowers directly from the underground rhizome in the middle of winter. With purple prominent stigma prominently crossed, inside an eight-lobed perianth, heavily purple spotted on its exterior. Best grown in a shaded warm position in a humus rich fertile soil that is well drained avoiding over watering. Keep well out of winds especially freezing winds.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae) NMWJ14504

aff. punctata

Under this name we have a plant we obtained from cultivation in Taiwan, only time will tell if the name is correctly applied. As there are two entities with similar names. Our plant has lanceolate to narrowly elliptic spotted leaves 15-20 cm long and only 3-5 cm wide, on petioles 15-25 cm long. Arising from strong creeping densely scaly branched rhizomes, forming loose colonies. It should bear purple campanulate flowers with up to 8 lobes directly from its thick rhizomes, usually on short upright peduncles protruding above the surface of the soil/compost opening early spring in the wild. Easily grown in a container or in a sheltered spot in the garden, in full shade where the soil cannot waterlog.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae) BWJ15183

austroyunnanensis

A rare species only described to science in 2018. Easily mistaken for Lily of the Valley in the wild, as the slender rhizomes are similarly slender and long running. Bearing similar sized and shaped foliage, although evergreen in their natural environment at 1,850m in the very north of Vietnam overlooking the border with Yunnan. A relatively small species with scattered upright petioles to 25cm tall bearing elliptic leaves 10-20 x 3-4cm. The unusual elongated urn-shaped white flowers are carried horizontally on slender purple bracted stems close to the ground. This plant will be available in due course when we have built up enough stock.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae)

caespitosa

Forming a dense tufted habit, a most un-Aspidistra like species, with very narrow almost grass-like dark green upright parchment textured foliage only 2 cm wide by 60 cm long. Bearing from late summer through autumn widely opening small reddish-purple flowers on short stalks directly from the rhizomes. Hence care should be taken with the soil level when planting. Easily grown in a container or in a sheltered spot in the garden, in full shade where the soil cannot waterlog.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae) BSWJ6863

daibuensis 'Yuli Yummy'

From one of our collections from Yuli in southern Taiwan gathered in 1999. A form of this species, which we have been increasing for many years, This form was distinct amongst the many colonies we found growing in the shaded areas of the dry valley, by the tall to 1m, oblong-lanceolate leaves being more heavily spotted and streaked in white than any others in this area. Bearing its unusual creamy starry flowers with red-purple interiors at ground level in mid-winter for us. This species grows quite happily for us in well drained dark shade out of doors sheltered from freezing winds. Avoid sodden soil/composts.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae)

fungilliformis 'China Star' see A. zongbayi

It is important to note that this is what is and has been sold in the UK under this cultivar name for the last 20 years. A small species (zongbayi) forming low dense mats of elliptic mid green glossy leaves heavily spotted with paler green. Having flowered for us with purple-red urn-shaped flowers with purple-white mushroom-shaped stigmas, it became obvious that it was the wrong plant. It is easily grown in a container or in a sheltered spot in the garden, in full shade where the soil cannot get waterlogged. A. fungilliformis is smaller yet similar in leaf, but the perianth lobes of the flowers are white with some of the purple of the perianth infusing the edges. See A. fungilliformis for an image. To buy this plant go to A. zongbayi 'China Moon'.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae) BWJ15207

hekouensis

A real puzzler when I first found this new species to cultivation in northern Vietnam in the spring of 2017, where it had not been found before. The puzzle arose, as the drawings accompanying the original description was incorrect, in particular of the exterior of the flower, which was shown to be all ridged. Whereas it is the interior that is all ridged and only rugose on the exterior of the flower. It turned out to be relatively common in the area, in flower on long extended peduncles, when I discovered it growing on very steep limestone karst, covered in dense forest. Not likely to be hardy as the altitude was only 355m, growing in a well drained limestone based soil.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae) BSWJ11160

insularis 'Oshima'

An interesting collection that we found growing on the tiniest of islands between Shikoku and Honshu, namely Oshima in Ehime Prefecture. Here it grew in fairly dense undergrowth along with Fatsia Japonica. An evergreen perennial which emerges from a narrow slowly creeping rhizome. Forming small colonies of upright parchment textured glossy dark green leaves which are oblong-ovate 40-50 cm long by 10 cm wide on slender petioles. Bearing solitary campanulate pale 8-lobed purple flowers late winter to early spring. Best grown in shade in a container of well drained compost sheltered from severe frost, or outside in a very sheltered heavily shaded spot.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae) CBCH769/70

leshanensis

A new easily grown species to cultivation bearing a large number of small purple white tipped flowers in generous quantities at ground level, during the growing season, late season outdoors. The upright foliage is broadly lanceolate glossy deep green, held well above the flowers on long slender petioles. A useful introduction from China by Pépinière des Avettes France, several years ago. Collected from the type locality in Leshan, Sichuan, China. Best grown in a well drained soil in full to light shade out of freezing winds. Waterlogging will rot the plants, has survived -15C, but responds well to heat.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae) CBCH768

leshanensis (spotted)

A new species to cultivation, that is easily grown with upright broadly lanceolate glossy lightly spotted deep green foliage on long slender petioles, to a height of 70cm. Bearing a large number of small purple white tipped flowers in generous quantities at ground level, during the growing season, later season outdoors. A useful introduction from China by Pépinière des Avettes France, several years ago. Collected from the type locality in Leshan, Sichuan, China at about 700m. Best grown in a well drained soil in full to light shade out of freezing winds. Waterlogging will rot the plants, has survived -15C, but responds well to heat.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae) BWJ15217

lutea

A small species with broadly elliptic thick-textured dark green foliage to 30cm long on sturdy angled petioles. Held close to the rhizome, forming clumps, with long tubular yellow flowers held on dark stems. This plant will be available in due course when we have built up enough stock.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae)

minutiflora 'Spangled Ribbons'

Forming evergreen clumps of narrow leaves to 70 cm long and only 2 cm wide. The leaves speckled with sizeable (for Aspidistra) pale yellowish spots One of the grassy types of Aspidistra, this being a Plant Delight (USA) selection from China. The flowers would hardly set the world alight as they are tiny with greenish-yellow exteriors and purple interiors, appearing at the very base of the leaves on peduncles directly from the underground rhizomes. Hence care should be taken with the soil level when planting. Easily grown in a container or in a sheltered spot in the garden, in full shade where the soil cannot waterlog.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae) BWJ15796

mirostigma

A rare species which I collected in central Vietnam, from a devastated hill-top, surrounded by the remnants of a mangled forest. A relatively short species, with slender upright petioles to 25cm tall, tightly packed along the short rhizomes which were only 4-5mm across. The evergreen lanceolate-elliptic leaves were 20 x 4cm. The unusual long lasting yellow and dark blue flowers are carried for most of the warmer months for us, at ground level. This plant will be available in due course when we have built up enough stock.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae) BSWJ315

mushaensis 'Purple Picket'

A collection of this rather scarce species that we collected on our first expedition to Taiwan in 1992, near the South Cross Highway, one of the few places it is found. The species bears dark fat purple flower buds in July for us spreading their fleshy pale tipped perianth lobes late in the month through to August or September. The leaves are smaller than the other two species from Taiwan, held on stiff upright petioles enveloped at their bases in a purple cataphyll (hence its cultivar name). While the lanceolate-oblanceolate leaves are sometimes lightly spotted and streaked yellow-green. Easily grown in a container in a well drained compost out of sunlight or in a sheltered shaded site in the garden. The plants resent too much moisture.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae) BWJ15585

neglecta 'Soft Spot'

Thinking I had found a very ornamental Ophiopogon, when I stumbled across this very narrow leaved species in the mountains of Tuyên Quang, northern Vietnam in late 2017. Perched on a shaded tiny ledge on a sheer limestone cliff, where it was spilling over the edges. Growing from slender well branched scaly rhizomes to 1cm across, forming dense clumps of grassy dark green white spotted foliage 50cm long, but only 1-1.2cm wide in this collection. Bearing December to February, small sharply dark purple lobbed white flowers on curved stalks. Best grown in shade in a container of well drained organic compost sheltered from severe frost. Not tested for hardiness.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae)

oblanceifolia 'Nagoya Stars'

A highly rated species introduced by our friends at Plant Delights Nursery NC., who rate it as being one of the most useful and hardy species in cultivation. As its name implies the dark green, yellow speckled upright foliage is oblanceolate (long-narrow) 75 x 15cm, from strong rhizomes, which are best placed just under the soil's surface. Which bear small reddish flowers in late winter early spring on short stems, which can only be seen if planted as mentioned. Best in really well drained soil/compost, as they will not tolerate being waterlogged, nor will they tolerate direct sunlight, without bleaching the foliage. One of the best for outdoor cultivation.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae)

pulchella

A must have species with very conspicuous spidery flowers borne directly from the rhizome of this shade dependant evergreen perennial. Grown for many years under the wrong name of A. guangxiensis, a species that is still extremely rare. All the same this species is more ornamental with its larger 7-8cm across flowers, as well as the paddle-shaped leaves on slender petioles, which afford a clearer view of the yellow reddish edged flowers. Best grown in a container in a humus-rich soil that is very well drained out of direct sun, which can bleach the foliage.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae)

pulchella 'Spiderman'

An unusual species which is a favourite with most, bearing very conspicuous spidery flowers directly from the rhizome, of this shade dependant evergreen perennial. Grown for many years under the wrong name of A. guangxiensis, a species that is still extremely rare. With more ornamental larger flowers 7-8cm across, as well as the dark green paddle-shaped leaves on slender petioles, these afford a clearer view of the yellow reddish edged abundant flowers. Best grown in a frost-free container in a humus-rich soil that is very well drained out of direct sun, which could bleach the foliage.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae)

pulchella 'Stretch Marks'

One of our favourite species which bears very conspicuous spidery flowers directly from the rhizome, of this shade dependant evergreen perennial. Grown for many years under the wrong name of A. guangxiensis, a species that is still extremely rare. With more ornamental larger flowers 7-8cm across, as well as the dark green white spotted paddle-shaped leaves on slender petioles, these afford a clearer view of the yellow reddish edged abundant flowers. Best grown in a frost-free container in a humus-rich soil that is very well drained out of direct sun, which could bleach the foliage.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae)

sichuanensis 'Beauty Spot'

Forming small colonies of upright parchment textured glossy leaves which are oblong-lanceolate 13-20 cm long by 4-5.5 cm wide on petioles to 13 cm long. An evergreen perennial which emerges from a slender scaly creeping rhizome. Bearing solitary campanulate 6-lobed purple flowers late summer to autumn. Best grown in shade or in a container of well drained organic compost sheltered from severe frost, or outside in a very sheltered spot. With the rhizome at or near the surface.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae)

sichuanensis 'Chromatographic' see 'Kinboshi'

We first encountered this cultivar in Lucca Italy at the annual flower show that we participate in. Like most species it arises from a relatively strong slowly creeping rhizome, forming small colonies of upright parchment textured glossy evergreen leaves which are oblong-lanceolate to 46 cm long by about 9 cm wide on petioles to 45 cm long. Although in this cultivar the leaf is conspicuously marked by lots of white spotting surrounded by a halo of darker fading to green. Whilst still bearing the annual flowering directly from the rhizome (hence do not bury them deeply) solitary campanulate 6-lobed purple flowers late summer to autumn. We have grown this species outside for many years in shelter from freezing winds in a soil that does not waterlog, in dense to light shade. Syn. 'Kinboshi'

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae)

sichuanensis 'Despot'

In this cultivar the leaf is marked by lots of pale spotting. Similar to most species it arises from a relatively strong slowly creeping rhizome, forming small colonies of upright parchment textured glossy evergreen leaves which are oblong-lanceolate to 43 cm long by about 8 cm wide on petioles to 25 cm long. Whilst still bearing the annual flowering directly from the rhizome (hence do not bury them deeply) solitary campanulate 6-lobed purple flowers late summer to autumn. We have grown this species outside for many years in shelter from freezing winds in a soil that does not waterlog, in dense to light shade.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae) CBCH281

sichuanensis from Emeishan

An evergreen perennial collected and introduced into cultivation by Cedric Basset who introduced this cultivar through his Avette Nursery in France. Which emerges from a thin slowly creeping rhizome, forming small colonies of upright parchment textured glossy occasionally spotted leaves which are oblong-lanceolate 13-20 cm long by 4-5.5 cm wide on petioles to 13 cm long. Bearing solitary campanulate 6-lobed purple flowers late summer to autumn. Best grown in shade or in a container of well drained organic compost sheltered from severe frost, or outside in a very sheltered spot.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae)

sichuanensis 'Giant'

Collected and introduced into cultivation by Cedric Basset who introduced this cultivar through his Avette Nursery in France. A form of this species he collected in China, with exceptionally long petioles, combined with large narrowly ovate lamina to well over 1m tall. With purple 8-lobbed flowers borne directly from the rhizomes late summer to autumn. A fast grower if kept in a warm position, but not in direct sunlight, with care that the soil-compost does not get too wet. Can grow well in gardens.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae)

sichuanensis 'Gold Lancer'

Another Plant Delights introduction to cultivation from as long ago as 2015, offered under various species. Which soon forms relatively congested clumps of long slender petioles, bearing narrowly ovate dark green parchment textured leaves, decoratively marked/variegated by a central yellowish stripe, as well as some scattered small spots. To almost a meter tall, although they do tend to arch, more so out of doors. Bearing for us in late summer through autumn, purple globular flowers with up to 8 lobes, directly from the rhizomes. Therefore best not to bury the rhizomes too deep. Best in a well drained soil-compost, as they do not tolerate water logging or direct sunlight, which can bleach the foliage.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae)

sichuanensis 'Golden Freckles'

Soon forming relatively congested clumps of long slender petioles, bearing narrowly ovate dark green parchment textured leaves, heavily pale spotted. To almost a meter tall, although they do tend to arch, more so out of doors. Bearing for us in late summer through autumn, purple globular flowers with up to 8 lobes, directly from the rhizomes. Therefore best not to bury the rhizomes too deep. Best in a well drained soil-compost, as they do not tolerate water logging or direct sunlight, which can bleach the foliage. Introduced by Plant Delights NC in 2014.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae)

sichuanensis 'Kinboshi'

We first encountered this cultivar in Lucca Italy at the annual flower show that we participate in. Like most species it arises from a relatively strong slowly creeping rhizome, forming small colonies of upright parchment textured glossy evergreen leaves which are oblong-lanceolate to 46 cm long by about 9 cm wide on petioles to 45 cm long. Although in this cultivar the leaf is conspicuously marked by lots of white spotting surrounded by a halo of darker fading to green. Whilst still bearing the annual flowering directly from the rhizome (hence do not bury them deeply) solitary campanulate 6-lobed purple flowers late summer to autumn. We have grown this species outside for many years in shelter from freezing winds in a soil that does not waterlog, in dense to light shade. Syn. Chromatograp

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae)

sichuanensis 'Misty Spot'

An evergreen perennial which emerges from a thin slowly creeping rhizome. Forming small colonies of upright parchment textured glossy leaves which are oblong-lanceolate 13-20 cm long by 4-5.5 cm wide on petioles to 13 cm long. Bearing solitary campanulate 6-lobed purple flowers late summer to autumn. Best grown in shade or in a container of well drained organic compost sheltered from severe frost, or outside in a very sheltered spot. Previously offered as A. tonkinensis which is a white flowering species.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae)

sichuanensis 'Rarely Spotted'

Forming small colonies of upright parchment textured glossy leaves, that are occasionally spotted and oblong-lanceolate 13-20 cm long by 4-5.5 cm wide, on petioles to 13 cm long. An evergreen perennial which emerges from a slender scaly creeping rhizome. Bearing solitary campanulate 6-lobed purple-maroon flowers late summer to autumn. Best grown in shade or in a container of well drained organic compost sheltered from severe frost, or outside in a very sheltered spot. With the rhizome at or near the surface.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae)

sichuanensis 'Spotlight'

From cultivation in the UK, that originated from a Chinese Nursery. With a distinct pattern on its leaves of dense light spotting and a broad central stripe of light green and thin dark lines (like a spotlight). As in most species it arises from a relatively strong slowly creeping rhizome, forming small colonies of upright parchment textured glossy evergreen leaves which are oblong-lanceolate to 40 cm long by about 7.5 cm wide on petioles to 42 cm long. Whilst still bearing the annual flowering directly from the rhizome (hence do not bury them deeply) solitary campanulate 6-lobed purple flowers late summer to autumn. We have grown this species outside for many years in shelter from freezing winds in a soil that does not waterlog, in dense to light shade.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae)

sichuanensis 'Spotty'

An evergreen perennial with fuzzy spotted oblong-lanceolate leaves, 13-20 cm long by 4-5.5 cm wide on petioles to 13 cm long. Forming small colonies of upright parchment textured glossy leaves. Which emerge from a slender scaly creeping rhizome, bearing solitary campanulate 6-lobed purple flowers late summer to autumn. Best grown in shade or in a container of well drained organic compost sheltered from severe frost, or outside in a very sheltered spot, that does not get waterlogged. With the rhizome at or near the surface. Named by Cistus Nursery, Portland, Oregon.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae)

sichuanensis 'Well Spotted'

A well spotted selection of this species. Forming small colonies of upright parchment textured glossy leaves which are oblong-lanceolate 13-20 cm long by 4-5.5 cm wide on petioles to 13 cm long. An evergreen perennial which emerges from a slender scaly creeping rhizome. Bearing solitary campanulate 6-lobed purple flowers late summer to autumn. Best grown in shade or in a container of well drained organic compost sheltered from severe frost, or outside in a very sheltered spot. With the rhizome at or near the surface.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae) CBCH344

sp. from Qingsheng

An evergreen perennial collected and introduced into cultivation by Cedric Basset who introduced this cultivar through his Avette Nursery in France. Which emerges from a thin slowly creeping rhizome, forming small colonies of upright parchment textured glossy occasionally spotted leaves which are oblong-lanceolate 13-20 cm long by 4-5.5 cm wide on petioles to 13 cm long. Bearing solitary campanulate 6-lobed purple flowers late summer to autumn. Best grown in shade or in a container of well drained organic compost sheltered from severe frost, or outside in a very sheltered spot.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae) BWJ15788

subrotata v. angustifolia

From a collection made in a massive forest, which is slowly being nibbled away, in the south of Vietnam. Of a rare (in Vietnam) variety of this wide-spread very variable species. Which has narrow almost grass-like dark green foliage 30-50cm tall by only 1.5-2cm wide, on upright slender petioles to 20cm long. Generally held in pairs along the slender rhizomes that are only 5-6mm wide. The easily recognisable or distinct flowers are held at ground level and have 6 long, but wide at their base, pinkish perianth lobes radiating from the very shallow perianth. Which were previously enveloping the large high-domed white pink-flecked stigma. This plant will be available in due course when we have built up enough stock.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae) BSWJ5216

sutepensis 'Chiang-dao Dappled'

From one of our collections gathered in 1997 from Doi Chiang-dao a high limestone mountain in northern Thailand within the Golden Triangle. Where it formed loose colonies of unusually dappled and faintly striped leaves, which only had short petioles bearing the narrowly elliptic leaves. Spreading from a thick scaly rhizome only bearing one or two leaves at intervals sometimes with the distinct campanulate flower at ground level followed by large grape-sized fruit. Best grown in a shaded container in a humus rich but very well drained compost avoiding over watering. Best kept frost free until trialled.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae) BWJ15577

tonkinensis v. compacta

According to most Aspidistra lists in the UK, this species has been in cultivation for ages, but I can assure you that this very distinct species has not. It is easily identified by its bright white flowers with gently recurving lobes and contrasting black-purple throat around December time. This clone is a low growing variety that I found in the type location at Ban Meo village, Cao Bang Province in northern Vietnam. Here it formed creeping colonies of small well branched narrow rhizomes just above the soil bearing narrowly ovate mottled evergreen thick-textured foliage. Best grown in shade in a container of well drained organic compost sheltered from frost. Doubtfully hardy in the UK.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae) BSWJ15001

vietnamensis

A small variety of the well know species found in Quang Nam Province in Central Vietnam growing on steep limestone areas. With lanceolate to narrowly elliptic spotted leaves 20-30 cm long and only 3-6 cm wide, on short petioles. Arising from strong creeping densely scaly branched rhizomes, forming dense colonies. Bearing purple campanulate flowers with up to 8 lobes directly from its thick rhizomes, usually just protruding above the surface of the soil/compost opening from June to July in the wild. Easily grown in a container or in a sheltered spot in the garden, in full shade where the soil cannot waterlog.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae)

vietnamensis 'Seiun'

The cultivar name of this selection translates to 'Star Cloud'. A selection we were given by Cistus Nursery, Portland Oregon quite a few years ago. Only forming a relatively small plant with rather stiff upright narrowly ovate dark green heavily spotted and streaked foliage, to around 30cm tall, by 7cm wide, without any apparent petiole. Arising from stocky many branched rhizomes, which also hold the flowers directly on short stalks, a widely opening normally 8-lobbed purplish flowers, with pale tipped lobes opening June-July. Easily grown in a container in a well drained soil that does not waterlog. Not really recommended for gardens, as best kept frost free and well shaded.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae)

zongbayi 'China Moon'

It is important to note that this is what is and and has been sold in the UK as A. fungilliformis 'China Star' for the last 20 years. A. zongbayi is a small species forming low dense mats of elliptic mid green glossy leaves heavily spotted with paler green in this cultivar. Having flowered for us with purple-red urn-shaped flowers with purple-white mushroom-shaped stigmas. It is easily grown in a container or in a sheltered spot in the garden, in full shade where the soil cannot get waterlogged. A. fungilliformis is smaller yet similar in leaf, but the perianth lobes of the flowers are white with some of the purple of the perianth's interior infusing the edges. See A. fungilliformis for an image.

Aspidistra (Asparagaceae) DJHC9683

zongbayi 'Dotty Dan'

It was on a visit to Heronswood Gardens, near Seattle, that we first saw this decorative little evergreen growing in dense shade under mature Douglas fir. Which turned out to be one of Dan Hinkley’s collections from Emeishan, China in 1996. A small species forming low dense mats of elliptic dark green glossy leaves heavily spotted with paler yellow-green in this cultivar. Bearing for us in January, purple-red urn-shaped flowers with purple-white mushroom-shaped stigmas. It is easily grown in a container or in a sheltered spot in the garden, in full shade where the soil cannot get waterlogged.

Aspidistra (Convallariaceae) BSWJ6563

aff. geastrum 'Opium Hit'

These are not the fastest plants to multiply, hence it has taken 20 years to bulk it up. Initially collected from an area that the military had warned us to keep our heads down, as several people had been shot the previous week, because they had seen the opium runners and did not want to be identified. Collected from Doi Hit in northern Thailand in 1998. Where it formed loose colonies of unusually mottled and faintly striped leaves, which only have short petioles bearing the broadly elliptic leaves. Spreading from a thick rhizome only bearing a single leaf at intervals sometimes with the distinct purple campanulate flower at ground level followed by large grape-sized fruit. Best grown in a shaded container in a humus rich but well drained compost avoiding over watering. Keep frost free

Aspidistra (Convallariaceae) BSWJ377

attenuata 'Dungpu Dazzler'

Possibly the most floriferous selection of any species in cultivation. An evergreen perennial arising from thickened creeping scaly rhizomes, forming dense colonies of long petioles, bearing long glossy deep green, yellow to white spotted leaves to a meter tall, 10-15cm wide. In this form the pale yellow tubular-campanulate flowers with 7-8 reflexed lobes are produced in ridiculous quantities carpeting the ground in warm conditions October to January. The flowers are borne just above ground level, while the stigma of this species is easily identifiable looking like a blown out umbrella. From our first expedition to Taiwan in 1992 from a very well drained shady area near the village of Dungpu (Tungpu), at the base of Yushan, Taiwan's highest mountain, part of their Central Mountain Range.

Aspidistra (Convallariaceae) BSWJ3727

attenuata 'Small n' Smart'

A selection of this species with a smaller stature than the normal forms, arising from strong creeping densely scaly rhizomes, forming dense colonies of lanceolate glossy deep green occasionally spotted foliage at around 30 cm long. Bearing purple flowers directly from its thick rhizomes, usually just protruding above the surface of the soil/compost. With campanulate flowers bearing 8 long slender lobes and a peculiar white stigma in the shape of a blown out umbrella. Usually opening from August to October for us. Our collection from Wushe in the Central Mountains of Taiwan in 1996. Easily grown in a container or in a sheltered spot in the garden, in full shade where the soil cannot be waterlogged.

Aspidistra (Convallariaceae) BSWJ2001

attenuata 'Xitou Starlet'

An evergreen perennial species arising from a slowly creeping thickened scaly rhizome. Which we collected from the Experimental Forest, part of The Taiwan University at Hsitou in the winter of 1993. Where it formed a large colony which enveloped a huge boulder, only obtaining moisture from the debris and leafmould accumulated above its rhizomes. With faintly spotted and streaked leaves to around 1m long held on short petioles encased in a purple sheath, bearing purple-yellow edged flowers at ground level. Easily grown in a well drained compost kept on the dry side in winter, out of doors best grown in evergreen shade in a well drained soil, frosts may scorch the foliage.

Aspidistra (Convallariaceae) BSWJ312b

daibuensis 'Taiwan Stars'

Hardy evergreen perennial, arising from strong creeping densely scaly rhizomes, in time forming dense colonies of broadly lanceolate glossy deep green leaves, with few sometimes pale yellow spots. Annually producing yellowish tinted campanulate purple-pink many rayed flowers at ground level, followed by a globose green berry. Flowering in early winter for us, as well as in North Carolina (Tony Avent), where the flowering is abundant in their hotter climate. Height 1m. Collected from a very well drained densely shady area on the South X Highway, in Taiwan on our first expedition there in 1992.

Aspidistra (Convallariaceae) BSWJ6866

daibuensis 'Tidy Trim'

A smaller form of this Taiwanese species we found in 1999 in the south of Hualien County, where it grew on the edge of the path. Under these conditions the leaves were only 10cm long while the habit was tight, forming a dense carpet of lightly spotted leaves. After cultivating since that time the leaves have become much larger closer to 60cm long, but narrow to only 5-7.5cm, while retaining the dense habit.

Aspidistra (Convallariaceae) BSWJ3236

daibuensis 'Totally Dotty'

A distinct form of this species, which we have grown for many years, originating from a single plant we selected from the forest overlooking the South Cross Highway, southern Taiwan, which was still only a track at that time in 1996. This form was distinct amongst the colony we found by the broad oblong-lanceolate leaves being more heavily spotted and streaked in white than any others, to 1 m tall. This species grows quite happily for us in well drained dark shade out of doors sheltered from freezing winds. Avoid sodden soil/composts. This plant will be available in due course when we have built up enough stock.

Aspidistra (Convallariaceae)

fasciaria 'Ginga Giant'

A distinct clone of whatever species it is, has been growing at our nursery for many years, as it was given to us by the late Stephen Taffler, a variegated plant collector. Similar to the cultivar ‘Ginga’, but larger as its name implies, to approximately 1 m tall. Bearing green ovate-lanceolate leaves to 10 cm wide, spotted and occasionally streaked white, held on long sturdy petioles, which can be as long as the lamina in well grown mature plants. Growing from a sturdy rhizome, which is best grown at or just below the surface of the compost, as the purple flowers are borne directly from the rhizome. Syn. A. lurida & A. elatior.

Aspidistra (Convallariaceae)

fungiliformis

A small species forming low dense mats of elliptic mid green glossy overlapping leaves heavily spotted with paler green. Originally collected by Jim Waddick (of USA) in Sichuan, which would give this species a very wide distribution as it also occurs in Vietnam. Bearing urn-shaped flowers with white lobes tinged with red or purple at their edges.Meanwhile the interior of the perianth is dark purple contrasting with the white domed stigma. Easily grown in a container or in a sheltered spot in the garden, in full shade where the soil cannot get waterlogged. This plant will be available in due course when we have built up enough stock.

Aspidistra (Convallariaceae)

minutiflora 'Leopard'

One of the grassy types of Aspidistra, this being a Plant Delight selection introduced by James Waddick (USA) from China. Forming evergreen clumps of narrow leaves to 85 cm long and only 1.2 cm wide. The leaves heavily speckled with large (for Aspidistra) yellowish spots. The flowers would hardly set the world alight as they are tiny greenish-yellow exteriors and purple interiors, appearing at the very base of the leaves on peduncles directly from the underground rhizomes. Hence care should be taken with the soil level when planting. Easily grown in a container or in a sheltered spot in the garden, in full shade where the soil cannot waterlog. This plant will be available in due course when we have built up enough stock.

Aspidistra (Convallariaceae) BSWJ1949

mushaensis 'Spotty Dotty'

A new species to cultivation that we collected a plant of as long ago as 1993, from the small area of The Central Mountains of Taiwan, which it is endemic to. The species bears fat flower buds in July for us spreading their fleshy petals late in the month through to August or September. On this form the leaves are held on long stiff petioles, while the lanceolate-oblanceolate leaves are distinctly lightly dusted with creamy yellow spots and streaks. Easily grown in a container in a well drained compost out of strong sunlight or in a sheltered shaded site in the garden. The plants resent too much moisture.

Aspidistra (Convallariaceae) BSWJ1953

mushaensis 'Wushe Wacky'

From the small area of Wushe, a new species to cultivation that we collected as long ago as 1993, in The Central Mountains of Taiwan where it is endemic to. The species bears dark fat flower buds in July for us spreading their fleshy petals late in the month through to August or September. The leaves are held on long stiff petioles, while the lanceolate-oblanceolate leaves are sometimes lightly spotted and streaked. Easily grown in a container in a well drained compost out of strong sunlight or in a sheltered shaded site in the garden. The plants resent too much moisture.

Aspidistra (Convallariaceae)

omeiensis 'Jade Ribbons'

Another one of the most un-Aspidistra like species with narrow almost grass like dark green foliage, forming dense spreading clumps. Although the flowers may not set the world alight, they do have some merit in this species, appearing at the very base of the leaves on peduncles directly from the underground rhizomes. A normally 6-lobed campanulate or urn-shaped flower, pale on its exterior while the inside and stigma is purple. Hence care should be taken with the soil level when planting. Easily grown in a container or in a sheltered spot in the garden, in full shade where the soil cannot waterlog.

Aspidistra (Convallariaceae) BSWJ14629

'Punctata'

Under this name we have a plant we obtained from cultivation in Japan, only time will tell if the name is correctly applied. As there are two entities with similar names. Our plant has lanceolate to narrowly elliptic spotted leaves 15-20 cm long and only 3-5 cm wide, on petioles 15-25 cm long. Arising from strong creeping densely scaly branched rhizomes, forming loose colonies. It should bear purple campanulate flowers with up to 8 lobes directly from its thick rhizomes, usually on short upright peduncles protruding above the surface of the soil/compost opening early spring in the wild. Easily grown in a container or in a sheltered spot in the garden, in full shade where the soil cannot waterlog.

Aspidistra (Convallariaceae)

retusa 'Nanjing Green'

Originating from Nanjing Botanic Gardens to cultivation in the USA, then trialled and distributed by Tony Avent of Plant Delights Nursery, NC. Where they state that this clone is winter hardy for them to -15C. Thriving in their gardens soon forming 60 cm wide and tall clumps of ovate-lanceolate foliage with dramatic raised veins. Arising from a creeping rhizome which is best grown at or just below the surface of the compost/soil, as the 4 - 6 lobbed purple flowers are borne directly from the rhizome. Care should be taken not to allow the ground/compost it grows in to get water-logged. This plant will be available in due course when we have built up enough stock.

Aspidistra (Convallariaceae) BSWJ6645

sp. nova 'Pha-hom Pok-adot'

Originating from one of our collections gathered in 1998 from almost at the summit of the remote Doi Pha-Hom Pok, Thailand's second highest peak at 2250m, within the infamous Golden Triangle. Where it formed a large scattered colony of unusually lightly mottled and faintly striped leaves, which only had short petioles bearing the broadly elliptic arching leaves. Spreading from a thick rhizome sometimes with the distinct purple campanulate flower at ground level followed by large grape-sized fruit. Best grown in a shaded container in a humus rich but well drained compost avoiding over watering. Keep frost free. Previously offered as species from Thailand. An undescribed species as the stamen are distinctly flat and fleshy.

Aspidistra (Convallariaceae) BSWJ5252

sutepensis 'Chiang-dao Chace'

Originating from one of our collections gathered from the distinctly angular limestone mountain of Doi Chiang-Dao on our first expedition there in 1997. A massive slab which stands out from its flat surroundings, as a formidable grey chunk. Here it formed loose colonies of unusually mottled and faintly striped leaves, on relatively short petioles bearing the broadly elliptic leaves. Spreading from a thick sometimes with the distinct campanulate flower at ground level. Partly named for our youngest grandson Chace Wynn-Jones, born in 2015. We can confirm the identity of this collection having finally seen the description of the species.

Aspidistra (Convallariaceae)

zongbayi 'Uan Fat Lady'

A small species from China, that we found in a Japanese nursery in this wonderful more decorative form, with distinct small broadly oval bright green leaves, generally to only 20cm long x 8cm wide, born on slender petioles to 15cm long. The slightly undulating margined leaves are a paler green than most other species, speckled with very pale fuzzy greenish-yellow, as well as bearing a broad central area of pale irregular streaking. Best grown in shade kept dry in winter, hardiness not tested.

Astilbe (Saxifragaceae) BWJ8178

chinensis

An imposing species I collected near Baoxing, China in 2000. Arising from a creeping rootstock this rhizomatous perennial forms upright stems to 1.2m, in the wild. Bearing bipinnately divided elegant foliage topped by narrow panicles of pink flowers. Best in a soil that does not dry out in sun to part shade.

Astilbe (Saxifragaceae) BSWJ8583

chinensis v. davidii

Slender perennial variety growing from a stout rhizome, which differs from the normal species primarily in only forming clumps without running. With upright short bristly stems to 70cm tall, bearing few biternately divided basal leaves on spindly stems and terminal stiffly upright longer branched panicles of soft-pink flowers July-August. Our collection from the base of a dripping cliff, close to the De Militarised Zone of South Korea in 2001. Best in a soil that does not dry out in sun to part shade. ****************************** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Astilbe (Saxifragaceae) BSWJ968

chinensis v. davidii

Slender perennial variety growing from a stout rhizome, which differs from the normal species primarily in only forming clumps without running. With upright short bristly stems to 70cm tall, bearing few biternately divided basal leaves on spindly stems and terminal stiffly upright longer branched panicles of soft-pink flowers July-August. Our collection from the Soraksan area of South Korea in 1993. Best in a soil that does not dry out in sun to part shade ****************************** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Astilbe (Saxifragaceae) BSWJ8645

chinensis v. davidii

Slender perennial variety growing from a stout rhizome, which differs from the normal species primarily in only forming clumps without running. With upright short bristly stems to 80cm tall, bearing few biternately divided basal leaves on spindly stems and terminal stiffly upright longer branched panicles of soft-pink flowers July-August. Our collection from the Woraksan area of South Korea in 2001. Best in a soil that does not dry out in sun to part shade. ****************************** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Astilbe (Saxifragaceae) BSWJ8435

chinensis v. davidii

Slender perennial variety growing from a stout rhizome, which differs from the normal species primarily in only forming clumps without running. With upright short bristly stems to 80cm tall, bearing few biternately divided basal leaves on spindly stems and terminal stiffly upright longer branched panicles of soft-pink flowers July-August. Our collection from the Soraksan area of South Korea in 2001. Best in a soil that does not dry out in sun to part shade. ****************************** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Astilbe (Saxifragaceae) BSWJ8611

koreana

A short perennial species with stout short rhizomatous roots, with short stiff stems to only 60cm tall. Bearing few twice parted rugose basal leaves and terminal long branched panicles of palest-pink flowers in this collection June-July. Our collection from the Sobaeksan area of South Korea. Best in a soil that does not dry out in sun to part shade

Astilbe (Saxifragaceae) BSWJ8680

koreana

A short perennial species with stout short rhizomatous roots, with short stiff stems to only 60cm tall. Bearing few twice parted rugose basal leaves and terminal upwardly inclined long branched panicles of palest pink or lilac to pure white flowers June-July. Our collection from T'aebaeksan a mountain in the cold interior of South Korea. Best in a soil that does not dry out in sun to part shade.

Astilbe (Saxifragaceae) BSWJ6711

longicarpa

From one of our seed collections in the high mountains of Taiwan, where this species is endemic. Clump-forming perennial with erect stems 40-150cm tall, with long stemmed divided leaves, bearing 30-60 cm long terminal panicles of white flowers, July-September. For a moist soil, sun to part shade.

Astilbe (Saxifragaceae) BSWJ11085

microphylla

A small slender species we collected seed of from a grassy boggy area of Hiroshima, southern Honshu Japan in 2005. Here it formed slender upright stems to 80cm tall. With congested panicles of white flowers held by contrasting pink seed capsules at their bases as they age, July- August above the 3-5 leafleted pinnate foliage. Easily grown in sun or part shade in a moisture retentive soil.

Astilbe (Saxifragaceae) GWJ9366

rivularis

Unbeatable for leaf texture amongst this genus of moisture lovers. Forming robust clumps of bi-tri pinnately divided leaves with impressed venation to 1m wide. With tall arching stems to 2 m bearing terminal creamy-white pyramidal un-branched inflorescences mid-late summer. Easily grown in a soil that does not dry out in sun to part shade. Our collection from Eastern Himalayas in 2002.

Astilbe (Saxifragaceae) BWJ8076a

rivularis v. myriantha

From seed I collected near Baoxing China of an imposing species with tall stems to 2m+. Bearing few large twice-thrice divided greyish thick textured basal leaves, composed of large ovate leaflets. Inflorescence a large terminal laxly branched arching panicle of white flowers July-September. Best in a soil that does not dry out in sun to part shade.

Astilbe (Saxifragaceae) BSWJ10946

thunbergii v. aff. formosa

Clump-forming, rhizomatous perennial that we collected seed of in the mountains of Niigata, Japan. Where we found this species growing in abundance on moist vertical banks in part shade. Here it formed mounds of thin textured divided foliage with upright slender few branched stems to 1m tall of white flowers ageing to a pinkie hue July- August. Easily grown in any type of moisture retentive fertile soil, in sun or part shade.

Astilbe (Saxifragaceae) BSWJ10961

thunbergii v. congesta

Clump-forming, rhizomatous perennial that we collected seed of in the mountains of Nagano, Japan in 2005. Where we found this species growing on moist banks in part shade at the edge of the forest. Here it formed mounds of thin textured divided foliage with upright branched stems to 1m tall of congested white flowers larger than the norm, ageing to a pinkie hue July- August. Easily grown in any type of moisture retentive fertile soil, in sun or part shade.

Astilbe (Saxifragaceae) BSWJ5622

thunbergii v. hachijoensis

Rhizomatous perennial that we collected seed of in the high mountains of the Kinki District, Central Japan. Where we found it growing amongst large boulders in moist ground in the shade of low trees. Here it formed low mounds of finely divided thick-textured foliage with densely branched stems white flowers ageing to a pinkie hue July-August.******************************As we have sold out of all our containerised stock of this plant, these plants are supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Astilbe (Saxifragaceae) BSWJ10975

thunbergii v. okuyamae

Clump-forming, rhizomatous perennial that we collected seed of in the mountains of Niigata, Japan in 2005. Where we found this species growing on moist banks in part shade at the edge of the forest. There it only formed small plants with divided ferny glossy foliage, with upright slender stems to 40 cm tall of white flowers ageing to a pinkie hue July- August. Easily grown in any type of moisture retentive fertile soil, in sun or part shade.*** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** This plant is only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Astilbe (Saxifragaceae) BSWJ11534

thunbergii v. sikokumontanum

From one of our seed collections gathered in 2006 on the high mountains of Ehime on the Japanese island of Shikoku, where this clump-forming, rhizomatous perennial, grew at the edge of the forest on a high mountain pass. Here it formed low mounds of 3-ternate relatively thick-textured doubly serrated narrow foliage with branched stems 40-80cm tall with pyramidal panicles of white flowers ageing to a pinkie hue from late May-July. Easily grown in a moisture retentive soil in good light.

Astilbe (Saxifragaceae) BSWJ11164

thunbergii v. sikokumontanum

Clump-forming, rhizomatous perennial that we collected seed of in the high mountains of Yakushima, South Japan. Where we found it growing amongst large boulders in moist ground in the shade of low trees. Here it formed low mounds of finely divided foliage with branched stems white flowers ageing to a pinkie hue July- August.

Astilbe (Saxifragaceae) BSWJ6125

thunbergii v. terrestris

Clump-forming, rhizomatous perennial that we collected seed of in the high mountains of Yakushima, South Japan. Where we found it growing amongst large boulders in moist ground in the shade of low trees. Here it formed low mounds of finely divided foliage with branched stems white flowers ageing to a pinkie hue July- August.

Astrantia (Apiaceae)

'Buckland'

Clump forming perennial producing posy-like, pink-tipped flowers, backed by large green and white bracts, throughout summer-autumn. With a dense mass of divided mid green basal leaves. Height 60cm. Spread 45cm. Good in sun or shade.

Aucuba (Aucubaceae) BSWJ11815

filicauda

Described as being a shrub to 4m tall, a species we have made many collections of during our many expeditions to Vietnam. Only forming dark green stemmed shrubs to 3m tall, normally is fairly shaded conditions, rarely in the open. With parchment textured dark green oblong leaves with prominently impressed venation above and few conspicuously tipped marginal teeth. Bearing loose panicles of reddish-brown male flowers with long caudate tips to the petals. Meanwhile the female flowers are held in tight congested inflorescences, followed by long ellipsoid red fruit, early spring for us. Best grown in moisture retentive drained soil, shaded from strong sunlight and cold winds. A male clone under this accession.

Aucuba (Aucubaceae) BSWJ11826

filicauda seedlings

From one of our collections from Fansipan Mountain December 2006. Which has flourished in our garden next to a male of the same species, bearing fruit annually. Which unfortunately the Vietnamese have christened A. robusta (leaves no wider than 3cm). Forming a dark green stemmed shrubs to 3m tall in shaded conditions, with parchment textured dark green oblong leaves with prominently impressed venation above and acute marginal teeth. The reddish-brown female flowers are held in tight congested inflorescences, followed by long ellipsoid red fruit, early spring for us. Best grown in moisture retentive drained soil, shaded from strong sunlight and cold winds.

Aucuba (Aucubaceae)

japonica 'Dentata'

An evergreen shrub composed of sturdy green branching stems bearing broad very glossy dark green leaves which are undulate and deeply toothed along their margins, in this selected female clone. Producing terminal panicles of purplish flowers in mid spring, followed by sealing-wax red berries by the following winter, when the flowers are pollinated. Height to 1.6m, spread to 1.5m across. Easily grown in light to dark shade in a fertile moisture retentive, but drained soil.

Aucuba (Aucubaceae)

japonica f. longifolia

An invaluable evergreen shrub with stout green ageing darker upright shoots which arch with age. Clothed in architectural elongate-lanceolate bright green leaves which are irregularly distantly serrated bearing purplish-brown flowers in mid spring followed on this female clone by luxurious bright red berries, when pollinated, in the depth of winter. Height 1.7m Spread 1.7m. Easily grown in any type of reasonably fertile soil, very shade tolerant and drought tolerant in shade, tending to bleach the leaves in full sun.

Aucuba (Aucubaceae)

japonica 'Lance Leaf'

An undeniably useful male pollinator, described as possessing lanceolate foliage. Composed of sturdy green branching stems bearing glossy dark green leaves, producing large terminal panicles of purplish male flowers in mid spring. After many years of tracking this clone down and being repeatedly disappointed by so many mis-named (poor fruiting female clones) we eventually obtaining the clone from two different sources. I have to confess that I am not impressed, when comparing it to the female clone of 'Salicifolia', but this is all that is in cultivation for the time being. This clone has elliptical leaves. Easily grown in light to dark shade in a fertile moisture retentive, but drained soil.

Aucuba (Aucubaceae)

japonica 'Salicifolia'

A highly valued evergreen shrub with stout sea-green ageing darker upright shoots which arch with age. Clothed in architectural lanceolate bright green leaves which are irregularly distantly serrated bearing purplish flowers in mid spring followed on this selected female clone by luxurious quantities of ceiling-wax red berries when pollinated, in the depth of winter until spring. Height 1.7m Spread 1.7m. Easily grown in any type of reasonably fertile soil, very shade tolerant and drought tolerant in shade, tending to bleach the leaves in full sun.

Aucuba (Aucubaceae)

japonica v. viridis

By popular demand as seen in our walled garden at Crûg a cultivar of this very amenable shade loving evergreen shrub which is clothed in bright green deeply toothed glossy leaves, importantly without the ubiquitous spotting popularised in the Victorian era. Bearing purplish flowers in mid spring followed on this female clone by luxurious bright red berries when pollinated, in the depth of winter. Height 1.5m Spread 1.5m. Easily grown in any type of reasonably fertile soil, very shade and drought tolerant, the leaves tending to bleach in full sun.

Aucuba (Aucubaceae) CWJ12898

japonica var borealis female

A dwarf variety of this evergreen shrub with green young stems to only 30-40cm tall bearing broad glossy orbicular dark un-spotted foliage, prominently toothed along their margins. Generally seen as an understorey shrub, where we have seen it forming wide sprawling self-layering colonies in the cold forests of northern Honshu. Producing terminal panicles of purplish flowers in mid spring, followed by sealing-wax red berries by the following winter. Easily grown in light to dark shade in a fertile moisture retentive, but drained soil.

Aucuba (Aucubaceae) BSWJ2864

omeiensis

A rare gem originating from E'meishan Sichuan China, where this large multi-stemmed shrub to 4m tall grows in dense shade on a very steep forested mountainside. Bearing stiff large thick-textured 30cm long pale green serrated leaves and elongated terminal spikes of pale green 2cm long fruit, turning red in time. Best grown in a moisture retentive drained soil with protection from severe cold, hardy to -16C (to date). Raised from cuttings of a Japanese cultivated male clone.

Aucuba (Aucubaceae) BWJ8048

omeiensis

A rare gem which I collected the seed of in the company of Dan Hinkley on our ascent up E'meishan Sichuan in 2000. Where this large multi-stemmed shrub to 4m tall grew in dense shade on a very steep forested mountainside. Bearing stiff large thick-textured 30cm long pale green serrated leaves and elongated terminal spikes of pale green 2cm long fruit, turning red in time. Best grown with protection from severe cold winds, in a moisture retentive drained soil. Hardy to -15C (to date). Cuttings raised clones of individual seedlings offered. Clones B, D, G available, please state your preference.

Aucuba (Cornaceae) BSWJ14602

japonica

Evergreen shrub with stout green stems, bearing broad dark green glossy leaves sometimes coarsely serrated especially in their upper halves. Bearing terminal panicles of purplish - brown flowers in spring, larger loose panicles on male plants, tighter less showy on female plants, but followed by glossy red berries. From one of our seed collections, gathered from the high mountain Seburi, near Fukuoka on Kyushu, Japan in 2015. Height 2m Spread 2m. Best grown in part to full shade in a humus rich soil for fastest growth, although very tolerant of drought and wind when established.

Azara (Flacourtiaceae)

serrata

Evergreen, upright shrub with glossy, bright green foliage and rounded bunches of fragrant yellow flowers in late spring or early summer. Requires full sun and well-drained soil. ******************************This plant is only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Beesia (Ranunculaceae)

calthifolia

A rare evergreen close relative of Actaea, from mountainous forests in China. Forming dense clumps of cordate glossy and leathery leaves, embossed with highlighted venation, all colouring up through the winter months. Bearing upright spikes to 30cm tall of starry white flowers for several months from April. Well drained shade and 'woodsy' soil.

Begonia (Begoniaceae) HWJK2424

annulata

A collection from our last Nepalese expedition in 2002 with Dan Hinkley and Jamaica Kincaid, as we made our decent down the Mewa Kola a steep valley through the forests. Here clinging onto vertical cliffs were a large colony of these distinctly patterned rough textured palmate leaves with silver and brown markings. A very distinct species with large pale pink flowers emerging from red bristly buds in a long succession, to 60 cm tall. Best grown is some shelter of a woodland in moisture retentive well drained soil in warm part shade, mulch to protect the rhizomes from frost.

Begonia (Begoniaceae) BWJ15651

baviensis

A species that I have found several times in the Sapa area of northern Vietnam, hence I was surprised that it bore the name of Bavi, a much lower elevation area, near Hanoi. In the Sapa area it forms strong clumps of erect stems to 50 cm tall, covered in bright gingery fleshy hairs, from a creeping rhizome. The foliage is green, to about 20 cm across with variable lobbing, 5-7 in number enhanced with gingery hairs on both surfaces. Flowering in April in the wild, the buds and stems heavily covered in ginger hair, flowers white to pale pink. Should prove relatively hardy, but best approached with caution. Best in full to part shade in a humus enriched drained soil. Strong plants.

Begonia (Begoniaceae) HWJ642

chapaensis

A small species we collected near the mountain retreat of Sapa (Chapa) in North Vietnam, an area which experiences winter frosts and snow. Growing on moss-covered rocks, with rounded-cordate leaves to only 8cm across. Bearing bright pink flowers on stems to 15cm tall. For a sheltered shady sight or container.

Begonia (Begoniaceae) BSWJ1954

chitoensis

A species of this mostly tender genus that we collected from the central mountains of Taiwan. From a deep rhizome, having large obliquely ovate nearly succulent leaves to 30cm.Bearing axillary cymes of pink flowers. Best in moisture retentive well drained soil in warm part shade. Height 90cm, flowering June-frost. Hardy here to -9C.

Begonia (Begoniaceae) BSWJ6881

formosana f. albo-maculata

A collection we originally gathered from the Hoping logging trail on the north-east coast of Taiwan in 1999 at 800 m. Not expecting much in the way of hardiness, we only planted a portion of it in our woodland garden a couple of years later, where it has remained and grown moderately ever since, even enduring the winter of 2010/11 at -15C. From a surface rooting rhizome, having obliquely ovate palmately irregularly serrated leaves, 15-20 cm long, 8-18 cm wide, that are a bronzy green spotted white in this form. Bearing axillary cymes of pale pink flowers. Best in moisture retentive well drained soil in a shaded container or sheltered woodland setting. Height to 50 cm, flowering July-frost.

Begonia (Begoniaceae)

grandis 'Sapporo'

A very hardy form of this species from Sapporo, the capital city of Hokkaido the northern island of Japan, where the winters are severe. Distinct in foliage in this form, with large palmate dark green leaves, dark red below. On erect stems that are red at the nodes, which in turn producing bulbils in the autumn. The pink flowers are borne in terminal sprays opening from reddish buds in late summer. Best in a woodsy soil in warm full-part shade. Height 90cm, flowering August-frost.

Begonia (Begoniaceae) BWJ8119

guaniana 'Pink Lady'

Originating from seed I collected in Central Sichuan, China in 2000, but has only recently been named for my better half (Sue), by Julian Shaw who identified it as an undescribed species. In the wild this species was growing on very shady vertical rocks, forming small clumps of reddish stems to 20cm tall, with pale green palmate leaves and inflorescences, of at that time pinkish flowers and winged seed heads, held just above the leaves. Best in a container or testing for hardiness in a sheltered corner, hardy for us in our woodland garden. Syn. wynn-jonesiae.

Begonia (Begoniaceae) BWJ7858

labordei 'Candy Floss'

A charming small perennial, which I collected seed of on The Cangshan near Dali Yunnan China. Growing on shady moist cliffs, bearing matt-green bristly serrulately margined obliquely ovate-orbicular leaves on short stems. With multiple plume-like inflorescences of small soft-pink flowers held on reddish stems just above the foliage from August to frost. Best in a container or testing in a sheltered corner.

Begonia (Begoniaceae) NMWJ14461

nantoensis

Arising from a short creeping rhizomes on vertical stems to 25 cm tall, obliquely ovate green leaves unequally cordate at their bases, to 15 cm across. With 3-7 flowered inflorescences held on separate stems above the foliage. From a seed collection from Dasyueshan, Taichung, western Taiwan in 2015 with The Taiwan Natural Science Museum. Where this species was abundant on moist shaded cliffs when we got up to the higher altitudes of around 2,000 m. Not tested for hardiness yet, hence approach with caution if planting outdoors, best in a moisture retentive humus-rich soil with good drainage in full to part shade.

Begonia (Begoniaceae) BSWJ2692

palmata see B. panchtharensis

Collected as a dormant rhizome from the Lachung valley N.E.Sikkim, a hardy (here to -9C) species. With large deeply lobed fleshy leaves to 40cm long on darkly mottled stems. Bearing axillary cymes of pink flowers. Best in moisture retentive well drained soil in warm part shade. Height 60cm, flowering July-frost.

Begonia (Begoniaceae) BSWJ2692

panchtharensis

Formerly identified as B. sikkimensis, but now considered to be a recently describes species first discovered in eastern Nepal. Collected as a dormant rhizome from the Lachung valley N.E.Sikkim in 1994, a hardy (here to -9C) species. With large deeply lobed fleshy leaves to 40cm long on darkly mottled stems. Bearing axillary cymes of pink flowers. Best in moisture retentive well drained soil in warm part shade. Height 60cm, flowering July-frost.

Begonia (Begoniaceae) DJHC98473

pedatifida

One of Dan Hinkley’s collections from E'meishan Sichuan at 3000m, which has proved to be hardy. Forming clumps of thick rhizomes bearing bold deeply lobed leaves to 20cm across on upright stalks, with sprays of white flowers mid-to late summer. Easily grown in a humus rich soil that is drained, in part shade, mulching the rhizomes to protect them from severe frost.

Begonia (Begoniaceae) BSWJ7245

putii

A charmingly small species from seed we collected from Thailand's section of the notorious Golden Triangle, at well over 2,000m elevation. Forming small tubers which nestle in vertical moss on large lime stone boulders and cliffs. Bearing small ovate leaves on red stems to 10cm with small pink flowers nudging above them in late summer. Untried for hardiness, best in a free drained compost.

Begonia (Begoniaceae) BSWJ2692

sikkimensis see B. panchtharensis

Only recently described to science as a new un-recorded species which was previously thought to be B. sikkimense collected from eastern Sikkim in 1994. Meanwhile B. panchtharensis had only previously been recorded from eastern Nepal. For details please see B. panchtharensis

Begonia (Begoniaceae) BWJ8011a

sinensis

Similar in habit to its Japanese counterpart B. grandis, this is my collection of this wonderful woodland perennial from China. With smaller leaves and earlier flowering than B. grandis, the pink flowers are held above the foliage at 30cm. Best in a woodsy soil in full-part shade, flowering July-frost.

Begonia (Begoniaceae) BWJ8011

sinensis 'Red Undies'

Not too dissimilar in habit to its Japanese bulbil bearing counterpart B. grandis, but with smaller narrowly palmate leaves on more upright stems and earlier pink flowers held above the foliage. This is a selection made from my collection of this wonderful woodland perennial from China, where the leaves are enhanced dark red on their undersides. Best in a woodsy soil in full-part shade, flowering July-frost. Height 30cm.

Begonia (Begoniaceae) EDHCM042

taliensis

From one of Eric Hammond's collections gathered in China in 1997. A luxuriously black and silver patterned foliage species which has proved to be hardy in sheltered woodland conditions under trial in the Pacific Northwest of the USA. Bearing jagged-edged leaves which emerge as late as June with sprays of pink flowers to 35cm. Easily grown in a sheltered woodland type of situation in a drained yet moisture retentive soil.

Begonia (Begoniaceae) BWJ15726

versicolor

From a rather remote mountain range, with a long neck-lashing drive for hours over potholes from hell. Growing directly onto vertical limestone cliffs in deep shade of the forest that inhabited this ridge. Conspicuous with large lob-sided orbicular silver leaves with broad green zones following the main veins. Adorned with upright red stems of pink flowers arising directly from the rhizomes. Best in a container or testing in a sheltered corner, hardiness not known. From Hoa Bin Province near Mon Village northern Vietnam, where we were looking for Aspidistra.

Begonia (Begoniaceae) BWJ7772

'Wild Swan'

A tiny species I collected seed of at high elevation in Yunnan, China. Where it was clinging on to shady vertical cliffs, with small pale green palmate-ovate leaves on stems to 10cm, bearing at that time white flowers and winged seed heads. Untested for hardiness, but given its provenance it should be relatively hardy in a drained soil, sheltered from the worse weather.

Berberis (Berberidaceae) BSWJ8539

amurensis v. latifolia

Small sparsely spined shrub to 2m, with softly spiny rounded green leaves glaucous beneath, which colour up magnificently in the autumn. Good sized clusters of yellow flowers are followed by large racemes of oblong, dull red berries. A form we collected on the remote island of Ullüngdõ, South Korea. For well drained soil. *** *** *** *** *** *** *** Large open ground/bare rooted plants best in winter. The pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Berberis (Berberidaceae) BSWJ14880

densa

Although the most remarkable attribute of the shrub was the dense inflorescences hence its epithet. The yellow-orange flowers were so plentiful as to almost hide the foliage, whereas the heavy fruit does hide the foliage. A striking plant where we found this colourful species in February of 2016 on the Cerrito Paramo near the Venezuelan border in north-eastern Colombia at over 3,200 m. The foliage was distinct in being only spine-tipped on the flowering stems, as opposed to the spiny almost holly-like foliage on the remainder of the shrub. Easily grown in sun or light shade in any type of fertile drained soil, shelter from freezing winds.

Berberis (Berberidaceae) BSWJ14873

densa

A striking plant where we first found this colourful species in February of 2016 on the Cerrito Paramo near the Venezuelan border in north-eastern Colombia at over 3,300 m. The foliage was distinct in being only spine-tipped on the flowering stems, as opposed to the spiny almost holly-like foliage on the remainder of the shrub. Although the most remarkable attribute of the shrub was the dense inflorescences hence its epithet. The yellow-orange flowers were so plentiful as to almost hide the foliage, whereas the heavy fruit does hide the foliage. Easily grown in sun or light shade in any type of fertile drained soil, shelter from freezing winds.

Berberis (Berberidaceae) BSWJ10769

goudotii

We were very excited on our initial encounter with this colourful species in September of 2004 on the Paramo to the south of Bogota Colombia. As at that time the flower buds were red and swollen to busting point. The foliage would have sufficed as the elliptic few spined leaves were dark and glossy above but close to white below. Returning to collect the black fruit in December we were able to see plenty of the bright orange-yellow flowers held in generous panicles. Easily grown in sun or light shade in any type of fertile drained soil.

Berberis (Berberidaceae) BSWJ14892

goudotii

We were very excited on our initial encounter with this colourful species in September of 2004 on the Paramo to the south of Bogota Colombia. As at that time the flower buds were red and swollen to bursting point. The foliage would have sufficed as the elliptic few spined leaves were dark and glossy above but close to white below. Returning to collect the black fruit in December we were able to see plenty of the bright orange-yellow flowers held in generous panicles. Easily grown in sun or light shade in any type of fertile drained soil.

Berberis (Berberidaceae) BSWJ10672

grandiflora

A flamboyant evergreen species we collected seed of from high altitude close to Volcán Ruiz in the Colombian Paramo. Where it only attained a height of 1.3m with upright stems with 3 slender spines in the axils of the leathery spiny leaves 7.5cm long. Bearing large terminal panicles of orange-yellow flowers, followed by bloomy fruit. Easily grown in sun or light shade in any type of fertile drained soil. Previously offered as aff. verticillata.

Berberis (Berberidaceae) BSWJ2432

insignis v. insignis

An erect evergreen shrub, to 2-3m, for the milder or sheltered gardens. Leaves relatively large with numerous spiny teeth. Yellow flowers borne in axillary clusters, followed by black fruit. Our collection from Sikkim.

Berberis (Berberidaceae) BSWJ2124

macrosepala v. macrosepala

Small spiny deciduous shrub of compact habit, with shining dark green leaves glaucous beneath. Several yellow flowers are followed by large oblong, dull red pendant berries. A form we collected on the Sandakphu ridge N. India.

Berberis (Berberidaceae) FMWJ13290

subacuminata

Apparently a very rare species only known from one Chinese peak previous to our discovery of this evergreen species in 2007. Where we found it growing on the exposed ridge of Fansipu, considered to be the second highest to Fansipan in northern Vietnam. Here it only formed low congested shrubs to around a meter tall in that exposed site. Forming a wide colony with elliptic-lanceolate subleathery leaves with 8-15-spinose-serrate on each side while the yellow flowers are 2-6-fascicled borne in March-April, followed by ellipsoid dark fruit. Best grown in good light in a fertile drained soil.

Bergenia (Saxifragaceae) BSWJ2693

pacumbis

A very popular semi-evergreen perennial that we have grown in our gardens for years after collecting the seed from the frozen valley of Lachung in eastern Sikkim in 1994. Where we always encountered this unusual species with large bristle-edged leaves growing on vertical cliffs and banks. where it would bear its white flowers in early spring in large inflorescences that would slowly age to pale pink. Easily grown in any type of drained soil either vertically or horizontally in either sun or shade. Syn. ciliata v. ligulata.

Betula (Betulaceae)

alleghaniensis

A slow-growing long-lived tree found on moist well-drained soils on the uplands and mountain ravines of eastern North America where it is commonly known as the yellow birch due to its yellowish-bronze exfoliating bark. In gardens it forms a small tree with attractive light brown bark with a silvery metallic sheen which peels into thin strips, flowering in late to mid April. At its best in the autumn when the distinctly ribbed acuminate leaves turn golden yellow.

Betula (Betulaceae) BSWJ12600

ermanii

Originating from seed we collected on Taebaeksan one of my favourite mountains in South Korea, from the old coal mining area in the bleak and harsh interior. From one of the most exposed rides, where we found a small colony of dwarfed trees resulting from the harsh elements, which seemed to be rooting into the grey stone there, with silvery white trunks peeling and flapping in the constant wind. Bearing small ovate serrated and shallowly ribbed (parallel veined) leaves and elongated upright catkins. Easily grown in a well drained not overly fed fertile soil in good light.

Betula (Betulaceae) BSWJ10852

ermanii

From seed we collected in the cold far north of Honshu around Hakkodoshan in Aomori Prefecture in 2005. From eye catching small trees with white to pinkish peeling bark carrying broadly ovate small serrated and shallowly ribbed (parallel veined) yellowed leaves 7x3cm at an exposed 950m altitude. As well as upright short spikes of seed. Easily grown in a well drained not overly fed fertile soil in good light.

Betula (Betulaceae) FMWJ13149

insignis ssp. fansipanensis

It was John Hillier that commented on one of his visits to our growing fields, that it has the best foliage of any species. Which is hardly surprising when you become acquainted with this subspecies, as they are bronzy from spring through to autumn on a handsome leaf to-boot. Ultimately growing to a sizeable tree with grey exfoliating bark with glandular villous branchlets. Bearing ovate conspicuously laterally veined serrated leaves to 12 × 5.5cm, papery in texture. With terminal reddish cylindrical catkins held upright when ripe late summer into autumn. From one of our seed collection gathered in a remote valley on our way to Phansipu northern Vietnam in 2011. Best grown in a fertile soil with some moisture retention in either sun or shade, protecting from severe cold.

Betula (Betulaceae) BSWJ11751

insignis subsp. fansipanensis

Ultimately growing to a sizeable tree with grey exfoliating bark with glandular villous branchlets. Bearing ovate conspicuously laterally veined serrated leaves to 12 × 5.5cm, papery in texture. With terminal reddish cylindrical catkins held upright when ripe late summer into autumn. From one of our seed collection gathered in a remote area of northern Vietnam close to the border with southern China. Best grown in a fertile soil with some moisture retention in either sun or shade, protecting from severe cold. *** *** *** *** *** *** *** Larger open ground/bare rooted plants best in winter. The pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Betula (Betulaceae) KA 23

michauxii

From seed we were given by Ness Botanic Gardens which they collected from trees originally collected by Kenneth Ashburner as seed from Come-by-chance, Newfoundland, Canada. Known in that area as Michaux's birch. Where it only forms a small spreading shrub to around 50cm tall, with smooth dark brown bark inset with pale lenticels. Bearing ovate-reniform leaves to 1x1.2cm, with 2-3 pairs of conspicuous pairs of lateral veins, deeply crenate-dentate round tipped and short erect cylindric catkins. Best grown in a well drained poorly fed soil with some moisture retention in good light.

Betula (Betulaceae) HWJK2250

utilis

This seed collection represents a collection we made near the Tibetan border near Thudam, Eastern Nepal, from a colony of small-large trees with wonderful bronzy peeling bark. One of the best trees available for a peeling bark effect, which soon forms a small well branched tree in any kind of reasonably moist fertile soil. Bearing ovate serrated leaves and long catkins in spring. *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** This plant is only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Betula (Betulaceae) HWJK2345

utilis

A collection we made from Topke Gola in Eastern Nepal, from a very attractive tree with wonderful shaggy bronzy peeling bark, which we believe to be the same as Roy Lancaster selected in '71. One of the best trees available for a peeling bark effect, which soon forms a small well branched tree in any kind of reasonably moist fertile soil. Bearing ovate serrated leaves and long catkins in spring. *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** This plant is only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Betula (Betulaceae) GWJ9259

utilis

One of the best trees available for a peeling bark effect, which soon forms a small well branched tree in any kind of reasonably moist fertile soil. Bearing ovate serrated leaves and long catkins in spring. This seed collection represents a collection we made near the Tibetan border in the extreme north of Sikkim, from a small tree with a stunning dark chestnut-red bark. ******************************This plant is only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Bidens (Asteraceae) BSWJ10276

triplinervia 'Sunny Days'

An enchanting prostrate growing species we encountered on the cold slopes of Volcán de Orizaba, Mexico's highest peak, at 3300m in 2004. Where this small form only attained a height of 25 cm. A common sight covering large areas of heavily grazed mountainside, forming slowly creeping clumps of very finely divided dark green foliage with large yellow ray flowers 3-4cm across. For a sunny warm spot in well drained soil that has some moisture retention.

Blechnum (Blechnaceae)

chilense

Evergreen fern with large broad indented, spreading dark green fronds rising from a slowly creeping almost black rhizome, forming sizeable colonies in time. Spores are produced on separate fertile fronds. Height 1m. Spread 3m. Requires partial shade and a moist soil.

Bocconia (Papaveraceae) BSWJ14292

frutescens

One of the most dramatic foliage plants we have come across in the past few years. We have encountered it in the wild varying from large trees to sizeable shrubs, depending on its habitat. A member of the poppy family, closely related to Macleaya, hence the name. This collection represents a particularly fine form we collected seed of in Armenia, in Colombia at 3200m, which had formed a small single trunked tree. With particularly large pinnately lobed grey-green leaves to almost a meter long and a huge infructescence nearly 2m long of inflated seed pods. Best grown with some respect for frost, it is not known how much frost this genus can take, should be hardy at the root in a well drained soil in full sun.

Boenninghausenia (Rutaceae) BSWJ3112

albiflora

A rather delicate looking Rue relative, with fern-like leaves, often mistaken, with its white flowers, for Thalictrum. Will grow in sun or shade in a moisture retentive soil, given a little protection from severe cold. Height 45cm. Our own collection from the mountains of Taiwan.

Boenninghausenia (Rutaceae) BSWJ1479

albiflora

A rather delicate looking Rue relative, with fern-like leaves, often mistaken, with its sprays of white flowers for Thalictrum. Will grow in sun or shade in a retentive soil given some protection against severe cold. Height 45cm. Our own collection from the mountains of Taiwan.

Boenninghausenia (Rutaceae) BSWJ3112

albiflora pink tinged

A rather delicate looking Rue relative, with fern-like leaves, often mistaken, with its white pink tinged flowers, for Thalictrum. Will grow in sun or shade in a moisture retentive soil, given a little protection from severe cold. Height 45cm. Our own collection from the mountains of Taiwan.

Bomarea (Alstroemeriaceae) BSWJ10388

acutifolia

Herbaceous climber forming a large congested clump of tuberous roots, from which arise robust twinning stems to 3-4m tall, with broadly lanceolate alternate leaves. Bearing large terminal umbels of fiery orange-red funnel shaped pendant flowers for most of the year where we collected the seed, in dense forest at high altitude on Volcán Zunil Guatemala. Best grown in a rich well draining soil with shade for the roots and protection from severe frost.

Bomarea (Alstroemeriaceae) BSWJ14213

aff. setacea

From one of our collection gathered close to the road to Manizales from Honda in southern Colombia in 2015 at nearly 3,150 m. Forming an enormous long lived plant where we found the seed to this tuberous rooted herbaceous twinning climber closely allied to Alstroemeria. Arising from a cluster of connected fleshy tubers, with sturdy twining reddish hairy simple stems to 7 m adorned by paddle-shaped green leaves, terminating in a large umbel of long funnel-shaped orange-yellow flowers with orange interiors. Followed by large angular, but roughly globular seed capsules, which split to reveal the red aril covered seed within. Drainage is all important to keep the tubers dry in winter, we find them best planted under an evergreen shrub to shelter them from penetrating frosts.

Bomarea (Alstroemeriaceae)

boliviensis

A small herbaceous non-climbing species forming a congested clump of tuberous roots, from which arise upright stems to 1m tall, with narrowly ovate to linear alternate leaves pressed close to the stems. Bearing flowers of pink and green in diffuse terminal inflorescences. Seed from Dan Hinkley's garden at Heronswood, USA. Syn. Alstroemeria isabellana.

Bomarea (Alstroemeriaceae) BSWJ14354

frondea

From nearly 3,100m altitude, growing at the edge of agricultural land, which would have been Paramo in the past. From an area of central Colombia on our way from the city of Pipa to Soata in the north-east. Only forming a relatively small twining herbaceous climber to 3-4m long, clothed in slender foliage and terminating in sizeable umbels of lightly spotted orange-yellow elongated funnel-shaped flowers, from mid-summer until late autumn. Easily grown in a rich, but well draining soil, ideally within the shelter of an evergreen shrub providing protection for the roots from severe frost.

Bomarea (Alstroemeriaceae) BSWJ10774

hirsuta

From La Calera Paramo to the south of Bogota in southern Colombia, a collection we made from a small herbaceous twining climber forming a congested clump of tuberous roots, from which arose slender twinning stems to only 1m tall (in the wild), with narrowly ovate to linear alternate leaves with soft hairs below. Bearing flowers of reddish-orange exteriors with pale orange to yellow interiors, in congested umbels mid summer through autumn for us. Best grown in a rich well draining soil with shade for the roots and protection from severe frost.

Bomarea (Alstroemeriaceae) BSWJ14442

hirsuta

Forming a small to medium sized herbaceous twining climber, where we collected the seed from La Callera Paramo to the south of Bogota in central Colombia at around 3050m. Arising from a congested clump of tuberous roots, from which arose slender twinning stems to 3-4m long, with narrowly ovate to linear alternate leaves with soft hairs below. Bearing flowers of reddish-orange exteriors with orange to yellow and dark spotted interiors, in congested umbels mid summer through autumn for us. Best grown in a rich well draining soil with shade for the roots and protection from severe frost. We find them to be very successful planted under bushy shrubs, which protect the tubers from penetrating frosts.

Bomarea (Alstroemeriaceae) BSWJ14291

multiflora

A relatively small herbaceous form of this climbing species we collected on the road to Ibague from Armenia in southern Colombia in 2015 at 3140m. Where it twined through shrubs to only a few meters high forming a clump of tuberous roots, with narrowly ovate to linear alternate leaves to 12 cm long. Bearing bright orange and yellow flowers with darker spotting inside, in clusters of up to 14. Best grown in a rich well draining soil with shade for the roots and protection from severe frost. Previously offered as B. acutifolia.

Bomarea (Alstroemeriaceae) BSWJ14406

multiflora

From north eastern Colombia near to the border with Venezuela, on route from El Cocuy to Pamplona in 2015 at 3190m. Where this relatively small herbaceous climbing species bore ripe fruit near the road, where its stems twined through shrubs to several meters high. Arising form a clump of tuberous roots, bearing narrowly ovate to linear alternate leaves to 12 cm long. Carrying yellow orange flushed flowers with red spotting inside, in dense clusters. Best grown in a rich well draining soil with shade for the roots and protection from severe frost.

Bomarea (Alstroemeriaceae) BSWJ14347

multiflora

From an area of central Colombia on our way from the city of Pipa to Soata in the north-east. From nearly 3,100m altitude, growing at the start of the Paramo, only forming a relatively small twining herbaceous climber to 3-4m long, clothed in slender foliage and terminating in umbels of orange funnel-shaped elongated flowers, with yellow interiors and opening all speckled red, born from mid-summer until late autumn. Easily grown in a rich, but well draining soil, ideally within the shelter of an evergreen shrub providing protection for the roots from severe frost.

Bomarea (Alstroemeriaceae) BSWJ14847

multiflora

From one of our seed collections gathered from elfin Paramo forest at high altitude of El Cocuy, north eastern Colombia near to the border with Venezuela in 2016. At one of the highest elevations (3620m) we have collected this genus, where its stems twined through shrubs to several meters high. Arising form a clump of tuberous roots, the stems bearing long flowers with red-orange exteriors and red spotted yellow interiors, in pendant umbels, mid summer through autumn for us. Best grown in a rich well draining soil with shade for the roots and protection from severe frost.

Bomarea (Alstroemeriaceae) BSWJ14725

multiflora

A tuberous rooted herbaceous twinning climber closely allied to Alstroemeria, arising from a cluster of connected fleshy tubers. With sturdy twining reddish stems to 5 m adorned by oblong pale green alternate leaves, terminating in an umbel of flowers, by late summer for us. This collection is from an orange flowered individual, which had pendant funnel-shaped flowers with yellow red-spotted interiors. Followed by large angular, but roughly globular seed capsules, which split to reveal the red aril covered seed within. From our collection gathered close to the road to Manizales from Honda in southern Colombia in 2016 at over 3,400 m. Drainage is all important to keep the tubers dry in winter, we find them best planted under an evergreen shrub to shelter them from penetrating frosts.

Bomarea (Alstroemeriaceae) BSWJ14376

patinii

Another colourful species that we have only encountered in the El Cocuy area close to the Venezuelan border in the February of 2015. Forming a medium sized herbaceous twining climbing species growing up small trees and scrub within a small copse at 3700m. Where it twined through to 3-4 meters arising from a clump of tuberous roots, bearing narrowly elliptic to linear alternate leaves to 12 cm long. With bright red-orange narrowly funnel-shaped flowers with spotting inside, in congested terminal umbels. Best grown in a rich well draining soil with shade for the roots and protection from severe frost. We find them to be very successful planted under bushy shrubs, which protect the tubers from penetrating frosts. Previously offered at B. andreana.

Bomarea (Alstroemeriaceae) BSWJ14730

patinii

From one of the most conspicuous plants we saw on this day, coming out of Manizales in central Colombia in 2016 at around 3,150 m. Where this tuberous rooted herbaceous twinning climber closely allied to Alstroemeria, had climbed into some trees, with the football sized umbel of red fruit hanging below. Adorned by oblong pale green alternate leaves, terminating in an umbel of flowers, by late summer for us. This collection should be from a red flowered individual, that had pendant funnel-shaped flowers 10cm long. Followed by large angular, but roughly globular seed capsules, which split to reveal the red aril covered seed within. Drainage is all important to keep the tubers dry in winter, we find them best planted under an evergreen shrub to shelter them from penetrating frosts.

Bomarea (Alstroemeriaceae) BSWJ14729

puracensis

From one of our collection gathered close to the road to Manizales from Honda in southern Colombia in 2016 at over 3,050 m. Forming an enormous long lived plant where we found the seed to this tuberous rooted herbaceous twinning climber closely allied to Alstroemeria. Arising from a cluster of connected fleshy tubers, with sturdy twining reddish hairy simple stems to 7 m adorned by paddle-shaped green leaves, terminating in a football-sized umbel of long funnel-shaped deep-pink flowers with orange interiors. Followed by large angular, but roughly globular seed capsules, which split to reveal the red aril covered seed within. Drainage is all important to keep the tubers dry in winter, we find them best planted under an evergreen shrub to shelter them from penetrating frosts.

Bomarea (Alstroemeriaceae) BSWJ14705

puracensis

From one of our collection gathered close to the road forming an enormous long lived plant where we found the seed to this tuberous rooted herbaceous twinning climber closely allied to Alstroemeria. Arising from a cluster of connected fleshy tubers, with sturdy twining reddish hairy simple stems to 7 m adorned by paddle-shaped green leaves, terminating in a football-sized umbel of long funnel-shaped deep-pink flowers with orange interiors. Followed by large angular, but roughly globular seed capsules, which split to reveal the red aril covered seed within. Drainage is all important to keep the tubers dry in winter, we find them best planted under an evergreen shrub to shelter them from penetrating frosts.

Bomarea (Alstroemeriaceae) BSWJ14706

sanguinea

From our collection gathered between Honda and Manizales in central Colombia in 2016 at around 2,500 m. A tuberous rooted herbaceous twinning climber closely allied to Alstroemeria, arising from a cluster of connected fleshy tubers. With sturdy twining reddish stems to 3 m adorned by oblong pale green alternate leaves, terminating in an umbel of flowers, by late summer for us. This collection is from an orange to reddish flowered individual, which had pendant funnel-shaped flowers 5cm long with yellow red-spotted interiors in terminal umbels. Followed by large angular, but roughly globular seed capsules, which split to reveal the red aril covered seed within. Drainage is all important to keep the tubers dry in winter, we find them best planted under an evergreen shrub to shelter them from

Bomarea (Alstroemeriaceae) BSWJ14310

sanguinea

An unusual looking species that we have only encountered in this form in the Rio Nigro area close to Medellin in the January of 2015. A relatively small herbaceous twining species we collected growing up small shrubs within the forest of Arvi at 2400m. Where it twined through to only a couple of meters forming a clump of tuberous roots, with narrowly ovate to linear alternate leaves to 10 cm long. Bearing rusty red fluted flowers with darker spotting inside, in umbels of around 20. Best grown in a rich well draining soil with shade for the roots and protection from severe frost. We find them to be very successful planted under bushy shrubs, which protect the tubers from penetrating frosts.

Bomarea (Alstroemeriaceae) BSWJ14946

setacea

Forming an enormous long lived plant where we found the seed to this tuberous rooted herbaceous twinning climber closely allied to Alstroemeria. Arising from a cluster of connected fleshy tubers, with sturdy twining reddish hairy simple stems to 7 m adorned by paddle-shaped green leaves, terminating in a large umbel of long funnel-shaped scarlet flowers with orange interiors. Followed by large angular, but roughly globular seed capsules, which split to reveal the red aril covered seed within. From our collection gathered from a hidden valley in the mountains west of Ibague in southern Colombia in 2016 at nearly 2,900 m. Drainage is all important to keep the tubers dry in winter, we find them best planted under an evergreen shrub to shelter them from penetrating frosts.

Bomarea (Alstroemeriaceae) BSWJ14875

setacea

From a seed collection we gathered from an area between El Cocuy and Pamplona in the north-eastern area of Colombia, near the Venezuelan border in 2016, at 3115m. An unusual from of this twinning herbaceous climber, with stems clothed in narrow foliage. Clambering to 3-4m through smaller shrubs at the side of the trail, with large umbels of red spotted distinctly yellow ageing with an orange flush, long funnel-shaped flowers. Best grown in a rich well draining soil with shade for the roots and protection from severe frost.

Boquila (Lardizabalaceae)

trifoliolata

Woody-stemmed, Chilean evergreen twining climber with leaves comprising of three leaflets, that are shallowly lobed and thin textured while young, their appearance somewhat dependent on their surroundings. Bearing axillary inflorescences of yellowish-white flowers normally in threes on pendent slender branching stalks, with either male or female flowers on individual plants. Both flowers being superficially similar the females producing small rounded greyish-white fruit/berry if pollinated by male flowers. Although delicate in appearance the plants are considered to be hardy to zone 7 (US), but would recommend a sheltered site in semi-shade in a drained fertile soil that has some moisture retention. young plants available v. soon.

Boykinia (Saxifragaceae)

aconitifolia

Very hardy perennial, growing into weed smothering patches, of palmately lobed shiny leaves. Flowering stems to 60cm, adorning them for most of the summer. Easily grown in a leafy soil in part-full shade.

Boykinia (Saxifragaceae)

occidentalis

From the west Coast of North America, a tough perennial, growing into weed smothering patches, of palmate shiny leaves. Flowering stems to 90cm, adorning them for most of the summer. Easily grown in a leafy soil in part-full shade.

Boykinia (Saxifragaceae)

rotundifolia

Californian perennial, growing into weed smothering patches, of round toothed shiny leaves. With flowering stems to 60cm, adorning them for most of the summer. Easily grown in a leafy soil in part-full shade.

Brassaiopsis (Araliaceae) BSWJ11743

bodinieri

A wonderful small species, which we have collected several times from the high mountains of northern Vietnam. Where it is always found growing within tall forests in damp to wet stream-side areas of dense undergrowth. Forming short spiny shrubs to only 1.2m tall in the wild, somewhat taller for us in cultivation. With a terminal inflorescences of large round umbels of creamy white flowers in winter, that develop to ovate plump berries, above the round in outline palmate deeply lobed leaves to 60 cm across. Best grown in a rich moisture retaining soil that is drained, in full to part shade, where it can best be protected from severe cold weather.

Brassaiopsis (Araliaceae) KWJ12217

dumicola

Originally collected as a species of Trevesia as the young foliage have palmately lobed leaves where the lobbing is reduced to a single vein at their base. A highly desirable member of this family with armed stems, on a shrub that can form broad well branched thickets, topped by their characteristic deeply lobed leaves. Bearing in their upper parts, pendant racemes of round umbels of tightly packed yellow flowers, that open after several years for us. Followed by purple-black plump fruit. Hardy for us to -15C, something neither it nor I would enjoy for too long. Best grown in a moisture retentive, relatively well drained soil in full to part shade and out of freezing winds and strong sun. Our next batch should be ready by the summer.

Briggsia (Gesneriaceae) GWJ9342

kurzii

A new unexpectedly hardy perennial species to cultivation, with relatively large softly hairy grey-green corrugated leaves from a shortly creeping rhizome. Bearing sprays of fox-glove sized tubular pale yellow flowers, with red spotted interiors, in the summer months. Our collection from seed gathered in the cold eastern Himalaya in 2002 at 2800m. Best grown in full to part shade in a well drained soil that has plenty of humus to retain moisture. Syn. Loxostigma.

Buddleja (Buddlejaceae) BSWJ10433

aff. cordata

From a seed collection gathered from the high altitude plateau of Sierra de los Cuchumatanes in Guatemala at an elevation of 3300 m in 2004. Where it formed variable, but densely branched small trees to around 4 m tall with white twigs bearing large narrowly elliptical leaves to 20 cm long, dark glossy green above, white below. With sizeable terminal pyramidal panicles of small ball-like clusters of orange to yellow flowers. Best grown in full sun and a well drained site.

Buddleja (Buddlejaceae) BSWJ11478

aff. lindleyana

From one of our seed collections gathered on the island of Yakushima south of the largest islands of Japan in 2006. Where this species grew at the edge of dense forest, with a robust arching habit bearing long leathery elliptic leaves and terminal long arching spikes of small tubular flowers. Best grown in full sun with some protection from freezing winds.

Buddleja (Buddlejaceae) BSWJ11278

asiatica

The most robust form we have encountered so far, of this evergreen shrub with a wide distribution throughout Asia. Forming a small tree or open shrub with slender growth in the wild, but easily maintained to 2m in cultivation. Bearing 25cm long drooping spikes of fragrant white flowers Nov-April. Requires full sun and a well drained frost-free site or conservatory. Our collection from the unpredictable volcano Gunung Papandayan, western Java Indonesia in 2005.

Buddleja (Buddlejaceae) WJC13823a

colvilei

A collection from our hike on the north-east Himalayas in 2013 at 2950m. Where this collection was gathered from a wide thicket of the species, which was displaying a few late spikes of flowers. A stunning species when seen in its glory, which can reach small tree-like proportions in a relatively short time. Possessing corky branches of semi-evergreen lance-shaped grey-green foliage, bearing glorious terminal pendant panicles of individually large red foxglove-like flowers for weeks on end late spring-early summer. Easily grown in full sun and well drained soil, protect from cold while young.

Buddleja (Buddlejaceae) BSWJ2121

colvilei

Gathered on our first expedition to northern India in 1994, from the Singalila Ridge at 2950m, where it grew on an exposed steep south facing hillside. Soon settling down in our garden where it has formed a large multi-stemmed shrub 5m tall by 3-4m wide, with corky branches of semi-evergreen broadly lance-shaped grey-green foliage, bearing glorious terminal pendant panicles of individually large red foxglove-like flowers for weeks on end late spring-early summer. Easily grown in full sun in a well drained soil with some moisture retention, protect from cold while young.

Buddleja (Buddlejaceae) GWJ9399

colvilei

From our highest collection made on the Singalila Ridge North India at 3275m. A stunning species when seen in its glory, which can reach small tree-like proportions in a relatively short time. Possessing corky branches of semi-evergreen lance-shaped grey-green foliage, bearing glorious terminal pendant panicles of individually large red foxglove-like flowers for weeks on end late spring-early summer. Easily grown in full sun and well drained soil, protect from cold while young.

Buddleja (Buddlejaceae) GWJ9384a

colvilei

A stunning species when seen in its glory, which can reach small tree-like proportions in a relatively short time. Possessing corky branches of semi-evergreen lance-shaped grey-green foliage, bearing glorious terminal pendant panicles of individually large red foxglove-like flowers for weeks on end late spring-early summer. Easily grown in full sun and well drained soil, protect from cold while young. From our collection made on the Singalila Ridge North India at 3050m.

Buddleja (Buddlejaceae) GWJ9384b

colvilei

From our collection made on the Singalila Ridge North India at 2900m. A stunning species when seen in its glory, which can reach small tree-like proportions in a relatively short time. Possessing corky branches of semi-evergreen lance-shaped grey-green foliage, bearing glorious terminal pendant panicles of individually large red foxglove-like flowers for weeks on end late spring-early summer. Easily grown in full sun and well drained soil, protect from cold while young.

Buddleja (Buddlejaceae) WJC13760

colvilei

Originating from one of our seeds collection made in eastern Himalaya in 2013 at 3000m. Where this collection was gathered from a wide spreading individual with darker red flowers held in large terminal inflorescences. A stunning species when seen in its glory, which can reach small tree-like proportions in a relatively short time. Possessing corky branches of semi-evergreen lance-shaped grey-green foliage, bearing glorious terminal pendant panicles of individually large red foxglove-like flowers for weeks on end late spring-early summer. Easily grown in full sun and well drained soil, protect from cold while young.

Buddleja (Buddlejaceae)

colvilei 'Kewensis'

A selected form of this often tree-like semi-evergreen shrub. Large, white-centred, rich red flowers are borne in drooping racemes amid dark green foliage May-July. Requires full sun and well drained soil. Height 4m. Spread 3m. Protect when young.

Buddleja (Buddlejaceae) BWJ8083

davidii

From seed of one of my collections on Emei Shan, Sichuan China. From a strongly arching shrub to 2m tall, growing in a forest clearing, with very grey fuzzy foliage and exceptionally long terminal spikes of lilac flowers. Best grown in full sun and well drained soil.

Buddleja (Buddlejaceae)

delavayi (heliophylla)

A little known vigorous deciduous shrub. One of our favourite species. Leaves and stems are woolly. Plumes of fragrant, pinkish-lilac orange eyed flowers from May-July. Full sun and well drained soil. Height 4m spread 3m.

Buddleja (Buddlejaceae) BWJ7803

fallowiana

A fairly restrained semi-evergreen shrub, with stems and undersides of the narrow leaves covered in a white woolly indumentum. Bearing terminal and axillary sequential plumes of fragrant, pale purple orange eyed flowers from mid-summer, persisting far longer than B. davidii. Best grown in full sun and in a well drained soil. From seed I collected on an open pain close to Lijiang China. Height & spread 3m.

Buddleja (Buddlejaceae) BWJ8020

forrestii

My own collection of this little known or grown species which we have found to be very variable. Originating from seed I collected on Longzhoushan, Sichuan China in the autumn of 2000 at 3050m, which explains the hardiness of this collection. In this form the panicles are much longer only lilac tinted in bud opening to flared white yellow centred flowers in summer. Forming a large arching shrub if left un-pruned, with dark grey-green leaves pubescent beneath. Easily grown in most situations in full sun or part shade in a well drained soil with some moisture retention, protect from severe cold while young.

Buddleja (Buddlejaceae) KR2737

forrestii

A little known or grown species which we have found to be very variable. This form is what is regarded as the normal lilac flowering form with dark grey-green leaves pubescent beneath and pendant racemes of fragrant, purple-pale lilac yellow centred flowers over most of the summer months for us. Best grown in a warm situation in full sun in a well drained soil with some moisture retention, protect from cold while young.

Buddleja (Buddlejaceae) BSWJ8912

japonica

Our collection of this medium sized arching shrub, with four winged shoots and stems with long pointed leaves which are pale below. Bearing long drooping dense terminal panicles of elongated pale purple flowers darker inside than out, July-October. One of our collections made from a forest high in the mountains of the Kii Peninsular. Best in full sun and well drained soil.

Buddleja (Buddlejaceae) WWJ12016

macrostachya

From a distinct seed collection gathered with Peter Wharton (which the best form will be named for) on the Chinese border in the very north of Vietnam in the soggy autumn of 2007. Distinct in being a bright purple flowering form of this upright semi-evergreen shrubby species to 2m tall, flowering on the new wood. With angled white stems bearing softly white hairy lanceolate-ovate leaves and sturdy terminal upright spiked inflorescences late summer through winter. Requires full sun and a well drained site, sheltered from the coldest winds.

Buddleja (Buddlejaceae) HWJ602

macrostachya

A new species to us that we collected at 2240m on Fan Xi Pan, N. Vietnam. A semi-evergreen shrub to 2m, flowering on the new wood. With angled stems bearing softly white hairy lanceolate-ovate leaves. Inflorescence terminal upright sturdy spike of pink flowers. Requires full sun and a well drained site.

Buddleja (Buddlejaceae) BSWJ9106

megalocephala

A new species to cultivation that we collected up above the clouds on the extinct Volcán Zunil, Quetzaltenango Guatemala at 3350m. Where it formed small and gnarled villous trees 2-5m tall at this heady altitude, with distinct slender white-woolly foliage and emerging terminal inflorescences of yellow? ball-like flowers, similar to B. globosa. Best grown in full sun and a well drained site.

Buddleja (Buddlejaceae) GWJ9286

myriantha v. alba 'Sikkim Snow'

We collected the seed of this wonderfully silvery leaved rare species, from the only colony deep in a remote valley in northern Himalaya, on our way back from the Tibetan border in 2002. Here it formed medium-large much branched shrubs with silvery long pointed ovate foliage held on rounded white stems. Bearing an abundance of long pendulous inflorescences held terminally and in the apical axils. Which had held the long tubed crisp-white orange-eyed honey scented flowers flared at their deep yellow-orange throats, a colour that prevails as the flowers age. Forming a medium sized shrub for us preferring full sun in a freely drained soil with some moisture retention. Flowering July-September. Hardy to -15C.

Buddleja (Buddlejaceae) BSWJ2679

nivea from eastern Himalaya

From outside its normal distribution in the wild, one of our collections from N.E. Sikkim in 1994. Of this semi-evergreen shrub with large long terminal and axillary clusters of cylindrical purple flowers, amid broadly lanceolate and densely felted grey foliage. Requires full sun and a well drained site.

Buddleja (Buddlejaceae) BWJ8146

nivea v. yunnanensis

Semi-evergreen shrub covered in all its parts in white woolly hairs, highly valued for its large long terminal and axillary spikes of cylindrical purple fragrant flowers. Along with its ornamental broadly lanceolate and densely felted grey-white foliage, which are made larger if the entire shrub is heavily pruned in spring. From one of my own collections made in the Baoxing area of Sichuan, China. Best grown in full sun in a well drained site. To 3m tall.

Buddleja (Buddlejaceae) BWJ16321

paniculata from Vietnam

A species that I thought I knew, until I stumbled across this white winter flowering species in full flower in late March. This was on my first spring expedition to northern Vietnam in 2017, growing on limestone pinnacles at 1700m, where it was plentiful. Similar in appearance to B. officinalis, but much smaller from my experience, with semi-evergreen small to medium sized ovate sharply tipped grey haired foliage, somewhat whiter below. Bearing terminal branched panicles of white yellow-eyed flowers late winter. Not tested for hardiness by us yet, hence proceed with care. Growing them in good light with plenty of shelter from hard frosts, in a soil that has good drainage while able to retain some moisture during the summer.

Calamintha (Lamiaceae) BSWJ15303

grandiflora 'Camlihemsin'

It was like running into an old friend when we found this strongly aromatic woodland perennial in Camlihemsin, northern Turkey in the autumn of 2017. An European native, which we grew years ago, of damp woods flowering from May-October. A plant that is pleasantly fragrant when bruised, forming shortly creeping colonies of upright stems to 50cm, bearing sizeable (on this clone) bright pink tubular flowers amongst the pale green serrated foliage. Easily grown in either sun or shade in a drained fertile soil.

Calceolaria (Scrophulariaceae) BSWJ14722

perfoliata

An unusual climbing slipper flower which we collected seed of at 3300m high in the Central Mountain Range of Colombia in February 2016. Where this semi-evergreen pushed its way through the branches of surrounding shrubs for support (scandent). Bearing perfoliate leaves (opposite pairs with the stem appearing to grow through them) and terminal diffuse inflorescences of pale yellow slipper flowers. Best grown in a fertile drained soil in a sheltered site.

Calceolaria (Scrophulariaceae) BSWJ14896

trilobata ssp. trilobata

New to us to find a second climbing slipper flower, that we encountered in the troubled north-eastern part of Colombia close to Venezuela at Belin at nearly 3,300 m in 2016. A semi-evergreen scandent climber which pushes its way through the branches of surrounding shrubs for support. Bearing perfoliate hastate (triangular) leaves with the stems appearing to grow through the winged petioles bearing terminal inflorescences of pale yellow slipper flowers, with larger bracts and lower lip. Best grown in a fertile drained soil in a sheltered site out of freezing winds. Previously offered as tomentosa.

Callicarpa (Verbenaceae) BSWJ7127

aff. tikusikensis

From our own seed collection made in the north of the island of Taiwan in 1999. Where it formed an impressive arching deciduous shrub to 3m tall, bearing elliptic serrated leaves to 15 cm long covered in golden stellate hairs, on yellow hairy branchlets. With dense axillary cymes of deep purple orbicular fruit born in late summer-autumn. Best given a site out of freezing winds in a sunny well drained situation.

Callicarpa (Verbenaceae) NMWJ14553

formosana

Finally we have germination of this long sought after species, after collecting the purple fruit borne in huge quantities many times. From a joint seed collection made with the Taiwan Museum of Natural Science, based in Taichung, gathered near Leishan at 1,900 m in 2015. Where it formed a deciduous shrub to 2 m tall, bearing narrowly elliptic leaves to 18 cm long with long acuminate tips, covered in stellate hairs, held on slender branchlets. With conspicuously broad axillary cymes of purple orbicular fruit born in late summer-autumn, long after leaf fall, affording an unusual display. Best given a site out of freezing winds in a sunny well drained situation.

Callicarpa (Verbenaceae) BSWJ12621

japonica

From one of our seed collections gathered in the cold Waraksan area in the centre of South Korea in 2010. Where it formed a conspicuous relatively small shrub to 1.5m tall (shorter in gardens), with slender branches of opposite small soft green oval leaves starting to turn to their wonderful autumnal colour. With large congested clusters of individually small violet-purple glossy fruit held in most of its leaf axils, succeeding the pale pink flowers. Easily grown in full sun or a partly shaded site where the soil is freely drained.

Callicarpa (Verbenaceae) BSWJ8521

japonica v. luxurians

A conspicuous relatively small shrub to 2m tall (shorter in gardens), with slender branches of medium sized soft green oval leaves. Which turn to a wonderful colour in autumn, contrasting with the large clusters of small violet-purple glossy fruit held in most of its leaf axils, succeeding the pale pink flowers. Easily grown in full sun or a partly shaded site where the soil is freely drained. From our own seed collection made in the remote island of Ullüngdõ. **** **** **** **** **** **** *** *** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants when dormant during the winter months. The pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only. These are now a 30++ lt. size (our website max size is 20 lt.)

Callicarpa (Verbenaceae) NMWJ14508

pilosissima

From a joint seed collection made with the Taiwan Museum of Natural Science, based in Taichung, gathered near Wushe at 1,200 m in 2015. Where it formed an evergreen (in the wild) shrub to 2 m tall, with long slender arching hairy stems bearing long narrowly leaves to 15 x 3cm long with long acuminate tips, covered in stellate hairs. With conspicuously scattered pale purple orbicular fruit born in late summer-autumn, affording an unusual display. Best given a site out of freezing winds in a sunny well drained situation, with other clones for cross pollination.

Camellia (Theaceae) WWJ11925

pitardii

Originating from my sortie to Y Tý in the very north of Vietnam along the border with China in 2007, with the late Peter Wharton. Where we endured an entire week of heavy rain living in our tents. Here we re-discovered an isolated tree of this species growing in an open overgrazed area, 4-5m tall. With large dark evergreen ovate-elliptic leathery leaves finely serrated with long tips, on short gnarled purplish branches in the exposed position and very large grapefruit-sized orbicular multi seeded tri-locular fruit. The result of the large terracotta-pink flowers born in March-May. Best grown with a bit of shelter from freezing winds and extreme cold, in a moisture retentive drained fertile soil.

Camellia (Theaceae) HWJ1037

pitardii

From my very first sortie to Y Tý in the very north of Vietnam along the border with China in 2003. Where I discovered a highly degraded forest in the low cloud, with an isolated tree of this species growing in an open overgrazed area, 4-5m tall. With small dark evergreen ovate-elliptic leathery leaves 6-10× 2.5-3.5cm finely serrated with long tips, on short gnarled purplish branches in the exposed position and large apple-sized orbicular fruit. The result of the large terracotta-pink flowers born in April-May, we subsequently saw on cultivation, both flower and fruit on the largest end of the recorded dimensions of 10 and 8cm across. Best grown with a bit of shelter from freezing winds and extreme cold, in a moisture retentive drained fertile soil. These are 30 lt pots.

Campanula (Campanulaceae) BSWJ15316

alliariifolia

Our own collection form close to an alpine village of Hamsikoy in eastern Turkey, growing in a broad-based valley mixed with too many other ornamental plants to list, in 2017. A very hardy sprawling perennial with several simple or branched flowering stems to 70cm long bearing long white bell shaped blooms from June to September. Spread 60cm. Easily grown in a moisture retentive drained soil in sun or part shade, even better mixed in with shrubs.

Campanula (Campanulaceae) DHTU0126

alliariifolia

A collected form of this species collected by Dan Hinkley in Turkey in 2000. A very hardy perennial with several simple or branched flowering stems to 70cm tall bearing long white bell shaped blooms from June to September. Spread 60cm. Easily grown in a moist soil in sun or shade, even better mixed in with shrubs.

Campanula (Campanulaceae) BSWJ15326

latifolia

From one of our seed collections gathered from above the Hamsikoy Valley eastern Turkey in 2017, on our drive to Batumi Botanical Gardens, who were hosting us. A collection that springs wonderful memories, of an alpine meadow saturated with familiar flowering plants used in our gardens. Which is how we found this familiar species to only 1m tall in the alpine soil. With the familiar broadly ovate irregularly serrated leaves with autumn colour, forming tight clumps in this company. Bearing sizeable blue campanulate flowers in tall spikes June to August. Easily grown in any type of drained fertile soil in good light.

Campanula (Campanulaceae) BSWJ16351

ochroleuca from Abkhazia

From one of our collections gathered in the deep gorge running north from the Black Sea, to Ritsa Lake in the western part of Abkhazia, bordering with Russia to the west. A very hardy sprawling perennial with several simple or branched flowering stems to 70cm long bearing long creamy-white bell shaped blooms from June to September. Spread 60cm. Easily grown in a moist soil in sun or shade, even better mixed in with shrubs.

Campanula (Campanulaceae) BSWJ7436

punctata

A selected form from cultivation in Japan which we bought in 2000, selected for its purple flushed foliage. Arising from creeping underground slender rhizomes, with bristly stems to 80cm tall, with ovate irregularly toothed leaves 5cm long flushed purple above darker below. With long bell shaped white flushed purple flowers borne in June. Spread 40cm. Easily grown in good light or part shade in a drained fertile soil.

Campanula (Campanulaceae)

'Sarastro'

An impressive introduction from Austria, given to us by the nursery of the same name. Bearing almost embarrassingly large midnight blue pendant narrow bells, on upright stems to 40cm. Soon forming sizeable colonies from its spreading roots. Easily cultivated in any good soil best in full sun to part shade.

Campanula (Campanulaceae) BSWJ15057

trachelium

From one of our Moroccan collections made in 2016 on my hunt for Ruscus, found a ways south of Fes, as we climbed higher into the lower parts of the Atlas Mountains. A fairly well known upright perennial species to 1.2m tall with cordate sharply serrated basal leaves, bearing axillary blue bell-flowers with flared openings, normally July to September. Spread 60cm. Easily grown in a moisture retentive drained soil in sun or light shade.

Cardamine (Brassicaceae)

bulbifera

Perennial spreading by fleshy, rootstocks and bulbils from its leaf axils. Producing clusters of pale purple flowers April-June. Height 30-60cm. Spread 45-60cm Requires partial shade and moist soil.

Cardamine (Brassicaceae)

californica

Upright perennial spreading by fleshy rootstocks. Produces clusters of, white-pale pink flowers in early spring. Height 10-40cm. Spread 30-40cm. For a moist leafy soil in deciduous shade, well drained in winter. N.America.

Cardamine (Brassicaceae)

diphylla

Perennial spreading by fleshy rhizomes, with upright stems to 35cm. Produces clusters of, white flowers above the whorl of three leaflets April-May. For a moist leafy soil in deciduous shade. Native of Eastern N.America.

Cardamine (Brassicaceae)

diphylla 'Eco Cut Leaf'

A fine introduction from a selection made by the North American plantsman Don Jacobs of an easily cultivated perennial spreading by fleshy rhizomes. With trifoliate deeply serrated and decoratively marked leaves, in this form, held close to the ground. Producing upright stems to 35cm bearing clusters of, white flowers April-May. For a moist leafy soil in deciduous shade. Native of Eastern N. America.

Cardamine (Brassicaceae)

diphylla 'Eco Moonlight'

Another introduction from a selection made by the North American plantsman Don Jacobs of an easily cultivated perennial spreading by fleshy rhizomes. With opposite pairs of dark green trifoliate leaves with the veins decoratively marked in white, in this form, held close to the ground. Producing upright stems to 45cm bearing clusters of, white flowers April-May. For a moist leafy soil in deciduous shade. Native of Eastern N. America.

Cardamine (Brassicaceae)

glanduligera

Upright perennial forming large colonies in time, spreading by fleshy horizontal rhizomes. Thrusting upright stems in early spring which produces clusters of bright purple flowers Height 30-60cm. Spread 45-60cm, requires partial shade and moist soil.

Cardamine (Brassicaceae) HH

heptaphylla

A selected form of this woodland species which arises from swollen scaly rhizomes. Forming slowly spreading colonies in its native mountainous forests of south-western Europe, spreading as far north as Germany. Where the pinnate leaves emerge with clusters of large white flowers April-May, on stems to 20-30cm. Spread 45-60cm. Easily grown in full to part shade, in a drained soil that can retain some moisture during its growing season. Liable to go dormant early if warm and dry. A selection given to us from the renowned plantsman the late Harry Hay's garden.

Cardamine (Brassicaceae)

kitaibelii

Perennial spreading by scaly, swollen rhizomes. Leaves bronze, on emerging with clusters of large white-pale yellow flowers in spring, on stems to 20-30cm. Spread 45-60cm. Requires partial shade and moist soil.A selection given to us from the renowned plantsman the late Harry Hay's garden.

Cardamine (Brassicaceae)

laciniata 'Fine Lace'

After many years of building up stock, a slowly spreading perennial from short swollen creeping rhizomes. With deeply cut leaves to thread-like appearance on slender stems to 10-15cm with pale purple-to white flowers emerging in spring. Spread 45-60cm in time. Easily grown in partial to full shade in any type of fertile well drained but moisture retentive soil. Sorry no photo of the leaves just yet. In a 7 cm pot.

Cardamine (Brassicaceae)

macrophylla

Upright Himalayan perennial spreading by thin fleshy creeping rhizomes. Producing clusters of large pink flowers in April-June, height 30-70cm. Spread 45-60cm. Requires partial shade and a moist leafy soil.

Cardamine (Brassicaceae) BSWJ2165a

macrophylla 'Bright and Bronzy'

Himalayan perennial spreading slowly by thin fleshy creeping rhizomes, which produces robustly upright stems to a height of 50-90cm. With bronze tinted pinnately composed leaves below the showy clusters of large pink flowers April-June. Spread 45-60cm. Easily grown in full sun or partial shade when provided with adequate moisture in a leafy soil. Our collection from The Singalila Ridge Northern India.

Cardamine (Brassicaceae)

maxima

A new hybrid for us, given to us by Dan Hinkley of Heronswood USA. Which is a lovely large-flowered perennial, from a creeping rhizomatous root, with bold tri-foliate leaves similar to C. diphylla. Bearing large clear white flowers on 20cm stems in spring, but falling dormant if conditions are too dry during the summer months. Best grown in a moist leafy soil in deciduous shade with good drainage for winter.

Cardamine (Brassicaceae)

pentaphylla

Upright European perennial originating from mountainous forests and shaded slopes of the Pyrenees to southern Germany, Austria and Croatia. Spreading by fleshy, horizontal scaly rhizomes, which produce clusters of large pink flowers in May to June on leafy stems 30-60 cm tall. Spread 45-60 cm. Easily grown in partial shade and moisture retentive fertile soil.

Cardamine (Brassicaceae)

quinquifolia

Perennial spreading by scaly, swollen rhizomes. Leaves rounded with clusters of bright pink flowers held above them in spring, on stems to 20-30cm. Spread 45-60cm. Requires partial shade and moist soil.

Cardamine (Brassicaceae)

trifolia

Evergreen perennial species originating from Central European damp woodlands. Emerging from creeping rhizomes with short stems clothed in 3-parted evergreen leaves, forming an ideal gentle ground cover. Topped April to June by slender inflorescences of white open cup-shaped flowers in loose heads. Height 10-15cm. Easily grown in partial or full shade given a bit of moisture in the soil, although quite drought tolerant for moderate periods.

Cardamine (Brassicaceae)

waldsteinii

From N.Yugoslavia a perennial spreading by scaly swollen rhizomes. Clusters of large flared white flowers are accentuated by violet anthers, in early spring, on stems to 15cm. Spread 45-60cm. Requires partial shade and moist soil.

Cardiandra (Hydrangeaceae)

× agricola 'Crûg’s Pink'

A long awaited hybrid from one of our crosses, that we made between a flamboyant Taiwanese species and a very hardy Japanese alpine forest species. A cross between two most unusual perennials, which are fundamentally herbaceous hydrangea look-alikes, originating from mountain forests. Affording the best of the hardiness of one species and the superior ornamental value of the other. With soft narrow serrated leaves held on branching upwardly inclined stems to around 1 m tall. With larger than normal sterile pinkish florets subtending the pink fertile flowers on reddish stalks. Best grown in a coolish shady site in a leafy acidic to neutral soil, protect from strong winds and the severest cold. Flowering from August until Christmas for us, if frost free.

Cardiandra (Hydrangeaceae)

× agricola 'Crûg's Elegant'

The second clone of our hybrids from crossing a flamboyant Taiwanese species, with a very hardy Japanese alpine forest species. A cross between two most unusual perennials, which are fundamentally herbaceous hydrangea look-alikes, originating from mountain forests. Affording the best of the hardiness of one species and the superior ornamental value of the other. With soft serrated leaves held on branching upwardly inclined stems to over 1 m tall. With larger sterile pink florets subtending the blue-purple fertile flowers on reddish stalks. Best grown in a moist coolish shady site in a leafy acidic to neutral soil, protect from strong winds and the severest cold. Flowering from August until Christmas for us, when frost free.

Cardiandra (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ6177

alternifolia

Choice clump-forming perennial that we collected seed of from the mountains of Central Kyushu, Japan. An herbaceous Hydrangea look-alike, forming hairy stems to 70cm with oblong toothed leaves. Bearing July-Sept. terminal lace-cap corymbs of coral pink flowers. For a cool shady site in a leafy acidic soil, protect from wind.

Cardiandra (Hydrangeaceae)

alternifolia × amamiohshimensis 'Pink Power'

From cultivation in Japan an unusual herbaceous member of the Hydrangea family. A hybrid that has arisen in cultivation, between the alpine species that we see in the high mountain forests and the species reputedly from the Ryukyu Islands. In this selection the bright pink flowers are all fertile without the sterile bracts normally seen on the alpine species, forming slowly expanding clumps of upright reddish branching stems to 80 cm tall, with ovate toothed leaves. Bearing July-September terminal well branched panicles of all fertile flowers with contrasting blue stamen. For a cool shady site in a leafy acidic soil, protect from wind.

Cardiandra (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ2803

alternifolia 'Pink Geisha'

This is a plant originating from a collection I made on my first trip to Japan in 1995 and gathered from Mt. Kiyosumi on the Chiba Peninsular. It is a much stronger growing form than the norm with dark upright stems, terminating in larger than normal cymes of pale pink, again larger than normal flowers July-September. An herbaceous Hydrangea look-alike, forming bristly stems to 1m with oblong toothed leaves. For a cool shady site in a leafy acidic soil, protect from wind.

Cardiandra (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ6354

alternifolia 'White Haze'

A choice clump-forming perennial that we collected seed of from the mountain forest of Mount Daisen on Honshu Island, Japan in 1998. A rare herbaceous hydrangea look-alike species, That is seldom seen in British woodland gardens, forming hairy upright stems to 70cm with oblong toothed alternate leaves. Bearing July-September terminal lace-cap type corymbs of white flowers in this named form. Best grown in a cool shady site in a leafy acidic to neutral soil that does not dry out, protect from drying winds.

Cardiandra (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ3632

formosana ‘Crûg’s Abundant’

Originating from a plant of this herbaceous perennial which is an herbaceous Hydrangea look-alike. That we collected from the only known surviving population in Central Taiwan in 1996, which we have bulked-up over the years by division. This cultivar was selected for its larger than normal sterile pinkish florets subtending the violet fertile flowers on reddish stalks. For a cool shady site in a leafy acidic soil, protect from wind.

Cardiandra (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ3620

formosana 'Crûg's Almighty'

Superficially appearing similar to a hydrangea with upwardly inclined branched stems, with alternate serrated leaves with long tips. Terminating in large cymes of pink-purple fertile flowers, with the largest sterile tri-petaloid pale pink florets in this form, from late summer until Christmas or heavy frosts. A strange herbaceous perennial that took a considerable time and effort to find in the only foothold left in the wild, which is in an earthquake torn area of the Central Mountains of Taiwan. Resulting in us being able to offer plants back after the 1999 devastating earthquake obliterated 75% of the plants left in the wild. For a cool humid shady site in a leafy acidic soil, protect from wind.

Cardiandra (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ3615

formosana 'Crûg's Phoenix'

A choice herbaceous hydrangea look-alike that is a clump-forming woodland perennial, which we went to considerable lengths to collect. With upwardly inclined branched stems to 1 m or more tall with serrated leaves, terminating in sizeable cymes of pink-purple flowers, with two very long pink sterile florets on this clone. We were again given permission to collect from a population in Central Taiwan in 1996, which has subsequently become the only known surviving population, especially after the 1999 earthquake. Best grown in a moist environment in a shady site, in a leafy soil, protect from wind and severe cold. The latest flowering form for us, not unusual to be still in flower at Christmas.

Cardiandra (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ7022

formosana 'Hsitou'

A plant that we have gone to considerable lengths to collect from an area devastated by earth-quakes in Central Taiwan in 1999. Choice clump-forming perennial for a shady site in a leafy acidic soil, protect from wind. Elongated hairy leaves set-off the purple lace-cap flowers with larger than normal sterile florets in this clone.

Cardiandra (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ3618

formosana 'Hsitou Splendour'

A choice herbaceous hydrangea look-alike that is a clump-forming perennial, which we went to considerable lengths to collect. With upwardly inclined branched stems to almost 1 m tall with serrated leaves, terminating in sizeable cymes of pink-purple flowers, with sterile florets. We were given permission to collect from a population in Central Taiwan in 1996, which has subsequently become the only known surviving population. Best grown in a cool shady site in a leafy acidic soil, protect from wind and severe cold.

Cardiandra (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ7024

formosana 'Xitou Pink'

Choice clump-forming perennial for a shady woodland-type site in a leafy acidic soil, protect from wind. With stems to 75cm of elongated hairy alternate leaves, setting-off the purple lace-cap flowers with larger than normal mid-dark pink sterile florets in this clone. A plant that we have gone to considerable lengths to collect from an area devastated by earth-quakes in Central Taiwan in 1999. Coming into flower late summer sometimes lasting until Christmas in suitable weather. Best in a moisture retentive drained soil.

Cardiandra (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ2005

formosana 'Xitou Survivor'

From our original collection of this herbaceous hydrangea look-alike, which took us many days to find after obtaining special permission from the Taiwan University’s Experimental Forest in Hsitou (now Xitou) in 1993. With soft narrow serrated leaves held on branching upwardly inclined stems to around 1 m tall, terminating in a lace-cap corymb with sterile pinkish florets subtending the violet fertile flowers on reddish stalks until Christmas or frost. Best grown in a moisture retentive, but well drained shady site in an acidic to neutral soil, protect from wind and severe cold.

Cardiandra (Hydrangeaceae) TJH2144

moellendorffi

Coming for the 2025 season

Cardiocrinum (Liliaceae) BSWJ11069

cordatum

From seed we collected in the autumn of 2005 from the mountainous forests of Hiroshima, Japan. Where this unusual form had borne a bountiful display of flowers on tall stems over 3m tall in the moist coniferous forest. A rare species to cultivation, taking 9 years or more to flower from seed, meanwhile forming a clump of off-set bulbs, which give a continuation, as each bulb dies after flowering. With large glossy cordate basal leaves, below the scented squarish white trumpet lilies, held on upright stems 1 to 2m tall. Best in full to part shade in an acidic humus rich, well drained soil. Easier to cultivate in warmer drier climates than C. gigantea.

Cardiocrinum (Liliaceae) BSWJ4722

cordatum v. glehnii

Our Japanese collection from northern Honshu in 1997, a rare species to cultivation, taking 7-9 years to start flowering from seed. Meanwhile forming a clump of off-set bulbs, which give a continuation, as each bulb dies after flowering. With cordate basal leaves, below the scented squarish creamy-white trumpet lilies, on stems 1-2m tall. Best in full to part shade, acid, humus rich, well drained soil.

Cardiocrinum (Liliaceae)

giganteum

One the most spectacular members of the Lily family. Clump forming bulbs taking as long as 7 years to flower, Meanwhile forming a clump of off-set bulbs, which give a continuation, as each bulb dies after flowering on stems 2-4m, large highly fragrant white trumpets. Best in full to part shade, acid, humus rich, well drained soil.

Cardiocrinum (Liliaceae) WJC13698

giganteum

From seed we collected from a concealed side valley in eastern Himalayas, which is always very wet and boggy. Hence the old flowering stems we collected this seed from were growing on a steep bank in the shade of a tall cliff. Taking as long as 7 or 8 years to flower from seed, meanwhile forming a clump of off-set bulbs, which give a continuation as each bulb dies after flowering on stems 2-4m tall, bearing large highly fragrant white trumpets in terminal spikes. Best grown in full to part shade in an acidic humus rich well drained soil. Some recommend a full barrow of well rotted manure to enrich the soil below each bulb, while letting the neck of the bulb to protrude out of the soil, but covering with dry leaves etc. in cold weather.

Cardiocrinum (Liliaceae) BWJ8180

giganteum v. yunnanense

One of the most luxurious forms of the genus, which I collected the seed of in the company of Dan Hinkley in the mountains above Baoxing (China) in the autumn of 2000. Taking 7-9 years to flower from seed, meanwhile forming a clump of off-set bulbs, which give a continuation as each bulb dies after flowering. With large luxurious basal leaves which are heavily bronzed, below the highly scented creamy-white purple throated trumpet lilies, on stems 1.5-4m depending on how rich a condition it can be availed. Best in full to part shade in an acidic humus rich moisture retentive, but well drained soil.

Cardiocrinum (Liliaceae)

giganteum v. yunnanense from 'Big Pink'

From seed that we have grown from a selected form of this variety, collected by Far Reaches Nursery, Washington State, USA. To their great surprise the base colour of the flowers opened pink, accentuated by darker stripes to the large trumpet-shaped flowers. One the most spectacular members of the Lily family. Clump forming bulbs taking as long as 7 years to flower, Meanwhile forming a clump of off-set bulbs, which give a continuation, as each bulb dies after flowering on stems 2-4m, large highly fragrant white trumpets. Best in full to part shade, acid, humus rich, well drained soil.

Carex (Cyperaceae) KWJ12304

scaposa

An exceptionally ornamental sedge originating from one of my collections on that beloved mountain that I keep on wittering on about, Fansipan in the very north of Vietnam. For us it has formed tight tussocks, 40-50cm tall of broad (probably very for a sedge) at 5cm, pleated or conspicuously veined leaves, spreading to around 60cm (2ft) wide since 2007. Undoubtedly it will be declared as one of the most ornamental of its genus, as not only is the foliage ornamental, but the pink inflorescences which are retained for months are, I suspect as good as it gets. Best grown in a freely drained soil with some moisture retention in either sun or shade.

Carpinus (Corylaceae) BSWJ10803

japonica

An easily grown small ornamental tree which we collected seed of in the mountains of Iwate Japan in 2005. With highly ornamental ovate-elongate corrugated/pleated leaves 15 x 2½ cm. Which bare small catkins in spring and result in long dense pendant hop-like catkins of bracty large winged seed to 10cm long. Easily grown in any reasonable soil in sun or partial shade. ***** ****** ***** ***** These plants can only be supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants when dormant, as they are too large to containerise. The pot size given is the largest on this system, true size is from 60 lt. Price stated is for the smallest size, please contact us for further details.

Carpinus (Corylaceae) BSWJ11072

japonica

An easily grown small ornamental tree which we collected seed of in the mountains of Hiroshima Japan in 2005. With highly ornamental ovate-elongate corrugated/pleated leaves 15 x 2½ cm. Which bare small catkins in spring and result in long dense pendant hop-like catkins of bracty large winged seed to 10cm long. Easily grown in any reasonable soil in sun or partial shade. ***** ****** ***** ***** These plants can only be supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants when dormant, as they are too large to containerise. The pot size given is the largest on this system, true size is from 60 lt. Price stated is for the smallest size, please contact us for further details.

Carpinus (Corylaceae) CWJ12449

kawakami

A seed collection gathered with Finlay Colley and Dan Hinkley in 2007, from an ice covered Lishan, where this elegant tree grew on a steep mountainside. Only forming a small tree in gardens although large in the wild, bearing parchment-like slender parallel conspicuously veined doubly serrated leaves to 11 cm long. Which are more persistent than other species, with 6 cm long catkins on long slender stalks in late summer into autumn. Easily grown in any reasonable soil in sun or partial shade best sheltered from cold winds.

Carpinus (Corylaceae) CWJ12412

kawakamii

An elegant small tree in gardens although large in the wild, where I collected this seed from in the Long-Jen Valley a restricted area on the east coast of Taiwan, with Finlay Colley in 2007. Bearing parchment-like slender parallel conspicuously veined doubly serrated leaves to 11 cm long. Which are more persistent than other species, with 6 cm long catkins on long slender stalks in late summer into autumn. Easily grown in any reasonable soil in sun or partial shade best sheltered from cold winds.

Carpinus (Corylaceae) BSWJ10809

laxiflora

An easily grown medium sized tree which we collected seed of close to the coast of Iwate in northern Japan in 2005. Where the trees possessed a slightly weeping habit, covered with autumnal coloured elliptical shallowly ribbed leaves on slender drooping petioles. Which bore small catkins in spring and were then festooned in the resulting long dangling hop-like clusters of bracty winged seed to 9cm long. Easily grown in any reasonable soil in sun or partial shade. ***** ****** ***** ***** These plants can only be supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants when dormant, as they are too large to containerise. The pot size given is the largest on this system, true size is from 60 lt. Price stated is for the smallest size, please contact us for further details.

Carpinus (Corylaceae) BSWJ10891

laxiflora

An easily grown medium sized tree which we collected seed of close to the coast of Iwate in northern Japan in 2005. Where the trees possessed a slightly weeping habit, covered with autumnal coloured elliptical shallowly ribbed leaves on slender drooping petioles. Which bore small catkins in spring and were then festooned in the resulting long dangling hop-like clusters of bracty winged seed to 9cm long. Easily grown in any reasonable soil in sun or partial shade. ***** ****** ***** ***** These plants can only be supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants when dormant, as they are too large to containerise. The pot size given is the largest on this system, true size is from 60 lt. Price stated is for the smallest size, please contact us for further details.

Carpinus (Corylaceae) BSWJ11035

laxiflora

Forming a medium sized tree where we collected seed of this easily grown species from the mountainous area of Fukui south-western Honshu Japan in 2005. Where the trees possessed a slightly weeping habit, covered with autumnal coloured elliptical shallowly ribbed leaves on slender drooping petioles. Which bore small catkins in spring and were then festooned in the resulting long dangling hop-like loose clusters of bracty winged seed to 9cm long. Easily grown in any reasonable soil in sun or partial shade. ***** ****** ***** ***** These plants can only be supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants when dormant, as they are too large to containerise. The pot size given is the largest on this system, true size is from 60 lt. Price stated is for the smallest size, please contact us for further

Carpinus (Corylaceae) NMWJ14544

rankanensis

One of the most ornamental species of this already superlative genus for foliage. Originating from a joint seed collection made with the Taiwan Museum of Natural Science, based in Taichung, gathered near Szuyan in northern Taiwan at 1,935 m in 2015. Where they can form sizeable trees if given a long time, but only small trees or large shrubs in gardens. With an airy habit of slender angled branches bearing the distinct lanceolate corrugated leaves, which emerge a deep bronze colour only slowly fading through the season while being replaced by younger foliage. In time they will also develop long terminal catkins to further enhance the yellow autumnal leaves. Easily grown in any reasonable soil in sun or partial shade.

Carpinus (Corylaceae) BSWJ10800

tschonoskii

An easily grown medium sized tree which we collected seed of from the mountainous area of Iwate in northern Japan in 2005. Where the trees were covered with autumnal coloured elliptical shallowly ribbed leaves on slender drooping petioles. Which bore small catkins in spring and were then festooned in the resulting dangling hop-like loose clusters of bracty winged seed to 8cm long. Easily grown in any reasonable soil in sun or partial shade. ***** ****** ***** ***** These plants can only be supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants when dormant, as they are too large to containerise. The pot size given is the largest on this system, true size is from 80 lt. Price stated is for the smallest size, please contact us for further details.

Caulokaempferia (Zingiberaceae) HWJ541

petelotii

A charming small ginger we collected way back in 1999 on our first ascent on Fansipan the highest mountain in the north of Vietnam. From a deep gorge high in the cool mountain forests, where it clings to the almost bare mossy cliffs with its tiny fleshy roots. Where by mid-summer it has slender stems to no more than 10 cm (20 in cultivation) tall with small broadly lanceolate ribbed leaves clasping the stems, which all terminate in a bracty spike, which extrudes broad lipped canary yellow flowers (large for the plant) in succession for many months well into the autumn. We have cultivated this in containers, but should be hardy in sheltered shady conditions in almost neat humus and lack of competition.

Caulokaempferia (Zingiberaceae) BSWJ11818

petelotii

An intriguing small ginger that one cannot help being enamoured by, which we have collected several times from the north of Vietnam in a deep gorge high in the cool mountain forests, where it clings to the almost bare mossy cliffs with its tiny fleshy roots. Where by mid-summer it has slender stems to no more than 10 cm (20 in cultivation) tall with small broadly lanceolate ribbed leaves clasping the stems, which all terminate in a bracty spike, which extrudes broad lipped canary yellow flowers (large for the plant) in succession for many months well into the autumn. We have cultivated this in containers, but should be hardy in sheltered shady conditions in almost neat humus and lack of competition.

Caulophyllum (Berberidaceae)

thalictroides ssp. robustum

From dry mountain woods of the Far East, having in time a stout rootstock, forming dense clumps of erect stems to 80cm. The broad spikes of greenish-brown flowers appear April-May, above the dissected broad foliage, followed by glaucous blue berries. Best in a leafy soil in full-part shade.

Cautleya (Zingiberaceae) BSWJ2281

cathcartii 'Tenzing's Gold'

Our collection from N. India. Bulbous perennial, forming clumps of green slender vertical stems, to 55cm. With narrowly lanceolate leaves, purple-red on the undersides of the uppermost. Bearing long spikes (15-20) of red-tinted bracts with protruding orange-yellow flowers. Sun or shade in humus rich well drained soil, protect in cold areas. (We were guided by Sherpa Tenzing's family)

Cautleya (Zingiberaceae) BWJ7843

gracilis 'Crûg's Cangshan'

From one of my collections made on the Cangshan in western Yunnan China in 2000. A bulbous perennial, forming clumps of vertical narrow green stems, to 1 m. With lanceolate dark green ribbed leaves, bearing May-Oct. long spikes of red-tinted bracts with protruding primrose-yellow flowers. Sun or shade in humus rich well drained soil, protect in cold areas.

Cautleya (Zingiberaceae) BSWJ7186

gracilis 'Crûg Gold'

A clone that we collected from the forested area close to the summit of Doi Phohon-Pok, a mountain within The Golden Triangle straddling the border between Burma and Thailand. Which forms clumps of vertical slender green stems, to 80cm tall, with oblong-lanceolate leaves. Bearing July-October terminal spikes of up to 10 yellow long lipped flowers on red stained stems protruding from deep red calyces. Easily grown in a humousy soil that is drained, ensuring the rhizomes are deep enough not to be over frozen in winter. Best in light shade.

Cautleya (Zingiberaceae) HWJK2371

gracilis v. robusta 'Mighty Mewa'

From our epic expedition to eastern Nepal with Dan Hinkley and Jamaica Kincaid in 2002, while descending the Mewa Khola. A seed collection at 2200m from what was then a starved demur plant growing as a lithophyte on large boulders, that has developed while growing terrestrially in our stock field, into a robust version of its former self. With slender green stems to around 80cm tall, bearing up to 6 base-clasping lanceolate all green leaves, topped by a spike of up to 14 lemon yellow orchid-like flowers, from reddish bracted calyces June to August. We have found this collection to be perfectly hardy in our stock field even in sun, in a well-drained soil full of organic moisture retentive compost.

Cautleya (Zingiberaceae) BSWJ2408

spicata 'Bleddyn's Beacon'

One of the best forms we have grown, outperforming in flower, any of our other collections. Which means the plant's energy is concentrated on flowering rather than increasing at the root, unfortunately meaning it is in short supply. Of a stocky nature with strong dark red stems (hence old species name of C. robustum, not the cultivar) bearing longer than normal terminal inflorescences of dark red overlapping bracts with sizeable protruding yellow flowers over a long period June to October. Easily grown in any type of humus rich but drained soil in sun to light shade, protect the rhizomes from freezing in cold areas, with a mulch. Hardy to -15C. Our collection from the Darjeeling area of northern India.

Cautleya (Zingiberaceae) HWJK2172

spicata 'Arun Flame'

A distinct collection of this ornamental perennial we gathered from Eastern Nepal in 2002 with Dan Hinkley and Jamaica Kincaid. Which has the darkest red stems to about 1m tall, bearing yellow orange flushed flowers in dense terminal spikes, sheathed by dark red bracts July-September, while the backs of the leaves are tinged purple-red. We have found this collection to be perfectly hardy in an open field even in full sun, all we have done is to apply an 8cm bark mulch every winter. Multi-stemmed mature plants.

Cautleya (Zingiberaceae) BSWJ2103

spicata 'Crûg Canary'

Our own wild collection of this rhizomatous perennial, from the Darjeeling area of Northern India. Forming wide clumps of vertical mahogany-red stems, with broadly lanceolate ribbed leaves, to 1m tall. Bearing June-Oct. terminal spikes of deep-red bracts with protruding orange-yellow orchid-like flowers. Sun or shade in humus rich well drained soil, protect in cold areas. Hardy to -10c.

Cautleya (Zingiberaceae) BSWJ2690

spicata 'Crûg Compact'

A very distinct form of this species that we collected seed of from the Lachung Valley back in 1994. We have grown it in one of our fields since that time where it has only attained a maximum height of only 30cm, meanwhile forming a dense mat of rhizomes. With dark red upright short stems bearing long terminal inflorescences of dark red overlapping bracts with sizeable orange yellow flushed flowers over a long period June to October. Easily grown in any type of humus rich but drained soil in sun to light shade, protect the rhizomes from freezing in cold areas, with a mulch. Hardy to -15C.

Celastrus (Celastraceae) WJC13746

aff. stylosus

A strong growing semi-evergreen twining species with rather large leathery leaves 15-20cm long. That we collected the fruit of in a deep Himalayan valley at 2300m in the autumn of 2013. Bearing axillary or terminal inflorescences of small yellow flowers March to June in the wild, followed by their distinct yellow fruit autumn into early winter, splitting to reveal the red aril covered seed in upright spikes on this collection. Best grown in some shelter from cold winds in any type of fertile drained soil in sun or light shade.

Celastrus (Celastraceae) CWJ12478

dependens

Described as an evergreen (semi in cultivation) much branched scandent shrubs with alternate serrated ovate leaves, bearing an abundance of yellow orbicular capsules in long terminal and axillary panicles. Which is how we found this collection, with the fruit splitting to reveal the contrasting red to orange aril surrounding the dark brown seed. One of my collections gathered from the mountain forest near Chilan in the north of Taiwan in 2007 at 1250m. Easily grown in any type of fertile drained soil in sun or light shade sheltered from cold winds. Syn. C. paniculatus

Celastrus (Celastraceae) BSWJ8572

flagellaris

From one of our collections on the island of Cheju-Dõ, Korea. Vigorous twining climbing shrub with oblong leaves. Flowering in large terminal inflorescences on male plants, axillary on female, followed by orange-red fruit on female plants.

Celastrus (Celastraceae) BSWJ11667

hookeri

A distinct species of this woody twining semi-evergreen climbing shrub that we collected the seed of in the high altitude forest of northern Vietnam, in the autumn of 2006, when the rain was falling by the bucket full. Forming a stocky plant with almost rounded to ovate leaves with conspicuously impressed venation, availing a textured effect. As with so many species the fruiting was good with panicles of rounded yellow capsules splitting to reveal the contrasting orange-red aril surrounding the seed, a feature exploited by flower arrangers particularly in the East. Easily grown in any type of fertile soil in sun or shade.

Celastrus (Celastraceae) CWJ12445

kusanoi

Only forming a small twining climber where I collected the seed of this deciduous species valued for its ornamental yellow orbicular fruit which splits open to reveal the contrasting deep orange aril covered seed. With orbicular-ovate leaves turning a wonderful shade of yellow in the autumn. Found growing at the base of shady cliffs in 2007, on a long abandoned logging trail the Japanese carved into the forests in the high mountains of north-eastern Taiwan. Easily grown in a drained fertile soil, in sun or shade

Celastrus (Celastraceae) BSWJ591

orbiculatus v. papillosus

From one of our collections on the island of Cheju-Dõ, Korea. Vigorous twining climbing shrub with oblong leaves. Flowering in large terminal inflorescences on male plants, axillary on female, followed by orange-red fruit on female plants.

Celastrus (Celastraceae) CWJ12439

punctatus

A deciduous twining shrubs, which I collected seed of from a plant twining to 4m up a maple on the high mountains of eastern Taiwan in 2007 at 2500m. With many branches of finely serrated elliptic alternate leaves, bearing an abundance of yellow orbicular capsules in axillary inflorescences and along the branches, splitting to reveal the contrasting red to orange aril surrounding the dark brown seed. Easily grown in any type of fertile drained soil in sun or shade. Used extensively in the Far East for flower arranging.

Celastrus (Celastraceae) BSWJ4727

stephanotifolius

From the hills overlooking Lake Towada in the cold north of Honshu, Japan, one of our seed collections gathered in 1997 accompanied by Dan Hinkley and Darrell Probst. A vigorous twining woody-stemmed climbing shrub with orbicular to ovate pale green leaves, larger than many species, densely hairy on the veins below. Flowering in axillary inflorescences May to June, followed by yellow globose fruit which split to reveal the red fleshy seed. Easily grown in sun or shade in any type of fertile soil.

Celtis (Ulmaceae) BSWJ12774

choseniana

Although capable of forming sizeable trees, this may take some considerable time, hence only forming small trees or large shrubs in gardens. From seed that we collected from a large protected tree due to its proximity to a temple in Wolch'ulsan in 2010. Where it had formed a tree with wide spreading branches, an indication of its habit even a s a young plant availing a horizontally layered winter effect. The deciduous leaves were 8-9 x 7-8cm broadly ovate thin textured serrated for only part of their length, tips caudate, while the black fruit were large 1.5cm across on short slender stalks. Easily grown in any type of fertile drained soil in good light.

Centaurea (Asteraceae) BSWJ15321

phrygia ssp. abbreviata

From one of our seed collections gathered from above the Sumela Valley eastern Turkey in 2017, on our drive to Batumi Botanical Gardens who were hosting us. Unmistakably a cornflower, only 50cm tall where it grew above the village of Hamsikoy at 1,300m. Forming clumps of narrow leaves and slender upright stems 80-100cm tall in our garden, only branching at their apexes, bearing pink-purple flowers speckled with dark purple rays, July to October. Easily grown in any type of drained fertile soil, best in full sun to part shade.

Ceratostigma (Plumbaginaceae) BSWJ7260

asperrimum

A sub-shrubby species which is normally classified as a shrub, only forming a small plant where I collected it on exposed hot limestone in northern Thailand in 1999. With stems to 50cm long creeping from deep cracks with distinctly rounded mottled foliage and the palest of blue clustered flowers some even white. Best grown with care as hardiness is not tested, in full sun in a free draining soil.

Cercis (Caesalpiniaceae) BSWJ12665

chinensis

Forming a small shrubby tree with a strong upright trunk, bearing broad heart-shaped glossy leaves 12.5cm across. Only 3-4m tall where we collected this seed, with a broad crown, the branches heavily draped with a mass of flat brown seed capsule resulting from the bright pink pea-flowers produced in May. Best grown in strong sunlight to encourage flowering, sheltered from the coldest winds, in a freely draining soil with some moisture retention.

Cestrum (Solanaceae) BSWJ14395

buxifolium

I had taken a photograph of this modest yet distinct high altitude shrub in 2004, but without finding any seed. Hence we were particularly pleased when we finally found a small shrub of it laden with fruit during our visit to El Cocuy in February 2015 at around 4,000m. Although we had great difficulty in identifying it, firstly on account that there is not a Flora covering Colombia. The genus was no problem at all, but our identification kept on going back to this species, but always with yellow flowers, until that is I finally tracked down a pressed specimen with bicoloured flowers as is the case in this collection. An exceptionally attractive shrub in the wild with the characteristic tubular flowers held in profusion from the leaf axils close to the ends of the branches.

Cestrum (Solanaceae) BSWJ10255

roseum

An evergreen shrub with soft green elliptic fealty foliage, purple tinged when we found them in the wild, at nearly 3000m altitude in forest clearings of Oaxaca near Ixtalan, Mexico in 2004. Where they formed thickets of upright stems terminating in long lasting clusters of tubular red flowers restricted at the mouth, followed by purple berries. Best grown in a sheltered site out of cold winds in a well drained soil that retains some moisture, in full sun to part shade. Not tested for hardiness.

Chaenomeles (Rosaceae)

cathayensis

A native of western China which is where the seed of the parent plant at Ness Gardens came from. Grown primarily for its salmon-pink flushed white flowers in April which are followed by the largest fruit of the genus, these are yellow, aromatic and pear-shaped highly sought after for making jellies and jams, especially good cooked with apples in pies. Forming a very hardy deciduous shrub to 3 m tall by 3 m wide coping well with most fertile soils with some drainage, in part shade to full sun. *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** This plant is only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants in the dormant season, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Chengiopanax (Araliaceae)

sciadophylloides

A small unarmed tree, with glabrous thin textured five-foliate leaves which are aristately arranged. Bearing terminal slenderly branched cymose inflorescences of yellowish flowers followed by an abundance of small purple-black depressed-globose fruit on bright red stalks. Syn. Eleutherococcus.

Chimonanthus (Calycanthaceae) BSWJ13616

nitens

A rather uncommon evergreen shrub, from sparse mountainous woodlands in limestone regions of southern China, where the leaves are used to make a tea, something we are not able to confirm to be safe yet. Forming shrubs up to 6m tall eventually, clothed in opposite dark green glossy ovate-lanceolate leaves to 13cm long, on short petioles 3-10mm long. Bearing axillary solitary flowers, consisting of 20-24 variously shaped (rounded to lanceolate) tepals to 15mm long, mid to pale yellow, October to January in the wild. Our seed originating from the Lucca Botanic Gardens, where we were given a free rein pre-Brexit. Best planted in full sun to light shade in a freely drained soil with some capacity to hold moisture.

Chirita (Gesneriaceae) HWJ1056

speciosa 'Crûg Cornetto'

A spectacular species as the name implies, which I collected (while Dan and Sue cleaned seed) for the second time, from the base of a high waterfall in the lofty mountains surrounding Sapa a small town in North Vietnam, at 1900m in 2003. Where it formed a wide carpet of large rounded overlapping dark green softly hairy leaves which are a bright purple below on this selection. Bearing large foxglove-like blue flowers from June to September. Easily grown in a warm shaded situation with adequate moisture. Untried for hardiness.

Chloranthus (Chloranthaceae) BSWJ11102

glaber

Only ever forming a small succouring shrub that we occasionally encounter in the warmer forests of southern Japan and surrounding countries. With upright green seldomly branching stems to only 80cm tall, with swollen nodes hosting the opposite pairs of lustrous dark green serrated leaves. Bearing terminal spiked inflorescences of small white flowers which consequently form small fleshy orange-red fruit. Normally grown under protection, but can be grown in a well shaded warm and sheltered spot, in a fertile humus rich drained soil.

Chloranthus (Chloranthaceae) NMWJ14496

henryi

A most unusual erect hairless perennial emerging from branching rhizomes, with erect un-branched stems 30-50cm tall. Topped in its upper part with 4 sessile sharply serrated elliptic-ovate leaves in 2 pairs, bearing April-frost pendant spikes of persistent small white petal-less strongly scented flowers (which persist for most of the year under protection). Which slowly transpose to fleshy seed over the summer months. Best growing in a humus-rich moisture retentive well-draining soil in full to partial shade. A collection gathered with Taiwan's Natural Science Museum on our joint expedition in 2015.

Chloranthus (Chloranthaceae)

sessilifolius 'Domino'

A striking Chinese perennial when seen in its spring colour on this cultivar, emerging in March-April for us. With very dark hues, both to its foliage and upright rather robust dark purple stems to as tall as 70cm when happy. Bearing in its upper parts a whirl of 4 broad sessile serrated somewhat glossy foliage to 20cm long. Soon topped by a curious upright stem with 2-4 pendant spikes 10-15cm long of small white scented flowers, which slowly transpose to fleshy seed over the summer months. Best growing in a humus-rich moisture retentive well draining soil in full to partial shade.

Chlorophytum (Anthericaceae) HWJK2018

nepalense

A one time member of the lily family a plant that is unaccountably rare in cultivation in its natural form, with the vernacular name of 'spider plant'. From one of our collections gathered in a dense forest in eastern Nepal in 2004, with Dan Hinkley and Jamaica Kincaid. Forming a bulbous root-stock with a clumping habit bearing long narrow dark-green leaves only 1cm wide with a contrasting central light stripe, below the long arching stems of pendent white-yellow beaked flowers, 30-90cm tall, flowering July-Sept. Best grown in a sheltered shady site in a well drained, but moisture retentive soil.

Chlorophytum (Anthericaceae) BSWJ2528

nepalense

A plant that is unaccountably rare in cultivation, having once been a member of the lily family. From one of our early collections gathered in a dense forest in Sikkim in 1994. Forming a bulbous root-stock with a clumping habit bearing long narrow dark-green leaves only 1cm wide with a contrasting central light stripe, below the long arching stems of pendent white-yellow beaked flowers, 30-90cm tall, flowering July-Sept. Best grown in a sheltered shady site in a well drained, but moisture retentive soil.

Chrysanthemum (Asteraceae) BSWJ10872

zawadskii ssp. yezoense

From seed we collected from sand dunes in the far north of Honshu Japan in 2005. Where this prostrate creeping species grew no taller than 7cm, with stiff textured scalloped leaves held close to the ground below the large white ray flowers with contrasting yellow centres August-December. Easily grown in full sun in a free draining soil.

Chrysosplenium (Saxifragaceae) BSWJ9835

aff. hebetatum

A prostrate creeping species we collected in eastern Taiwan in 2003, where it grew in damp to wet areas of the high mountain forests near Tayuling. Rooting at the nodes it produces a dense mat of orbicular overlapping slightly hairy leaves, covered in early-late spring with umbels of bright green bracty flowers. Best in a moist acid soil.

Chrysosplenium (Saxifragaceae)

davidianum

Creeping perennial evergreen species from the Himalayas and China, which prefers to grow in a moist shaded to partly shaded site. Where it soon produces an impenetrable prostrate mat as the stems root at the nodes. Smothered in early-late spring with bright lime green-yellow to acid green bracts. Easily grown in acidic to neutral moist soil.

Chrysosplenium (Saxifragaceae) BSWJ6979

lanuginosum v. formosanum

Our collection of this pubescent perennial creeping by 10-15cm long stolons, forming sizeable colonies of prettily marked and serrated rounded leaves. Rooting at the nodes it produces a dense mat, covered in early-late spring with umbels of bright green bracty flowers. Best in a moist acid soil. From moist densely shaded forest near Yushan the highest mountain in Taiwan.

Chrysosplenium (Saxifragaceae)

macrophyllum

A 'must-have' plant when seen in flower. It's positively obscene, more like a Bergenia in foliage (20cm), but the compound inflorescences give the game away, in style. In mid winter to early spring large bracty umbels of white tinged green flowers, with conspicuous pink stamen on long filaments, are borne in the middle of the softly hairy leaves. Soon sending out long runners to extend its territory and forming sizeable colonies if given adequate moisture and shade.

Cinnamomum (Lauraceae) BSWJ14627

japonicum

A member of the laurel family and the same genus as the commercial tree whose bark is harvested for cinnamon. Meanwhile this species is primarily grown for its attractive three veined glossy ovate-lanceolate dark green leaves, which are glaucous below. These are held on reddish petioles and young branches, only forming bushy evergreen shrubs to small trees in sheltered gardens. From seed we collected in the mountains of the Fukuoka area of Kyushu, Japan in 2015. Best grown is some shelter from the coldest winds in full sun and a moisture retentive soil with good drainage. Protect from severe frosts while young.

Cissus (Vitaceae) BSWJ2371

aff. pedata

Vigorous, evergreen, woody stemmed, tendril climber with lustrous leaves divided into 5 leaflets strikingly marked. Height 10m or more. Requires a sheltered site. Our collection from Sikkim.

Cistus (Cistaceae) BSWJ15064

ladanifer

Evergreen shrub to 2m tall with lanceolate leaves that are dark green and sticky (hence the vernacular name Gum Cistus). Bearing in April-May large white flowers up to 10cm across, sometimes with dark red blotches at the base of the petals. Forming wide impressive colonies in the wild where we found the seed in the Rif Mountains in northern Morocco in 2016. Best grown in full sun in a well drained soil out of freezing winds.

Cistus (Cistaceae) BSWJ15068

laurifolius

We had to get to a good altitude of 1650m to find this species growing in the wild on the Rif Mountains northern Morocco in 2016. Where they formed slightly sprawling shrubs to only a meter high (2m in rich garden soils) adorned by narrowly elliptic grey-green 3-veined waxy leaves. Bearing in May-July sizeable white flowers up to 6cm across, with yellow blotches at the base of the petals. Best grown in full sun in a well drained soil out of freezing winds.

Cistus (Cistaceae) BSWJ15066

salvifolius

A spreading prostrate growing shrub where we collected the seed of this species in the Rif Mountains in northern Morocco in 2016, at an encouraging altitude of 1500m. With ovate-elliptical small short-stalked evergreen leaves slightly undulate at their margins with a somewhat wrinkled appearance due to the conspicuous venation and hairiness. Bearing in March-May abundant white flowers up to 5cm across, yellow at the base of the petals. Forming wide impressive colonies in the wild where we found the seed. Best grown in full sun in a well drained soil out of freezing winds.

Clematis (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ15084

aff. flammula

Strong growing climber 4-5m, forming a dense tangle of stems, clothed in bright green leaves. July-Oct. has masses of scented white flowers. Requires full sun, shaded at the root, with a well drained moist soil.

Clematis (Ranunculaceae) HWJK2238

aff. grewiiflora

One of our collections made in the very remote valley close to Thudam, on the Tibetan border with North-eastern Nepal with Dan Hinkley in 2002, at 3130m. From a relatively small climbing species, with rough-textured ternate coarsely serrated leaves, with very distinct (for the group) large disc-like leaf nodes and generous many-flowered cymes of large seed-heads from the upper leaf axils. Easily grown in a fertile soil, with the base in shade flowering into the sun.

Clematis (Ranunculaceae) KWJ12090

aff. smilacifolia

Originating from a single layer we collected from Seo Mi Ty in the high mountains of northern Vietnam, where when we encountered it formed a tangled or sprawling plants to 4m. An evergreen species with thick textured heart-shaped leaves blotched silver particularly when juvenile, also can be purple on their undersides. Not flowered for us yet reportedly purple if the identification is correct, relatively large followed by large golden seed-heads. Best grown in a very sheltered south facing site or in a frost free conservatory.

Clematis (Ranunculaceae) HWJ1049

aff. smilacifolia

Originating from a single layer we collected from Seo Mi Ty in the high mountains of northern Vietnam, where when we encountered it formed a tangled or sprawling plants to 4m. An evergreen species with thick textured heart-shaped leaves blotched silver particularly when juvenile, also can be purple on their undersides. Not flowered for us yet reportedly purple if the identification is correct, relatively large followed by large golden seed-heads. Best grown in a very sheltered south facing site or in a frost free conservatory.

Clematis (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ2956

connata

Our collection from Central Nepal on Phulchoki at 3000m. A strong growing species to 5m, with irregularly toothed foliage. Flowering July-Oct., pale yellow bells in abundance. Requires shade and moisture at the root, with full-part sun for flowering.

Clematis (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ8431

flabellata

A most unusual non climbing herbaceous perennial species. An undoubted gem of fairly small stature, a woodland species 80-100cm tall. Bearing large roughly heart shaped leaves sometimes 3-lobed fringed with golden brown hairs, but topped with long stalked most unusual flowers. Which are golden-shaggy brown in appearance long lasting and pendant, composed of thick textured pendant sepals, in its largest form in this very hardy variety we collected from Soraksan South Korea in 2001. Followed by large long lasting golden long tailed seed heads. Best grown in cool lightly shaded woodland type conditions, in a well drained soil that can retain some moisture. It is not clear which is the correct name for this small non-woody non-climbing species/variety with large flowers.

Clematis (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ8431

fusca v. coreana = see C.flabellata

A most unusual non climbing herbaceous perennial species. An undoubted gem of fairly small stature, a woodland species 80-100cm tall. Bearing large roughly heart shaped leaves sometimes 3-lobed fringed with golden brown hairs, but topped with long stalked most unusual flowers. Which are golden-shaggy brown in appearance long lasting and pendant, composed of thick textured pendant sepals, in its largest form in this very hardy variety we collected from Soraksan South Korea in 2001. Followed by large long lasting golden long tailed seed heads. Best grown in cool lightly shaded woodland type conditions, in a well drained soil that can retain some moisture. It is not clear which is the correct name for this small non-woody non-climbing species/variety with large flowers.

Clematis (Ranunculaceae)

napaulensis

Vigorous curiously wintergreen species, to 9m in the wild, easily kept smaller in gardens. With bright green divided leaves, which re-emerge after the heat of summer. Bearing pale yellow-green, pendant bells with conspicuous protruding purple stamens, during the depth of winter even during the coldest periods. Best grown in a sheltered site in full sun and a well drained fertile soil. Never failed to perform well for us even in the harshest of winters, on a south facing wall.

Clematis (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ6788

parviloba v. bartletii

From one of our seed collections from Northern Taiwan. A scandent perennial herbaceous climber, with olive green stems 3-4m. Bearing biternate leaves, comprised of 9-15 leaflets. Valued for its abundant conspicuously scented white flowers, with a large boss of white stamens, in axillary cymes August-November. Best grown in a warm sheltered site.

Clematis (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ12622

patens

A form of this large flowered low-climbing species which has been much admired for several years at our nursery, by many a clematis enthusiast. A species which is the parent of many modern day hybrids, that we collected seed of in South Korea. This distinct white flowering form of the species, is unusual in the central boss of stamen and central stripe of the sepals being cream coloured. Distinguishing it from the more normal form which is usually violet-blue in colour.

Clematis (Ranunculaceae) BWJ7630

sp. from China

One of my collections made in the steep-sided Birong Valley, Sichuan. Where this small climbing species scrambled over shrubs and small trees to a height of 5m, at the edge of the forest. Bearing trifoliate-ternate glossy green shallowly lobed foliage, with the seed-heads held singly or in clusters in the leaf axils. Sun or shade in any good soil.

Clematis (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ6384

stans

A perennial non-climbing species that is woody at its base, forming a dense clump of leafy ascending stems to over a 1m tall. With large well divided leaves and bearing panicles of tubular scented nodding flowers of powder blue, paler outside . Ht 1.5m. Easily grown in full sun-part shade, in a humus rich well drained soil.

Clematis (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ11003

stans

Unlike its climbing relatives, this perennial makes a clump of broad, divided leaves, with ascending leafy stems, bearing clusters of blue hyacinth like, sweetly scented flowers. Ht 1.5m sun-pt shade retentive soil. Our collection from Central Honshu, Japan. *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** This plant is only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Clematis (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ10892

stans

Quite different from its climbing relatives, this perennial makes a woody clump with broad divided leaves on ascending leafy stems to 1.5m, bearing clusters of blue hyacinth like, sweetly scented flowers. Our collection from the cold mountains of Aomori in northern Honshu, Japan in the autumn of 2005. Easily grown in sun-part shade in a retentive fertile soil.

Clematis (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ7005

tashiroi

A strong climber, with smooth stems, bearing broadly ovate cordate sometimes mottled, evergreen leaflets. Flowers deep purple to yellow with a boss of large white stamen, scented July-Sept, golden seed heads large. Cold hardy, but best in a conservatory. Our collection from Taiwan.

Clematis (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ5751

terniflora

Woody stemmed slightly pubescent climber that we collected seed from the hills of Southern Shikoku Japan. A vigorous climber with many-flowered terminal inflorescences of white flowers August to September. Any drained soil in full sun to part shade.

Clematis (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ8878

terniflora

Woody stemmed slightly pubescent climber that we collected seed from the hills of Hirotani, Kyushu, Japan. A vigorous climber with thick-textured dark green deciduous ternate leaves (that look evergreen), bearing many-flowered lateral inflorescences of white hawthorn-scented flowers August to September. Easily cultivated in any kind of fertile drained soil with the roots in shade and upper part in full sun. Do not bury the stem.

Clematis (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ8640

tubulosa v. davidii

Our collection from the mountainous area of T'aesonum just north of Seoul, South Korea. Unlike its climbing relatives, this perennial forms a clump of woody stems to 1m tall with broad ternate long stemmed leaves on ascending leafy stems, bearing clusters of blue hyacinth like, sweetly scented urn-shaped flowers, August-October. Height 2m sun-part shade retentive but drained soil.

Clematis (Ranunculaceae) NMWJ14547

uncinata

A small evergreen species (to 4m) with small narrowly 5-foliate dark green leathery leaves held on slender ridged stems, bearing masses of fluffy balls fixed at the base by black ripe seed which had succeeded the white scented flowers held in generous lateral and terminal panicles May-July. From one of my seed collections gathered in northern Taiwan from a joint expedition with Taiwan's National Museum of Natural Science, November of 2015. Best grown in shelter from cold winds in good light in any type of humus rich fertile soil that is drained or in a conservatory. Could be var. okinawensis, if there are more leaflets than stated.

Clematis (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ8651

urticifolia

Unlike its climbing relatives, this perennial forms a clump of woody stems to 1m tall with broad ternate long stemmed leaves on ascending leafy stems, bearing clusters of blue hyacinth like, sweetly scented urn-shaped flowers, August-October. Height 2m sun-part shade retentive but drained soil. Our collection from the mountainous area of Woraksan South Korea.*** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** This plant is only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Clematis (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ4567

urticifolia

Our collection from Chirisan, S. Korea. Unlike its climbing relatives, this perennial makes a clump of broad, divided leaves, with ascending leafy stems, bearing clusters of blue hyacinth like, sweetly scented flowers. Height 1.5m sun-pt shade retentive soil. *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** This plant is only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Clematis (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ8479

urticifolia

Our collection from the mountainous area around Wonju South Korea. Unlike its climbing relatives, this perennial forms a clump of woody stems to 1m tall with broad ternate long stemmed leaves on ascending leafy stems, bearing clusters of blue hyacinth like, sweetly scented urn-shaped flowers, August-October. Height 2m sun-part shade retentive but drained soil.*** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** This plant is only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Clematis (Ranunculaceae) BSWJ8454

urticifolia

Our collection from the mountainous area around Odaesan South Korea. Unlike its climbing relatives, this perennial forms a clump of woody stems to 1m tall with broad ternate long stemmed leaves on ascending leafy stems, bearing clusters of blue hyacinth like, sweetly scented urn-shaped flowers, August-October. Height 2m sun-part shade retentive but drained soil.*** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** This plant is only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Clerodendrum (Verbenaceae) BSWJ11735

aff. subscaposum

A small species we encountered growing as a single-stemmed branching shrubs to only 2.5m tall. Growing in a partially shaded site at the margins of a disturbed forest, in the north of Vietnam close to the Chinese border. Where the bare branches still retained the large terminal clusters of dark blue fruit and pink calyces, as the ovate to cordate leaves to 20cm long had fallen. Best grown in a drained fertile soil in full sun to part shade with protection from freezing winds.

Clerodendrum (Verbenaceae) BSWJ6651

colebrookianum

An erect suckering shrub to 4m in the wild, with large rounded leaves on long stalks. Bearing tight corymbs of white flowers with long protruding stamen, followed by deep blue berries on fleshy deep pink sepals. Our seed collection from Doi Phohom-pok 2nd highest mountain in Thailand. Best sighted for protection in winter.

Clerodendrum (Verbenaceae) BSWJ4896

trichotomum 'Shiro' (white calyx)

A new form of this bushy suckering shrub that we collected on the island of Shikoku, Japan in 1997 in the company of Dan Hinkley and Darrell Probst. With large pale green (in this form) aromatic leaves on strong upright branching stems. Bearing terminal tight corymbs of very fragrant white flowers, soon followed by deep blue berries on fleshy white (shiro in Japanese) calyces. Best grown in full sun to light shade for flowering, in a well drained soil that retains a bit of moisture. This clone is a different collection to that found by Kew several years later in northern Japan.

Clethra (Clethraceae) BSWJ11562

barbinervis

From one of our seed collections gathered on a memorable day in the high mountains of Ehime on Shikoku island Japan in the autumn of 2006. An adaptable well branched shrub, eventually forming a stunning small tree with a wonderfully ornamental exfoliating bark. Bearing oblanceolate leaves and long more or less drooping racemes of white scented flowers July-August, which develop to long slender catkin-like racemes of seed as the leaves change to red and yellow in the autumn. Best cultivated in an acidic moisture retentive soil in full sun to part shade. ***** ***** ***** ***** Large flowering-sized plants from the open ground when dormant. These are at least 3-4m tall above ground. Equivalent to 60lt pots, price from.

Clethra (Clethraceae) BSWJ11702

fabri

This has to be one of the most ornamental species of this highly regarded genus. Sadly endangered where we find the small trees growing in the mountains of the far north of Vietnam, normally seen cut down and regenerating strongly with bright red hairy stems. Were that not enough to tempt you, the foliage and new growth are also bright red only slowly transforming to green as the season progresses and the ovate-elliptic softly hairy leaves expand to 15-20 × 8-10cm. If you are still not tempted there are terminal inflorescences of 20cm long spikes of small white flowers in summer. Best grown in a moisture retentive drained soil, in sun or light shade sheltered from freezing winds.

Clethra (Clethraceae) FMWJ13037

fabri

My second collection of this most ornamental species of this highly regarded genus. Sadly endangered where we find the small trees growing in the mountains of the far north of Vietnam, normally seen cut down and regenerating strongly with bright red hairy stems. Were that not enough to tempt you, the foliage and new growth are also bright red only slowly transforming to green as the season progresses and the ovate-elliptic softly hairy leaves expand to 15-20 × 8-10cm. If you are still not tempted there are terminal inflorescences of 20cm long spikes of small white flowers in summer. From our 2011 collection in Séo Mí Tý. Best grown in a moisture retentive drained soil, in sun or light shade sheltered from freezing winds.

Clethra (Clethraceae) FMWJ13401/5

petelotii

Originating from a seed collection gathered from a very exposed ridge on the Vietnamese border with China in Y Tý at 2340m in the autumn of 2011. Possibly the most ornamental species of this genus, but sadly endangered where we find it in the mountains of the far north of Vietnam. Growing into a different habit in the exposed conditions to only around 1m tall with bright red hairy stems. While foliage and new growth are also bright red only slowly transforming to green as the season progresses and the ovate-elliptic softly hairy leaves can expand to 15-20 × 8-10cm. If you are still not tempted there are terminal inflorescences of 20cm long spikes of small white flowers in summer. Best grown in a moisture retentive drained soil, in sun or light shade sheltered from freezing winds.

Cocculus (Menispermaceae) BSWJ12618

orbiculatus

Semi-woody (woody at its base) twining climber we collected the seed of in South Korea in the autumn of 2010. With thick-textured ovate-orbicular deciduous leaves on stems to 2m long, bearing panicles of small greenish flowers in spring, followed by conspicuous blue-black berries by late summer through autumn. Will grow sun-part shade in any retentive drained soil. One of the many so called moon-seed climbers, because of the unusual shape of its seed, this species hardy to –20C.

Codonopsis (Campanulaceae) GWJ9228

affinis

From one of our collections gathered in the remote valley of Lachen near a small village of Thongdu Sikkim, in the autumn of 2002 with Sally Godard at 2,850m. Emerging in spring from a delving tuberous root, reddened slender stems twine up to 2m tall. Bearing large foxy-scented heart-shaped serrated leaves with axillary bell-shaped, red recurved tipped flowers July-October. Plant base in well drained shade.

Codonopsis (Campanulaceae) HWJK2059

affinis

Emerging in spring from a delving tuberous root, reddened slender stems twine up to 2m tall. Bearing large foxy-scented heart-shaped serrated leaves with axillary bell-shaped, red recurved tipped flowers July-October. Our collection made along with Dan Hinkley in 2002 in the Arun Valley, North-eastern Nepal. Plant base in well drained shade.

Codonopsis (Campanulaceae) GWJ9352

benthamii from eastern Nepal

A new species to us, emerging in spring from a delving tuberous root, with robust stems twinning up to 1.5m tall. Bearing large foxy-scented serrated ovate leaves with axillary campanulate-elongated green, recurved tipped flowers July-October. Plant base in well drained shade. One of our collections made on Sandakphu in 2002, at 2900m.

Codonopsis (Campanulaceae) BWJ15623

celebica

A non-climbing species with an upright slightly arching rigid stem, bearing large ovate serrulate and acuminate tipped opposite pairs of leaves. With both terminal and axillary long lobbed starry violet flowers backed by long slender calyx lobes. Followed by black glossy fruit. Best grown in a well drained fertile soil with plenty of moisture retention in sun. A seed collection from the trail up to a cloud drenched peak close to Ga Thanh, a minority hill-tribe village deep in the mountains of Cao Bang Province north-eastern Vietnam in 2017. Luckily for us the village chief had arranged for one of his eight wives to knock up a meal for us on our return.

Codonopsis (Campanulaceae) BWJ7847

forrestii

From my collection on The Cangshan, Yunnan China. Where this herbaceous twining climber was commonly seen scrambling through shrubs, with 3cm long, leaves. Widely bell to saucer-shaped, blue flowers, 2.5cm across, are borne in summer. Height to 2m. Requires partial shade and well drained acid soil. As the growth rate is phenomenally fast when it does start, the cost of the plants will double as it is virtually impossible to untangle them. So please order early.

Codonopsis (Campanulaceae) BWJ7532

forrestii

A delightful sight when I came across seed of these small twining species in the very north of Yunnan, China. Forming a congested mass of very slender twinning stems with small ovate-elongated leaves with very large in comparison, wide saucer-shaped, blue red centred flowers, 4-7.5cm across. Height to 1.5m. Requires partial shade and well drained acid soil.

Codonopsis (Campanulaceae)

grey-wilsonii 'Himal Snow'

An old favourite which we have grown for a long time, with congested very slender thread-like twinning stems arising from its fleshy deeply delving rootstock. Bearing ovate shallowly serrated thin textured grey green leaves with very large in comparison, wide saucer-shaped, white flowers. Easily grown in a well drained soil with some humus for moisture retention, best grown though a small shrub for support, Protect from slugs especially when emerging.

Codonopsis (Campanulaceae) GWJ9442

inflata

An intriguing and puzzling looking species we collected seed of close to Lava in the north of India in 2002. From an area of tall dense forest at an altitude of 2200m where this twinning species climbed shrubs at the edge of the forest, bearing large cordate leaves with axillary inflated pale green speckled purple flowers, with distinct deep purple interiors, followed by purple 10-sided flat-topped berry like seed capsules. Full sun-part shade and well drained soil. Frost free?

Codonopsis (Campanulaceae) RWJ10007

kawakamii

From a collection we gathered with Dick Hayward on our ascent of Yushan, the highest mountain in Taiwan, in 2003 at 2650m. Where this small alpine species formed an herbaceous twining climber, with small ovate foetid hairy leaves, often seen growing on open mountainsides or scrambling up small shrubs. Bearing an abundance of distinctive long waisted yellow-greenish pendent bell-flowers. Height 1-1.5m. Best grown with the plant's base in well drained shade with the flowering stems in sun.

Colignonia (Nyctaginaceae) BSWJ10644

ovalifolia

A scandent sub-shrub abundant in the areas just below the Paramo in Colombia, a puzzling plant which took quite a bit to identify as we had not come across the family Nyctaginaceae before. Bearing small rounded thin-textured fresh green foliage only shallowly lobed and a cloud of Thalictrum-like pale pink fluffy flowers surrounding the plants. Best grown in some shelter in sun or part shade, in a fertile moisture retentive soil. Reported to be hardy to -5C.

Colocasia (Araceae) BSWJ6909

formosana

A wonderfully architectural plant from one of our wild seed collections gathered from a moist bank in the Long-Jen Valley eastern Taiwan in 1999. Arising from a central tuberous rootstock, forming a short trunk bearing large rounded to ovate grey-green leaves on strong long grooved petioles with a relatively small white spathed inflorescence. Forming long stolons, which generate new plants on contact with moist soil. Best grown in a humus rich soil that does not dry out, in either sun or shade protecting the plant with a deep layer of debris to prevent freezing over the winter. Large plants.

Colquhounia (Lamiaceae)

coccinea

A Buddleja-like evergreen to semi-evergreen, open medium to large sized shrub. With aromatic, sage-green textured leaves and whorls of scarlet-orange flowers in late summer and autumn. Requires full sun and well drained soil. Height 2.8m Spread 2m.

Colquhounia (Lamiaceae) BSWJ7222

coccinea v. mollis

Collected from the summit of Doi Chiang-Dao, Northern Thailand, where it formed a compact evergreen or semi-evergreen shrub. With sage-green slightly toothed woolly leaves and whorls of scarlet flowers in late summer and autumn. Requires full sun and well drained soil. Height 1.5m Spread 1.6m.

Commelina (Commelinaceae) BSWJ10353

tuberosa

From one of our collections which we found on the over-grazed high altitude plateau of Sierra de los Cuchumatanes Guatemala in 2004. Where this species grew in marshy ground with broadly ovate stem-clasping leaves on stocky short stems to 15cm tall topped by a succession of bracted deep blue flowers. Best grown in fertile soil with some moisture retention in full sun, protect the roots from freezing. Large plants.

Coriaria (Coriariaceae) BSWJ019

intermedia

One of our introductions from the high mountains of Taiwan. A deciduous, arching shrub with sizeable pinnate leaves with red tints particularly in the autumn. Bearing red fruits in summer and autumn a result of the small flowers with conspicuous yellow stamen. Any well drained soil, avoid rich growing conditions. Height 1.5m. Spread 1.5m.

Coriaria (Coriariaceae)

japonica

A deciduous, arching shrub with sizeable pinnate leaves with red tints that are stronger in the autumn. Flowering from March on, bearing small red tipped flowers with conspicuous stamen soon followed by succulent red fruits in summer and autumn. Any type of well drained soil in sun to part shade, avoid moist rich soils. Height 1.5m. Spread 2m.

Coriaria (Coriariaceae) BSWJ10898

japonica

From one of our seed collections gathered in the far north of Honshu Island Japan in the autumn of 2005. Where this deciduous species grew on steep cliffs within a large forested area on our way to the west coast. Forming arching shrubs with pinnate fern-like leaves colouring red in autumn, with succulent red fruits the result of small red-tipped flowers held in congested pendulous spikes appearing on the bare stems in March-April. Easily grown in a well drained poor soil. Height 1.2m. Spread 2m.

Coriaria (Coriariaceae) BSWJ3877

japonica ssp. intermedia

A very rare form of this deciduous, arching shrub with pinnate leaves red in autumn. Flowering March, small red tipped, followed by succulent red fruits in summer and autumn. Any well drained soil. Height 1.5m. Spread 1.5m. Our collection from N. Luzon Philippines.

Coriaria (Coriariaceae)

kingiana

A dwarf suckering ground covering shrub throwing out graceful frond-like stems with pinnate leaves, creating dense fern-like clumps. The insignificant flowers are followed by purple fruits. well drained soil.

Coriaria (Coriariaceae) BSWJ8999

microphylla

Our introduction of the true species from seed we collected in Guatemala. A small suckering ground covering shrub throwing out graceful frond-like stems with pinnately arranged glaucous-greyish fern-like branches of tiny leaflets and dense terminal spikes of deepest purple currant-like fruit. Well drained soil in sun, protect roots from frost. For far too long the name has been miss-applied to C. pteridoides a New Zealand creeping species

Coriaria (Coriariaceae) BSWJ14003

myrtifolia

Being the National Plant Collection holder of this genus we could hardly just walk past a large colony of this species in full fruit, even on holiday with our grandchildren. Such was the case during the summer of 2013, where a large colony of upright plants grew on the dry rocky hillside up in the coastal mountains outside Competa in the Axarquia region of southern Spain. With narrowly elliptic stiff opposite foliage all along the reddish few branched stems to 1.5m tall, terminating in pinkish shortly winged fruit that swell on ripening black. Easily grown in a hot sunny sheltered situation in a well drained soil. Hardy for us for well over 20 years.

Coriaria (Coriariaceae)

napalensis

Forming an impressive shrub in our garden, this deciduous, arching shrub has pinnately arranged leaves turning red in autumn. The individually inconspicuous flowers are born in conspicuous racemes on the bare stems in winter followed by succulent, black-red fruits in summer and autumn. Any well drained soil. Height 3m. Spread 2m.

Coriaria (Coriariaceae)

pteridoides

(Syn. microphyllum hort.) A dwarf suckering ground covering sub-shrub from New Zealand, throwing out graceful frond-like stems with pinnately arranged leaves, creating dense fern-like clumps. The insignificant flowers are followed by glossy black fruits. Best grown in a well drained soil in sun or shade. Very tolerant if of impoverished soils if not water-logged.

Coriaria (Coriariaceae) HCM98178

ruscifolia

From Dan Hinkley's wild collected seed Chile. Deciduous, arching sub-shrub with pinnate leaves. The inconspicuous flowers are followed by glistening, black fruits in summer and autumn. Any well drained soil. Height 1m. Spread 1.5m.

Coriaria (Coriariaceae)

terminalis v. xanthocarpa

A deciduous sub-shrub which eventually builds up a woody base, with red arching stems bearing opposite pairs of pinnately arranged fern-like leaves and terminal cylindrical spikes of inconspicuous red-tipped flowers which are soon followed by seed-encasing succulent lobed translucent amber-yellow flower-like fruits in summer through autumn. Any well drained soil. Height 1.5m. Spread 2m.

Cornus (Cornaceae)

capitata

A highly prized small evergreen tree or shrub with an undeservedly poor reputation for hardiness, which has grown in our gardens for many years without any cold damage. Bearing an arresting display of flower heads with showy subtending creamy yellow bracts which age pink, June-July, followed in October by large strawberry-like fruit. Best grown in a sheltered site out of cold winds, sun and well drained soil. Ht 5m.

Cornus (Cornaceae) FMWJ13379

hongkongensis ssp. gigantea

Originating from seed I gathered in the autumn of 2011 from a remote area of northern Vietnam close to the border with China. Of a highly prized small evergreen tree or shrub to 5m tall, with bright red new growth bearing an arresting display of flower heads with showy subtending creamy yellow bracts which age to pink, June-July, followed in October by orbicular fruit. Best grown in a sheltered site out of cold winds, sun and well drained soil with some moisture retention.

Cornus (Cornaceae) BSWJ14620

kousa

From seed we collected in the mountains of the Fukuoka area of Kyushu, Japan in 2015 at nearly 1,000 m. When we were surprised to see this, as we had not noticed it in the area previously. Normally forming a small to medium sized tree, but only forming a large well branched shrub covered in bright red fruit on this occasion. Supporting the rounded canopy of ovate-elongated consciously veined fresh green leaves, just starting to take on autumnal hints. Easily grown in most types of moisture retentive soils, flowering and fruiting best in sun, although shade tolerant.

Cornus (Cornaceae) BSWJ12610

kousa

A highly valued small to medium sized tree, which we were pleasantly surprised to find covered in large bright red plump fruit (sorry no image faulty memory card) in the Sobaeksan area of South Korea, yet another cold inland area. Here the trees were only 4m tall with bare trunks supporting the rounded canopy of ovate-elongated consciously veined fresh green leaves, just starting to take on autumnal hints. Easily grown in most types of moisture retentive soils, flowering and fruiting best in sun, although shade tolerant.***** ****** ***** ***** These plants can only be supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants when dormant, as they are too large to containerise. The pot size given is the largest on this system, true size is from 60 lt. Price is also from stated price.

Cornus (Cornaceae) BSWJ14646

macrophylla

A seed collection from the Aso Crater on Kyushu Island Japan in 2015. Where the weather was doing its worse to discourage us, attempting to blow us off the mountain. A most uncommon tree for some reason, maybe like ourselves there has been difficulty in germinating the seed. As we encounter this wonderful tree with a wide but tall canopy of glossy broadly ovate elliptic acuminate leaves frequently in Korean and Japanese forests. Where quite often the wide bright red stalked cymes bearing rounded blue fruit litter the ground. These are the result of the creamy white flowers bore in July-August. Easily grown in most fertile drained soils.

Cornus (Cornaceae) RLR60

macrophylla

A most uncommon tree in cultivation for some reason, maybe like ourselves there has been difficulty in germinating the seed. As we encounter this wonderful tree with a wide but tall canopy of glossy broadly ovate elliptic acuminate leaves frequently in Korean forests. Where quite often the wide bright red stalked cymes bearing rounded blue fruit litter the ground. These are the result of the creamy white flowers bore in July-August. Our seed collection from the Odaesan area of South Korea in 2010. Easily grown in most fertile drained soils. 5m tall

Cortaderia (Poaceae)

richardii

A tall imposing grass, forming large clumps of arching grassy leaves, thick in texture. With upright stems 2-3m tall topped by single-sided plumes of fluffy inflorescence. Best in full sun in a moist but well drained soil. Flowering from May on, hardy to -15c. **

Corydalis (Papaveraceae) BSWJ7200

siamense

A hardy plant from Thailand! This plant is living proof, one of the collections I made in the Golden Triangle. While being befriended by an unit of the paratroopers guarding the border with Burma, using armoured personnel carriers with heavy mounted machineguns to accompany me. Here within the forest at only 2050m altitude, it formed low growing clumps of divided pale bronzy foliage from scaly rhizomes. Continuously (spring to December) sending out spikes of bright pink flowers with paler elongated spurs. Easily grown in sun or part shade in any fertile drained soil that does not dry out. Collected in 1999 and still going strong outside.

Corylopsis (Hamamelidaceae) BSWJ14636

glabrescens

From one of our seed collections gathered from a rather wild (at the time) Mt Kirishima on Kyushu, Japan in the autumn of 2015. Where the small densely branched shrubs only attained 2m in height due to the extreme exposure, which is similar to what can be expected in gardens, although they can be 7m tall in the wild. The ovate-orbicular and toothed leaves are preceded in March-April by 5-10 flowered racemes of primrose-yellow cowslip-scented flowers with purple anthers. Best grown in an acid to neutral soil protected from late frosts, in part shade that is not too hot in summer.

Corylus (Corylaceae) GWJ9293

ferox

Deciduous shrub to small tree 3-4m tall in the wild, with arching branches of ovate-lanceolate long pointed sharply serrated leaves to 15cm long, from distinctly elongated silky buds. Bearing generous quantities of drooping pink male catkins to 8cm long winter to early spring, followed by their very distinct prickly clusters of nuts October to November. One of our collections from the eastern Himalayas at 3000. Easily grown in full sun or part shade in a free drained soil with some moisture retention.

Corylus (Corylaceae) BSWJ11056

sieboldiana

A slow growing deciduous shrub to small tree eventually 5m tall in the wild. With long arching branches of orbicular-ovate doubly-serrated leaves which emerge with dark markings in their centres. Bearing yellowish pendant catkins on the bare twigs in mid-late winter, producing the pollen required by the bright red female flowers. Enabling them to bear clusters of their unusual nuts encased in the elongated husks which form a long tail. Easily grown in any type of drained fertile soil in sun or part shade. From our seed collection gathered from the deep valleys of the Hiroshima area of Japan in 2005. **** **** **** **** **** **** *** *** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants when dormant during the winter months. The pot size given is for the purpose of calculatin

Cotoneaster (Rosaceae) B&L12234

ganghobaensis

From seed we received from Ness Botanic Gardens (part of Liverpool University), from an exceptionally good form of this semi-evergreen species which is normally smothered in fruit every autumn. Where it has formed only small shrubs around a meter tall with an upright habit, bearing alternate small thick-textured rounded dark glossy green leaves to 14mm across. Seed for the original collection gathered from Gang Ho Ba, Lijiang, China, by Brickell and Leslie. Easily grown in any type of drained fertile soil in sun or shade fruiting better in sun. ers. Easily grown in sun or part shade in any type of drained fertile soil. **** ****** **** ***** **** This plant is only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants when dormant, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Cotoneaster (Rosaceae) BSWJ3143

hualiensis

Forming a striking small tree to only 3 m tall on an upright narrow trunk where happened across this species, on a long abandoned logging trail the Japanese carved into the forests in the high mountains of north-eastern Taiwan. Named after the county we discovered it in, growing at the base of shady cliffs. Bearing almost rounded sizeable glossy leaves with conspicuously embossed venation, embellished with clusters of large bright red fruit by late summer. Easily grown in sun or shade in any type of fertile drained soil.

Cotoneaster (Rosaceae) BWJ8167

moupinensis

One of my collections gathered from a river bank in Baoxing, Sichuan China in 2000. Where it only formed a deciduous shrub to 1.5m tall bearing conspicuous bright red (autumn colour) elliptic-ovate leaves with conspicuously impressed venation above contrasting with the cymes of black fruit, held on greyish stems. Forming a small tree for us in our woodland garden to 3m tall, but capable of 5m in ideal conditions. Flowers held in corymbs of up to 25 pink cup-shaped flowers May to July. Easily grown in sun or part shade in any type of fertile drained soil.**** **** **** **** **** **** *** *** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants when dormant during the winter months. The pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Crocosmia (Iridaceae)

'Emily McKenzie'

Clump forming bulbous perennial with upright fan-shaped stems of vigorous foliage, bearing terminal arching spikes of open very large flowers, in rich orange splashed crimson within, Aug-Sept. Height 70cm. Well drained, humus rich soil in full sun.

Crocosmia (Iridaceae)

'Mrs. Geoffrey Howard'

Bulbous perennial with upright fan-shaped stems of vigorous foliage, bearing terminal arching spikes of tomato-red wide-open large flowers, Aug-Sept. Height 90cm. Well drained, humus rich soil in full sun.

Crocosmia (Iridaceae)

'Star of the East'

Originating in South Africa, this is a wonderful selection made from the many hybrids made since their introduction. With a rigidly upright stem to 80 cm bearing many slender leaves in a fan-like arrangement. Topped by a long spike of very large widely opening yellow-orange flowers August-Sept.. Easily grown in any drained, humus rich soil in full sun or part shade. Protect with a mulch in cold areas.

Crocosmia (Iridaceae)

'Twilight Fairy Gold’

Clump forming bulbous perennial with upright fan-shaped stems of vigorous foliage, bearing terminal arching spikes of broadly funnel-shaped flowers, in golden yellow, August-September. Height 60cm. Well drained, humus rich soil in full sun.

Curculigo (Hypoxidaceae) BSWJ2318

crassifolia

Without doubt a stunning foliage plant for a sunny dry or well drained site, even a large container as we have grown the plants for the last ten years. The broadly sword-shaped leaves are pleated with an irresistible textured fealty indumentum on their undersides, as if that were not enough the scale is large a leaf can reach 1.5m long. In the wild the tight rosettes squeeze themselves into tight nooks on cliffs in either sun or shade, hinting on how drought resistant they are. Introduced from one of our collections from the foothills of the Himalayas in northern India gathered in 1994.

Cyclea (Menispermaceae) KWJ12157

polypetala

A semi-evergreen twining climber, which I collected seed of from a congested mass of slender stems 3m tall, scrambling over large boulders on the open limestone mountainside in northern Vietnam in 2007. A very distinct species with peltate (umbrella-like with stalk in centre) young foliage maturing to large leathery caudate glossy leaves. Bearing large panicles of individually small flowers, from April in the wild followed by late summer an abundance of black grape-like fruit, with the classic horseshoe-shaped seed, lending it the vernacular name of moon-seed. Best grown in a fertile drained soil in sun or light shade, protecting the root from severe frost.

Cystopteris (Athyriaceae) BSWJ6767

moupinensis

A charming little species we collected from the Tayuling area of Taiwan at 2660m. With a creeping very slender rhizome covered in ginger scale when young, bearing small triangular 3-4-pinnatifid fronds 30-50cm long, with round sori on the undersides in autumn. Easily grown in a leafy moisture retentive soil in full or part shade.

Dactylicapnos (Papaveraceae)

lichiangensis see ventii

As remarkable climbing species of Dicentra, possessing a more restrained habit to only 3m tall in cultivation for us and of a similar stature when we encountered it in the wild in a Northern Indian mountain forest. With its own distinct bronzy tinted foliage born on bright reddish tendrilled stems, bearing generous clusters of orange-suffused yellow locket-flowers produced through the summer into autumn, followed by decorative inflated reddish beaked seed pods. Syn. Dactylicapnos

Dactylicapnos (Papaveraceae)

macrocapnos

One of the best introductions of recent times from Nepal, distinct within this group of climbing dicentras, due to its sharply angled flowers and silvery zoning on its leaflets. A completely herbaceous climber, making annual growth of 7-10m of translucent stems with twining tendrils to secure it along its way. Meanwhile the locket shaped yellow flowers are held on slender pedicels June - December, followed by long flattened seed capsules. Best grown in a site sheltered from strong winds and late spring frosts, in a reasonably well drained soil that has some moisture retention.

Dactylicapnos (Papaveraceae) WJC13793

scandens

An herbaceous climber, forming annual growth of 3-4m over small trees and shrubs, in the wild where we collected the seed in north-eastern Himalayas in the autumn of 2013. Bearing yellow locket shaped flowers June-July, followed by distinct inflated bullet-shaped purple seed pods hanging like grapes, backed by green-bronzy divided foliage. Easily grown in a site sheltered from strong winds, plant in shade growing into sun. Syn. Dicentra

Dactylicapnos (Papaveraceae) GWJ9438

scandens

A remarkably common plant in the area where we made this seed collection in Lava a remote protected area in Northern India at 2150m. Where it formed an herbaceous climber, making annual growth of 3-4m over small trees and shrubs. Bearing yellow locket-flowers June-July, followed by distinct inflated bullet-shaped purple seed pods hanging like grapes. Easily grown in a site sheltered from strong winds, plant in shade growing into sun. Syn. Dicentra scandens.

Dactylicapnos (Papaveraceae)

scandens f. thalictrifolia

A most unusual form of this completely herbaceous climbing species, which thrusts forth 3-4m of annual growth in late March-April. With distinctly narrowly leafleted much divided leaves and axillary clusters of pale yellow locket-shaped flowers June-Aug, followed by large bunches of inflated seed pods hanging like grapes. Easily grown in a site sheltered from strong winds and late spring frosts with adequate drainage. Syn. Dicentra

Dactylicapnos (Papaveraceae) WJC13786

ventii

A charming small climbing species distinct within this group of climbing dicentras due to its colouration of both flower and foliage. Easily accommodated due to its smaller stature of only up to 3m of annual growth in its orange translucent stems with twining tendrils to secure it along its way. The more rounded foliage on this species is more bronzy with the orange from the stems merging in. Meanwhile the locket shaped bright yellow flowers are held on slender reddish pedicells, the flowers transforming to inflated bullet-shaped orange seed capsules, late summer into autumn for us, from June in warmer areas. From one of our seed collections gathered from north-eastern Himalayas, in the autumn of 2013. Easily grown in a site sheltered from strong winds.

Dactylicapnos (Papaveraceae) GWJ9376

ventii

We encountered this remarkable climbing species in the mountain forests of the Singalila Ridge Northern India. Where it grew to only 3m tall, with its own distinctly bronzy tinted foliage born on bright reddish tendrilled stems. Bearing generous clusters of orange-suffused yellow locket-flowers produced through the summer into autumn, followed by distinct decorative inflated reddish beaked seed pods. Easily grown in well drained fertile soil in sun or part shade. Syn. Dicentra.

Dahlia (Asteraceae) BSWJ10222

apiculata

From one of our seed collections gathered in 2004. A species we found to be plentiful at this location, near Ixtalan in southern Mexico at 2300m, with upright dark stems to only 1m tall. With dark green rough textured divided foliage, comprising of many leaflets, complimented by terminal branched inflorescences of pale purple flowers 6-7cm across. Best in a sunny warm spot in moist but well drained soil, protect the tuberous roots from frost. We have grown this plant in our field for over 10 years, without any losses.

Dahlia (Asteraceae) BSWJ10229

australis

From one of our seed collections gathered at the edge of the alpine forest near Ixtalan, Oaxaca southern Mexico in the autumn of 2004 at 2400m. Where this species had formed a small colony of plants only 50 cm tall in the starved conditions of a steep bank, with glabrous pinnately arranged elliptic leaflets and terminal seed heads, which have turned out to be purple-lilac ray flowers. Best in a sunny warm spot in moist but well drained soil, protect the tuberous roots from severe frost.

Dahlia (Asteraceae) BSWJ14340

campanulata white flowered

From seed we collected from the edge of the Bogotá basin in January 2015 at 2800m. Where this white flowered species is relatively common, growing in large or small colonies along the road/track-sides. Forming pretty perennial clumps of strong upright almost bamboo-like bloomy stems to around 2m tall. With several opposite angled branches from shallowly cup-shaped nodes in the upper parts. Bearing compound large pale foliage with impressed venation and a continuous display of the white with palest violet ray flowers. For a sunny warm spot in moist but well drained soil, best protected from severe frost.

Dahlia (Asteraceae) BSWJ9126

coccinea

Our own collection of this tuberous perennial, which we collected from a small hill near Quetzaltenango Guatemala. Where it had formed a small colony of upright stems to 1.2m tall, with downy pinnately arranged elliptic leaflets. Flowering in August-October for us with large burnt orange flowers lasting for many weeks. For a sunny warm spot in moist but well drained soil, protect roots from frost.

Dahlia (Asteraceae) BSWJ10238

excelsa

Forming stunning perennial clumps of strongly upright almost bamboo-like purple bloomy stems to over 3m tall. With several opposite angled branches from shallowly cup-shaped nodes, in the upper parts. Bearing bronzy pinnate shortly hairy foliage with large lilac-pink ray flowers from July on. From a collection we found growing on the moist mountains to the east of Oaxaca southern Mexico in 2004 at over 2500m. For a sunny warm spot in moist but well drained soil, best protected from severe frost, hardy for us in a field. *** **** This plant is only available as a bare rooted-open ground plant in the dormant season.

Dahlia (Asteraceae) BSWJ10233

excelsa 'Penelope Sky'

A stunning clump-forming perennial, where we found this species growing on the moist mountains to the east of Oaxaca southern Mexico in 2004 at around 2500m. Where it formed formidable clumps of strongly upright, almost bamboo-like bloomy stems to over 3m tall with several opposite branches from the shallowly cup-shaped nodes, in the upper parts bearing bronzy pinnate foliage and large lilac-purple ray flowers from July to frost. For a sunny warm spot in moist but drained fertile soil, best protected from severe frost, hardy for us in a field with a decent mulch. Named for our youngest granddaughter born April 1st 2009.

Dahlia (Asteraceae) BSWJ8997

imperialis

A stunning perennial where we saw this plant in the wilds of the Guatemalan mountains. Thrusting sturdy upright, almost bamboo-like bloomy purple stems to 5m tall. Bearing wonderfully textured pinnate foliage and lilac or white single ray-flowers in succession from late summer. For a sunny warm spot in moist but well drained soil, best protected from frost.

Dahlia (Asteraceae) BSWJ8997

imperialis (large)

A stunning perennial where we saw this plant in the wilds of the Guatemalan mountains. Thrusting sturdy upright, almost bamboo-like bloomy purple stems to 5m tall. Bearing wonderfully textured pinnate foliage and lilac or white single ray-flowers in succession from late summer. For a sunny warm spot in moist but well drained soil, best protected from frost.

Dahlia (Asteraceae) BSWJ14341

imperialis f. albiflora

Forming a remarkable clumping plant where we found this giant perennial species in its white flowered form. With robust bamboo-like green stems supporting the large compound textured foliage, complemented by terminal clusters of sizeable white flowers in this form from October till frost. A collection we gathered with enthusiasm, as on previous occasions we were too early for seed these had been plants to 7m tall. Although only half of that in this collection. On this occasion we were on our decent back towards Bogotá at 2760m, from a Paramo to the east of the city. For a sunny warm spot in moist but well drained soil, best protected from frost.

Dahlia (Asteraceae) BSWJ10240

pteropoda

An impressive species with obvious horticultural merits when we first encountered this beauty growing at the edge of dense forest at 2700m near Ixtalan in southern Mexico in 2004. Where there was only a single plant in seed that had formed a small clump of arching stems to 1m tall, with pinnately arranged leaves to 30cm long and extraordinary purple yellow eyed flowers 8cm across. Best in a sunny warm spot in moist but well drained soil, protect the tuberous roots from frost.

Dahlia (Asteraceae) BSWJ10321

purpusii

Distinctly different looking perennial plant where we found them growing on the very steep slopes of Volcán de Santa Maria in Guatemala in 2004. Forming stunning perennials clumps, with sturdy upright short stems to 1.5m tall. Bearing opposite pairs of pinnate foliage and stunning large pale purple ray flowers from July on. For a sunny warm spot in moist but well drained soil, best protected from severe frost.

Danae (Ruscaceae)

racemosa

An elegant green stemmed small arching evergreen shrub originating from the Middle East, long used with cut flowers. Which we have grown trouble free for many years in the shade of tall bamboo. The slender stems are adorned by thick-textured but pliable small scale-like ovate-elongated glossy leaves and tiny green flowers which transform to orange-red berries by late summer, reularly for us. Easily grown in any type of fertile soil in part to full shade.

Daphne (Thymelaeaceae) BSWJ8275

bholua from Vietnam

Originating from three seedlings we collected on Fansipan in 2000 at 2900m, that have grown together in one of our gardens for many years. Here they have formed branching shrubs to around 2m tall with small dark glossy green elliptic foliage, flowering mid-late winter, lilac in bud opening white. Producing some good viable fruit resulting in these plants. Best grown in shelter from cold winds in sun or bright shade, but most importantly in well drained soil that has some moisture retention. Ours thrive in a shallow rocky soil in bright shade.

Daphne (Thymelaeaceae) GWJ9436

bholua Singalila form

Our mother plants are two seedlings we collected on our way down from Sandakphu in 2002 at 3120m near Molle. Which have grown together on our Mound garden for several years producing some good viable fruit resulting in these plants. Here they have formed branching shrubs to around 2m tall with small light green elliptic foliage, flowering most of the winter, large dark pink in bud opening paler. Best grown in shelter from cold winds in sun or bright shade, but most importantly in well drained soil that has some moisture retention. Ours thrive in a shallow rocky acidic soil in bright partial shade.

Daphne (Thymelaeaceae) GWJ9436

bholua Singalila form

Our mother plants are two seedlings we collected on our way down from Sandakphu in 2002 at 3120m near Molle. Which have grown together on our Mound garden for several years producing some good viable fruit resulting in these plants. Here they have formed branching shrubs to around 2m tall with small light green elliptic foliage, flowering most of the winter, large dark pink in bud opening paler. Best grown in shelter from cold winds in sun or bright shade, but most importantly in well drained soil that has some moisture retention. Ours thrive in a shallow rocky soil in bright partial shade.

Daphniphyllum (Daphniphyllaceae) WWJ12020

aff. angustifolium

A distinct species with a confused identity, which ultimately may be a new species. Which forms a bushy shrub or small slender evergreen tree in the wild, with emerging shoots which are bronzy-red, maturing to dark green broadly elliptical round-ended leaves, glaucous-white below held on angled reddened stems (petioles). Bearing small male or female flowers, in late spring from the new leaf axils, later evolving to bloomy fruit on female plants. One of the last collections I gathered with Peter Wharton from the forest of Ban Khoang, northern Vietnam in 2007. Best grown in a sheltered position, in part shade with some overhead protection from late frosts in a moisture retentive drained soil.

Daphniphyllum (Daphniphyllaceae) BSWJ11788

aff. longeracemosum

Form seed we gathered in 2006, from a small well branched tree to only 4m tall growing in the very north of Vietnam close to the Chinese border at close to 2000m. With small stout branches of large oblong to elliptic leaves almost white below, to 30 cm long on reddish petioles bearing an abundance of ellipsoidal black glossy fruit in long racemes. All somewhat smaller than we normally find in this species. Best grown in full sun with light overhead shade to protect from late frosts, in any type of fertile drained soil, sheltered from cold winds. ******* These are 30 litre pots (this system’s maximum is only 20 lt.)

Daphniphyllum (Daphniphyllaceae) CWJ12350

aff. teysmannii

I was puzzled along with our host botanist Chien-Fan by the identity of this species, since it is not listed as occurring in Taiwan. This old acquaintance we normally see in Japan growing in very exposed locations, particularly in coastal areas, where they are often encountered on dry exposed cliffs. Only forming a medium sized to small shrub with thick leathery oblong leaves, which emerge and retain a bronze colour for months. Flowers are born in the upper leaf axils in May followed on female plants with dark purple bloomy fruit. Best grown in a free draining soil in full sun to part shade sheltered from freezing winds. These are still to root through until spring of 2016, hence not suitable for planting outside until then.

Daphniphyllum (Daphniphyllaceae) KWJ12244

chartaceum

A species we collected in the forests on Fansipan the highest mountain in northern Vietnam in 2007. Where it formed a small tree 7-8m tall, well branched with a broad outline, young branches red. Clothed in large oblong-elliptic acuminate thick textured leaves 20-25 x 6.5-9cm, dark green above with prominent veins impressed, glaucous white below. Held on long red petioles 3.5-5cm long, the colour extending along the mid rib of the leaves. Fruitescences short, peduncles 6cm, pedicells.7-2cm, fruit ellipsoid 1.5 x 1.2cm dark with recurved styles (no calyx). A stunning tree which we were unable to use the current epithet, until we proved its existence in The Himalayas during our 2013 expedition. Best grown in some shelter from cold winds mixed with large shrubs (edge of woodland). 30lt

Daphniphyllum (Daphniphyllaceae) KWJ12313

chartaceum

Forming a small tree 7-8m tall in the wild, well branched with a broad outline, young branches red. Clothed in large oblong-elliptic acuminate thick textured leaves 20-25 x 6.5-9cm, dark green above with prominent veins impressed, glaucous white below. Held on long red petioles 3.5-5cm long, the colour extending along the mid rib of the leaves. Fruitescences short, peduncles 6cm, pedicells.7-2cm, fruit ellipsoid 1.5 x 1.2cm dark with recurved styles (no calyx). From one of our collections in the forests on Fansipan the highest mountain in northern Vietnam in 2007. A stunning tree which we were unable to use the current epithet, until we proved its existence during our Himalayan 2013 expedition. Best grown in some shelter from cold winds mixed with large shrubs (edge of woodland).

Daphniphyllum (Daphniphyllaceae) BSWJ7119

kengii

Only forming a small shrub to 2m tall where we found this new species to cultivation, in the wild forests of Northern Taiwan. Forming a valuable evergreen bushy, dense shrub with upright shoots and small leaves with undulating margins and sometimes shallowly lobed. Small flowers, appear in late spring in the axils of new growth, which in turn is bronzy in colour. Requires full sun in a warm spot in a good soil.

Daphniphyllum (Daphniphyllaceae) KWJ12322

longeracemosum

Probably the most exotic-looking species that can be grown in our climate. Forming a large well branched bushy shrub (4-5m tall) or small evergreen tree in the wild, with chunky shoots which are bronzy-red on emerging in spring. Maturing to dark green broadly oblong-elliptical round-ended or paddle-shaped leaves, with impressed venation above and decidedly glaucous below held on red stems (petioles). Bearing small male or female flowers, in late spring from the new leaf axils, later evolving to bloomy long-elliptic fruit on female plants. Best grown in part shade with some overhead protection from late frosts in a moisture retentive drained soil, only suitable for milder locations. Our collection from Fan Xi Pan, northern Vietnam in 2007.

Daphniphyllum (Daphniphyllaceae) BSWJ8763

macropodum from Cheju-Dõ

Invaluable evergreen, bushy slow-growing large shrub-small tree, with stout blood-red young shoots and petioles bearing dark green leathery leaves, which emerge a coppery-red. Single sexed spikes of flowers appear in spring, from the axils of the previous year's leaves. Best grown in part to light shade in a moisture retentive soil. Height 6m. Spread 5m. Our own collection from Cheju S. Korea.

Daphniphyllum (Daphniphyllaceae) BSWJ11428

macropodum from Japan

Invaluable evergreen, bushy slow-growing large shrub-small tree, with stout blood-red young shoots and petioles bearing dark green leathery leaves, which emerge a coppery-red. Single sexed red spikes of flowers appear in spring, from the axils of the previous year's leaves. Best grown in part to light shade, as in the edge of a woodland, in a moisture retentive soil. Height 6m. Spread 5m. . Our own collection from Fukuoka, Kyushu Island, Japan in 2006. A very hardy species appreciating a bit of overhead protection from late frosts, lime tolerant.

Daphniphyllum (Daphniphyllaceae) BSWJ12691

macropodum from Korea

A seed collection from our 2010 expedition to South Korea, where we found a recently fallen tree within the forest of Naejangsan. An area that proclaims that it is the northern-most outpost of this species on mainland Korea. Here it had formed an evergreen bushy small tree or large shrub. With stout shoots which when extending are a bright red in colour, bearing dark green narrowly obovate leaves glaucous to white in colour below, held on bright red stems (petioles). Small either all male or all female flowers, appear in late spring in the new leaf axils. Best grown in light shade to sun, which best mimics edge of forest, which would be its preferred aspect, in a moisture retentive soil. Height 6m. Spread 5m. Care should be taken not to alter the soil level (at least not upward).

Daphniphyllum (Daphniphyllaceae) BSWJ12641

macropodum from Ullüngdõ

From our own seed collection from the remote island of Ullüngdõ some 80km off the eastern coast of South Korea, of this evergreen bushy shrub-small tree. With stout shoots which when extending are a bright red in colour, bearing dark green narrowly obovate leaves glaucous to white in colour below, held on bright red stems (petioles). Small flowers, appear in late spring in the new leaf axils. Best grown in part to light shade in a moisture retentive soil. Height 6m. Spread 5m.

Daphniphyllum (Daphniphyllaceae) BSWJ11515

macropodum from Yakushima

Although only forming dwarfed trees in their challenging natural habitat, on the high mountains of Yakushima, they immediately caught our eyes with their bright red petioles. This fine collection ought to grow into bushy well branched evergreen shrubs with dark green leathery leaves, which emerge a coppery-red, combining with the plentiful panicles of emerging red individually small flowers to give an unbeatable display. A very hardy species appreciating a bit of overhead protection from late frosts, lime tolerant.

Daphniphyllum (Daphniphyllaceae)

macropodum v. humile

A very rare species/variety in cultivation found only in some northern areas of Japan. A bushy and dense in habit slow growing evergreen small sized shrub, bearing dark green glossy leaves 10-15cm long, which emerge bronzy-orange-red in spring. On stout dark red shoots, with the small either male or female flowers in late spring. Best in part shade in a moisture retentive fertile soil. Height to 1.5m. Spread 1.5m.

Daphniphyllum (Daphniphyllaceae) BSWJ11232

macropodum v. humile

Our latest collection of this very rare species in cultivation found only in some northern areas of Japan. A bushy and dense in habit slow growing evergreen small sized shrub, bearing dark green glossy leaves 10-15cm long. Which emerge bronzy-orange-red in spring, on stout dark red shoots, with small either male or female flowers in late spring. Best grown in part to light shade in a moisture retentive soil. Height to 1.5m. Spread 1.5m.

Daphniphyllum (Daphniphyllaceae) BSWJ11232

macropodum v. humile female

Our latest collection of this very rare species in cultivation found only in some northern areas of Japan. A bushy and dense in habit slow growing evergreen small sized shrub, bearing dark green glossy leaves 10-15cm long. Which emerge bronzy-orange-red in spring, on stout dark red shoots, with small female flowers in late spring followed by blue-black fruit when pollinated. Best grown in part to light shade in a moisture retentive soil. Height to 1.5m. Spread 1.5m.

Daphniphyllum (Daphniphyllaceae) BSWJ11232

macropodum v. humile male

Very rare species in cultivation found only in some northern areas of Japan. A bushy and dense in habit slow growing evergreen small sized shrub, bearing dark green glossy leaves 10-15cm long, which emerge bronzy-orange-red in spring. On stout dark red shoots, with the small male flowers in late spring. Requires full sun and moist soil. Height to 1.5m. Spread 1.5m.

Daphniphyllum (Daphniphyllaceae) BSWJ11744

majus

A new species to cultivation from the restricted frontier area bordering with China in northern Vietnam. Which we collected the rounded blue-black fruit held in long pendant panicles, in the autumn of 2006. From a small well branched tree 10m tall growing at 1800m altitude, with large leathery leaves (30 × 7cm) deeply impressed with venation above held on bright red petioles. Best grown in shelter from freezing winds in full sun to light shade in a moisture retentive soil that has good drainage, hardiness unknown. 2m tall plants

Daphniphyllum (Daphniphyllaceae) CWJ12351

oldhamii

Resulting from my collection from the very north of Taiwan in the winter of 2007 with Finlay Colley and Dan Hinkley. Where this rare species had formed medium to large sized shrubs in the cool air of the steep mountain side. Forming a striking evergreen bushy densely branched shrub with upright shoots and small leaves with undulating margins sometimes shallowly lobed in juvenility. Small flowers, appear in late spring in the axils of the new growth, which in turn is conspicuously bronzy in colour. Requires full sun in a warm spot in a drained fertile soil.

Daphniphyllum (Daphniphyllaceae) BSWJ9755

paxianum

An exceptionally rare species in cultivation from the upland area of Dalat in southern Vietnam, where this species was very conspicuous with its bronzy foliage. From seed we collected at the highest peak, from a small exposed tree to only 3m tall bearing only small dark green glossy leaves to only 8 cm long on bright red petioles in these conditions. Still retaining some ripe fruit when we were there in the autumn of 2003, unusual as it had just finished flowering and bearing the embryos of the next fruit. Best grown is some shelter ideally with some overhead protection from late frosts.

Daphniphyllum (Daphniphyllaceae) BSWJ6888

pentandrum

From our own seed collection from Taroko north-eastern Taiwan. Forming a stunning evergreen bushy, dense shrub-small tree, with stout shoots and glaucous blue-green leaves. Small flowers, appear in late spring in the axils of new growth. Best grown in part shade with some overhead protection (edge of woodland) in a humus rich soil. Height 6m. Spread 4m.

Daphniphyllum (Daphniphyllaceae) BSWJ6809

pentandrum

From our own seed collection from Taroko north-eastern Taiwan. Forming tall evergreen trees to 10m, bearing branches of large dark lustrous green leaves on red petioles, weighted down by generous axillary drupes of glossy black grape-like fruit on bright red pedicells. Which we collected from the surrounding undergrowth, where the monkeys had thrown them.Best grown in part shade with some overhead protection (edge of woodland) in a humus rich soil. Height 6m. Spread 4m.

Daphniphyllum (Daphniphyllaceae) BSWJ3805

pentandrum

Forming a stunning evergreen bushy densely branched shrub or small tree, with stout shoots and glaucous blue-green paddle-shaped leathery leaves. Innumerable clusters of small flowers appear in the terminal axils of the bronzy new growth in late spring. These mature to black glossy ellipsoid fruit on long stalks on the female plants when pollinated. Similar in habit to D. macropodum but with a bronzy hue. Our mother plants were a collection from Yung Yang Lake (a restricted conservation area) Northern Taiwan in 1996. Best grown in part shade with some overhead protection (edge of woodland) in a humus rich, but drained soil. Height 6m. Spread 4m.

Daphniphyllum (Daphniphyllaceae) BSWJ11358

teysmannii

From one of our collections from the exposed sea cliffs of the Wakayama Prefecture Japan gathered in 2006, on our way south, of an invaluable evergreen shrub which is rarely seen in cultivation. Where it only formed a medium sized to small shrub with thick leathery oblong leaves, which emerge and retain a bronze colour for months, with an abundance of ellipsoidal fruit still very green. The flowers are born in the upper leaf axils in May followed on female plants with dark purple bloomy fruit. Best grown in a free draining soil in full sun to part shade sheltered from freezing winds.

Daphniphyllum (Daphniphyllaceae) BSWJ14626

teysmannii

A justifiably popular invaluable evergreen shrub, yet still very rarely seen in cultivation. Growing in very exposed locations in the wild, particularly in coastal areas, where they are often encountered on dry exposed sea cliffs. Only forming a medium sized to small shrub with thick leathery oblong leaves, which emerge deep red slowly metamorphosing bronze over months. Flowers are born in the upper leaf axils in May followed on female plants with dark purple bloomy fruit. Our collection from Kyushu, Japan late 2015. Best grown in a free draining soil in full sun to part shade, sheltered from freezing winds, as this is from a maritime climate, only sometimes seen growing inland where they grow larger.

Darmera (Saxifragaceae)

peltata

Spreading, perennial with large, rounded leaves. Has clusters of white or pale pink flowers in spring on white haired stems before the foliage appears. Height 1-1.2m. Spread 60cm. Sun or shade and moist soil. *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** This plant is only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Debregeasia (Urticaceae) BSWJ11686

longifolia

A most unusual medium sized shrub or small tree in the wild to 4m, which is an unlikely decorative woody member of the nettle family (Urticaceae). The semi-evergreen slender lance-shaped foliage to 23cm long may fool people even though the texture is rough, but the orange mulberry-like fruit held in dense clusters along the stems will be guaranteed to fox anyone. Sue's collection from a remote area of northern Vietnam next to the Chinese border, collected in 2006. Easily grown in most types of fertile drained soils, best grown in sun or light shade, with some protection from freezing winds.

Decumaria (Hydrangeaceae)

barbara

A North American self clinging semi-evergreen, aerial-rooting woody climber to 9m. The fragrant small creamy-white flowers are carried in rounded corymbs in June-July. Sheltered sun-shade in any humus enriched soil.

Decumaria (Hydrangeaceae)

sinensis

A small evergreen aerial rooting climber related to hydrangeas from China, to only 5m tall. With small glossy obovate dark green leaves, held close to the stems which are hidden by the sheer quantity of reputedly honey-scented white tinged green flowers, held in axillary corymbs in May-June. Sun or part shade in any humus enriched soil, best sheltered from cold winds.

Deinanthe (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ5551

bifida

Encountered on one of our trecks through the alpine forest on Mt. Sanjõgatake, Central Honshu, Japan. Our collection of a choice clump-forming woodland perennial best grown in a cool shady site in a leafy soil, protected from strong winds. The upright unbranched stems carry large rounded rugose opposite pairs of leaves to 20cm long, which are deeply notched at their ends. With showy terminal corymbs of white nodding flowers.

Deinanthe (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ5655

bifida

Our collection from a coniferous forest on Honshu, Japan. A choice clump-forming woodland perennial for a cool shady site in a leafy soil, protected from wind. The large rugose opposite pairs of leaves are split at their ends (bifid). While the rounded flowers are fleshy, nodding white in small clusters July-August.

Deinanthe (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ5436

bifida

Our collection from a coniferous forest on Honshu, Japan. A choice clump-forming woodland perennial for a cool shady site in a leafy soil, protect from wind. The large rugose opposite pairs of leaves are notched at their ends. Flowers are fleshy, nodding white in small clusters.

Deinanthe (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ5012

bifida 'Pink-Kii'

Truly outstanding and a notable departure from the normally white-flowered form of this species. Bearing terminal corymbs of nodding pristinely white flowers opening from deep pink buds, while the sepals of each flower retain the pinkish cast. The upright unbranched stems carry large rounded rugose opposite pairs of leaves to 20cm long, which are deeply notched at their ends. Named by Dan Hinkley of Heronswood Nursery, USA. For this collection we made together from the Kii Peninsular in Japan in 1997. A choice clump-forming woodland perennial best grown in a cool shady site in a leafy moisture retentive soil, best protected from drying winds.

Deinanthe (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ5655

bifida 'Pink-Shi'

Our collection from a steep forest of Chamecyprys on the island of Shikoku, Japan. A choice clump-forming woodland perennial best grown in a cool shady site in a leafy soil, protected from strong winds. The upright unbranched stems carry large rounded rugose opposite pairs of leaves to 20cm long, which are deeply notched at their ends. With showy terminal corymbs of white nodding flowers encased in this cultivar by pink sepals and subtended by pink sterile outer flowers.

Deinanthe (Hydrangeaceae)

caerulea

A much sought after and fabled, choice clump-forming perennial for a moist, cool and shady site in a leafy acidic soil, protect from drying winds. Forming clumps of shortly arching stems to 40cm, bearing rounded hairy leaves, below the pale blue nodding, fleshy flowers. China.

Deinanthe (Hydrangeaceae)

caerulea x bifida 'Blue Blush'

A cultivar we have reared from seed of D. caerulea having been pollinated by D. bifida, resulting in an uniform small batch of plants. The seedlings are intermediate in character with some hybrid vigour causing them to be stronger plants than the normal D. caerulea, but with paler foliage. The flowers also differ, again slightly larger white flowers, flushed with blue, the overall appearance being pale blue. Best grown in a cool shady site in a leafy soil, protected from strong winds.

Dendropanax (Araliaceae) BSWJ12988

trifidus

Inexplicably absent from cultivation in the UK. A valuable small evergreen tree, easily maintained as a shrub if preferable. With sturdy stems bearing thick-textured leathery dark-green tri-lobed juvenile leaves or rhombic-ovate adult foliage to 12cm long. Bearing terminal inflorescences of yellowish green small flowers in umbels followed by black round fruit. Easily grown in most fertile soils in full sun or part shade, best out of freezing winds.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BWJ7728

aff. monbeigii

A small very hardy deciduous species bearing May-June dense axially and terminal clusters of large white flowers. Forming a deciduous shrub to 2m tall, with strongly arching branches of small ovate opposite leaves greyish below, From seed I collected at 3200m near Zhongdian China. Easily grown in sun or part shade in a free drained soil.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) HWJK2180

bhutanensis

One of our seed collections gathered from the forest edge as we left the Arun River on our hike towards Thudam on the Tibetan border of eastern Nepal with Dan Hinkley et al in 2002 at 2100m. Where this arching deciduous shrub only attained a height of 1.7m bearing broadly lanceolate leaves to 4cm long on long branches. With sizeable pale flowers edged purple-pink in congested axillary clusters produced before or with the foliage April-June. Easily grown in any type of drained fertile soil in sun or part shade.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BWJ8007

calycosa

From Longzhoushan, Sichuan, a small deciduous shrub to 3m tall, where I collected it growing on an open rocky mountainside. With small ovate to lanceolate thin textured leaves with small stellate hairs on the undersides and on the reddish young stems. Bearing terminal corymbose cymes comprising of 3-12 pink flowers. For any type of well drained soil in sun or part shade.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ3720

cordatula

Originating from our collection gathered in the autumn of 1996, from Wushe in the Central Mountains of Taiwan, a recently discovered species. Forming in time a medium sized shrub bearing opposite golden brown stellately haired cordate leaves, which are thick textured and possibly persistent. Bearing many flowered long pendant terminal panicles of funnel-star-shaped palest pink flowers over a long period in summer. Requiring a position in full sun with shelter from freezing winds.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ6917

cordatula

A recently discovered species, which we collected from Wushe in the Central Mountains of Taiwan in the winter of 1999. Forming in time a small to medium sized shrub bearing opposite golden brown stellately haired cordate leaves, which are thick textured and persistent. Bearing many flowered terminal and axillary panicles of star to funnel-shaped pink flowers over a long period in summer. Best grown in full sun to light shade in a well drained fertile soil with shelter from freezing winds.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) GWJ9339

corymbosa

A slender arching deciduous shrub only attaining a height of 2m where we gathered the seed in northern Himalayas in 2002, with Sally Goddard at 2700m. Where it had born small ovate opposite leaves 5-12cm long on lateral branches bearing fragrant white flowers in generous axillary and terminal cymes June to July. Easily grown in any type of drained fertile soil in sun or shade. Previously offered as D. compacta. *** **** *** ***** As we have sold out of all our containerised stock of this plant, these plants are supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) GWJ9202

corymbosa

From one of our seed in northern Himalayas in 2002 with Sally Goddard at 2700m. Where this slender arching deciduous shrub only attained a height of 2m bearing small ovate opposite leaves 5-12cm long on lateral branches bearing fragrant white flowers in generous axillary and terminal cymes June to July. Easily grown in any type of drained fertile soil in sun or shade. Previously offered as D. compacta.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) GWJ9203

corymbosa

We were convinced that this was another species, until it flowered in our trials field. Forming an impressive arching deciduous shrub to a height of 2m bearing small ovate opposite leaves 5-12cm long on lateral branches, bearing fragrant white flowers in what appeared to be huge terminal dense panicles 1m long, but were comprised of many congested cymes June to July. Where we gathered this seed collection from the northern Himalayas in 2002 with Sally Goddard at 2700m. Easily grown in any type of drained fertile soil in sun or shade. Previously offered as D. compacta.*** **** *******This plant is only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ10969

crenata

From one of our seed collections gathered in the mountains of Niigata north western Japan, when we were driven south by the incoming snows in the autumn of 2005. A deciduous shrub bearing a mass of congested axillary racemes of white flowers from May to July, on slender arching branches of opposite finely toothed leaves (crenate), with few white stellate (starry) hairs below. Height to 3m. Easily grown in any reasonable soil in sun or part shade. Hardy to -20 C. The name of this species has long been confused with D. scabra since its original introduction in the early 19th century. ***** **** ***** **** **** **** *** This plant is only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ8886

crenata

A deciduous shrub from one of our collections in the mountains of Hirotani, Kyushu, Japan in 2001. Bearing a mass of congested axillary racemes of white flowers from May to July, on slender arching branches of opposite finely toothed leaves (crenate), with few white stellate hairs below. Height to 3m. Easily grown in any reasonable soil in sun or part shade. Hardy to -20 C. The name of this species has long been confused with D. scabra since its original introduction in the early 19th century.***** ******** ********** ******* This plant can only be supplied as open ground/bare-rooted when dormant (winter)

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ8896

crenata

Deciduous medium-sized shrub to 3m tall where we collected seed on the mountains of the Kinki District Japan, at 1200m in 2001. Bearing masses of terminal and axillary racemes of funnel-shaped white flowers from May to July. On slender branches of small opposite finely toothed leaves, with white stellate hairs below. Easily grown in any reasonable soil in sun or part shade. ***** **** **** ***** ***** ******* This plant is only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ8924

crenata

A deciduous medium-sized shrub to 3m tall where we collected seed on the mountains of the Kinki District, Japan at 800m in 2001. Bearing many-flowered terminal panicles of cupped star-shaped white flowers from April-June. On slender branches of opposite orbicular-ovate serrulate leaves densely hairy below. Easily grown in sun or part shade in any fertile free drained soil. *** *** *** *** This plant can only be supplied as open ground/bare-rooted when dormant (winter), the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ5805

crenata v. heterotricha

Deciduous shrub from one of our collections in the high mountains of Northern Shikoku, Japan at 1500m in 1998. Bearing simple or basely branched terminal and axillary congested racemes of sizeable white flowers from May to July. Which weigh down the slender branches of opposite finely toothed leaves, with spreading hairs below. Height 3m. Thrives in any reasonable soil in sun or part shade. Hardy to -20 C.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ8879

crenata v. heterotricha

Our collection from the mountains of Northern Kyushu, Japan at 600m in 2001, where this scarce variety of this deciduous shrub only grew to 1.5m tall, but a bit taller in cultivation. Bearing masses of terminal and axillary racemes of funnel-shaped white flowers from May to July, on slender branches of opposite finely toothed leaves, with spreading hairs below on this variety. Easily grown in any reasonable fertile soil with a little humus to retain some moisture, in either full sun or part shade. ******************************As we have sold out of all our containerised stock of this plant, these plants are supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ11184

crenata v. nakaiana

Forming a medium sized shrub in the wild, where we collected the seed of this rare variety, on the Yamazumi Pass high up in the mountains of Shizuoka Japan in the autumn of 2005. With smaller leaves than the typical phase complimented by albeit smaller white flowers May-June, but more numerous. Easily grown in any type of fertile soil preferably with a bit of humus to hold moisture, in either full sun or part shade.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae)

discolor 'Major'

An old cultivar which was already in our garden when we moved to Crûg, considered to be the best form of this Chinese species introduced by Ernest Wilson in 1901. Only forming a dainty small arching shrub with small ovate leaves, which produces an abundance of 2-2.5 cm wide white flowers that are pink tinted on the outsides in May-June. Easily grown in any type of drained fertile soil in sun or part shade.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ8427

glabrata

A small slender shrub to only 1.5m tall, when we collected the seed for this rare species. With arching branched stems bearing elliptic serrulate thin textured leaves, bearing terminal congested cymes of open star-shaped white flowers from April-June. From the mountainous area of Sõraksan in the north-east of South Korea, where it grew on a steep north facing slope amongst strewn boulders. Easily grown in sun or part shade in any fertile free drained soil.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BWJ7742

glomeruliflora

A small species I collected seed of at 2900m in Yunnan China. Forming a deciduous shrub to 2m tall, with arching branches of small opposite leaves greyish below. Bearing May-June congested clusters of pale pink starry flowers, best in sun or part shade in a free drained soil. *** *** *** *** *** Open ground plants only available in the dormant season.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ8927

gracilis

Only forming a small deciduous shrub to 1.5m tall where we collected seed on the mountains of the Kinki District, Japan in 2001. Bearing terminal congested branched racemes of star-shaped white flowers from April-June, on slender branches of ovate to broadly lanceolate toothed leaves slightly hairy below. Easily grown in sun or part shade in any fertile free drained soil.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ11438

gracilis v. ogatae

A chance find of this little known gem that never fails to smother itself with small flowers every summer. It differs from our previous collection of this variety in producing its mass of flowers that are a contrasting pink in bud. This variety does not appear to be recorded in British horticulture for producing flowers in vast numbers over a longer period than the type species from May to July, all be it as smaller flowers. Our collection from the mountains of central Kyushu, Japan in 2006, where this deciduous small shrub only grew to 1.5m tall, bearing terminal and axillary congested panicles of flowers on slender branches of opposite finely toothed leaves, with few white stellate hairs below. Easily grown in any reasonable soil in sun or part shade. Hardy to -20 C.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ8911

gracilis v. ogatae

Our collection from the mountains of Northern Kyushu, Japan in 2001, where this deciduous small shrub only grew to 1.5m tall along a steam within a forest. A deciduous shrub bearing terminal and axillary congested panicles of small white flowers in profusion from May to July. On slender branches of opposite finely toothed leaves, with few white stellate hairs below. Easily grown in any reasonable soil in sun or part shade. Hardy to -20 C.**** **** **** **** **** **** *** *** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants when dormant during the winter months. The pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ11567

maximowicziana

One of our last collections from Japan in 2006, although we had been on the lookout throughout. A distinct species with almost white undersides to the slender opposite leaves, the reason I had a crick in my neck after looking under so many for a month. Found close to Kochi on Shikoku island, where the slender stems to 1.3m long, had been laden with the cupped white flowers in profusion from May to July growing laxly from steep dry sunny banks. Easily grown in any type of well drained fertile soil in full sun to light shade.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ8592

paniculata

A small delicate looking species for us so far, although up to 2m tall in the wild with arching stems and peeling bark where we collected the seed in the cold Sobaeksan area of South Korea in the autumn of 2001. Bearing large panicles of small white flowers in profusion May-July, setting this species well apart from others. Easily grown in any type of fertile soil preferably with a bit of humus to hold moisture, in either full sun or part shade.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ8690

parviflora v. amurensis

One of our seed collections from Taebaeksan one of the coldest locations we have collected from at this elevation of 1,500m, in the mountains of central South Korea. A slender deciduous shrub to 2m tall with ovate-acuminate pairs of opposite leaves, with small stellate hairs on their undersides (which differ in shape on this variety). Bearing late March to June flat topped corymbs of fresh white outwardly facing open rounded flowers fewer in number, but larger in this variety. Easily grown in any type of drained fertile soil in sun or shade. We find this species particularly useful in a deciduous woodland as it flowers so early. **** **** **** ***** **** **** *** These plants are supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ8478

parviflora v. barbinervis

From seed we collected from the Chiaksan Area of central South Korea in 2001, from an area that experiences very cold but dry winters. A small slender deciduous shrub to 2m tall, with ovate-acuminate pairs of opposite leaves, with small stellate hairs on their undersides. Bearing in summer flat topped corymbs of fresh white up turned open rounded flowers. Easily grown in any type of drained fertile soil in sun or shade. ******* ********** ************* As we have sold out of all our containerised stock of this plant, these plants are supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ8588

prunifolia

A small slender shrub to only 1m high, when we collected the seed for this rare species. With arching well branched stems bearing small elliptic leaves, which were hairy along the veins below and on the few axillary seed capsules, which had replaced the unusual large funnel-shaped white flowers April-May. From the Sobaeksan area in the rugged mountainous interior of South Korea, where it grew on a steep north facing slope amongst strewn boulders. Easily grown in sun or part shade in any fertile free drained soil. Previously sold as D. coreana.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ6908

pulchra

Selected for having purple venation on its grey pointed leaves, which can indicate colouring in the flowers. Sometimes semi-evergreen shrub to 3m, from our collection in the Long-Jen Valley, Taiwan. Bearing many flowered terminal panicles of funnel shaped white sometimes pink tinged flowers May-July. Shelter from cold winds.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ3870

pulchra

Deciduous sometimes semi-evergreen shrub from our collection in the mountains of N. Luzon, Philippines. Making in time a large shrub bearing opposite grey fealty ovoid pointed leaves (small in this form). Bearing many flowered terminal panicles of funnel shaped pure white flowers over a long period summer on. Shelter from cold winds. **** **** **** **** **** **** **** ** As we have sold out of all our containerised stock of this plant, these plants are supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ1905

pulchra

Originating from our seed collection gathered in the relatively sheltered valley in the north of Taiwan, Wuling Farm at 1750m, where we were initially surprised by the heavy frosts in the autumn of 1993. A variable shrub that in time forms a large shrub with decorative exfoliating bark, but can quite easily be kept smaller if desired. That is semi-evergreen bearing opposite grey-green ovoid pointed leaves that are larger in this form. Bearing many flowered terminal panicles of funnel shaped pure white flowers (likened to lily-of the valley by Roy Lancaster) over a long period in summer. Shelter from freezing winds in any type of fertile drained soil, in full sun or light shade.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ1738

pulchra

From one of our seed collection gathered in the high mountain forest of Taipingshan in the north of Taiwan, in 1993 at 2,000m, where we had to endure the dreadful food and day time temperatures of 4C with non stop rain. A variable shrub that in time forms a large shrub with decorative exfoliating bark, but can quite easily be kept smaller if desired. That is semi-evergreen bearing opposite grey-green ovoid pointed leaves in this form. Bearing many flowered terminal panicles of funnel shaped pure white flowers (likened to lily-of the valley by Roy Lancaster) over a long period in summer. Shelter from freezing winds in any type of fertile drained soil, in full sun or light shade.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ3948

pulchra

A deciduous sometimes semi-evergreen shrub originating from one of our seed collections in 1996, gathered from Mount Pulag the highest mountain on the island of Luzon, Philippines, at around 2,700m. A variable shrub that in time forms a large shrub with decorative exfoliating bark, but can quite easily be kept smaller if desired. Bearing semi-evergreen small in this form opposite grey fealty ovoid pointed leaves, with many flowered terminal panicles of funnel shaped pure white flowers (likened to lily-of the valley by Roy Lancaster) over a long period in summer. Shelter from freezing winds in any type of fertile drained soil, in full sun or light shade.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) CWJ12386

pulchra

From my highest elevation seed collection of this species, gathered on my 2007 expedition to Taiwan's highest mountain, Yushan at 2900m. A variable shrub that in time can form a large shrub with decorative exfoliating bark, but can quite easily be kept smaller if desired. That is sometimes semi-evergreen, bearing opposite grey-green ovoid pointed leaves, bearing many flowered terminal panicles of funnel shaped pure white flowers (likened to lily-of the valley by Roy Lancaster) over a long period in summer. Shelter from freezing winds in any type of fertile drained soil, in full sun or light shade.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BWJ7859

purpurascens

From seed I collected on the Cangshan, Yunnan China, growing amongst strewn boulders on a steep valley floor, not far from a roaring river. Where it formed a small arching deciduous shrub to only 2m tall. With reddish branches of small ovate opposite finely serrated leaves, bearing May-June dense axially clusters of large shell pink star-shaped flowers. Easily grown in sun or part shade in any fertile free drained soil. *** *** *** *** *** *** Open ground plants only available.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ11168

scabra

From our seed collection gathered from Mt. Kanmuriyama on the island of Shikoku, Japan in 2005. A small-medium sized deciduous species with ovate to orbicular bristly parchment textured opposite leaves, with the first pair below the inflorescence being almost fused at their bases. Bearing terminal and axillary panicles of white widely open star-shaped flowers with conspicuous protruding stamen April-June. A new species to cultivation although the name has been mis used for D. crenata for nearly 200 years. Easily grown in full sun to part shade in any type of fertile well drained soil. ****** ********* ************ As we have sold out of all our containerised stock of this plant, these plants are supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculatin

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ11127

scabra

A new species to cultivation although the name has been mis used for D. crenata for nearly 200 years. A small-medium deciduous species with ovate to orbicular bristly parchment textured opposite leaves, with the first pair below the inflorescence being almost fused at their bases. Bearing terminal and axillary panicles of white widely open star-shaped flowers with conspicuous protruding stamen April-June. From our seed collection gathered from the Mt. Asõ area of Kyushu Japan in 2005. Easily grown in full sun to part shade in any type of fertile well drained soil.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) CWJ12443

taiwanensis

From a seed collection gathered in 2007, from an old logging trail that runs through the Central Mountains of Taiwan at high altitude. A slender deciduous species with narrowly elliptic serrated leaves, distinct with the 5-8 armed stellate hairs below. With terminal slender inflorescences which would have borne the white cupped flowers in summer. Grown in our windswept stock field for several very cold winters, where they have flowered every year. Easily grown in any type of drained fertile soil in full sun or part shade. **** **** **** **** **** **** *** *** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants when dormant during the winter months. The pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Deutzia (Hydrangeaceae) CWJ12459

taiwanensis

Only forming a slender deciduous shrub where I collected this seed in the mountain forest of Hsinchu, in the cool north of Taiwan, in 2007 with Finlay Colley. To 1.5m tall with many slender branches of narrow sharp ended grey green leaves to 7.5 cm long terminating in slender inflorescences which would have borne the white cupped flowers in summer. Best grown in full sun to light shade in a drained fertile soil out of cold winds.**** **** **** **** **** **** *** *** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants when dormant during the winter months. The pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Dianthus (Caryophyllaceae) NMWJ14561

pygmaeus

From our most recent collection of this charming spices, we collected from a sunny very steep rocky bank in the upper reaches of The Taroko Gorge. High in the mountain forest of Taiwan's Central Mountain Range. A trailing species with conspicuous deeply frilled fragrant pink flowers, held on grey-green slender foliage. For full sun in a well drained soil. 15cm. From a collection gathered with The Taiwan Natural Science Museum on our joint expedition in 2015.

Dicentra (Papaveraceae)

formosa ssp. oregona

Strong growing perennial producing in spring-summer slender, arching sprays of pendant, heart shaped, pale pink flowers above finely cut, grey-green leaves. Height 45cm. Spread 30cm. Sun-shade with moist but well drained soil.

Dicentra (Papaveraceae)

'Langtrees'

Syn. 'Pearl Drops', perennial with attractive broad silver-grey foliage. Arching sprays of pendent, heart shaped pink tipped cream flowers, from spring to late summer. Height 45cm. Spread 60cm. Requires partial shade-sun and drained soil. Very hardy and good in shade.

Dicentra (Papaveraceae)

macrantha

A remarkable plant, for the way it re-emerges in spring, thrusting its new glass-like new growth through the ground to a height of 1m, in a week. Holding its stately foliage like fans, with locket-shaped flowers that are large mid yellow. For a cool protected site in a leafy (probably best in acidic) soil. Recently renamed Ichthyoselmis, possibly to make it more appealing to gardeners who like tongue twisters!

Dicentra (Papaveraceae)

macrocapnos see Dactylicapnos

One of the best introductions of recent times from Nepal. A completely herbaceous climber, making annual growth of 7-10m, in a site sheltered from strong winds and late spring frosts. Flowers bright yellow June-Dec. See. Dactylicapnos.

Dicentra (Papaveraceae) GWJ9438

scandens see Dactylicapnos

A remarkably common plant in the area where we made this seed collection in Lava a remote protected area in Northern India at 2150m. Where it formed an herbaceous climber, making annual growth of 3-4m over small trees and shrubs. Bearing yellow locket-flowers June-July, followed by distinct inflated bullet-shaped purple seed pods hanging like grapes. Easily grown in a site sheltered from strong winds, plant in shade growing into sun. Syn. Dactylicapnos

Dicentra (Papaveraceae) GWJ9376

ventii see Dactylicapnos

We encountered this remarkable climbing species in the mountain forests of the Singalila Ridge Northern India. Where it grew to only 3m tall, with its own distinctly bronzy tinted foliage born on bright reddish tendrilled stems. Bearing generous clusters of orange-suffused yellow locket-flowers produced through the summer into autumn, followed by distinct decorative inflated reddish beaked seed pods. Easily grown in well drained fertile soil in sun or part shade. Syn. Dactylicapnos

Dichroa (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ11790

× Hydrangea ytiensis

See × Didrangea for more details. Originally thought to be Hydrangea lingii as described in the Flora of China, but after further investigation it has been recognised as a natural bi-generic hybrid

Dichroa (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ6605

aff. versicolor

A new species to cultivation from our collection in the far north of Thailand, gathered in 1998. A shrub to 2m tall, closely related to and resembling Hydrangea. The leaves are thick textured, semi-evergreen, best grown in a sheltered spot out of freezing winds and hard frosts, in full sun to part shade. Flowering from August until frost, bearing dense terminal branched panicles of all fertile blue flowers, followed by blue to purple berries.

Dichroa (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ6605

aff. versicolor

A new species to cultivation from our collection in the far north of Thailand, gathered in 1998. A shrub to 2m tall, closely related to and resembling Hydrangea. The leaves are thick textured, semi-evergreen, best grown in a sheltered spot out of freezing winds and hard frosts, in full sun to part shade. Flowering from August until frost, bearing dense terminal branched panicles of all fertile blue flowers, followed by blue to purple berries.

Dichroa (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ7177

aff. versicolor

From one of our collection made in the far north of Thailand on the slopes of Doi Phohom-Pok on the border with Burma in the winter of 1999. An evergreen species closely related to Hydrangea forming a small shrub to 2m high, in the wild, less in cultivation. With upright branches of narrow broadly elliptic thick textured leaves, bearing August-frost, dense terminal panicles of pale blue flowers with recurved petals, closely followed by bright-blue berries. Untried for hardiness keep out of cold winds, best grown in sun or light shade in a sheltered spot, or in a container.

Dichroa (Hydrangeaceae) HWJK2430

cynea

Originating from one of our seed collections gathered at 1,250m from the Mewa Kola north-eastern Nepal, on our decent from Topke Khola in the autumn of 2002. A Himalayan shrub to 3m tall, but more like half that in British gardens. Closely related to and resembling Hydrangea (recently discovered that they hybridise with Hydrangea). With leaves which are semi-evergreen, persisting in sheltered areas. Flowering August to frost, even through a mild winter, with dense terminal branched cymes of pale blue to pink all fertile flowers (depending on pH), followed by blue to purple fleshy fruit. Shelter out of cold winds, sun or part shade. Syn. D. febrifuga (was assumed to be the Himalayan species).

Dichroa (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ2367

cynea

A Himalayan shrub to 3m tall, but more like half that in British gardens. Closely related to and resembling Hydrangea (recently discovered that they hybridise with Hydrangea). With leaves which are semi-evergreen, persisting in sheltered areas. Flowering August to frost, even through a mild winter, with dense terminal branched cymes of pale blue to pink all fertile flowers (depending on pH), followed by blue to purple fleshy fruit. Originating from one of our seed collections gathered at 2,500m from the small forested area of Lava West Bengal northern India during our expedition there in 1994. Shelter out of cold winds, sun or part shade. Syn. D. febrifuga (was assumed to be the Himalayan species).

Dichroa (Hydrangeaceae) BWJ15621

daimingshanensis

Literally growing by the side of the road we came to a screeching halt when I noticed a blue flash. As we were driving out of Cao Bang Province in the north east of Vietnam over a high mountain pass a week before Christmas 2017. A species I had not previously encountered with ovate-elliptic hydrangea-like foliage of a thin texture on distinctly dark blue stems, with the colour running into the foliage on some of the young growth. Only forming small shrubs a little over a meter tall, but wider, due to the exposed and rocky environment. Bearing plenty of terminal cymes of bright blue berries that encapsulated the seed. Untried for hardiness hence keep out of cold winds, best grown in sun to part shade in a sheltered spot, or in a container.

Dichroa (Hydrangeaceae) GUIZ48

daimingshanensis

A robust form of a shrub closely related to Hydrangea, that looks very similar to it. Originally discovered in Indochina in the 18th Century, by an Italian missionary. A small to medium sized shrub to 2m high, in the wild, slightly less in cultivation. With upright branches of broadly ovate leaves, thick textured and, semi-evergreen. Bearing August-frost, dense terminal branched clusters of fertile blue petalled flowers, closely followed by violet-blue berries. A collection made in Guizhou, China in 1985. Hardy in sheltered spots out of doors, keep out of cold winds, best in sun or part shade. Given to us by Heronswood Nursery, near Seattle USA.

Dichroa (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ9753

febrifuga

A very ornate species with strongly upright dark-blue stems bearing large very broadly elliptic serrulate leaves, hirsute on the veins below. With very large terminal panicles 30-40 cm long of pale blue flowers with recurved petals (late summer), which had been succeeded by large navy-blue fleshy fruit. Forming a substantial plant in the forest of Dalat, a mountain station in Vietnam where we collected the blue fruit in the autumn of 2003. Untried for hardiness keep out of cold winds, best grown in sun to part shade in a sheltered spot, or in a container. This genus was originally collected and described to science from this area, from a collection gathered by an Italian missionary in the 18th Century.

Dichroa (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ9734

febrifuga

Forming a substantial plant in the mountain forest of Dalat where we collected the blue fruit of this very ornate species in Vietnam. With strongly upright dark-blue stems bearing large very broadly elliptic serrulate leaves, hirsute on the veins below. With large terminal panicles of pale blue flowers with recurved petals (late summer), many of which had been succeeded by large navy-blue fleshy fruit. Untried for hardiness keep out of cold winds, best grown in sun to part shade in a sheltered spot, or in a container. Syn. D. aff. yunnanensis

Dichroa (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ8371

febrifuga from Lao

A familiar name in cultivation closely related to Hydrangea, but not seen in cultivation since its discovery in this area in the 18th Century, by an Italian missionary. Here forming a small shrub to 2m high, in the wild, slightly less in cultivation. With upright branches of narrow hairy leaves, thick textured and, semi-evergreen. Bearing August-frost, dense terminal branched clusters of fertile white petalled flowers, closely followed by violet-blue berries. One of the few collections we made near Nonghat in the north of Lao, on the Vietnamese border. Untried for hardiness keep out of cold winds, sun or shade. in a sheltered spot, or in a container. The name D. febrifuga has been erroneously applied to D. cynea in cultivation.

Dichroa (Hydrangeaceae) BWJ16315

hirsuta

A chance find on my first visit to a new area for me, where I came upon a colony of this distinct species standing to 2m tall and wider, growing in a mountainous forest. With the characteristic hydrangea-like elliptic broad foliage holding terminal corymbs of blue fruit on strongly upright dark-blue stems. The new growth was distinctly hirsute (hairy) easily identifying the species. From the dense forest of Bac Me area of Ha Giang, northern Vietnam, late 2017, which was unfortunately very wet and muddy underfoot, but much to the liking of the leaches who thought it was Christmas when they found my ankles. Untried for hardiness keep out of cold winds, best grown in sun to part shade in a sheltered spot, or in a container.

Dichroa (Hydrangeaceae) BWJ15644

yunnanensis

A familiar site in dense forest in the area surrounding Sapa, an old French hill-station now tourist resort in the mountains of northern Vietnam, near the border crossing at Lao Cai. Collected from a small shrub, but can be up to 3m tall and wide in this area, forming a somewhat dome-shape. With bluish succulent branches that age to wood, bearing oblong-elliptic serrulate leaves up to 25 x 10 cm with long acuminate tips and are hairy below. Holding terminal corymbose panicles of cobalt-blue berries when I found it, the result of the blue all fertile flowers held in May-June in the wild, late summer in UK gardens. Not tried for hardiness yet, hence best kept out of cold winds, grown in sun to part shade in a sheltered spot, or in a container.

Didrangea (× ) (Hydrangeaceae) BSWJ11790

ytiensis

Originally thought to be a Hydrangea species as described in the Flora of China, but after further investigation it has been recognised as a natural bi-generic hybrid. Forming a shrubs to only 1.5m tall where I found this unusual species in the wild in cleared forest where animals grazed, close to the border with China in northern Vietnam in the autumn of 2006. Immediately recognisable as different on account of the glossy elliptic leaves that were purple on both sides in the sun, a trait it has yet to perform in our garden, probably due to the lack of sun. In our garden the broad terminal cymes of all fertile blue to purple flowers are born all summer into autumn. Best grown in a drained fertile soil with some moisture retention in sun or light shade out of freezing winds.

Digitalis (Scrophulariaceae) BSWJ15395

ferruginea

An upright slender perennial species to 1.2m tall without branches at its base, but long lanceolate deep green leathery and glossy foliage held in the basal half. Bearing long spikes of yellow flowers netted with darker vein on their interiors and with long protruding lips that are conspicuously long haired. Backed by a calyx with a wide papery margin, flowers opening May to August. From one of our seed collections gathered from Goderdzi, a high summer grazing area in Adjara Province Georgia, on a joint expedition with Moscow BG and Batumi BG in 2017. Easily grown in full sun to part shade in a well drained soil.

Diospyros (Ebenaceae) FMWJ13164

cf. lotus

This species was initially considered to be D. lotus, but I am reconsidering that identification, hence it will take a bit more time for me to work it out. The foliage is softly pubescent while the fruits were small with a large calyx. From a seed collection I gathered from a remote valley deep in the Hoang Lien Mountains in northern Vietnam in the autumn of 2011. From a small tree growing on the riverbank, where some of our crew had been scoffing the fruit for their breakfast. Best grown in a warm situation sheltered from freezing winds in a reasonably drained soil with some moisture retention.

Diphylleia (Berberidaceae)

cymosa

A N. American bulbous rooted perennial. Grown primarily for its twin leaves, which can attain 60cm across, bearing a rounded head of white flowers, which mature to indigo blue berries. For a woodsy soil in full to part shade.

Diphylleia (Berberidaceae)

grayi

A tuberous rooted perennial originating from the cold high mountain forests of northern Honshu and Hokkaido, Japan. Grown primarily for its butterfly-like twin leaves, that can attain 60cm across and are softly pubescent below. Which are borne on a 30-60cm tall stocky stem, bearing a cyme of up to 10 white flowers in late spring, which mature to blue-bloomy berries by mid-late summer. Bearing the vernacular name of 'skeleton flower' as the flowers are transparent when wet. Best grown a woodsy humus rich to moist soil in full-part shade.

Diphylleia (Berberidaceae)

sinensis

From damp areas of W. China a bulbous rooted perennial. Grown primarily for its twin leaves, on stems to 1m, which can attain 60cm across, bearing a rounded head of white flowers, which mature to indigo blue berries. For a woodsy soil in full to part shade.

Diplopanax (Cornaceae) BSWJ11803

stachyanthus

A relic plant from before the Ice Age. From one of our seed collections gathered from the forest around Fansipan, the highest mountain in northern Vietnam, where cold snaps and snow are common in the winter. Forming a large tree in the ancient forest where this walnut-like seed was collected, much smaller in regenerating areas, typically 7-8m with large leathery oblong leaves on red petioles. Bearing their fuzzy 5-petalled flowers on many branched terminal panicles 30cm long soon followed by large oblong seed encased in a green husk to 5.5cm long with u shaped kernels. Best grown in a sheltered warm situation with possibly some protection from frosts. Previously identified as Elaeocarpus.

Dipsacus (Dipsacaceae) HWJ695

japonicus

A perennial from the Sapa area of N. Vietnam, comprising of a basal rosette of hairy lobed leaves out of which emerges vertical stems bearing numerous heads of cream-coloured flowers. Height 1.2m, for a sunny well drained soil. Possibly a Cephalaria sp., a genera not in the Vietnamese Flora.

Disepalum (Annonaceae) FMWJ13375

petelotii

An evergreen shrub to small tree in the wild, collected from Y Ty on the north Vietnamese border with southern China, 4 m tall where we found this collection. With dark grey branches, slightly hairy when young. Clothed in narrowly elliptic, oblong-lanceolate, leaves 12.5 × 2.5 cm, leathery dark shiny green and glabrous, base acutely angled to the short petioles, apex acuminate sometimes with long acumen. Inflorescences terminal or sometimes opposite a leaf, single-flowered, the flowers 3 cm across. Petals greenish to yellow with a purple base, followed by up to 20 ellipsoid to cylindric-ellipsoid dark purple fruit in an orbicular cluster on long peduncles. Flowering from March to November in the wild.

Disporopsis (Convallariaceae) BSWJ229

arisanensis

A new species to cultivation found by ourselves in the high mountain forests of the Central Mountains in Taiwan in 1992. Similar in appearance to a Solomon’s seal, but distinctly evergreen with arching stems to approximately 40cm. With rounded to elongated thick textured alternate leaves which bear pendant scented white flowers sometimes heavily blotched dark purple in June. Followed by plump pale purple berries which persist until the following spring. Easily grown in a moisture retentive humus rich soil that is drained, in full-part shade.

Disporopsis (Convallariaceae) BSWJ1864

arisanensis

A new species to cultivation originaly found by ourselves in the high mountain forests of the Central Mountains in Taiwan in 1992, this collection representing our 1993 gathering. Similar in appearance to a Solomon’s seal, but distinctly evergreen with arching stems to approximately 40cm. With rounded to elongated thick textured alternate leaves which bear pendant scented white flowers sometimes heavily blotched dark purple in June. Followed by plump pale purple berries which persist until the following spring. Easily grown in a moisture retentive humus rich soil that is drained, in full-part shade.

Disporopsis (Convallariaceae)

aspersa

Evergreen rhizomatous perennial, closely related to Polygonatum. With erect darkly mottled stems holding the arching alternate broad leaves to 60 cm. Producing its scented white, purple-yellow inside, axillary flowers in June followed by purplish fruit. Plant in leafy moist but well drained shade.

Disporopsis (Convallariaceae)

aspersa tall form

Evergreen rhizomatous perennial, closely related to Polygonatum. With erect darkly mottled stems to 80 cm tall, bearing the arching alternate broad leathery leaves. Producing its scented white, purple-yellow inside, axillary flowers in June followed by purplish fruit. Plant in leafy moist but well drained shade.

Disporopsis (Convallariaceae) KWJ12277

bodinieri

A new species to cultivation originally found by ourselves in the Hoang Lien high mountains of northern Vietnam in the autumn of 2007. Obviously a close relative to D. fusco-picta as it shares the distinct feature of moniliform rhizomes (like a string of beads). Another shared feature are the larger flowers, which like all species are held in the leaf axils. However the foliage is distinct in quantity of narrowly ovate evergreen leaves, with usually pronounced undulation to the rim. A slow growing species for us which can eventually attain a height of 80cm. Easily grown in a moisture retentive drained soil in full to light shade.

Disporopsis (Convallariaceae) FMWJ13457

bodinieri

One of our collections of this new species to cultivation gathered with Aaron Floden and Tom Mitchell from our 5-Fingers trek in the Hoang Lien mountains of northern Vietnam in 2011. Although I had collected it in a different are of the same mountain range in 2007. Obviously a close relative to D. fusco-picta as it shares the distinct feature of moniliform rhizomes (like a string of beads). Another shared feature are the larger flowers, which like all species are held in the leaf axils. However the foliage is distinct in quantity of narrowly ovate evergreen leaves, with usually pronounced undulation to the rim. A slow growing species for us which can eventually attain a height of 80cm. Easily grown in a moisture retentive drained soil in full to light shade.

Disporopsis (Convallariaceae)

fuscopicta

From a distinctly knobbly slender rhizome (moniliform) simulating a string of beads. An evergreen perennial species endemic to China, closely related to and similar in appearance to Polygonatum. With arching stems of alternate glossy dark green leaves to 50 cm tall. Bearing few axially white purple tinged flowers 2.2cm April-May, followed by persistent purplish fruit. Plant in leafy moist but well drained shade. ***** There appear to be several outlets offering plants under this name. We have yet to see one that is correctly named. *****

Disporopsis (Convallariaceae) BSWJ3891

luzoniense

A new species to cultivation found by ourselves in the high mountains of Northern Luzon, Philippines.(Recorded as D. fusco-picta, which has a moniliform rhizome) Perennial with a narrow cylindrical rhizome, attaining 40cm in a moist humus rich soil in full-part shade. The rounded glossy leaves are alternate and evergreen on strongly arching stems similar in habit to Polygonatum, with axillary white flowers in spring followed by persistent purple berries.

Disporopsis (Convallariaceae)

pernyi

A robust evergreen rhizomatous perennial, closely related to Polygonatum, relishing a leafy moist but well drained soil. Arching stems of alternating rounded leaves attain 40cm, while producing its citrus scented white flared flowers in June. Plant in full to part shade.

Disporopsis (Convallariaceae) BSWJ3388

taiwanensis

A new species to cultivation found by ourselves in the high mountains of Taiwan similar in habit to Polygonatum. Which can attain 40cm in a moist humus rich soil in full-part shade. The rounded leaves are alternate and evergreen, white pendent flowers purple-yellow inside, appear in June, followed by purple berries.

Disporopsis (Convallariaceae)

undulata

Evergreen perennial closely related to Polygonatum, emerging from slightly swollen rhizomes. With short erect mottled stems to 20 cm tall, bearing the arching alternate undulating leaves. Producing its scented creamy axillary flowers, which are purple and yellow inside, from May-June followed by purplish fruit. Easily grown in a leafy moist but well drained soil in shade.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) DJHC765

bodinieri

Tuberous rooted semi-evergreen woodland perennial, from a rather thick creeping rhizome, producing robust upright many branched stems 50-100cm tall. Bearing elliptic to ovate-lanceolate parchment textured leaves to 15cm long, still emerging as the stems extend. With terminal umbels of creamy white funnel-shaped flowers squeezing their way out of the still unfurling foliage May-June, followed by rounded blue-black berries August-on. The identity of this collection is still in question. Easily grown in a relatively warm shaded site in a leafy drained soil. One of Dan Hinkley's collections from China.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) BWJ15552

calcaratum

A rarely seen species in European cultivation, closely related to D. cantoniense. That I managed to gather seed of in the extreme north-eastern corner of Vietnam, well armed with permits and minders, late in 2017. Where it was locally plentiful growing in the dense shade of the forest, forming plants with flexuous green stems to 1.5m tall. A tuberous rooted perennial from a short creeping rhizome, with well branched stems. Leaves narrowly ovate with terminal and axillary red green tinted flowers, followed by blue-black orbicular berries. Best grown is a sheltered site in a moisture retentive but freely draining soil in light shade, protecting the rhizome from hard frost with a mulch.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) BSWJ9715

cantoniense

A species bearing narrowly ovate leaves and terminal pinkish flowers flared at the mouth resulting in blue-black berries. Our collection from the hills surrounding Dalat a Vietnamese hill-station with views of the border with Cambodia. Where this tuberous rooted perennial with short running rhizomes and branching stems 50-100cm grew in colonies on the highest hills mixed with small shrubs and long grasses.

Disporum (Convallariaceae)

cantoniense

From a wide-spread distribution, a tuberous rooted perennial with short running rhizomes forming branching bamboo-like stems 50-100cm. Leaves narrowly ovate with terminal white or red flowers, berries blue-black.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) RWJ10103

cantoniense v. kawakamii

From one of our collections made with Dick Hayward in 2003 gathered from the Heping Logging Trail close to the East Coast of Taiwan. Where it was locally plentiful growing in dense shade on the forest edge, forming plants with a thicket of flexuous green stems to 1m tall. A tuberous rooted perennial with short running rhizomes, with branching stems 50-100cm. Leaves narrowly ovate with terminal white sometimes red tinted flowers, followed by blue-black orbicular berries. Best grown is a sheltered site in a moisture retentive but freely draining soil in light shade, protecting the rhizome from frost with a mulch.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) BSWJ2358

cantoniense v. sikkimense

From one of our collections made from the forest of a small area of West Bengal northern India that we visited in 1994. A variety of this species that differs so much that it is difficult to equate it to the species. A woodland perennial, from a relatively thick creeping rhizome, producing slender upright branching stems 80-90cm tall. Bearing ovate pale green distinctly veined leaves to 7.5cm long, still emerging as the stems extend. With terminal sessile umbels of distinctly large greenish-white broadly funnel-shaped flowers on long bristly stalks May-June, followed by globose blue-black berries August-on. Easily grown in a shaded site in a leafy drained soil, protecting the roots severe from frost.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) BSWJ2337

cantoniense v. sikkimense

A variety of this species that differs so much that it is difficult to equate it to the species. A woodland perennial, from a relatively thick creeping rhizome, producing slender upright branching stems 80-90cm tall. Bearing ovate pale green distinctly veined leaves to 7.5cm long, still emerging as the stems extend. With terminal sessile umbels of distinctly large greenish-white broadly funnel-shaped flowers on long bristly stalks May-June, followed by globose blue-black berries August-on. From one of our collections made from the forest of a small area of West Bengal northern India that we visited in 1994. Easily grown in a shaded site in a leafy drained soil, protecting the roots from severe frost.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) HWJ1045

cantoniense v. y-tiense

A seed collection from a memorable day on my explorative visit to a mountain pass close to a small village of Y Ty, on the border between northern Vietnam and China. The blue-black fruit containing the seed was collected from a semi-evergreen clump forming species to 1.5m tall, growing in scrub and grasses. With bamboo-like stems and foliage, bearing clusters of long campanulate dark reddish flowers on the ends of short branches. A distinct variety on account of the length of flowers to 4cm with oblanceolate tepals that are around 4 mm wide with acuminate apex. Best grown in a sheltered position in part shade in a moisture retentive drained soil.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) WWJ11958

cantoniense v. y-tiense

From a seed collection gathered from close to the small village of Y Ty from a mountain pass on the border between northern Vietnam and China with Peter Wharton in 2007. With blue-black orbicular fruit collected from a semi-evergreen clump forming species with bamboo-like stems and foliage to 1m tall, growing with black cardamom. Bearing clusters of long campanulate dark reddish flowers on the ends of short branches in summer. A distinct variety on account of the length of flowers to 4cm with oblanceolate tepals that are around 4 mm wide with acuminate apex. Best grown in a sheltered position in part shade in a moisture retentive drained soil.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) BSWJ651

flavens

Clumping perennial, with rarely branched strong upright stems 30-80cm, bearing April-May, clusters of long pendent yellow flowers, followed by blue-black ovoid berries. Best in well drained leafy soil, in shade. Our collection from Chirisan, S. Korea.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) BSWJ872

flavens

30-60cm rarely branched strong upright stems, bearing April-May, clusters of long pendent yellow flowers, followed by blue-black ovoid berries. Collected by us in Ch'õllip'o S. Korea. Best in well drained leafy soil, in shade.

Disporum (Convallariaceae)

hookeri = see Prosartes

Tuberous rooted perennial, forming clumps from underground creeping rhizomes. Of strongly branched stems 30-60cm, with ovate-orbicular leaves, bearing white flared flowers March-May, followed by large orange berries. For full-part shade in humus rich, moist soil.

Disporum (Convallariaceae)

lanuginosum = see Prosartes

Another desirable perennial species, from Eastern North American woodlands, forming neat clumps from underground shortly creeping rhizomes. Producing lax branched stems 45-80cm long, bearing numerous alternate ovate leaves and green spidery flared flowers at the tips of the branches, May-June, soon followed by very conspicuous orange-red plump berries. Easily grown in full-part shade in a humus rich fertile soil with good drainage.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) BSWJ9484

leschenaultianum

A distinct perennial species isolated from others by its location in the mountainous areas of the south-western Indian subcontinent. Forming rigidly upright purplish branched stems 25-90 cm tall, with ovate to rounded dark green foliage and terminal 2-5 flowered inflorescences of funnel-shaped clear white scented flowers from early summer and sporadically through into winter. Which are also distinct in the resulting dark blue globose fruit. Easily grown in a warm partly shaded spot with adequate drainage to the humusy soil. Our collection from Sri Lanka.

Disporum (Convallariaceae)

leucanthum

Tuberous rooted perennial with slender shortly running rhizomes, with branched stems 30-50cm tall. The leaves are oblong-elliptic somewhat variable in shape, bearing terminal clusters of creamy white flared pendant flowers in early spring, followed by blue-black berries. Easily grown in a humus rich soil in full to light shade, best with a little shelter from a shrub as this species can emerge much earlier than other species.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) BWJ8128

longistylum

A rhizomatous woodland perennial species with thick creeping stolons, forming tall many branched stem to 1.5m tall. Bearing lanceolate to elliptic semi-evergreen leaves to 15cm long with long acuminate tips and terminal umbellate inflorescences of creamy white funnel-shaped flowers squeezing their way out of the still unfurling foliage May-June, followed by rounded blue-black berries August-on. Easily grown in a relatively warm partly shaded site in a leafy drained soil. From one of my collections gathered in Sichuan China in 2000.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) L1564

longistylum

One of Roy Lancaster's collections from Sichuan China, given to us by the celebrated nurserywoman Elisabeth Strangman some years ago. It has taken a pride of place in our walled garden for most of that time, drawing much comment and admiration. A rhizomatous species without creeping stolons, with tall branched stem to 1.8m. Bearing lanceolate to elliptic leaves to 6cm long with long acuminate tips and terminal umbellate inflorescences of pale greenish yellow flowers the stamens and style distinctly exserted. Easily grown in a warm partly shaded spot with adequate drainage to the humusy soil.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) BSWJ2859

longistylum

A Chinese species that has taken a pride of place in our walled garden for many years, drawing much comment and admiration. A rhizomatous species without creeping stolons, with tall branched stem to 1.8m. Bearing lanceolate to elliptic leaves to 6cm long with long acuminate tips and terminal umbellate inflorescences of pale greenish yellow flowers the stamens and style distinctly exserted. Easily grown in a warm partly shaded spot with adequate drainage to the humusy soil.

Disporum (Convallariaceae)

lutescens

Rare perennial with slender, creeping underground rhizomes. Branching stems 10-60cm high, bare elliptic leaves terminating in 1-3 greenish-yellow flowers April-June. For full-part shade in humus rich, well drained soil.

Disporum (Convallariaceae)

maculatum = see Prosartes

One of the best and desirable perennial species originating from Eastern North American woodlands, forming tight clumps from thick underground rhizomes. Producing upright slender few branched stems 45-80cm tall. Bearing few alternate ovate-elongated leaves and large white spidery flared flowers finely speckled purple, at the tips of the branches, May-June, soon followed by orange-red plump berries. Easily grown in full-part shade in a humus rich fertile soil with good drainage.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) BSWJ359

nantauense

One of our collection from the Alishan area of central Taiwan gathered on our first trip there in 1992. Suckering perennial arising from running rhizomes soon forming small colonies with upright green stems to 50cm tall, with few branches in the upper parts bearing ovate to ovate-lanceolate thin textured leaves prominently impressed 3 veined above. With 2-5 terminal creamy-white heavily violet-red spotted at the mouth funnel-shaped strongly scented flowers borne spring into summer, followed by black berries. Easily grown in a leafy moisture retentive soil with good drainage in either full or light shade.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) BSWJ6812

nantauense

Suckering perennial arising from running rhizomes soon forming small colonies with upright green stems to 50cm tall, with few branches in the upper parts bearing ovate to ovate-lanceolate thin textured leaves prominently impressed 3 veined above. With 2-5 terminal creamy-white heavily scented and violet-red spotted at the mouth funnel-shaped flowers borne spring into summer, followed by black berries. Our collection from the cold and wet area of Taipingshan in northern Taiwan gathered in 1999. Easily grown in a leafy moisture retentive soil with good drainage in either full or light shade.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) BSWJ2824

sessile

From one of our first collections made in Japan in 1995 from the hydrangea covered hills of Chiba. A vigorous tuberous-rooted perennial forming colonies from underground creeping slender rhizomes with branching stems 30-60cm tall, bearing narrowly ovate leaves and pendant tubular white flowers April-May. Easily grown in part-full shade in a well drained fertile soil with some moisture retention.

Disporum (Convallariaceae)

sessile

Bulbous perennial, forming colonies from underground creeping rhizomes. Stems 30-60cm, with narrow leaves and bearing pendant tubular white flowers April-May. For full-part shade in humus rich, well drained soil.

Disporum (Convallariaceae)

sessile 'Aureovariegatum'

A recent introduction from Japan of this popular perennial, forming colonies from underground creeping rhizomes. Stems 30-60cm, leaves brightly creamy-yellow striped, bearing some variegated flowers April-May. For full-part shade in humus rich, well drained soil.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) BSWJ4316

sessile f. macrophyllum

A robust form of this species which is normally only found in cold areas of Japan, as is so often the case with our other collections from the remote Korean island of Ullüngdõ. Arising from a brittle running white slender underground rhizome with emerging upright green stems branching in the upper areas. Bearing oblong-elliptic leaves to 16×9.5cm and terminal inflorescences of up to 4 nodding tubular-campanulate white green-tinged flowers to 4cm long April- June. Esily grown in a moist humus rich soil with adequate drainage, in light to full shade.

Disporum (Convallariaceae)

sessile 'Variegatum' clone 2

A popular tuberous rooted perennial, which varies in its variegated foliage from the normal clone seen in British cultivation that forms colonies from underground creeping rhizomes. With upright stems 30-60cm long, carrying creamy white striped variegated leaves as well as white or variegated flowers April-May. Easily grown in full-part shade in a humus rich, drained soil. A clone from cultivation in Japan.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) BSWJ713

smilacinum

Small perennial with slender, creeping underground rhizomes, making large colonies in time. Branching stems 8-35cm high, bare elliptic leaves terminating in 1-4 greenish-white flowers April-May. For full-part shade in humus rich, well drained soil. Our collection from S. Korea.

Disporum (Convallariaceae)

smilacinum

Of wide spread distribution in the wild a perennial with slender, creeping underground rhizomes, making large colonies in time. Branching stems 8-35cm high, bare elliptic leaves terminating in 1-4 greenish-white flowers April-May. For full-part shade in humus rich, well drained soil.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) BSWJ531

smilacinum from Korea

One of the very first species we collected from the remote island of T'aehüksandõ South Korea in 1993, when we were marooned there with Dan Hinkley on his first collecting trip. A small species which we collected the seed of from a small perennial with slender, creeping underground rhizomes, capable of forming large colonies in time. With short branching stems 8-35cm tall, carrying small elliptic leaves terminating in 1-4 greenish-white widely flared flowers April-May. Easily grown in full-part shade in a humus rich, well drained fertile soil.

Disporum (Convallariaceae)

smilacinum pink

A new and rare form of this species that we obtained from a Japanese nursery. Looking in all ways to be the same as the standard form of this perennial with slender, creeping underground rhizomes, forming sizeable clumps in time. Branching stems 8-35cm high, carry elliptic leaves terminating in 1-4 pale pink flowers April-May in this form.

Disporum (Convallariaceae)

smithii = see Prosartes

Bulbous perennial, forming clumps from underground creeping rhizomes. Stems 30-60cm, bearing tubular creamy-white flowers March-May, followed by large orange berries. For full-part shade in humus rich, moist soil.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) BSWJ1513

taiwanense

Tuberous rooted perennial with short running thick rhizomes, with branched stems 50-100cm, green tinged red. Leaves narrow with terminal creamy-yellow flowers red on the interior and tips, followed by blue-black berries. Our own introduction from the forests of Taiwan.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) BSWJ7068

taiwanense

Closely related to D. cantoniense, which is similar in emerging from a short thick running rhizome, with branched stems 50-120cm tall, with 4-6 branches bearing oblong-lanceolate leaves to 12cm long. In this species the nodes and leaf bases are normally purple tinted, while the flowers are held terminally on the branches on short pedicels, the flowers being campanulate yellow to cream at the base merging to dark red at the tips and interior. From one of our collections gathered in Taroko, eastern Taiwan in the autumn of 1999 at 1700m, where it formed a sizeable colony. Best grown in a well drained fertile soil with some moisture retention, in sun to light shade, protect from severe frost.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) HWJ882

tonkinensis

From seed collected on Fansipan the highest mountain in northern Vietnam, gathered in 2003 with Dan Hinkley. A superlative rhizomatous woodland perennial species from a thick rootstock, that we have been anticipating the introduction for some years. Here we encountered the meter long arching stems clothed with broad almost rounded leaves impressed with parallel veining, bearing terminal clusters of bluish fruit, resulting from the showy red tipped white bell-shaped flowers. Maybe its the weight of this fruit that arches the tips of the stems all the way to the ground, where this species is unique in forming terminal plantlets.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) BSWJ11766

tonkinensis

From a seed collection gathered from close to the small village of Y Ty from a mountain pass on the border between northern Vietnam and China in 2006. Where Sue and I found the meter long arching stems clothed with broad almost rounded leaves impressed with parallel veining, bearing a few large terminal bluish fruit, resulting from the showy red tipped white bell-shaped flowers. Maybe its the weight of this fruit that arches the tips of the stems all the way to the ground, where this species is unique in forming terminal plantlets. Best grown in a moisture retentive drained soil in shade.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) BSWJ11814

tonkinensis

A superlative rhizomatous woodland perennial species from a thick rootstock, that we have been anticipating the introduction for some years. Since first encountering it in the high mountain forests of the area it is named for, Tonkin an area that straddles the border of Vietnam and China. Here we encounter the meter long arching stems clothed with broad almost rounded leaves impressed with parallel veining, bearing a few large terminal bluish fruit, resulting from the showy red tipped white bell-shaped flowers. Maybe its the weight of this fruit that arches the tips of the stems all the way to the ground, where this species is unique in forming terminal plantlets.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) BSWJ11672

tonkinensis

Since first encountering this superlative rhizomatous woodland perennial species in the high mountain forests of the area it is named for, Tonkin, an area that straddles the border of Vietnam and China. We have encounter the meter long arching stems clothed with broad almost rounded leaves impressed with parallel veining, bearing a few large terminal bluish fruit, resulting from the showy red tipped white bell-shaped flowers. Maybe its the weight of this fruit that arches the tips of the stems all the way to the ground, where this species is unique in forming terminal plantlets. Best grown in a moisture retentive drained soil in shade.

Disporum (Convallariaceae)

trabeculatum

A persistent tufted evergreen perennial species emerging from a solid rhizome. With upright green stems 80-100cm tall with few branches in the upper parts, bearing ovate-lanceolate to elliptic leathery leaves to 5.5cm long still emerging as the stems extend. With terminal 2-5 flowered umbels of greenish-yellow funnel-shaped flowers squeezing their way out of the still unfurling foliage May-July, followed by globose blue-black berries. Best grown in a sheltered spot in part shade, or in a container, protecting from the coldest weather.

Disporum (Convallariaceae)

trabeculatum 'Nakafu'

A cultivar we purchased on one of our forays to some of the Japanese nurseries. Which has persistent evergreen foliage with us in sheltered conditions, displaying a distinct yellow variegation in the centre of the leaves on the new growth in spring which fades, re-establishing as it ages. Bearing pendant white flowers in 2-5 flowered umbels. Best grown in a very sheltered spot in part shade, or in a container, protecting from the coldest weather.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) BSWJ4300

uniflorum

From seed we gathered from the remote island of Ullüngdõ, 80km to the north east of South Korea in 1997. Where this slowly creeping to clumping woodland perennial, formed large colonies, with few branched strongly upright green stems 30-80cm tall, bearing April-May, clusters of long pendent yellow flowers, soon followed by blue-black ovoid berries. Best in a well drained leafy soil, in part to full shade.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) BSWJ8501

uniflorum

From seed we gathered from the remote island of Ullüngdõ, 80km to the north east of South Korea in 1997. Where this slowly creeping to clumping woodland perennial, formed large colonies, with few branched strongly upright green stems 30-80cm tall, bearing April-May, clusters of long pendent yellow flowers, soon followed by blue-black ovoid berries. Best in a well drained leafy soil, in part to full shade.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) BSWJ4598

viridescens

Perennial 30-70cm tall, on rarely branched strong upright stems, bearing April-May, clusters of greenish-white pendant flowers, followed by blue-black globose black berries. China-Japan. Best in well drained leafy soil, in shade.

Disporum (Convallariaceae) BSWJ1286

viridescens

Perennial 30-70cm tall, on rarely branched strong upright stems, bearing April-May, clusters of greenish-white pendant flowers, followed by blue-black globose black berries. From seed we collected from the Chirishan area of South Korea in 1993. Easily grown in a well drained but leafy soil which retains some moisture, in either full or part shade.

Dobinea (Anacardiaceae) BSWJ2532

vulgaris

One of our collections from our 1st Himalayan expedition in late 1994, that we just had to try, as it was such an unusual sight. Growing amongst dense vegetation, usually best seen on steep banks, a lax shrubs to 3m tall, with long pointed opposite ovate-lanceolate leaves, which was conspicuous due to its papery seed held in long pendant panicles August-November. Fruit in conspicuous yellowish-white or rose-veined papery bracts. Best grown in good light in a well drained but retentive soil in a sheltered spot. Not tested for hardiness, but is found growing up to 2300m.

Drimys (Winteraceae) BSWJ10777

granatensis v. grandiflora

Forming a large to medium sized shrub 3-4m tall and wide, with evergreen elliptical to oblong matt-green leaves white below on red petioles, the colour running into the midrib. Bearing umbels of large quantities of fragrant star shaped ivory-white flowers on long slender stalks in May-June. From seed we collected from the Paramo of La Caleva south of Bogota Colombia at 3300m in 2004. Requires full sun and moist well drained soil, sheltered from cold winds.

Drimys (Winteraceae)

winteri v. chilensis

A flamboyant evergreen tree, which we have grown in our walled garden for 30 years or so. Bearing dark green leathery broadly oblong leaves glaucous beneath, held on strong stems. Producing an abundance of fragrant umbels of star shaped, white flowers in May which are followed by small black fruit. Best grown in full sun in a moist well drained preferably acidic soil, sheltered from the coldest winds. Grown from seed of the tree in our walled garden.

Drimys see Tasmannia (Winteraceae)

lanceolata

A densely covered medium sized evergreen dioecious (male or female plants) shrub 2-4m tall, with bright deep red stems bearing thick textured rigid long and narrow greyish-green small leaves, that are very peppery when chewed, hence the vernacular name of Tasmanian Pepper Bush. The small but plentiful yellow, red in bud male or female flowers are held terminally and in the leaf axils, March-May. Followed by glossy black fruit on female flowers if pollinated. Easily grown in full sun-part shade in a drained fertile soil with some moisture retention. In our area the plants prefer to be grown in exposure to wind, that are not freezing.

Dystaenia (Apiaceae) BSWJ12627

takesimana

A long lived sturdy perennial originating from one of our seed collections gathered from the remote island of Ullüngdõ 80km off the north-eastern coast of South Korea in the autumn of 2010. Where it grew under small trees and large shrubs on the steep banks close to the sea, forming plants to 2m tall where we saw them (Obtaining 2.7m in sun in our garden). With basal rosettes of twice ternately pinnately lobed leaves to 75cm long, the leaflets narrowly ovate. Flowering in a very wide done-topped umbel of many small white flowers in June-August followed by rounded flat seed. Easily cultivated in either part shade or full sun, in a fertile soil that affords some good drainage. Syn. Angelica takeshimana

Echeveria (Crassulaceae) BSWJ14393

bicolor

From one of our collections gathered from the northern Andes at a heady altitude of 3,600m at El Cocuy, in the February of 2015. Where the silver-blue scale like fleshy leaves edged in red caught our attention, scattered around the scrubby grasses and strewn rocks. Forming attractive small rosettes only 10 cm across of overlapping foliage with one to several red scapes 20 cm long, reaching for the sky terminating in a spike of deep orange fleshy flowers fading to yellow at their tips. Easily grown in good light, possibly not in too hot a position due to its altitudinal provenance, in a well drained gritty soil, avoid over-feeding. Not tried for hardiness.

Echeveria (Crassulaceae) BSWJ9025

maxonii

A rosettes-forming perennial succulent species with, triangular scaly leaves 5-7cm long, which are pale green covered in a white bloom. Bearing a slender 30cm stem with an umbel of orange flowers. From one of our seed collections made at 2900m altitude on Volcán San Pedro, Atitlan Guatemala in 2001. Easily grown in full sun in a well drained gritty soil. Protect from winter wet.

Echeveria (Crassulaceae) BSWJ10277

montana

A surprisingly common plant where we first saw this small perennial succulent species growing as an epiphyte on Alnus trees at 3300m, on the cold slopes of Volcán de Orizaba, Mexico's highest peak, in 2004. Forming small scaly-leafed rosettes with, leaves 3cm long which were silver-green covered in a white bloom. Bearing slender stems 30-40cm long with axillary yellow to orange flowers. Easily grown in full sun in a well drained gritty soil.

Elaeagnus (Elaeagnaceae) BSWJ12773

umbellata v. coreana

Forming a thicket of shrubs 3m tall in the conditions away from the coast where we found this collection, on Chin Dõ an extraordinary island off the south coast of Korea in the autumn of 2010. The branches were clustered in its characteristic red white speckled fruit when we found it, speckling the small branches carrying the soft dusty green oblong leaves with silvery undersides. The fruit resulting from the scented long tubular creamy yellow flowers produced in April. Easily grown in a well drained fertile soil in full sun to part shade.

Elaeagnus (Elaeagnaceae) CWJ12835

umbellata v. rotundifolia

Only forming small shrubs in the exposed conditions we found this collection, close to the coast on Shikoku one of the main islands of Japan, in the autumn of 2010. The sturdy branches were smothered in its characteristic red white speckled fruit when we found it, covering the small branches carrying the soft dusty green ovate-orbicular leaves with silvery undersides. The fruit resulting from the scented long tubular creamy yellow flowers produced in April. Easily grown in a well drained fertile soil in full sun to part shade.

Eleutherococcus (Araliaceae) BSWJ8457

aff. sessiliflorus

Shrub with corky upright formidably spiny stems to 1.5m on the plants we collected seed from, but can reach 3-4m tall in the wild. With five-foliate leaves which are doubly serrate and sparsely hairy below. The terminal short stemmed inflorescences are numerous, consisting of rounded crowded umbels of creamy flowers, followed by an abundance of blue-black globose fruit. Our collection from Socho, South Korea. Syn. Acanthopanax. *** **** **** **** **** **** Larger sized plants also available open ground during dormant period (winter)

Eleutherococcus (Araliaceae) BSWJ5027

divaricatus

Arching shrub with prickly stems to 3m. With five-foliate leaves which are doubly serrate and sparsely hairy below. Inflorescences are numerous, rounded crowded umbels of creamy flowers followed by an abundance of blue-black globose fruit. Our collection from the Kinki District, Japan. Syn. Acanthopanax. **** **** **** ***** Larger sized plants also available open ground during dormant period (winter)

Eleutherococcus (Araliaceae) BWJ8091

giraldii

A relatively small to medium sized shrub to an eventual height of 3m, with dark slender upright stems dense with bristle-like prickles. Which I collected seed of on E'meishan in 2000 at 1700m. Where the scandent stems bore 5-foliate narrowly leafleted leaves and generous clusters of black berries. Easily grown in any type of fertile soil in part to full shade. Syn. Acanthopanax

Eleutherococcus (Araliaceae) BSWJ5532

hypoleucus

Arching shrub with needle-like prickly stems on young plants which are more or less absent on mature plants, to 3m. With five-foliate leaves which are serrulate and sparsely hairy below. Inflorescences are terminal, loose umbels of creamy flowers followed by an abundance of blue-black globose fruit. Our collection from the Kinki District of Japan in the autumn of 1998. Syn. Acanthopanax. Larger sizes also available.

Eleutherococcus (Araliaceae) BSWJ4568

senticosus v. koreanus

Arching shrub with prickly stems (less so than the type species) to 2m on the plants we collected seed from. With five-foliate leaves which are doubly serrate and sparsely hairy below. The terminal inflorescences are rounded crowded umbels of white flowers, followed by an abundance of blue-black globose fruit. Our collection from Chirisan, South Korea. Syn. Acanthopanax. **** *** *** ** *** *** Only available as a bare rooted plant in the dormant season.

Eleutherococcus (Araliaceae) BSWJ4528

sessiliflorus

Arching shrub with corky stems to 2m on the plants we collected seed from, but can reach 3-4m tall in the wild. With five-foliate leaves which are doubly serrate and sparsely hairy below. The terminal short stemmed inflorescences are numerous, consisting of rounded crowded umbels of creamy flowers, followed by an abundance of blue-black globose fruit. Our collection from Wolch'ulsan, South Korea. Syn. Acanthopanax. *** **** **** **** **** **** Large sized plants available open ground during dormant period (winter)

Eleutherococcus (Araliaceae) BSWJ8618

sessiliflorus

Upright shrub with corky stems to 2m on the plants we collected seed from, but can reach 3-4m tall in the wild. With five-foliate leaves which are doubly serrate and sparsely hairy below. The terminal short stemmed inflorescences are numerous, consisting of rounded crowded umbels of purple-brown flowers with contrasting creamy anthers, followed by an abundance of blue-black globose fruit. Our collection from Sobaeksan, South Korea. Syn. Acanthopanax. **** **** **** ***** Larger sized plants also available open ground during dormant period (winter)

Eleutherococcus (Araliaceae) RWJ10108

trifoliatus

Forming a deciduous scandent shrub or climber with slender flexuous prickly stems to 7m long, usually much shorter. Bearing small thick-textured trifoliate dark green leaves with serrulate margins and terminal inflorescences of 3-10 few to many greenish-flowered umbels resulting in purple rounded fruit. Our collection from the Heping logging trail eastern Taiwan. Easily grown in any soil best in sun to part shade.

Ellisiophyllum (Scrophulariaceae) BSWJ197

pinnatum

A small trailing or carpeting perennial, which we found in moist shade, on the Central Mountains of eastern Taiwan. Rooting at the nodes as it creeps, bearing pale green pinnate leaves soft to the touch, bearing upwardly facing open white flowers on short stems throughout the growing period. Ideal in pots/hanging basket.

Engelhardtia (Proteaceae) HWJK2421

spicata

A spectacular site when seen in their natural habitat, where we come across groves of trees arching over our track, with bright green pinnate foliage and long pendant spikes of winged seed, affording a weeping effect. From our collection from eastern Nepal on our decent from Topke Gola in 2002, with Dan Hinkley and Jamaica Kincaid. Initially very little germination from our seed, but in contrast an amazing germination after 18 years left in a paper bag in a fridge! Best grown in a warm situation in a drained, but retentive soil.

Eomecon (Papaveraceae)

chionantha

Perennial forming wide colonies by far-creeping underground rhizomes. The fleshy leaves and stems exude a yellow juice when broken, while the branched flowering stems are to 40cm tall, bearing white poppy-like flowers. Easily grown in most moist soils, in full or part shade, siting carefully as it can invade the space of other plants.

Ercilla (Phytolaccaceae)

volubilis

A self-clinging or aerial rooting evergreen climber forming a dense impenetrable mass of slender stems when grown on walls, with small rounded leathery fresh green undulate leaves. Producing dense rounded spikes of small fluffy pinkie-purple flowers in early spring in all the terminal leaf axils, only occasionally followed by pale purple fruit. Originating from Chile where it has been over collected to close to extinction in the wild as it is used for basket-making. Easily grown in sun or shade, flowering far better in good light, in most types of fertile drained soils, best sited out of freezing winds.

Eriobotrya (Rosaceae) BWJ16323

aff. elliptica v. petelotii

New to cultivation, an evergreen glabrous tree to 5-10m tall, with stout brownish branchlets. Bearing oblong-lanceolate finely tipped leathery serrated leaves to 25cm long, tapering to 2-4 cm long petioles, veins impressed above. Bearing terminal panicles of many white round petaled flowers with contrasting black stamen, followed by obovoid to sub-globose fruit, 8-12 mm across. From seed that my Vietnamese guide had already collected before my arrival there in late 2018, from one of the mountains overlooking The Red River, north of Lao Cai. Which were already germinating when I found them in the back of our vehicle a month later. Easily grown in any type of fertile drained soil with adequate moisture retention, either in sun or light shade. Protect from freezing winds.

Eryngium (Apiaceae) BSWJ10267

cymosum

From one of our seed collections on Volcán Pico de Orizaba, Veracruz Mexico. A rare high altitudinal species forming a basal rosette of narrow strap-like leaves, with a single row of stout flattened spines along each margin. With a sturdy upright much branching stem to 1.5m tall, bearing umbels of spiny distinct black-darkest brown flowers backed by large bracts on short branches all up the stem. Best grown in full sun to part shade in a well drained fertile soil that does not dry out.

Eryngium (Apiaceae) BSWJ10441

gracile

A collection which we found on the over-grazed high altitude plateau of Sierra de los Cuchumatanes, which is also home to some of the colourful Mayan Indians at 2800m in 2004. Where it only formed small plants to 15cm tall, with a rosette of paddle-shaped leaves on long slender stems. Bearing branched inflorescence of blue flowers with silver-white bracts to 5cm across. Best grown in a sunny to partly shaded spot in well drained soil that does not dry out.

Eryngium (Apiaceae) BSWJ10205

gracile

A delightful small to medium sized species we collected from the base of a cliff high in the mountains of southern Mexico in 2004. Where it formed plants to 50cm tall, with a rosette of paddle-shaped leaves on long slender petioles. Bearing branched inflorescence of blue flowers backed with silver-white bracts to 5cm across. Easily grown in a sunny to partly shaded spot in drained soil that does not dry out. Short lived for us, but self seeds well forming delightful drifts.

Eryngium (Apiaceae) BSWJ10420

guatemalense

A robust form of this new species to cultivation, which we found scattered on the over-grazed high altitude plateau of Sierra de los Cuchumatanes Guatemala in 2004. Consisting of a basal rosette of narrow strap-like leaves, with a row of stout flattened spines along each margin. With a sturdy upright branching stem to 1.5m tall, bearing umbels of spiny distinct black-darkest brown flowers backed by large bracts. Best grown in full sun to part shade in a well drained fertile soil that does not dry out. Syn. E. cymosum.

Eryngium (Apiaceae) BSWJ10397

guatemalense

A taller growing selection of this new species to cultivation, that we collected from Volcán Zunil in the east of Guatemala at 3400m in 2004. Consisting of a basal rosette at around 1 m wide, of narrow strap-like leaves, with a row of stout flattened spines along each margin. With a sturdy upright branching stem to 1.75m tall, bearing umbels of large spiny distinctly black flowers on this collection, backed by spiny silver bracts. Best grown in full sun to part shade in a well drained fertile soil that does not dry out. Syn. E. cymosum.

Eryngium (Apiaceae) BSWJ14342

humboldtii

Originating from a memorable day when the entire family that were hosting us took us to a fabulous Paramo within a day's drive from Bogota. Where we came upon several plants of this species, small to begin with to only 30 cm tall, later finding sturdy plants to 75 cm tall with sizeable rosettes of strappy spiny foliage green ageing reddish even bronzy. With tall upright one to several scapes bare till the terminal part with many branches of orbicular bronzy-red heads with white stamen. Mixed with grasses, ferns and a small Alchemilla relative. Easily grown in good light, possibly not in too hot a position due to its altitudinal provenance, in a drained gritty soil with some moisture retention, avoid over-feeding. Not tried for hardiness.

Eryngium (Apiaceae) BSWJ14735

humile v. brevibracteatum

A delightful small to prostrate creeping species we collected from the slopes of Volcan del Ruiz in the Central Mountain Range of Colombia early in 2016. Where this species was growing mixed with short grasses and alpine-like plants. Forming small patches of overlapping narrowly ovate fresh green crenate leaves to about 7 cm long. With white spiky flowers backed by a silvery-white ruff of stiff calyces to about 2 cm across, just poking through dense foliage. Easily grown in a sunny to partly shaded spot in drained soil that does not dry out or get excessively hot. As this is a Paramo plant that will not tolerate high temperatures.

Eryngium (Apiaceae) BSWJ10351

longirameum

A rare small species we collected from a boggy area on the over-grazed high altitude plateau of Sierra de los Cuchumatanes, also home to some of the colourful Mayan Indians at 3200m in 2004. Where it only attained 10cm in height (taller in gardens) in the starved conditions, with rosettes of elongated paddle-shaped dark green leaves. With few branched inflorescences of blue flowers surrounded by large silver-white spiny bracts. Easily grown in a sunny to lightly shaded spot in drained soil that does not dry out.

Eryngium (Apiaceae) BSWJ14367

paniculatum

From seed we collected on a very pleasant day's travelling from the picturesque town of Soata with its outlandish churches and down into a fiery hot valley before emerging back up to El Cocuy a cool and pleasant area in the northern Andes, Colombia. Where we found this species growing at 3,000m, with long narrow spiny basal leaves forming tidy rosettes with mostly a single upright scape with the upper half branched and bearing orbicular silver-green heads with white stamen. These were mixed with Puya, grasses, ferns and umpteen scruffy shrubs. Easily grown in good light, possibly not in a very hot position due to its altitudinal provenance, in a drained gritty soil with some moisture retention, avoid over-feeding. Not tried for hardiness.

Escallonia (Escalloniaceae) BSWJ14329

myrtilloides

Originating from the memorable day in a fabulous Paramo within a day's drive from Bogota. Where after several hours driving we eventually stopped at a lake at 3,300m, part of the water supply to Bogota. With a small wooded area alongside full of all sorts of treasures growing within, one being this species. Here it had formed a fairly wide small tree on the perimeter, with somewhat of a tiered habit, which in turn were well branched and dense bearing small leathery leaves that are so familiar to us that grow this genus. As well as copious quantities of the most unusual top-shaped palest green-creamish flowers backed by pale green ruff of calyx lobes. Best grown in some shelter from freezing winds in a well drained soil with plenty of humus for moisture retention, in good light.

Euonymus (Celastraceae)

aculeatus

Evergreen scandent shrubs, eventually 2-3 m tall/long, with sturdy brown grooved branches and twigs. With ovate-elliptic leathery partly crenulate leaves 7-10 × 3-6 cm, tapering to12 mm long petioles. Bearing 4-merous yellowish flowers only 6-7 mm across April-May, on long many branched slender stalks. Which eventually transform by July-September to conspicuous prickly globular pink fruit covered in long spines, eventually splitting to reveal the orange aril-covered seed. Best grown in a fertile drained soil which has some moisture retention, in sun or part shade.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) BSWJ10941

aff. hamiltonianus ssp. sieboldianus

Forming a large open shrub with very large ovate-oblong leaves to 20cm long, close to the sea shore where we collected the fruit of this showy species, on the north-west coast of Honshu, Japan in 2005. Dripping with unusual angular pink seed capsules splitting to reveal the bright red-orange aril-covered seed. Easily grown in any type of fertile drained soil in sun or shade, but more flowers produced in sun.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) BSWJ8781

alatus

A small distinct species which is outstandingly decorative in fruit, as when we first encountered small well branched shrubs on the open mountainside of Hallasan South Korea's highest mountain, growing with short Miscanthus. An easily cultivated and very hardy species suited to growing in sun or shade in any type of fertile soil. Forming shrubs to 1.5m tall of green winged stems, with small elliptic finely serrulate leaves which turn a brilliant red in autumn. Bearing purple fruit which split open to reveal the bright red flesh-encased seed.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) BSWJ8794

alatus

A small distinct species which is outstandingly decorative in fruit, as when we first encountered small well branched shrubs on the open mountainside of Hallasan South Korea's highest mountain, growing with short Miscanthus. An easily cultivated and very hardy species suited to growing in sun or shade in any type of fertile soil. Forming shrubs to 1.5m tall of green winged stems, with small elliptic finely serrulate leaves which turn a brilliant red in autumn. Bearing purple fruit which split open to reveal the bright red flesh-encased seed. ******** ********************** As we have sold out of all our containerised stock of this plant, these plants are supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) BSWJ11051

alatus f. subtriflorus

From seed we collected on the slopes of Mt. Daisen (a popular ski resort) in the autumn of 2005 at around 800m. Where it formed a small densely branched shrub with angled green wing-less branches, bearing small thick-textured and percistent glabrous (f. apterus is pilose) elliptic serrulate leaves 3 cm long on very short petioles. Heavily laden with small orange fruit, where the outer covering had rolled up to reveal the pair of aril covered seed. Easily grown in sun or shade, but flowering and fruiting better in sun, in any type of drained fertile soil.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) BSWJ12905

americanusa v. angustifolius

Not many of this genus hail from the other side of the pond, where they are somewhat derogatory, which is why I was surprised to find this garden worthy species growing in North Carolina in 2011. There it formed small to medium sized well branched shrubs with four angled branches of long narrow fresh green leaves in this form. The small flowers held on short stalks succeeded by fuzzy shallowly lobed red capsules splitting to reveal the orange aril covered seed. Easily grown in any type of fertile soil in sun or shade.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) BSWJ8782

bungeanus

A collection we gathered from the edge of the forest on the island of Cheju-Dõ, South Korea in 2001. Where it had formed small trees with multiple stems bearing elliptic acuminate serrulate foliage 10cm long, which were transforming to its autumnal straw-yellow, while the pink fruit were visably abundant. A phenomena that according to some horticultural literature only occurs after a hot summer. We have not had that problem even after the wet summer of 2012. Easily grown in most types of fertile drained soils, better flowering and fruit in good light. Also available as large open ground specimens.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) 12921

bungeanus v. semipersistens

From seed we gathered in the world famous JC Raulston Arboretum in North Carolina, after delivering a lecture there in 2011. Where it had formed a small tree bearing narrowly elliptic acuminate serrulate foliage 10cm long, which in this form retains its foliage for longer than the normal type, while the pink fruit were visably abundant. A phenomena that according to some horticultural literature only occurs after a hot summer. We have not had that problem even after the wet summer of 2012. Easily grown in most types of fertile drained soils, better flowering and fruit in good light.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) CWJ12425

carnosus

From seed collected from a small tree only 2.2m tall, with a bare trunk at the base with many spreading branches from 1.5m, which were long and slender arching with the weight of the ovate to oblong-ovate serrated leaves to 9cm long carried in whirls. With cymes of four-angled fruit on slender stalks. From one of my collections gathered from Mayfeng in the Central Mountains of north-eastern Taiwan with Dan Hinkley and Finlay Colley in the winter of 2007. Easily grown in sun or part to full shade in a moisture retentive drained fertile soil.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) NMWJ14515

carnosus

From one of our collections from a joint expedition with The Taiwan Natural Science Museum in Taichung, gathered from Maefeng in the Central Mountains of north-eastern Taiwan in 2015. The seed was collected from a small tree only 2.2m tall, with a bare trunk at the base with many spreading branches from 1.5m, which were long and slender arching with the weight of the ovate to oblong-ovate serrated leaves to 9cm long carried in whirls. With cymes of four-angled fruit on slender stalks. Easily grown in sun or part to full shade in a moisture retentive drained fertile soil.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) L

clivicola

An uncommon graceful deciduous shrubs, 2-3 m tall, composed of moderately sturdy branches and twigs. With lanceolate thinly leathery serrated bamboo-like leaves 8-12 cm long, but only around 2 cm wide on short petioles. Bearing conspicuous 5-merous reddish flowers on long slender stalks (peduncles) in many flowered cymes in June for us. Followed by curious propeller-like pink fruit which eventually burst open to expose the orange aril covered pendant seed from autumn to early winter. Easily grown in either sun or part shade in most types of reasonably fertile drained soils. This seed was given to us and grown by Roy Lancaster from his garden.

Euonymus (Celastraceae)

europaeus from Slovakia

From seed gathered from a distinct small shrub at Ness Gardens, which flowers and fruits particularly well. The parent plant originating from seed gathered in Velká Fatr in Slovakia. Although this deciduous species is reputedly capable of forming a small tree, this form only made a shrub at around 2m tall by 1m+ wide. Which was stunning covered in bright pink fruit all splitting to expose the orange aril covered seed in the autumn, a consequence of the uninspiring flowers borne in early summer. Easily grown in any type of fertile drained soil, best in sun but is tolerant of shade. *** *** *** *** *** *** *** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the calculation of carriage.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) HWJ890

forbesiana

With broadly elliptic leathery crenate leaves 10×3 cm with undulating margins and acuminate tips on green branches. An evergreen shrub with few arching branches to 2m tall, where we collected the seed in dense steep mountain forest on the slopes of Fansipan the highest mountain in northern Vietnam in the autumn of 2003 with Dan Hinkley. Bearing axillary clusters of pink 4-5 lobed fruit on long pendant pedicells to 7cm long, the capsules splitting to reveal the red aril covered ellipsoid seed. Best grown in a fertile soil with some moisture retention in sun or shade.

Euonymus (Celastraceae)

fortunei 'Kewensis'

An evergreen spreading dwarf shrub or groundcover with wiry stems covered in tiny round-ended pale green foliage, with conspicuous venation. Flowering only on adult plants, followed by pink fruits that open to reveal orange-red aril covered seeds. Best grown in shade in a well drained soil with some moisture retention. Can be trained to climb.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) KWJ12275

frigidus

An evergreen shrub with few arching branches to 1.5m tall in the wild, with long narrow willowy foliage 10 x 1.5cm, which must be mature foliage as the juvenile is still more elliptic with us. They bore pink shortly winged 4-merous fruit which were splitting open to reveal the orange aril-covered seed within, the result of the red-purple flowers held in abundance May-June for us. From one of my collections on the trail at 2900m, up to Fansi Pu the second highest peak on the Hoang Lien Range in northern Vietnam in the autumn of 2007. Best grown in a fertile soil with some moisture retention in sun or shade.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) BSWJ11159

japonicus

Only forming a small to medium sized shrub close to the sea shore where we collected the fruit of this evergreen species, on one of the tiny islands as we crossed to Shikoku Japan. Dripping with orbicular fruit just starting to split revealing the bright red-orange aril-covered seed within. Contrasting with the ovate-rounded thick-textured leathery dark green glossy leaves. Easily grown in any type of fertile drained soil in sun or shade, but more flowers produced in sun.*** *** *** *** *** *** *** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the calculation of carriage.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) BSWJ11668

kachinensis

An evergreen shrub with few arching branches to 2m tall, where we collected the seed in dense steep mountain forest on the slopes of Fansipan the highest mountain in northern Vietnam in the autumn of 2006. With broadly elliptic leathery crenate leaves 10×3 cm with undulating margins and acuminate tips on green branches. Bearing axillary clusters of pink 4-5 lobed fruit on long pendant pedicells to 7cm long, the capsules splitting to reveal the red aril covered ellipsoid seed. Best grown in a fertile soil with some moisture retention in sun or shade.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) DJHTu0109

latifolius

We had to go all the way to The Pacific Northwest to be introduced to this marvellous Turkish species, where it grows on the drive to Windcliff, Dan Hinkley and Robert Jones' garden. Where Dan has positioned three multi-stemmed shrubs now to around 3m tall, full of fat sharply four-winged pink fruit as early as late July in 2013. While still performing with opened fruit with pendant orange aril covered seed in late October in 2014, the leaves by then turning a wonderful complimentary pink flushed green. Easily grown in sun or part shade in any type of fertile drained soil.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) BSWJ16039

latifolius subsp. cauconis

From seed we collected from a single trunked small tree-like shrub to a little over 3m tall, full of conspicuous four long-winged red-to-pink fruit. Despite being very moist at the time, it must have been well drained in that rocky terrain within a conspicuously limestone area near Sochi, on the Russian Black Sea coast. As the name implies the leaves were broad and ovate, while turning pink in the autumn. Meanwhile the seed capsules should normally be very sharply short-winged to non-existent, hence the subspecies epithet on this collection (WFO). Easily grown in sun or part shade in any type of fertile drained soil.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) GWJ9351

laxiflorus

Only forming shrubs to 1.5m tall with strongly arching slender rounded stems of lanceolate serrulate opposite leaves, appearing evergreen, but deciduous in all but the very mildest climate. A charming very variable species described as being capable of forming a small tree (after a lifetime) more often seen as a small to medium size shrub as we encountered with this collection gathered from a deep side valley in northern Himalayas in 2002. With the shortly winged pink seed capsules hanging on long slender branched stalks from their axils, resulting from the reddish-purple flat four-petalled flowers held in luxurious quantities May to July. Easily grown in sun or part to full shade in a moisture retentive drained fertile soil.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) BSWJ12587

macropterus

Near the top of our list for collecting seed during our 2010 seed collecting expedition to South Korea. Finding good stands of these medium to large sized airy shrubs growing as an under story in the forests of the perversely cold area of T'aebaeksan. With opposite pairs of ovate leaves transforming into their yellow autumnal guise, on long slender branches bearing the most unusual long horned pink-red seed capsules in abundance. An obscenely slow plant to grow from seed, which we are hoping will speed up after 10 years only attaining 50 cm. Best grown in a humus rich soil that does not dry out, in part shade to good light.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) BSWJ3700

morrisonensis

An evergreen medium sized shrub to a small tree in 30 years for us, with slender green smooth branchlets bearing oblong-lanceolate minutely serrated leaves 4-6.5cm long. Flowers 2-3 in axillary cymes, borne in abundance on the plant we found, followed by bright pink 3-lobbed fruit. Requires a well drained soil, best in full sun, but tolerant of part shade, with a bit of shelter from the coldest winds. Although we have gathered the seed of this rare species twice in the high Central Mountains of Taiwan, this is the only collection available. However, there are plants circulating in the UK of a collection gathered by Kew in 1994, but they are E. carnosus. (E. huangii is erroneously applied to the ETOT collection.)

Euonymus (Celastraceae) BSWJ10815

oxyphyllus

From one of our seed collections gathered from alongside a stream in a woodland, which was not far from the sea on the Gassan Peninsula Iwate, Japan in the autumn of 2005. Where this deciduous medium sized slow-growing very hardy shrub grew to 4m tall. Bearing small ovate acuminate serrated leaves to 5cm long, which glow in shades of red to purple in the autumn, complimenting the unusually large and conspicuous carmine-red globose fruit held on long slender stalks, the result of the small pinkish flowers produced in May and June. Easily grown in sun or shade in any type of reasonably fertile soil.

Euonymus (Celastraceae)

oxyphyllus

Deciduous medium sized slow-growing very hardy shrub to 4m tall, from Korea, Japan and surrounding areas. Flowering in May and June on slender branches of elliptic leaves which glow in shades of red to purple in the autumn, complimenting the unusually large and conspicuous carmine-red fruit held on long slender stalks, the result of the small pinkish flowers. Easily grown in sun or shade in any type of reasonably fertile soil.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) BSWJ8660

planipes

A wonderful collection we gathered on Taebaeksan one of my favourite mountains in South Korea, from the old coal mining area in the bleak and harsh interior. Where it formed a large shrub or small multi-stemmed tree with ovate-oblong serrulate leaves 12.5cm long, soon turning a straw colour in autumn and falling amongs the first. Complimented on long wiry branched stalks, by distinct ageing red globose seed capsules with short obtuse clasping wings, bursting open to reveal the red-orang aril covered seed hanging by a thread. A rather confused identity still remains regarding this collection as in FOC it is E. sachalinensis, while FO Japan it is E. planipes

Euonymus (Celastraceae) GWJ9377

porphyreus

A charming small evergreen shrub we found on our trek along the Singalila Ridge in view of Darjeeling at close to 3000m, where I was struggling to keep up with Sue and our friend Sally Goddard, suffering from a debilitating form of tonsillitis which was turning septic (wonderful). Forming mounds of dark green glossy elliptical leaves, draped with masses of small purple-red flowers on very long wiry pendulous stalks in summer, transforming to decorative winged capsules by autumn when they burst open to reveal the pink aril covered seed. Easily grown in part to full shade in a moisture retentive drained soil. Previously offered as E. theaefolius.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) BSWJ13914

porphyreus

From our 2013 trek along the Singalila Ridge in view of Darjeeling at close to 3000m. A charming small evergreen shrub we found on our second day growing scattered amongst large trees. Forming lanky shrubs of dark green glossy linnear leaves, draped with decorative winged pink seed capsules. Some bursting open to reveal the orange aril covered seed within, these were the result of the masses of small purple-red flowers on very long wiry pendulous stalks produced in early summer - late spring. Easily grown in part to full shade in a moisture retentive drained soil.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) BSWJ10835

sachalinensis

Form a large well branched shrub composed of green young branches ageing dark red with thin-textured elliptic leaves to 10cm long. Bearing dark purple-green flowers on long slender pendulous peduncles, followed by unusual orbicular shallowly winged seed capsules splitting into 3 rarely 4 parts to reveal the bright red-orange aril-covered seed. From one of our seed collections gathered near Towada-Ko (lake) in the far north of Honshu, Japan in the autumn of 2005. Easily grown in any type of fertile drained soil in sun or shade, but more flowers produced in sun.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) BSWJ11386

sieboldianus

Forming a multi-stemmed shrub to 3m tall with conspicuous striated bark where we found this species growing on Shikoku Island Japan in 2006. A medium sized shrub to 3m broad, with sizeable elliptic thick-textured leathery leaves to 12cm long which were hairy on the veins below. Bearing a mass of rose-pink orbicular fruiting capsules some just starting to split revealing the bright red-orange aril-covered seed within. Easily grown in any type of fertile drained soil in sun or shade, with more flowers produced in sun.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) BSWJ8774

sieboldianus

From one of our seed collections gathered from the ancient forests on the Korean island of Cheju (Jeju) in the autumn of 2001. Where this species had formed large multi-stemmed shrubs with conspicuous striated bark, or even small old trees with upright trunks to 6m tall. A medium sized shrub to 3m broad, with elliptic opposite thick-textured leathery leaves which turn to a decorative pink in autumn, held on slender branches, making them appear pinnate in the wild. Bearing a mass of rose-pink orbicular fruiting capsules some just starting to split revealing the bright red-orange aril-covered seed within. Easily grown in any type of fertile drained soil in sun or shade, with more flowers produced in sun.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) BSWJ11140

sieboldianus v. sanguineus

From one of our seed collections gathered from a medium sized shrub to 3m tall and broad, with elliptic thick-textured leathery leaves to 12cm long which were hairy below. Bearing a mass of rose-pink orbicular fruiting capsules some just starting to split revealing the bright red-orange aril-covered seed within. Collected from Oita southern Japan in 2005. Easily grown in any type of fertile drained soil in sun or shade, but more flowers produced in sun.

Euonymus (Celastraceae) CWJ12446

spraguei

This is a lax evergreen shrub in juvenility, maturing to larger elliptic leaves on slender green stems to 2m tall bearing panicles of curious rounded fruiting capsules covered in curved spines. Found growing at the base of shady cliffs in 2007, on a long abandoned logging trail the Japanese carved into the forests in the high mountains of north-eastern Taiwan. Easily grown in a drained fertile soil, in sun or part shade with shelter from the coldest winds.

Eupatorium (Asteraceae) FMWJ13428

aff. fortunei

A species we have seen and collected many times, blissfully unaware that it was probably an undescribed species, so much part of the terrain in northern Vietnam that we thought it had to be well known. A relatively short species normally around 1m tall in good light half that in exposed well drained areas. Forming congested clumps of slender purplish stems with few branches, with opposite pairs of narrowly-ovate lanceolate sharply serrated leaves with a pink-purple cast in sun. With terminal corymbs/clusters of funnel-formed pink-white flowers summer-autumn. Easily grown in a well drained soil in good light. Possibly not suited to cold wet sites.

Eupatorium (Asteraceae) NMWJ14456

amabile

A delicate looking relatively short species up to around 1m tall in good light, that we collected seed of from the Taiwanese mountain forest of Dasyueshan, in 2015. Forming see-through clumps of slender dark purplish stems with even more delicate looking axillary incredibly fine branches, growing from the axils of the opposite pairs of narrowly-ovate lanceolate sharply serrated long slender tipped leaves, which emerge a pink-purple cast. With broad terminal lax corymbs of pendant tubular pinkie-purple 9-15 flowered multiple heads, autumn-early winter. Easily grown in a well-drained soil in good light, not suited to cold wet sites.

Eupatorium (Asteraceae) BSWJ12742

lindleyanum v. trisectifolium

From Kõjedo one of the main islands easily accessible along the south coast of Korea during our expedition there in the autumn of 2010. Only forming a relatively short species normally to around 80cm tall in good light mixed with grasses and other small perennials, close to the coast where we collected the seed. Forming small clumps of slender purplish un-branches stems, with whirls of narrow lanceolate sharply serrated leaves with a purple cast below, at regular spacing up the stems. Bearing terminal corymbs of funnel-formed dark pink-white flowers summer-autumn. Easily grown in a well drained soil in good light.

Eupatorium (Asteraceae) BSWJ9052

sp. from Guatemala

A clump forming elegant perennial that we collected seed of, from an open forest in the mountainous area of Solola Guatemala at above 2900m. Where it formed sizeable colonies of upright stems to only 90cm tall, clothed in aromatic foliage, complementing the flat-topped corymbs of pretty white flowers from mid-summer into autumn. Best grown in full sun to part shade in any good drained soil. *** *** *** *** *** *** *** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the calculation of carriage.

Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae)

cornigera

A species originally introduced into cultivation from Nepal by Tony Schilling. A hardy clump-forming species with colourful new spring growth forming reddish annual upright stems. Bearing narrow stem leaves with contrasting white midribs and lime-yellow bracts backing the terminal inflorescences June-July. Easily grown in any drained fertile soil in sun or part shade.

Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae) HWJK2405

donii

A species originally introduced into cultivation from Nepal by Tony Schilling, which is where we collected this hardy clump-forming species in 2002 with Dan Hinkley at 2500m. Turning a bright red in late summer as well as the colourful new spring growth extending to 1m tall. Bearing narrow stem leaves with contrasting white midribs and lime-yellow bracts backing the terminal inflorescences June-July. Easily grown in any drained fertile soil in sun or part shade.

Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae) BSWJ8575

fischeriana

From one of our seed collections gathered from a forest in the Andong area of South Korea in the autumn of 2001. Where it had formed small clumps of dark foliage in the mottled shade of the forests to only 50cm tall, reminding us of those that we had seen and collected in the Himalayas. For us it has made itself at home in one of our stock feilds forming a good sized clump of long upright stems to around a meter long with deep green foliage with contrasting venation, all topped by an acid yellow inflorescence. Easily grown in any type of drained fertile soil. Syn pallasii.

Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae)

griffithii 'Dixter'

Named for the wonderful gardens of Great Dixter, a running perennial that bears dark-red bracts in terminal umbels in early summer. Leaves are lance-shaped, reddish-purple and have pale red midribs. Height 80cm. Will thrive in most situations or soils.

Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae)

griffithii 'Fireglow'

Running perennial that bears orange-red bracts in terminal umbels in early summer. Leaves are lance-shaped, mid green and have pale red midribs. Height 1m. Will thrive in most situations or soils.

Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae)

griffithii 'King's Capel'

Colony-forming running perennial that bears orange-red bracts in terminal umbels in early summer, on upright dark stems to 1m tall. With narrow lance-shaped leaves which are tinged reddish-purple and have pale red midribs. Will thrive in most soils in sun, where it will colour better, or in shade where it will be taller.

Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae)

mellifera

Makes an imposing evergreen shrub, flowering March-May strongly honey scented. Requires a sheltered site in full sun, with protection from cold winds. Height 2m well drained soil.

Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae)

schillingii

Running perennial that bears lime green bracts in terminal umbels in summer. Leaves are lance-shaped, mid green and have pale red midribs. Height 1m. Will thrive in most situations or soils.

Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae)

sikkimensis

Running perennial that bears lime green bracts in summer. On 1m stems that emerge red in spring. Leaves have pale red midribs. Will thrive in most sites or soils. Very tough and hardy.

Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae) GWJ9214

sikkimensis 'Crûg Contrast'

Originating from one of our seed collections from a meadow on our way up the Lachen Valley in eastern Sikkim in 1994. A creeping perennial with red buds emerging from the ground in early spring soon forming upright reddened stems to 1m tall bearing yellow inflorescences with showy bracts from June to August. This form is distinct in that the foliage is dark green with a tinge of bronze, while the upright stems and the mid-ribs of the leaves are an intense pink rather than red. Easily grown in type of fertile soil, even shaded and dry areas if adequate moisture is supplied in spring.

Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae)

stygiana

An imposing small evergreen shrubby species originating from the Azores forming lax stems to 1.5m tall in gardens (much taller in the wild). With dark green lanceolate leaves with a decorative pale mid-rib to 15cm long, which can become bright red in winter. Bearing terminal diffuse umbel-like inflorescences of pale yellow floral leaves May-June. Requires a sheltered site in full sun, with protection from cold winds in a well drained soil.

Euscaphis (Staphyleaceae) BSWJ12739

japonica

From a thicket close to the coast on Koje Dõ one of the extraordinary islands off the south coast of Korea in the autumn of 2010. An architectural small tree or shrub normally 3-4m tall but capable of more in good conditions. With upright trunk and thick branches bearing large opposite leaves which are odd-pinnate held on a 30cm long rounded axis by a 6cm petiole. The ovate thick textured leaflets are dark lustrous green, white pubescent along their midribs below. While the inflorescences are broadly paniculate 15cm across many flowered, developing into showy bright red fleshy follicles that spread open when ripe contrasting with the glossy black seed held within. Best grown in full sun in a warm sheltered position in fertile drained soil.

Euscaphis (Staphyleaceae) BSWJ14600

japonica

An architectural small tree or shrub normally 3-4m tall but capable of more in good conditions. With upright trunk and thick branches bearing large opposite leaves which are odd-pinnate held on a 30cm long rounded axis by a 6cm petiole. The ovate thick textured leaflets are dark lustrous green, white pubescent along their midribs below. While the inflorescences are broadly paniculate 15cm across many flowered, developing into showy bright red fleshy follicles that spread open when ripe contrasting with the glossy black seed held within. Our collection from Mt. Seburi, Fukuoka, on Kyushu Island, Japan in 2015. Best grown in full sun in a warm sheltered position in fertile drained soil.

Exbucklandia (Hamamelidaceae) KWJ12209

tonkinensis

A mouth-watering tree which is very scarce in western cultivation due to the difficulty of propagation, yet is a timber tree to 30m tall in its native range due to its rapid growth rate. A very distinct primitive genus a member of the Hamamelis family, which is fairly obvious once the pale yellow fluffy flowers are seen in short 7-9 flowered inflorescences. With very distinct glossy leathery broadly ovate foliage 8-13cm long, sometimes palmately 3-lobed on juvenile leaves, emerging from very distinct upright flat oblong buds in the form of a pair stipules. Only suitable for mild locations, possibly in a lime free drained soil with a high organic content. Shelter from freezing winds. We only have large plants in 40 lt pots available for collection only.

Fagraea (Gentianaceae) FMWJ13099

ceilanica

From seed we collected from a small to medium sized tree on a ridge known as Dragon's Tooth. So named because of the jagged limestone outcrops, close to the hillstation of Sapa high in the mountains of northern Vietnam in the autumn of 2011. Where it formed an ornamental tree with dark green leathery to almost fleshy elliptic-obovate glabrous leaves. With terminal large egg-sized deep yellow fruit attached by sturdy pedicells and warty calyces. These were the result of the night scented white funnel-shaped flowers around 5cm wide and long, carried April to August in the wild. Best treated as tender until hardiness is tested, but the area collected from has winters to -8C. Grow in a well drained soil with plenty of moisture retention.

Fagus (Fagaceae) BSWJ11764

longipetiolata

From one of our collections from a botanical hotspot in the extreme north of Vietnam at Y Ty, an amazing area where we have found some of our rarest plants. Here they formed trees to 30m tall at around 1900m altitude, in an area where Sue and I pitched our tent in 2006. Forming well branched trees with ovate slightly glossy ovate-elongate bronzy tinted leaves with undulating margins and a few seed capsules left late November that year. Easily grown in any type of reasonably fertile soils that has good drainage, in sun or partial shade.

Fallopia (Polygonaceae) BSWJ120

multiflora v. hypoleuca

An evergreen twining climber with drooping panicles of pink or white flowers in late summer-autumn. From one of our collections made in 1992, on our first expedition to Taiwan. The conspicuously veined foliage can colour well over winter, especially when stressed, hence best grown in a very well drained position. Height 4m. Requires full sun with shelter from severely cold winds. The root system is quite fleshy and is best restricted, as it can be invasive in too sumptuous a position. Syn. Reynoutria multiflora v. hypoleuca.

Farfugium (Asteraceae) NWJ14574

formosanum

An unusual clump forming perennial with superb thick textured rounded leaves which are sharply toothed, held on mealy stems to 38cmm long. Bearing good sized yellow ray flowers in corymbs to 75cm tall on long cobwebby stalks, October to December. Collected from steep shaded banks at the upper reaches of the cloud draped Yangmingshan at 1,000m altitude, the most northerly mountain in Taiwan, in the winter of 2015. Best grown in a well drained poor soil in shade.

Farfugium (Asteraceae) BSWJ14699

japonicum

A Ligularia-like evergreen perennial from a 2015 seed collection gathered in the mountains above Fukuoka on Kyushu Island southern Japan. Clump forming perennial that we often encounter growing on steep shady cliffs. Forming clumps of superb thick textured rounded leaves on mealy stems to 30cm long. Flowering late summer to early winter with good sized yellow daisies in corymbs to 75cm tall. Best grown in well drained poor soil in shade, protect from over wet winter conditions by planting close to an evergreen shrub for example.

Farfugium (Asteraceae) BSWJ884

japonicum

An unusual clump forming perennial that we first encountered and collected in South Korea, on steep shady cliffs. Forming clumps of superb thick textured rounded leaves on mealy stems to30cm. Flowering late summer to early winter with good sized yellow daisies in corymbs to 75cm tall. Best grown in well drained poor soil in shade, protect from over wet winter conditions by planting close to an evergreen shrub for example.

Farfugium (Asteraceae)

japonicum double flowering form

A double flowering form of this unusual clump forming perennial that we often encountered on steep shaded cliffs. Forming clumps of superb thick textured rounded leaves on mealy stems to 30 cm tall. Flowering late summer to early winter with good sized double yellow ray-flowers in corymbs to 75cm tall. Best grown in a well drained poor soil in shade, protect from over wet winter conditions by planting close to an evergreen shrub for example. Large plants.

Farfugium (Asteraceae) BSWJ15122

japonicum v giganteum

A native to coastal areas of Japan, Korea and surrounding countries. Where we see the normal form of this evergreen species growing in poor well drained soils under the shade of coastal forests. Meanwhile we found this variety with much larger stems and foliage on the island of Madeira in 2017. Where it is commonly seen cultivated. After searching in vain for seed we came to the conclusion that this taxa does not produce seed, luckily we found plants thrown out into the native forest and liberated them. Well fed plants can form leaves over 60 cm across on meter tall petioles. Flowering October to December. Protect from hard frosts.

Fatsia (Araliaceae) BSWJ7144

polycarpa

One of our most successful introductions that we planted out in our gardens under tall Scott’s pines in 2001 as young seedlings, where they have withstood drought and freezing winds etc. without any intervention. Forming a magnificent and variable colony of shrubs 1.8m tall bearing deeply (to half their length) mostly 5-11 narrowly lobed dark matt-green palmate leaves. Bearing terminal inflorescences in the winter consisting of long spikes of rounded clusters of white flowers, held on heavily brown tomentum covered stems. Sun or shade in any good soil, out of freezing winds. Originating from a seed collection gathered in 1999 from Taroko NP, Taiwan.

Fatsia (Araliaceae) BSWJ10133

polycarpa

A magnificent introduction from our seed collection made on the island of Taiwan at high altitude. Where it is commonly seen forming a branched small tree or shrub to 3.5m tall. Bearing deeply (to half its length) 5-11 lobed dark matt-green palmate leaves. Bearing terminal inflorescences consists of a long spike of rounded cluster of creamy-white flowers, held on heavily brown tomentum covered stems. Sun or shade in any good soil, out of freezing winds.

Fatsia (Araliaceae) BSWJ3467

polycarpa

Originating from a young seedling we collected in 1996 from Taroko NP, Taiwan (with permission) and planted out in our woodland garden. Where it has formed a large shrub over 3m tall by 4m wide bearing deeply (to half their length) mostly 5-11 narrowly lobed dark matt-green palmate leaves. Bearing terminal inflorescences in the winter consisting of long spikes of rounded clusters of white flowers, held on heavily brown tomentum covered stems. Easily grown in sun to shade in any good fertile drained soil, best out of freezing winds, although this can be withstood.

Fatsia (Araliaceae) BSWJ1776

polycarpa

Our first collection of this magnificent woodland species which we gathered seed of from Taipingshan in the north of Taiwan in 1993 at 2,000m. Growing in contrastingly different conditions to F. japonica in the wild, availing it more hardiness. The resulting seedlings were subsequently planted out in our walled garden, where they have formed large shrubs over 3m tall by 3m wide bearing deeply (to half their length) mostly 5-9 narrowly lobed dark matt-green palmate leaves. Bearing terminal inflorescences in the winter consisting of long spikes of rounded clusters of white flowers, held on heavily brown tomentum covered stems. Easily grown in sun to shade in any good fertile drained soil, best out of freezing winds, although this can be withstood.

Ferula (Apiaceae) BSWJ12999

communis ssp. glauca

A glorious large architectural perennial, which we came across in Umbria Italy, growing in close proximity to a river, but well raised by gravel to avail the heat required to ripen the seed of this plant. Where many of the wide mound forming plants had grown into tall single stemmed plants to 2.5m, grey-green glaucous with few branches subtended by large inflated sheathes. With few linear leaves almost thread-like and large terminal umbels of flat seed, which were the result of the earlier yellow flowers. Easily grown in good drained fertile soils in good light, sometimes monocarpic.

Ferula (Apiaceae) BSWJ14005

tingitana

Only seen in their desiccated state by ourselves, when collecting the seed of these glorious large architectural perennials in the mountains of Andalucia southern Spain in the summer of 2014. Growing in close proximity to spiny cactus on a steep rocky hillside, indicating the growing conditions required to satisfy this plant. Where many of the wide mound forming plants had grown into tall single stemmed plants to 3m, green glaucous with few branches subtended by large inflated sheathes. With few linear leaves almost thread-like and large rounded terminal umbels of flat seed, which were the result of the yellow spring flowers. Easily grown in well drained fertile soils in good light, sometimes monocarpi

Filipendula (Rosaceae) BSWJ10863

× auriculata

A robust species we found growing in a small colony within a forest clearing within the area of Hakkodoshan in the cold north of Honshu, Japan in the autumn of 2005, at 890m. Where they formed plants with long upright stems to 1.8m bearing large palmate leaves below the wide panicles of small seed. Which succeeded the pale pink flowers which emerge almost white June - July. Easily grown in any good moisture retentive soil in sun or part shade, taller in a moist soil.

Filipendula (Rosaceae) BSWJ10828

camtschatica

A robust species forming wonderful small colonies of upright stout stems to 2m tall in the wild, where we collected the seed in the far north of Honshu Japan in 2005. A species bearing large palmately lobed basal leaves to 40 cm across and large terminal panicles of frothy white ageing to pale pink flowers June-September. Easily grown in any good moist soil in sun or part shade.

Filipendula (Rosaceae) BSWJ10987

camtschatica

A robust species forming wonderful small colonies of upright stout stems to 2m tall in the wild, where we collected the seed in western Honshu Japan in 2005. A species bearing large palmately lobed basal leaves to 40 cm across and large terminal panicles of frothy white to pale pink flowers June-September. Easily grown in any good moist soil in sun or shade.

Filipendula (Rosaceae) BSWJ1571

kiraishiensis

From the high mountains of Taiwan, our own collection found growing on dripping shaded cliff ledges. A tich height only 30cm, with palmate basal leaves, bearing terminal umbels of white flowers. For a moist soil in sun or shade.

Filipendula (Rosaceae) BSWJ10950

multijuga

From the cold forests of Aomori in the north of Honshu, Japan we were fortunate to find large colonies of upright wiry stems bearing large palmate leaves below a haze of frothy seed-heads, which had succeeded the pale pink flowers. Carried July to August on stems to 1m tall, preferring a moisture retentive soil, colouring best in good light, although perfectly happy in part shade. A seed collection from our 2005 expedition.

Filipendula (Rosaceae)

purpurea

Upright perennial with deeply divided leaves. Produces large, terminal heads of massed tiny, rich reddish-purple flowers in summer. Makes a good waterside plant. Height 1.2m. Spread 60cm. Requires partial shade and moist soil.

Filipendula (Rosaceae)

rubra 'Venusta'

Vigorous, upright perennial with large feathery plumes of tiny pink flowers on tall branching stems in mid summer. Will rapidly colonise a boggy site. Height 2-2.5m. Spread 1.2m. Requires part shade and wet-moist soil. *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** These plants are only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Filipendula (Rosaceae) BSWJ941

rufinervis

Our original collection from the southern area of South Korea, found growing in a shaded forest. A wonderful species of this clump-forming perennial, which has erect slender few-branched stems to 100cm tall. With seven-lobed palmate leaves 7-8cm across and exquisitely airy wide terminal inflorescences of small fuzzy white flowers, May-July. Easily grown in any good moist soil in sun or shade.*** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** This plant is only supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Filipendula (Rosaceae) BSWJ8469

rufinervis

From our own collection from the rugged mountainous Odaesan area of South Korea, found growing in a shaded forest. A wonderful species of this clump-forming perennial, which has erect slender few-branched stems to 100cm tall. With seven-lobed palmate leaves 7-8cm across and exquisitely airy wide terminal inflorescences of small fuzzy white flowers, May-July. Easily grown in any good moist soil in sun or shade.

Frangula (Rhamnaceae) BSWJ14057

californica

Sometimes when we are out collecting we are taken to locations where you feel privileged to be there, this was one of those occasions, but taken there by its founder is privilege indeed. The location was The Cedars, a unique geological wonder in a hidden canyon in Sonoma County California at 1,300 feet, our host Roger Raiche. One of many collections we gathered there was what used to be a Rhamnus with a grey-green evergreen or semi-evergreen oblong leaf (probably subsp. cuspidata) held on red young stems. Only forming a small shrub in the canyon, but growing along side a stream, with only a few of its orbicular black fruit left in the autumn of 2014 when we were there. Flowering April to July, height up to 2m. Best grown in good light in a well drained poor soil avoiding nutrients.

Fraxinus (Oleaceae) BSWJ12719

× chiisanensis

A rare species we encountered in the Chirisan Mountain Range in 2010. Where we happened across a small contorted tree only 4-5m tall with dull grey blotched bark, completely defoliated by that time of the year, with only clusters of the lanceolate seed left at the ends of the branches. Luckily we were able to find some of the old foliage with seven sessile leaflets on un-winged rachis. Originally thought to be a hybrid, but research has proved it to be an early evolved species. Cultivation should not prove to be a problem in normal fertile drained soils, in either sun or light shade.

Fuchsia (Onagraceae) BSWJ10475

arborescens

One of the most un-fuchsia looking species we have ever encountered on our travels, completely fooling us when we first came across it in Central America. Capable of forming small trees in the wild with elliptic glossy leaves and terminal many-flowered panicles of small pink flowers with spreading petals. Best pruned hard in spring to keep to size, grown under protection from frost in a fertile compost. Our collection from Cordillera de Talamanca, Costa Rica at 2400m in 2004.

Fuchsia (Onagraceae) BSWJ14871

boliviensis v. luxurians

From our drive back from the rather notorious El Cocuy in the north east of Colombia, when we took advantage of a lull in hostilities in early 2016. Passing up to Cerrito Paramo when we spotted this rather conspicuous colourful form of the wide-spread species, with 6cm long tubed bright red flowers. Held on slender upright tan branches of large soft-textured pale green leaves at 3,200 m, which may well avail it some additional hardiness. Best grown in shelter from frost outside or inside in colder areas. In a moisture retentive well fed soil with reasonable drainage, in full sun to part shade. To 3m tall.

Fuchsia (Onagraceae) BSWJ10325

cordatifolia

An important high altitude collection of this rare species, originating from the same mountain as it was originally discovered at a lofty 3325m in Guatemala. Where this species with sizeable heart-shaped (cordate) leaves grew as an epiphyte, bearing long pendant purple fruit 7cm long (called banana fuchsia by the locals who eat the fruit when ripe). Still retaining some of the elongated salmon-pink yellow tipped flowers 10cm long. Can be cut back to the base, in severe cold, so protect the roots. Easily grown in sun or part shade in any good soil.

Fuchsia (Onagraceae) BSWJ9095

cordatifolia

From one of our seed collection made at high altitude, on the ascent of the steep sided Volcán Zunil in Guatemala. A robust species with wonderful splitting and peeling bark on stems to 3m tall in the wild. With substantial heart-shaped leaves bearing unusual long pink and green tubular flowers. Can be cut back to the base, in severe cold, so protect the roots. Easily grown in sun or part shade in any good soil.

Fuchsia (Onagraceae) BSWJ10478

hemsleyana 'Silver Lining'

A silvery leafed selection from a seed collection we gathered from Cordillera de Talamanca, Costa Rica at 2800m in 2004. Where the shrubs only formed small congested bushes with tiny elliptic sometimes silvery leaves only 1.5cm long, with at that time rounded glossy black fruit in the leaf axils with still a few of the slender pink tubular flowers on the ends of the arching branches. Best grown with protection from frost in a moisture retentive compost in sun or part shade, prune hard in spring.

Fuchsia (Onagraceae) BSWJ9148

michoacanensis

From one of our seed collection made in dense forest at high altitude, almost at the summit of Volcán San Pedro in Guatemala. A small species to about 1m tall in cultivation, with smallish toothed leaves on upright twiggy stems bearing a continuation of small bright pink tubular flowers for several months. Can be cut back to the base, in severe cold, so protect the roots. Easily grown in sun or part shade in any good soil.

Fuchsia (Onagraceae) BSWJ10331

microphylla

Our highest altitudinal collection of this species from 3550m altitude on Volcán de Santa Maria in western Guatemala in 2004. Where it only grew to a small shrub of only 1m tall with tiny foliage studded with small black glossy fruit with a few of the bright pink tubular flowers. Flowering through the winter in our garden only cut down with the very coldest of weather (-11c), but re-establishing in the summer. Can be cut back to the base, in severe cold, so protect the roots. Easily grown in sun or part shade in any good soil.

Fuchsia (Onagraceae) BSWJ9101

microphylla ssp. aprica (F)

A small species to about 1.5m tall in cultivation, with tiny toothed leaves on upright twiggy stems bearing a continuation of small bright pink tubular female flowers for several months, followed by dark red berries. From one of our seed collection made at high altitude, almost at the summit of Volcán Zunil Quetzaltenango in Guatemala at 3250m altitude. Can be cut back to the base, in severe cold, so protect the roots. Easily grown in sun or part shade in any good soil.

Fuchsia (Onagraceae) BSWJ10675

petiolaris

A relatively small shrubby species we encountered on the edge of the Paramo of Termales del Ruiz a botanically rich area, in the south of Colombia at 3550m in 2004. Mostly seen at 75cm tall, although capable of double that, growing in profusion on steep banks at the edge of the track we were climbing. With masses of long pendulous flared red to rose pink trumpet-flowers, that attracted the pollinating humming birds, followed by glossy black fruit. Best grown in a moisture retentive soil in full sun to part shade. Not tested for hardiness.

Fuchsia (Onagraceae) BSWJ10469

splendens

One of the must find plants we listed to search for in Costa Rica before our visit in 2004. When we soon found a small shrub growing on the edge of the dense forest at 3300m on the Cordillera de Talamanca. Where it formed a few branched specimen to little more than a meter tall with opposite ovate bright green leaves and long pendant cerise pink green tipped pendant flowers which were followed by purple sausage-shaped fruit. Easily grown, but hardiness untested, in any moisture retentive fertile soil.

Fuchsia (Onagraceae) BSWJ14204

venusta

From one of our seed collections gathered at the start of our journey up Cordillera Central from Bogota, in January of 2015. Found growing at the edge of lush jungle at around 2600m, where the shrubs formed a tall climber-like plants with long slender arching stems. Bearing opposite pairs of ovate leaves on short petioles, with incised venation, giving the leaves a slightly corrugated effect. With racemes of long slender tubed orange-red flowers with long slender flared petals, held on long slender peduncles. Availing a cascading effect. Best grown frost free in full sun to part shade, in a humus rich soil that is kept moist during the growing season.

Fuchsia (Onagraceae) BSWJ14204

venusta

From one of our seed collections gathered at the start of our journey up Cordillera Central from Bogota, in January of 2015. Found growing at the edge of lush jungle at around 2600m, where the shrubs formed a tall climber-like plants with long slender arching stems. Bearing opposite pairs of ovate leaves on short petioles, with incised venation, giving the leaves a slightly corrugated effect. With racemes of long slender tubed orange-red flowers with long slender flared petals, held on long slender peduncles. Availing a cascading effect. Best grown frost free in full sun to part shade, in a humus rich soil that is kept moist during the growing season.

Gamblea (Araliaceae) BSWJ13907

ciliata

From a genus of trees in the Aralia family that is virtually unknown in cultivation. We encountered this species while on our Himalayan expedition in 2013 on our ascent to the Singalila Range at 2750 m. Often found growing in the same conditions as Merrilliopanax, where they can form significant sized ancient trees draped in decades of moss cover. The foliage in composed of 5-3 or 1 leaflets on young plants, the leaflets to 17 cm long by 5.5 cm wide are held on similarly long petioles. The terminal inflorescences bear round black fruit in loose compound umbels held on long stems. Best grown in a reasonably well drained soil with plenty of added humus to retain some moisture. Is shade tolerant, but flowers and fruits better in good light that is not too hot.

Gamblea (Araliaceae)

innovans

Spectacular trees seen in all of their glory when the foliage turn a butter yellow contrasting with large panicles of blue-black fruit and red stalks. Long lived forming sizeable trees after a very long time hence best described as small trees in gardens. Bearing thin textured leaves composed of up to three finely serrated leaflets 15 x 6cm on long reddish stalks and terminal umbells of insignificant flowers in May-June, which ripen to conspicuous fruit 5-6mm across. Best grown in a reasonably well drained soil with plenty of added humus to retain some moisture. Is shade tolerant, but flowers and fruits better in good light that is not too hot.

Gamblea (Araliaceae) BSWJ11707

pseudoevodiifolia

A new genus to cultivation, closely related to Schefflera, that can form small evergreen trees in the wild. Bearing leathery textured leaves composed of 3-5 narrowly elliptical short stalked leaflets on long petioles. Carrying compound umbels of small flowers from spring to summer which transform to ellipsoid black fruit by the autumn. A rarely encountered plant in the far north of Vietnam, growing in the remnants of a highly degraded forest close to the border with China. Best grown in shelter from the coldest winds in full sun and a soil that does not dry out.

Geranium (Geraniaceae)

× cantabrigiense

A low growing, useful creeping semi-evergreen perennial, with pink flowers May-July, can be useful as low ground cover in shade. Sun or shade in any soil.

Geranium (Geraniaceae)

× cantabrigiense 'Biokovo'

A useful creeping semi-evergreen low growing perennial, with white pink tinged, flowers May-July, can be useful as low ground cover in shade. Sun or shade in any soil.

Geranium (Geraniaceae)

× cantabrigiense 'St Ola'

Alan Bremner hybrid. A low growing, useful creeping semi-evergreen perennial, with white flowers May-July, can be useful as low ground cover in shade. Sun or shade in any soil.

Geranium (Geraniaceae)

× magnificum

Clump forming perennial with hairy, deeply lobed leaves and cup shaped, prominently veined, violet blue flower clusters borne in summer. Height 45cm, spread 60cm. sun or shade and drained soil.

Geranium (Geraniaceae)

× monacense

A very tough clump-forming perennial with deep purple reflexed flowers, borne above lightly blotched leaves, in spring and intermittently through the summer. Height 75cm. Spread 45cm. Part to full shade and drained soil. *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** As we have sold out of all our containerised stock of this plant, these plants are supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Geranium (Geraniaceae)

× oxonianum 'A.T.Johnson'

Pretty and useful perennial to 30cm, forming a dense weed smothering mound, of light green leaves, bearing silvery-pink flowers from June-frost. Tough and adaptable any soil.*** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** As we have sold out of all our containerised stock of this plant, these plants are supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.

Geranium (Geraniaceae)

× oxonianum 'Crûg Star'

One of our named cultivar of this vigorous group of sparsely hairy perennials, with slightly glossy blotched leaves. Which is distinct in this cultivar in bearing large bright pink open flowers, with narrow starry petals. May-frost. Easily grown in sun or shade in any type of fertile soil, very tough and ideal for ground cover in large areas.*** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** As we have sold out of all our containerised stock of this plant, these plants are supplied as open ground/bare-rooted plants, the pot size given is for the purpose of calculating carriage only.